Difference between revisions of "Cory Gardner"

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|Pension =  
 
|Pension =  
 
|Last election = November 6, 2012
 
|Last election = November 6, 2012
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|Cost per vote 2012 = $9.25
 
|Appointed =  
 
|Appointed =  
 
|Appointed by =  
 
|Appointed by =  
 
|First elected = November 2, 2010
 
|First elected = November 2, 2010
 
|Term limits = N/A
 
|Term limits = N/A
|Next election = [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Next election = [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Campaign $ = 4722190
 
|Campaign $ = 4722190
 
|Prior office = [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
 
|Prior office = [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
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|Religion =  
 
|Religion =  
 
|Personal website =  
 
|Personal website =  
}}{{tnr}}'''Cory Gardner''' (b. August 22, 1974 in Yuma, Colorado) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House]] representing [[Colorado's 4th congressional district]].  Gardner was first elected to the House in 2010.  
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}}{{tnr}}'''Cory Gardner''' (b. August 22, 1974, in Yuma, Colorado) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House]] representing [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District]].  Gardner was first elected to the House in 2010.  
  
Gardner was most recently re-elected in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|4th District]].<ref>[http://www.timescall.com/news/longmont-local-news/ci_18409098 "Shaffer: I will run for Congress," ''TimesCall.com'', July 4, 2011]</ref>  He ran unopposed in the June 26, 2012, Republican primary.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>''Colorado Secretary of State,'' - 2012 Primary Candidate List</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press - Unofficial election results]</ref>
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Gardner was most recently re-elected in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012|4th District]].<ref>[http://www.timescall.com/news/longmont-local-news/ci_18409098 "Shaffer: I will run for Congress," ''TimesCall.com'', July 4, 2011]</ref>  He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>''Colorado Secretary of State,'' - 2012 Primary Candidate List</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press - Unofficial election results]</ref>
  
 
Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005.  He was then elected to the [[Colorado House of Representatives]], where he served from 2005 to 2010.
 
Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005.  He was then elected to the [[Colorado House of Representatives]], where he served from 2005 to 2010.
 +
 +
Gardner is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014.
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Issues==
 
==Issues==
 
===Legislative actions===
 
===Legislative actions===
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
{{Oppose vote}}
 
Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
 
 
 
====113th Congress====
 
====113th Congress====
 
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
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====National security====
 
====National security====
=====National Defense Authorization Act=====
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=====NDAA=====
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
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{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
=====Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act=====
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=====CISPA (2013)=====
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====Economy====
 
====Economy====
=====Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination=====
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=====Government shutdown=====
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:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
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{{support vote}}
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On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Gardner voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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{{support vote}} The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Gardner voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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=====Federal Pay Adjustment Act=====
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====Immigration====
 
====Immigration====
=====Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition=====
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=====Morton Memos Prohibition=====
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====Healthcare====
 
====Healthcare====
 +
=====Obamacare=====
 +
Gardner has highlighted his own personal experience with the Affordable Care Act in order to fight it. Gardner said, "Just a couple weeks ago, despite the president’s promise that if you liked your insurance you could keep it, my family received a letter in the mail that our insurance plan is being cancelled — cancelled because of the president’s health care bill." He went on, "We were paying about $650 a month for our plan. And the plan that’s most similar to replace it through our current provider goes up by 100 percent more, so it’s from $650 to $1,480."<ref>[http://kdvr.com/2013/10/04/gardner-wont-corroborate-higher-premiums-under-obamacare-claim/ ''Fox31 Denver,'' "Rep. Gardner receives health insurance cancelation letter, says Obamacare more costly," October 4, 2013]</ref>
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 +
Gardner also pressed Health and Human Services Secretary [[Kathleen Sebelius]] in a hearing with the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|House Energy and Commerce Committee]]. He asked her, "Why aren’t you losing your health insurance? Why aren’t you in the exchange?" When Sebelius claimed to be ineligible, he responded, "I went into the exchange. You could decide to drop your coverage of your employer. You have the choice." <ref>[http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2013/10/30/the-top-5-strangest-moments-from-kathleen-sebelius-mortifying-obamacare-hearing/ ''The Blaze,'' "The Top 5 Strangest Moments From Kathleen Sebelius’ ‘Mortifying’ Obamacare Hearing," October 30, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
 
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Votesmart,'' "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Votesmart,'' "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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=====Abortion=====
 
=====Abortion=====
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
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====Previous congressional sessions====
 +
=====Fiscal Cliff=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}}
 +
Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
===Sponsored legislation===
 
===Sponsored legislation===
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=====House Resolution 4899 opposition=====
 
=====House Resolution 4899 opposition=====
  
Gardner and 38 other Republican Colorado state lawmakers sent a strongly worded letter of opposition to Capitol Hill to thwart a proposal tacked on to [http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h111-4899 House Resolution 4899]. The proposal would require state and local governments to participate in collective bargaining with labor groups representing police officers, firefighters, and emergency responders.  The letter claimed the proposal would stifle economic recovery in Colorado.
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Gardner and 38 other Republican Colorado state lawmakers sent a strongly worded letter of opposition to Capitol Hill to thwart a proposal tacked on to [http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h111-4899 House Resolution 4899]. The proposal would require state and local governments to participate in collective bargaining with labor groups representing police officers, firefighters and emergency responders.  The letter claimed the proposal would stifle economic recovery in Colorado.
  
 
Gardner wrote the letter, addressed to all members of Colorado’s congressional delegation, which characterized the bill as a "dangerous amendment" to House Resolution 4899 offered by Rep. [[David Obey]], D-[[Wisconsin]].
 
Gardner wrote the letter, addressed to all members of Colorado’s congressional delegation, which characterized the bill as a "dangerous amendment" to House Resolution 4899 offered by Rep. [[David Obey]], D-[[Wisconsin]].
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Under the new map approved in 2011, Gardner no longer represents Larimer County as of 2013. “I will work as hard as ever to represent Larimer County through the end of 2012, and I will work as hard as ever in the new district,” Gardner stated.<ref>[http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20111206/NEWS01/112060331/New-redistricting-map-moves-Larimer-County-from-4th-2nd-CD?odyssey=mod|newswell|text|FRONTPAGE|s ''Coloradoan,'' "County to get new representation," December 6, 2011]</ref>
 
Under the new map approved in 2011, Gardner no longer represents Larimer County as of 2013. “I will work as hard as ever to represent Larimer County through the end of 2012, and I will work as hard as ever in the new district,” Gardner stated.<ref>[http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20111206/NEWS01/112060331/New-redistricting-map-moves-Larimer-County-from-4th-2nd-CD?odyssey=mod|newswell|text|FRONTPAGE|s ''Coloradoan,'' "County to get new representation," December 6, 2011]</ref>
  
Larimer County was moved out of the 4th and into the 2nd District. Meanwhile, parts of Douglas, Huerfano, Las Animas, and Otero counties were added to the 4th. The newly configured district gives Republicans a slightly higher advantage.
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Larimer County was moved out of the 4th and into the 2nd District. Meanwhile, parts of Douglas, Huerfano, Las Animas and Otero counties were added to the 4th. The newly configured district gives Republicans a slightly higher advantage.
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
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===2014===
 
===2014===
  
:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2014]]''
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:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
  
 
Gardner is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
 
Gardner is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
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:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Gardner won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|4th District]].  He ran unopposed in the June 26, 2012, Republican primary.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>''Colorado Secretary of State,'' - 2012 Primary Candidate List</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press - Unofficial election results]</ref>
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Gardner won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012|4th District]].  He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>''Colorado Secretary of State,'' - 2012 Primary Candidate List</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press - Unofficial election results]</ref>
 
{{Template:Codis4genelecbox12}}
 
{{Template:Codis4genelecbox12}}
  
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|totalraised2012=2295599
 
|totalraised2012=2295599
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
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|office2012=US House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2010=2426591
 
|totalraised2010=2426591
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
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|office2010=US House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
}}
 
}}
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
 
Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Gardner's reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H0CO04122 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Cory Gardner Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
 
Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Gardner's reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H0CO04122 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Cory Gardner Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
  
{{Campaign finance reports
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{{Cory Gardner 2014 FEC}}
|Collapse=
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|Name = Cory Gardner (2014)
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|Political Party = Republican
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|Report 1 = April Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/519/13961602519/13961602519.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
+
|Date 1 = April 13, 2013
+
|Beginning Balance 1 = 465202.03
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|Total Contributions 1 = 92674.24
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|Expenditures 1 = 93201.88
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|Cash on Hand 1 = 464674.39
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|Report 2 = July Quarterly<ref>[http://images.nictusa.com/pdf/424/13964043424/13964043424.pdf#navpanes=0 'Federal Election Commission'' "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>
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|Date 2 = July 12, 2013
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|Beginning Balance 2 = 464674.39
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|Total Contributions 2 = 300037.12
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|Expenditures 2 = 103279.23
+
|Cash on Hand 2 = 661432.28
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|}}
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===2012===
 
===2012===
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====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Cory Gardner
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|name=Gardner
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 
|percent=97.5%
 
|percent=97.5%
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Cory+Gardner+Colorado+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Cory Gardner News Feed</rss>
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{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Cory+Gardner+Colorado+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Cory Gardner News Feed}}
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==See also==
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*[[United States House of Representatives]]
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*[[United States congressional delegations from Colorado]]
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*[[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014]]
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*[[Colorado's 4th Congressional District]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://Gardner.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://Gardner.house.gov/ Official House website]
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[[Category:Former member, Colorado House of Representatives]]
 
[[Category:Former member, Colorado House of Representatives]]
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
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<!--2014 categories-->
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=Y}}

Revision as of 17:00, 20 December 2013

Cory Gardner
Cory Gardner.jpg
U.S. House, Colorado, District 4
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBetsy Markey (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$9.25 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,722,190
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Colorado House of Representatives
2005-2010
Education
Bachelor'sColorado State University
J.D.University of Colorado
Personal
BirthdayAugust 22, 1974
Place of birthYuma, Colorado
Net worth$107,507
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Cory Gardner (b. August 22, 1974, in Yuma, Colorado) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing Colorado's 4th Congressional District. Gardner was first elected to the House in 2010.

Gardner was most recently re-elected in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Colorado's 4th District.[1] He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated incumbent Brandon Shaffer (D) and Doug Aden (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2][3]

Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005. He was then elected to the Colorado House of Representatives, where he served from 2005 to 2010.

Gardner is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gardner is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Gardner's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 1997: Graduated from Colorado State University, Fort Collins with B.A.
  • 2001: Graduated from University of Colorado, Boulder with J.D.
  • 2002-2005: Staff, United States Senator Wayne Allard of Colorado
  • 2005-2010: Colorado House of Representatives
  • 2011-Present: U.S Representative from Colorado

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Gardner serves on the following committees:[5]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

2011-2012

Gardner served on the following committees:[6]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Environment and Economy
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

Colorado House

2009-2010

Gardner served on the following committees while a member of the Colorado State House:

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Gardner's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[12] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[13] Gardner voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[14]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[15] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gardner voted for HR 2775.[16]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[17]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[18] The vote largely followed party lines.[19]

Healthcare

Obamacare

Gardner has highlighted his own personal experience with the Affordable Care Act in order to fight it. Gardner said, "Just a couple weeks ago, despite the president’s promise that if you liked your insurance you could keep it, my family received a letter in the mail that our insurance plan is being cancelled — cancelled because of the president’s health care bill." He went on, "We were paying about $650 a month for our plan. And the plan that’s most similar to replace it through our current provider goes up by 100 percent more, so it’s from $650 to $1,480."[20]

Gardner also pressed Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius in a hearing with the House Energy and Commerce Committee. He asked her, "Why aren’t you losing your health insurance? Why aren’t you in the exchange?" When Sebelius claimed to be ineligible, he responded, "I went into the exchange. You could decide to drop your coverage of your employer. You have the choice." [21]

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[22]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[23]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Colorado House

Gardner's sponsored legislation includes:

  • HB 09-1146 - Proof Of Citizenship To Register To Vote
  • HB 09-1268 - Decrease Fossil Fuel Consumption
  • HB 09-1288 - Colorado Taxpayer Transparency Act
  • HB 10-1094 - Use of Deadly Force in Place of Business [25]
  • HB 10-1184 - Increased Penalties for Repeat DUI Offenders [26]

For details and a full listing of sponsored bills, see the House site.

House Resolution 4899 opposition

Gardner and 38 other Republican Colorado state lawmakers sent a strongly worded letter of opposition to Capitol Hill to thwart a proposal tacked on to House Resolution 4899. The proposal would require state and local governments to participate in collective bargaining with labor groups representing police officers, firefighters and emergency responders. The letter claimed the proposal would stifle economic recovery in Colorado.

Gardner wrote the letter, addressed to all members of Colorado’s congressional delegation, which characterized the bill as a "dangerous amendment" to House Resolution 4899 offered by Rep. David Obey, D-Wisconsin.

Citing economic considerations, the letter stated that the proposed amendment would cause more harm than good to Colorado’s economy. Gardner said now is not the time to fiddle with the equilibrium currently maintained between labor unions and government.

"Particularly with all of the uncertainty currently surrounding the economy, now is not the time to be making radical changes to the balance between labor unions and local governments," said Gardner. "The amendment that has been attached to this bill will cause further harm to our economy and hinder our economic recovery."

One Democratic lawmaker, Sen. Lois Tochtrop of Thornton, said she wholeheartedly supports the proposal.

“I would support any amendment that would that would help in the process of collective bargaining whether in government, or in the private sector. I do not see any economic harm in allowing employees to have a place at the table,” said Tochtrop.[27][28]

Redistricting

Under the new map approved in 2011, Gardner no longer represents Larimer County as of 2013. “I will work as hard as ever to represent Larimer County through the end of 2012, and I will work as hard as ever in the new district,” Gardner stated.[29]

Larimer County was moved out of the 4th and into the 2nd District. Meanwhile, parts of Douglas, Huerfano, Las Animas and Otero counties were added to the 4th. The newly configured district gives Republicans a slightly higher advantage.

Campaign themes

2012

Gardner's campaign website listed the following issues:[30]

  • Jobs and the Economy
Excerpt: "We’ve got to get this country moving again, and the best way to accomplish that is to get government out of the way. Private businesses generate wealth, not the government. By cutting government and cutting spending, we will allow the marketplace to do its job. "
  • Fiscal Responsibility
Excerpt: "Our nation is facing historic debt and high unemployment. Washington’s spending spree has to stop. An important step towards regaining the trust of the American people starts by placing this nation on a path to a balanced federal budget. Immediately after being sworn-in, I formally added my name as a co-sponsor of the Balanced Budget Amendment."
  • Energy
Excerpt: "Energy development at home is the key to powering our nation’s future. Not only is energy independence essential to our national security, but it will help create jobs for American workers. I have always advocated for an “all of the above” approach to energy. That includes development of traditional energy resources, renewable resources and even nuclear power."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Despite being ruled constitutional, the President’s health care bill still makes it difficult for our economy to grow and takes away the ability of patients to pursue their own health care decisions. The real issue, however, is not whether the law is constitutional or unconstitutional. It is whether it is good or bad for the country. "
  • Education
Excerpt: "The importance of education cannot be understated. Schools need the resources to be successful, but let’s not also forget that results matter."

Elections

2014

See also: Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014

Gardner is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Gardner won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Colorado's 4th District. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated incumbent Brandon Shaffer (D) and Doug Aden (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[31][32]

U.S. House, Colorado District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Brandon Shaffer 36.8% 125,715
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCory Gardner Incumbent 58.4% 199,842
     Libertarian Josh Gilliland 3.1% 10,674
     Constitution Doug Aden 1.7% 5,845
Total Votes 342,076
Source: Colorado Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


2008

On November 4, 2008, Gardner won re-election to the 63rd District seat in the Colorado House of Representatives, running unopposed in the general election.[34]

Gardner raised $50,436 for his campaign.[35]

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Gardner is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Gardner raised a total of $4,722,190 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[36]

Cory Gardner's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Colorado, District 4) Won $2,295,599
2010 US House (Colorado, District 4) Won $2,426,591
Grand Total Raised $4,722,190

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gardner's reports.[37]

Cory Gardner (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[38]April 13, 2013$465,202.03$92,674.24$(93,201.88)$464,674.39
July Quarterly[39]July 12, 2013$464,674.39$300,037.12$(103,279.23)$661,432.28
October Quarterly[40]October 14, 2013$661,432.28$262,611.41$(159,780.62)$764,263.07
Year-End[41]January 29, 2014$764,263$185,939$(73,522)$876,679
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2014$876,679$1,411,750$(168,312)$2,120,118
Pre-Primary[43]June 12, 2014$2,120,118$1,520,801$(603,648)$3,037,270
July Quarterly[44]July 15, 2014$3,037,270$1,191,886$(787,582)$3,441,574
Running totals
$4,965,698.77$(1,989,325.73)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Gardner won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,295,599 and spent $1,849,386.[45] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[46]

Cost per vote

Gardner spent $9.25 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Gardner won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,426,591 and spent $2,407,602.[47]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, Colorado District 4, 2010 - Cory Gardner Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,426,591
Total Spent $2,407,602
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $3,505,293
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $3,516,268
Top contributors to Cory Gardner's campaign committee
Castle, Meinhold & Stawiarski$28,950
Hensel Phelps Construction$19,275
Farmers Implement Co$17,600
Anadarko Petroleum$16,550
Colorado Community Bank$14,600
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$177,274
Retired$155,433
Real Estate$93,630
Leadership PACs$91,207
Lawyers/Law Firms$76,730

2008

Below are Gardner's top 5 campaign contributors in the 2008 election:[48]

Contributor 2008 total
Cory Gardner $6,342
CO Assoc of Realtors $4,250
CO Medical Society $1,400
CO Cable Telecommunications Assoc $500
CO Concern $400

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Gardner is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 5, 2013[49]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[50]

Gardner most often votes with:

Gardner least often votes with:

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gardner paid his congressional staff a total of $750,753 in 2011. He ranked 26th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 28th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Colorado ranked 14th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[51]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gardner's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$34,984 and $249,999. That averages to $107,507, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2011 of $7,859,232. His average net worth increased by 1.90% from 2010.[52]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gardner's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-10,987 and $221,999. That averages to $105,506, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.[53]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Gardner ranked 10th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[54]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Gardner ranked 40th in the conservative rankings.[55]

Voting with party

2013

Gardner voted with the Republican Party 97.5% of the time, which ranked 89th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[56]

Personal

Gardner and his wife, Jamie, have one child.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Cory + Gardner + Colorado + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Cory Gardner News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. "Shaffer: I will run for Congress," TimesCall.com, July 4, 2011
  2. Colorado Secretary of State, - 2012 Primary Candidate List
  3. Associated Press - Unofficial election results
  4. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Cory Gardner," Accessed November 1, 2011
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  6. Congressman Cory Gardner, United States Congressman for the 4th District of Colorado "Committee Assignments"
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  16. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Fox31 Denver, "Rep. Gardner receives health insurance cancelation letter, says Obamacare more costly," October 4, 2013
  21. The Blaze, "The Top 5 Strangest Moments From Kathleen Sebelius’ ‘Mortifying’ Obamacare Hearing," October 30, 2013
  22. Project Votesmart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  25. Colorado News Agency, "Make My Day? Only at Home, says Legislative Panel," March 15, 2010
  26. Colorado News Agency, "Effort to Beef Up State's DUI Penalty Gets Derailed," February 8, 2010
  27. Colorado News Agency, "State Republicans hope to thwart amendment to federal bill," July 18, 2010
  28. HOUSE AMENDMENT TO SENATE AMENDMENT, HR 4899
  29. Coloradoan, "County to get new representation," December 6, 2011
  30. Campaign website, Issues
  31. Colorado Secretary of State, - 2012 Primary Candidate List
  32. Associated Press - Unofficial election results
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. 2008 general election results, Colorado
  35. Colorado House spending, 2008
  36. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Cory Gardner," Accessed March 22, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission "Cory Gardner Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Pre-Primary," accessed June 23, 2014
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  45. Open Secrets "Cory Gardner 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 19, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  47. Open Secrets "Cory Gardner 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 1, 2011
  48. Follow the Money - 2008 Campaign contributions
  49. Gov Track "Cory Gardner," Accessed June 5, 2013
  50. OpenCongress, "Cory Gardner," Accessed July 30, 2013
  51. LegiStorm "Cory Gardner"
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Gardner, (R-Colorado), 2011"
  53. OpenSecrets.org, "Gardner, (R-Colorado), 2010"
  54. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  55. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Betsy Markey
U.S. House - Colorado District 4
2011-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Colorado House of Representatives, District 63
June 2005–2011
Succeeded by
Jon Becker