Difference between revisions of "Cory Gardner"

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|Project = Congress
 
|Project = Congress
 
|Name = Cory Gardner
 
|Name = Cory Gardner
|Profile picture = Cory Gardner.jpg
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|Profile picture = Cory Gardner, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
|Position = U.S. House, Colorado, District 4
+
|Current candidacy  =
|Status = Incumbent
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|Current candidacy election date =
|Tenure = 2011-Present
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|Current candidacy primary date =
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
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|Position = U.S. Senate, Colorado
|Assumed office = 2011
+
|Status               = Incumbent
 +
|Tenure = January 3, 2015 - Present
 +
|Term ends = January 3, 2021
 +
|Assumed office = 2015
 
|Political party = Republican
 
|Political party = Republican
|Predecessor = [[Betsy Markey]] (D)
+
|Predecessor = [[Mark Udall]] (D)
|Office website = http://Gardner.house.gov/
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|Office website = http://gardner.senate.gov
 
|Campaign website = http://corygardner.com/
 
|Campaign website = http://corygardner.com/
 
|Leadership =  
 
|Leadership =  
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|Per diem =  
 
|Per diem =  
 
|Pension =  
 
|Pension =  
|Last election = November 6, 2012
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|Last election =  
 
|Cost per vote 2012 = $9.25
 
|Cost per vote 2012 = $9.25
 +
|Cost per vote 2014 = $12.69
 
|Appointed =  
 
|Appointed =  
 
|Appointed by =  
 
|Appointed by =  
|First elected = November 2, 2010
+
|First elected = November 4, 2014
 
|Term limits = N/A
 
|Term limits = N/A
|Next election = [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Next primary =  
|Campaign $ = 4722190
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|Next election = November 3, 2020
|Prior office = [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
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|Campaign $ = $17,024,426
|Prior office years = 2005-2010
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|Prior office = U.S. House, Colorado, District 4
|Prior office 2 =  
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|Prior office years = 2011-2015
|Prior office 2 years =  
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|Prior office 2 = [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
 +
|Prior office 2 years = 2005-2010
 
|Prior office 3 =  
 
|Prior office 3 =  
 
|Prior office 3 years =  
 
|Prior office 3 years =  
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|Bachelor's = Colorado State University  
 
|Bachelor's = Colorado State University  
 
|Master's =  
 
|Master's =  
|J.D. = University of Colorado
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|J.D. = University of Colorado, Boulder
 
|Ph.D. =  
 
|Ph.D. =  
 
|M.D. =  
 
|M.D. =  
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|Birthday = August 22, 1974
 
|Birthday = August 22, 1974
 
|Place of birth = Yuma, Colorado
 
|Place of birth = Yuma, Colorado
|Net worth = $107,507
+
|Net worth =(2012) $132,007
 
|Profession =  
 
|Profession =  
|Religion =  
+
|Religion = Lutheran
 
|Personal website =  
 
|Personal website =  
}}{{tnr}}'''Cory Gardner''' (b. August 22, 1974, in Yuma, Colorado) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. House]] representing [[Colorado's 4th congressional district]]. Gardner was first elected to the House in 2010.  
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|Campaign logo = Cory Gardner logo.jpg
 +
}}{{tnr}}'''Cory Gardner''' (b. August 22, 1974, in Yuma, Colorado) is a [[Republican]] member of the [[U.S. Senate]], representing [[Colorado]] since 2015. He defeated incumbent [[Mark Udall]] (D) to win election to the seat in 2014.<ref name=sen>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2014/02/26/rep-cory-gardner-to-run-for-senate-in-colorado/ ''The Washington Post'', "Rep. Cory Gardner to run for Senate in Colorado," February 26, 2014]</ref><ref name=huffpost14>[http://elections.huffingtonpost.com/2014/results ''The Huffington Post'', "Election 2014," November 4, 2014]</ref>
  
Gardner was most recently re-elected in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|4th District]].<ref>[http://www.timescall.com/news/longmont-local-news/ci_18409098 "Shaffer: I will run for Congress," ''TimesCall.com'', July 4, 2011]</ref>  He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>''Colorado Secretary of State,'' - 2012 Primary Candidate List</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press - Unofficial election results]</ref>
+
Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005.  He was then elected to the [[Colorado House of Representatives]], where he served from 2005 to 2010. Gardner then served in the [[U.S. House]], representing [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District]], from 2011 to 2015.
 
+
Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005.  He was then elected to the [[Colorado House of Representatives]], where he served from 2005 to 2010.
+
 
+
Gardner is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014.
+
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Career==
 
==Career==
Below is an abbreviated outline of Gardner's academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000562 ''Biographical Director of the United States Congress'' "Cory Gardner," Accessed November 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Gardner's academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000562 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "Cory Gardner," accessed November 1, 2011]</ref>
  
*1997: Graduated from [[Colorado]] State University, Fort Collins with B.A.
+
*2015-Present: U.S. Senator from [[Colorado]]
*2001: Graduated from University of Colorado, Boulder with J.D.
+
*2011-2015: U.S. Representative from [[Colorado]]
*2002-2005: Staff, United States Senator Wayne Allard of [[Colorado]]
+
 
*2005-2010: [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
 
*2005-2010: [[Colorado House of Representatives]]
*2011-Present: U.S Representative from [[Colorado]]
+
*2002-2005: Staff, United States Senator Wayne Allard of [[Colorado]]
 +
*2001: Graduated from University of Colorado, Boulder with J.D.
 +
*1997: Graduated from [[Colorado]] State University, Fort Collins with B.A.
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 +
===U.S. Senate===
 +
====2015-2016====
 +
Gardner serves on the following committees:<ref>[https://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm ''United States Senate'', "Committee Assignments of the 114th Congress," accessed February 17, 2015]</ref>
 +
 +
*[[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation|Commerce, Science, and Transportation Committee]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation#Communications, Technology, and the Internet|Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation#Consumer Protection, Product Safety, and Insurance|Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, and Insurance]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation#Space, Science, and Competitiveness|Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness]]
 +
*[[United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources|Energy and Natural Resources Committee]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources#Energy|Subcommittee on Energy]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources#Public Lands, Forests, and Mining|Subcommittee on Public Lands, Forests, and Mining]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources#Water & Power|Subcommittee on Water & Power]]
 +
*[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Foreign Relations Committee]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations#East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy|Subcommittee on East Asia, The Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy]], ''Chairman''
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations#Europe and Regional Security Cooperation|Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations#Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy|Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy, and Environmental Policy]]
 +
**[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations#Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues|Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues]]
 +
*[[United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship|Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee]]
 +
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Gardner serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
+
Gardner served on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
 
**Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Gardner served on the following committees:<ref>[http://gardner.house.gov/about-me/committee-assignments ''Congressman Cory Gardner, United States Congressman for the 4th District of Colorado'' "Committee Assignments"]</ref>
+
Gardner served on the following committees:<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://gardner.house.gov/about-me/committee-assignments ''Congressman Cory Gardner, United States Congressman for the 4th District of Colorado'', "Committee Assignments," accessed November 1, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Energy and Power
 
**Subcommittee on Energy and Power
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* [[Legislative Council Committee, Colorado General Assembly|Legislative Council]]
 
* [[Legislative Council Committee, Colorado General Assembly|Legislative Council]]
  
==Issues==
+
==Key votes==
===Legislative actions===
+
===114th Congress===
====113th Congress====
+
 
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{114thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Gardner
 +
|Sen=Yes
 +
}}
 +
===Domestic===
 +
====Federalism====
 +
=====Loretta Lynch AG nomination=====
 +
{{Senate Lynch GOP No|Name=Gardner}}
 +
====113th Congress====
 
{{113thVotes
 
{{113thVotes
 
|Lastname=Gardner
 
|Lastname=Gardner
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|Sen=
 
|Sen=
 
|SenTotal=
 
|SenTotal=
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record,'' "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
+
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
  
====National security====
+
===National security===
=====National Defense Authorization Act=====
+
====NDAA====
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45512#.UjdO8j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
=====Department of Homeland Security Appropriations=====
+
====DHS Appropriations Act (2014)====
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44545#.UjdO9j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
=====Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act=====
+
====CISPA (2013)====
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 624 - Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43791#.UjdO-j9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
====Economy====
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===Economy===
=====Government shutdown=====
+
====Farm bill====
 +
{{House Farm Bill GOP Yes|Name=Gardner}}
 +
 
 +
====2014 Budget====
 +
{{House Budget 2014 GOP No|Name=Gardner}}
 +
 
 +
====Government shutdown====
 
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
{{support vote}}  
+
{{Yea vote}}  
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Gardner voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
+
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Gardner voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
  
{{support vote}} The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Gardner voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Gardner voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
  
=====Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination=====
+
====Federal Pay Adjustment Act====
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42596#.UjdQCD9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
====Immigration====
+
===Immigration===
=====Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition=====
+
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-CoryGardner-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress,'' "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/44693#.UjdQYz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
====Healthcare====
+
===Healthcare===
=====Obamacare=====
+
====Healthcare Reform Rules====
Gardner has highlighted his own personal experience with the Affordable Care Act in order to fight it. Gardner said, "Just a couple weeks ago, despite the president’s promise that if you liked your insurance you could keep it, my family received a letter in the mail that our insurance plan is being cancelled — cancelled because of the president’s health care bill." He went on, "We were paying about $650 a month for our plan. And the plan that’s most similar to replace it through our current provider goes up by 100 percent more, so it’s from $650 to $1,480."<ref>[http://kdvr.com/2013/10/04/gardner-wont-corroborate-higher-premiums-under-obamacare-claim/ ''Fox31 Denver,'' "Rep. Gardner receives health insurance cancelation letter, says Obamacare more costly," October 4, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
  
Gardner also pressed Health and Human Services Secretary [[Kathleen Sebelius]] in a hearing with the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|House Energy and Commerce Committee]]. He asked her, "Why aren’t you losing your health insurance? Why aren’t you in the exchange?" When Sebelius claimed to be ineligible, he responded, "I went into the exchange. You could decide to drop your coverage of your employer. You have the choice." <ref>[http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2013/10/30/the-top-5-strangest-moments-from-kathleen-sebelius-mortifying-obamacare-hearing/ ''The Blaze,'' "The Top 5 Strangest Moments From Kathleen Sebelius’ ‘Mortifying’ Obamacare Hearing," October 30, 2013]</ref>
+
===Social issues===
 +
====Abortion====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Government affairs===
 +
====HR 676====
 +
{{Obama lawsuit GOP Yes|Name=Gardner}}
 +
 
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal Cliff====
 +
{{Nay vote}}
 +
Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:S030_090.gif|right|290px|thumb|Cory Gardner's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2014.asp?quiz=Pres2016 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Gardner is a '''Libertarian-Leaning Conservative'''. Gardner received a score of 27 percent on social issues and 87 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Gardner|Date=April 19, 2015|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://Senate.OnTheIssues.org/Senate/Cory_Gardner.htm ''On The Issues'', "Cory Gardner Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Hiring= Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Opposes
 +
|God= Strongly Favors
 +
|ObamaCare= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Social Security= Strongly Favors
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Favors
 +
|Animals= Strongly Favors
 +
|Crime= Unknown
 +
|Guns= Strongly Favors
 +
|Taxes= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Citizenship= Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Unknown
 +
|United Nations= Strongly Favors
 +
|Military= Strongly Favors
 +
|Campaign Funds= Strongly Favors
 +
|Iran= Opposes
 +
|Energy= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Marijuana= Opposes
 +
|Stimulus= Strongly Opposes
 +
}}
  
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
+
===National security===
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45799#.UjdQtz9-q1c ''Project Votesmart,'' "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
====Letter to Iran====
 +
{{GOP letter to Iran Yes|Name=Gardner}}
  
====Social issues====
+
===Obamacare===
=====Abortion=====
+
Gardner has highlighted his own personal experience with the Affordable Care Act in order to fight it. Gardner said, "Just a couple weeks ago, despite the president’s promise that if you liked your insurance you could keep it, my family received a letter in the mail that our insurance plan is being canceled — canceled because of the president’s health care bill. We were paying about $650 a month for our plan. And the plan that’s most similar to replace it through our current provider goes up by 100 percent more, so it’s from $650 to $1,480."<ref>[http://kdvr.com/2013/10/04/gardner-wont-corroborate-higher-premiums-under-obamacare-claim/ ''Fox31 Denver'', "Rep. Gardner receives health insurance cancellation letter, says Obamacare more costly," October 4, 2013]</ref>
{{Support vote}} Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45098#.UjdRJz9-q1c ''Project Vote Smart,'' "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013]</ref>
+
  
====Previous congressional sessions====
+
Gardner also pressed Health and Human Services Secretary [[Kathleen Sebelius]] in a hearing with the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|House Energy and Commerce Committee]]. He asked her, "Why aren’t you losing your health insurance? Why aren’t you in the exchange?" When Sebelius claimed to be ineligible, he responded, "I went into the exchange. You could decide to drop your coverage of your employer. You have the choice."<ref>[http://www.theblaze.com/stories/2013/10/30/the-top-5-strangest-moments-from-kathleen-sebelius-mortifying-obamacare-hearing/ ''The Blaze,'' "The Top 5 Strangest Moments From Kathleen Sebelius’ ‘Mortifying’ Obamacare Hearing," October 30, 2013]</ref>
=====Fiscal Cliff=====
+
{{Oppose vote}}
+
Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
  
 
===Sponsored legislation===
 
===Sponsored legislation===
 
====Colorado House====
 
====Colorado House====
Gardner's sponsored legislation includes:
+
Gardner's sponsored legislation included:
 
*HB 09-1146 - Proof Of Citizenship To Register To Vote
 
*HB 09-1146 - Proof Of Citizenship To Register To Vote
 
*HB 09-1268 - Decrease Fossil Fuel Consumption
 
*HB 09-1268 - Decrease Fossil Fuel Consumption
 
*HB 09-1288 - Colorado Taxpayer Transparency Act
 
*HB 09-1288 - Colorado Taxpayer Transparency Act
*HB 10-1094 - Use of Deadly Force in Place of Business <Ref>[http://www.coloradonewsagency.com/2010/03/15/make-my-day-only-at-home-says-legislative-panel/ ''Colorado News Agency,'' "Make My Day? Only at Home, says Legislative Panel," March 15, 2010]</ref>
+
*HB 10-1094 - Use of Deadly Force in Place of Business <Ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.coloradonewsagency.com/2010/03/15/make-my-day-only-at-home-says-legislative-panel/ ''Colorado News Agency,'' "Make My Day? Only at Home, says Legislative Panel," March 15, 2010]</ref>
* HB 10-1184 - Increased Penalties for Repeat DUI Offenders <Ref>[http://www.coloradonewsagency.com/2010/02/08/effort-to-beef-up-states-dui-penalty-gets-derailed/ ''Colorado News Agency,'' "Effort to Beef Up State's DUI Penalty Gets Derailed," February 8, 2010]</ref>
+
* HB 10-1184 - Increased Penalties for Repeat DUI Offenders <Ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.coloradonewsagency.com/2010/02/08/effort-to-beef-up-states-dui-penalty-gets-derailed/ ''Colorado News Agency,'' "Effort to Beef Up State's DUI Penalty Gets Derailed," February 8, 2010]</ref>
 
For details and a full listing of sponsored bills, see the [http://www.leg.state.co.us/Clics/CLICS2009A/csl.nsf/BillFoldersSponsor?OpenFrameSet House site].
 
For details and a full listing of sponsored bills, see the [http://www.leg.state.co.us/Clics/CLICS2009A/csl.nsf/BillFoldersSponsor?OpenFrameSet House site].
  
=====House Resolution 4899 opposition=====
+
===Campaign themes===
 +
====2014====
 +
Gardner's office website listed the following issues:<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://gardner.house.gov/issue/jobs-and-economy ''Campaign website'', "Issues," accessed August 14, 2014]</ref>
  
Gardner and 38 other Republican Colorado state lawmakers sent a strongly worded letter of opposition to Capitol Hill to thwart a proposal tacked on to [http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h111-4899 House Resolution 4899]. The proposal would require state and local governments to participate in collective bargaining with labor groups representing police officers, firefighters and emergency respondersThe letter claimed the proposal would stifle economic recovery in Colorado.
+
{{quote|
 +
*'''Jobs and the Economy''': "We’ve got to get this country moving again, and the best way to accomplish that is to get government out of the way. Private businesses generate wealth, not the governmentBy cutting government and cutting spending, we will allow the marketplace to do its job."
  
Gardner wrote the letter, addressed to all members of Colorado’s congressional delegation, which characterized the bill as a "dangerous amendment" to House Resolution 4899 offered by Rep. [[David Obey]], D-[[Wisconsin]].
+
*'''Fiscal Responsibility''': "Our nation is facing historic debt and high unemployment.  Washington’s spending spree has to stop.  An important step towards regaining the trust of the American people starts by placing this nation on a path to a balanced federal budget. Immediately after being sworn-in, I formally added my name as a co-sponsor of the Balanced Budget Amendment. This is the first step towards reducing the deficit, paying down the national debt and learning to live within our means."
  
Citing economic considerations, the letter stated that the proposed amendment would cause more harm than good to Colorado’s economyGardner said now is not the time to fiddle with the equilibrium currently maintained between labor unions and government.
+
*'''Energy''': "Energy development at home is the key to powering our nation’s futureNot only is energy independence essential to our national security, but it will help create jobs for American workers.  I have always advocated for an “all of the above” approach to energy.  That includes development of traditional energy resources, renewable resources and even nuclear power."
  
"Particularly with all of the uncertainty currently surrounding the economy, now is not the time to be making radical changes to the balance between labor unions and local governments," said Gardner. "The amendment that has been attached to this bill will cause further harm to our economy and hinder our economic recovery."
+
*'''Healthcare''': "Despite being ruled constitutional, the President’s health care bill still makes it difficult for our economy to grow and takes away the ability of patients to pursue their own health care decisions.  The real issue, however, is not whether the law is constitutional or unconstitutional. It is whether it is good or bad for the country. While our health care system needs reform, imposing unpopular and unaffordable mandates is not the solution."
  
One Democratic lawmaker, Sen. [[Lois Tochtrop]] of Thornton, said she wholeheartedly supports the proposal.
+
*'''Education''': "The federal government has focused too much on throwing money at education without really evaluating whether that money has helped achieve results. The reality is that while federal spending on education has steadily increased over the years, student achievement has flat-lined.  It is time to take a more innovative approach."
 +
|author=Cory Gardner's office website
 +
|source=http://gardner.house.gov/issue/jobs-and-economy
 +
}}
  
“I would support any amendment that would that would help in the process of collective bargaining whether in government, or in the private sector.  I do not see any economic harm in allowing employees to have a place at the table,” said Tochtrop.<ref>[http://www.coloradonewsagency.com/2010/07/18/state-republicans-hope-to-thwart-amendment-to-federal-bill/ ''Colorado News Agency'', "State Republicans hope to thwart amendment to federal bill," July 18, 2010]</ref><ref>[http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_bills&docid=f:h4899eah.txt.pdf HOUSE AMENDMENT TO SENATE AMENDMENT, HR 4899]</ref>
 
 
===Redistricting===
 
Under the new map approved in 2011, Gardner no longer represents Larimer County as of 2013. “I will work as hard as ever to represent Larimer County through the end of 2012, and I will work as hard as ever in the new district,” Gardner stated.<ref>[http://www.coloradoan.com/article/20111206/NEWS01/112060331/New-redistricting-map-moves-Larimer-County-from-4th-2nd-CD?odyssey=mod|newswell|text|FRONTPAGE|s ''Coloradoan,'' "County to get new representation," December 6, 2011]</ref>
 
 
Larimer County was moved out of the 4th and into the 2nd District. Meanwhile, parts of Douglas, Huerfano, Las Animas and Otero counties were added to the 4th. The newly configured district gives Republicans a slightly higher advantage.
 
 
===Campaign themes===
 
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Gardner's campaign website listed the following issues:<ref>[http://gardner.house.gov/issue/jobs-and-economy Campaign website, Issues]</ref>
+
Gardner's campaign website listed the following issues:<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://gardner.house.gov/issue/jobs-and-economy ''Campaign website'', "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012]</ref>
  
 
*'''Jobs and the Economy
 
*'''Jobs and the Economy
Line 214: Line 285:
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
  
:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2014]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Colorado, 2014]]''
  
Gardner is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
+
Gardner won election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He won the Republican nomination at the state assembly on April 12, 2014, and as a result was the only Republican on the ballot in the primary election on June 24, 2014.<ref>[http://www.journal-advocate.com/sterling-local_news/ci_25564116/gardner-campaign-turns-november-race ''Journal-Advocate'', "Gardner campaign turns to November race," April 14, 2014]</ref><ref>[http://results.enr.clarityelections.com/CO/51557/134481/en/summary.html ''Colorado Secretary of State'', "Primary election results," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref> He defeated incumbent [[Mark Udall]] (D) and a number of third-party candidates in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref name=huffpost14/>
 +
 
 +
{{Cosengenelecbox14}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Gardner won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th congressional district elections, 2012|4th District]].  He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>''Colorado Secretary of State,'' - 2012 Primary Candidate List</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press - Unofficial election results]</ref>
+
Gardner won re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2012|Colorado's]] [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012|4th District]].  He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012.  He then defeated incumbent [[Brandon Shaffer]] (D) and [[Doug Aden]] (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/CO_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Unofficial election results," June 26, 2012]</ref>
 
{{Template:Codis4genelecbox12}}
 
{{Template:Codis4genelecbox12}}
  
Line 236: Line 309:
 
===2008===
 
===2008===
  
On November 4, 2008, Gardner won re-election to the 63rd District seat in the [[Colorado House of Representatives]], running unopposed in the general election.<ref>[http://www.elections.colorado.gov/Content/Documents/2008_Abstract.pdf 2008 general election results, Colorado]</ref>
+
On November 4, 2008, Gardner won re-election to the 63rd District seat in the [[Colorado House of Representatives]], running unopposed in the general election.<ref>[http://www.elections.colorado.gov/Content/Documents/2008_Abstract.pdf ''Colorado Division of Elections,'' "2008 general election results, Colorado," November 4, 2008]</ref>
  
Gardner raised $50,436 for his campaign.<Ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=CO&y=2008&f=H&so=O#sorttable Colorado House spending, 2008]</ref>
+
Gardner raised $50,436 for his campaign.<Ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=CO&y=2008&f=H&so=O#sorttable ''Follow the Money,'' "Colorado House spending, 2008," November 2, 2009]</ref>
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/86/Cory-Gardner Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Gardner attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-CoryGardner-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Gardner
 
|Name=Gardner
 
|year=2010
 
|year=2010
|Editdate=March 22, 2013
+
|Editdate=April 21, 2015
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00030780&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Cory Gardner," Accessed March 22, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=Career&cid=N00030780&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Cory Gardner," accessed April 21, 2015]</ref>
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
 +
|totalraised2014=12302236
 +
|result2014=Won
 +
|office2014=[[U.S. Senate]] (Colorado)
 
|totalraised2012=2295599
 
|totalraised2012=2295599
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=US House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
 
|totalraised2010=2426591
 
|totalraised2010=2426591
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=US House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th congressional district{{!}}District 4]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House (Colorado, [[Colorado's 4th Congressional District{{!}}District 4]])
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-CoryGardner-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|width=300px}}
 +
 
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Gardner's reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H0CO04122 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Cory Gardner Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
+
Gardner won election to the [[U.S. Senate]] in 2014. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $12,302,236 and spent $12,490,384.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2014&cid=N00030780&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Cory Gardner 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 13, 2015]</ref> This is more than the average $10.6 million spent by Senate winners in 2014.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/overview/bigspenders.php?cycle=2014&display=A&sort=O&Memb=S ''Open Secrets'', "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 13, 2015]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Gardner spent $12.69 per general election vote received in 2014.
 +
 
 +
{{Congress donor box 2014
 +
|winner = Y
 +
|Chamber = U.S. Senate, Colorado
 +
|party = Republican
 +
|total raised = $12,302,236
 +
|total spent = $12,490,384
 +
|opponent raised =$20,559,471
 +
|opponent spent =$20,463,869
 +
|org1 = Club for Growth
 +
|org2 = Elliott Management
 +
|org3 = Koch Industries
 +
|org4 = Anadarko Petroleum
 +
|org5 = Noble Energy
 +
|orgdonor1 = $64,202
 +
|orgdonor2 = $45,900
 +
|orgdonor3 = $42,200
 +
|orgdonor4 = $40,500
 +
|orgdonor5 = $25,600
 +
|ind1 = Retired
 +
|ind2 = Securities & Investment
 +
|ind3 = Oil & Gas
 +
|ind4 = Real Estate
 +
|ind5 = Leadership PACs
 +
|inddonor1 = $1,263,810
 +
|inddonor2 = $666,232
 +
|inddonor3 = $640,049
 +
|inddonor4 = $472,463
 +
|inddonor5 = $416,094
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Cory Gardner Donors 2014.JPG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2014 election.]]}}
 +
 
 +
Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Gardner's reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/cancomsrs/?_12+H0CO04122 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Cory Gardner Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013]</ref>  
  
 
{{Cory Gardner 2014 FEC}}
 
{{Cory Gardner 2014 FEC}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Cory Gardner Donors 2012.JPG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Gardner won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,295,599 and spent $1,849,386.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00030780&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Cory Gardner 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013]</ref> This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets'', "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
Gardner won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,295,599 and spent $1,849,386.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00030780&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Cory Gardner 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 19, 2013]</ref> This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''Open Secrets,'' "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013]</ref>
+
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
Line 295: Line 414:
 
|inddonor5 = $70,000
 
|inddonor5 = $70,000
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Cory Gardner Donors 2012.JPG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Cory Gardner 2010 Donors.JPG‎‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
+
Gardner won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,426,591 and spent $2,407,602.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00030780&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Cory Gardner 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 1, 2011]</ref>
Gardner won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,426,591 and spent $2,407,602.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00030780&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Cory Gardner 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed November 1, 2011]</ref>
+
  
His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:
+
His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:
 
{{congress donor box 2010
 
{{congress donor box 2010
 
|Chamber = U.S. House, Colorado District 4
 
|Chamber = U.S. House, Colorado District 4
Line 329: Line 448:
 
|inddonor5 = $76,730
 
|inddonor5 = $76,730
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Cory Gardner 2010 Donors.JPG‎‎|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]}}
  
 
===2008===
 
===2008===
 
+
Below are Gardner's top five campaign contributors in the 2008 election:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/candidate.phtml?c=107043 ''Follow the Money'', "2008 Campaign contributions," November 2, 2009]</ref>
Below are Gardner's top 5 campaign contributors in the 2008 election:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/candidate.phtml?c=107043 Follow the Money - 2008 Campaign contributions]</ref>
+
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
Line 354: Line 473:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of two different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Gardner's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-20,984 and $284,999. That averages to '''$132,007''', which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Gardner ranked as the 372nd most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00030780&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Cory Gardner (R-Colo), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2009 and 2012, Gardner's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> increased by an average of 71 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name = Cory Gardner
 +
|Political Party = Republican
 +
|Year 0 = 2009
 +
|Average 0 = 42277
 +
|2010 = 105506
 +
|2011 =  107507
 +
|2012 = 132007
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Gardner received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Retired'' industry.
 +
 +
From 2009-2014, '''28.26 percent of Gardner's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00030780&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Cory Gardner," accessed September 22, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Republican
 +
|total raised = 9687890
 +
|total spent = 6246315
 +
|ind1 = Retired
 +
|ind2 = Oil & Gas
 +
|ind3 = Real Estate
 +
|ind4 = Securities & Investment
 +
|ind5 = Leadership PACs
 +
|inddonor1 = 762039
 +
|inddonor2 = 754100
 +
|inddonor3 = 419172
 +
|inddonor4 = 406747
 +
|inddonor5 = 395381
 +
|district =
 +
|committee =
 +
|rank =
 +
|}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
Line 359: Line 529:
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Gardner is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]," as of June 5, 2013<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/cory_gardner/412406 ''Gov Track'' "Cory Gardner," Accessed June 5, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Gardner was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Republican]]," as of July 2014. This was the same rating Gardner received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/cory_gardner/412406 ''GovTrack'', "Cory Gardner," accessed July 21, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412406_Cory_Gardner ''OpenCongress,'' "Cory Gardner," Accessed July 30, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/412406_Cory_Gardner ''OpenCongress'', "Cory Gardner," accessed July 18, 2014]</ref>
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
Gardner most often votes with:
+
While a member of the House, Gardner most often voted with:
*{{reddot}} [[Tim Griffin]]
+
*{{reddot}} [[Lynn Jenkins]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
Gardner least often votes with:
+
While a member of the House, Gardner least often voted with:
 
*{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]]
 
*{{reddot}} [[Walter Jones]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Mark Pocan]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Mark Pocan]]
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-CoryGardner-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
 +
 +
===Lifetime voting record===
 +
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Gardner missed 42 of 2,678 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.6 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.<ref>[https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/cory_gardner/412406 ''GovTrack'', "Cory Gardner," accessed July 21, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gardner paid his congressional staff a total of $750,753 in 2011.  He ranked 26th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 28th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Colorado]] ranked 14th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2735/Rep_Cory_Gardner.html LegiStorm "Cory Gardner"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gardner paid his congressional staff a total of $750,753 in 2011.  He ranked 26th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 28th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Colorado]] ranked 14th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2735/Rep_Cory_Gardner.html ''LegiStorm'', "Cory Gardner," accessed August 21, 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Gardner's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$34,984 and $249,999. That averages to $107,507, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2011 of $7,859,232. His average net worth increased by 1.90% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00030780&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Gardner, (R-Colorado), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Gardner's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between  $-10,987 and $221,999. That averages to $105,506, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2010 of $7,561,133.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00030780&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Gardner, (R-Colorado), 2010"]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
====2013====
 +
Gardner ranked 98th in the conservative rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.  Gardner ranked 10th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013]</ref>
+
Gardner ranked 10th in the conservative rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.  Gardner ranked 40th in the conservative rankings.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Gardner ranked 40th in the conservative rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Gardner
 +
|party=Republican
 +
|percent=95.5 percent
 +
|rank=57th
 +
|total=234
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|RHouse=Y
 +
}}
 
====2013====
 
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=Gardner
 
|name=Gardner
 
|party=Republican
 
|party=Republican
|percent=97.5%
+
|percent=97.5 percent
 
|rank=89th
 
|rank=89th
 
|total=233
 
|total=233
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|RHouse=Y
 
|RHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 
==Personal==
 
Gardner and his wife, Jamie, have one child.
 
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term '''Cory + Gardner + Colorado + House'''
+
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term '''Cory + Gardner + Colorado + Senate'''
  
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Cory+Gardner+Colorado+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Cory Gardner News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Cory+Gardner+Colorado+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Cory Gardner News Feed}}
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[United States Senate]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from Colorado]]
 +
*[[United States Senate elections in Colorado, 2014]]
 +
*[[Colorado's 4th Congressional District]]
 +
*[[List of U.S. Congress incumbents not running for re-election in 2014]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado, 2014]]
 +
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[http://Gardner.house.gov/ Official House website]
+
{{submit a link}}
*[http://corygardner.com/ Official campaign website]
+
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-cory-gardner/30004|Name=Cory Gardner}}
{{CongLinks | congbio = G000562 | votesmart = 30004 | washpo = Cory_Gardner | govtrack = 412406 | opencong = 412406_Cory_Gardner | c-span = corygardner | fec = H0CO04122 | ontheissues = House/Cory_Gardner.htm | surge = 182142 | legistorm = 2735/Rep_Cory_Gardner_CO.html | opensecrets = N00030780&newMem=Y | followthemoney = 4498 | nyt = | findagrave = | fb = CongressmanGardner | twitter = repcorygardner | merge=CO04}}
+
*[http://corygardner.com/ Cory Gardner's campaign website]
 +
*[http://gardner.senate.gov Official U.S. Senate page]
 +
{{CongLinks | fb = CongressmanGardner | twitter = repcorygardner | congbio = G000562 | nndb = 871/000264079 | wikipedia = Cory_Gardner | govtrack = 412406 | merge=CO04 | opencong = 412406 | votesmart = 30004 | fec = H0CO04122 | legistorm = 2735/Rep_Cory_Gardner_CO.html | opensecrets = N00030780 | followthemoney = 4498 | ontheissues = House/Cory_Gardner.htm | congress = cory-gardner/1998 | c-span = corygardner | imdb = nm5566347 | hill = cory-gardner | huffpo = cory-gardner | nyt = | wsj = | washpo = gIQAAaFWKP | washtime = cory-gardner }}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{succession box | before = [[Betsy Markey]] |title = [[U.S. House]] - Colorado District 4 | years = 2011-Present | after = }}
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{{succession box | before = [[Mark Udall]] |title = [[U.S. Senate]] - Colorado | years = 2015-Present| after = NA}}
 +
{{succession box | before = [[Betsy Markey]] |title = [[U.S. House]] - Colorado District 4 | years = 2011-2015| after = [[Ken Buck]]}}
 
{{succession box | before =  | title = [[Colorado House of Representatives]], District 63 | years = June 2005–2011 | after = [[Jon Becker]]}}
 
{{succession box | before =  | title = [[Colorado House of Representatives]], District 63 | years = June 2005–2011 | after = [[Jon Becker]]}}
 
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{{Colorado congress}}
 
{{Colorado congress}}
 
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[[Category:Current member, U.S. House]]
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[[Category:U.S. Senate, Colorado]]
 
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{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=Y}}
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{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=challenger|Chamber=U.S. Senate|Primary=W|General=W}}
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{{Inc new office|U.S. House|U.S. Senate|2014}}
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[[Category:U.S. House incumbent retired, 2014]]

Latest revision as of 10:55, 30 April 2015

Cory Gardner
Cory Gardner, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
U.S. Senate, Colorado
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2015 - Present
Term ends
January 3, 2021
Years in position 0
PartyRepublican
PredecessorMark Udall (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Cost per vote$12.69 in 2014
First electedNovember 4, 2014
Next generalNovember 3, 2020
Campaign $$$17,024,426
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, Colorado, District 4
2011-2015
Colorado House of Representatives
2005-2010
Education
Bachelor'sColorado State University
J.D.University of Colorado, Boulder
Personal
Date of birthAugust 22, 1974
Place of birthYuma, Colorado
Net worth(2012) $132,007
ReligionLutheran
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Cory Gardner campaign logo
Cory Gardner (b. August 22, 1974, in Yuma, Colorado) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate, representing Colorado since 2015. He defeated incumbent Mark Udall (D) to win election to the seat in 2014.[1][2]

Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005. He was then elected to the Colorado House of Representatives, where he served from 2005 to 2010. Gardner then served in the U.S. House, representing Colorado's 4th Congressional District, from 2011 to 2015.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gardner is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Gardner's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 2015-Present: U.S. Senator from Colorado
  • 2011-2015: U.S. Representative from Colorado
  • 2005-2010: Colorado House of Representatives
  • 2002-2005: Staff, United States Senator Wayne Allard of Colorado
  • 2001: Graduated from University of Colorado, Boulder with J.D.
  • 1997: Graduated from Colorado State University, Fort Collins with B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2015-2016

Gardner serves on the following committees:[4]

U.S. House

2013-2014

Gardner served on the following committees:[5]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

2011-2012

Gardner served on the following committees:[6]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Environment and Economy
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

Colorado House

2009-2010

Gardner served on the following committees while a member of the Colorado State House:

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] The Senate has confirmed 3,934 out of 5,051 executive nominations received (77.9 percent). For more information pertaining to Gardner's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

Domestic

Federalism

Loretta Lynch AG nomination

Nay3.png On April 23, 2015, the Senate voted to confirm Loretta Lynch as United States Attorney General by a vote of 56-43. All 44 Democratic senators voted to confirm Lynch. Gardner voted with 42 other Republican senators against Lynch's confirmation.[9]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[10] For more information pertaining to Gardner's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

DHS Appropriations Act (2014)

Yea3.png Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[13]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Gardner voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[14]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[15] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[16][17] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[17] Gardner voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[18][19] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[19] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[20] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Gardner joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[18][19]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[21] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[22] Gardner voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[23]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[24] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gardner voted for HR 2775.[25]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[26]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[27] The vote largely followed party lines.[28]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[29]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[30]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[31] Gardner joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[32][33]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[34]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Cory Gardner's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Gardner is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Gardner received a score of 27 percent on social issues and 87 percent on economic issues.[35]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[36]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[35] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

National security

Letter to Iran

On March 9, 2015, Senator Tom Cotton (R-Ark.) wrote a letter to Iran's leadership, warning them that signing a nuclear deal with the Obama administration without congressional approval was merely an "executive agreement." The letter also stated that "The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time." The letter was signed by 47 Republican members of the Senate. Gardner was one of the 47 who signed the letter. No Democrats signed it.[37]

The letter caused intense backlash from both the Obama administration and the public. Vice President Joe Biden said of the letter, "In thirty-six years in the United States Senate, I cannot recall another instance in which senators wrote directly to advise another country — much less a longtime foreign adversary — that the president does not have the constitutional authority to reach a meaningful understanding with them."[38] On Twitter, the hashtag "47Traitors" became the top trending topic in the world, and a debate raged as to whether the 47 who signed the letter were traitors or patriots.[39]

Obamacare

Gardner has highlighted his own personal experience with the Affordable Care Act in order to fight it. Gardner said, "Just a couple weeks ago, despite the president’s promise that if you liked your insurance you could keep it, my family received a letter in the mail that our insurance plan is being canceled — canceled because of the president’s health care bill. We were paying about $650 a month for our plan. And the plan that’s most similar to replace it through our current provider goes up by 100 percent more, so it’s from $650 to $1,480."[40]

Gardner also pressed Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius in a hearing with the House Energy and Commerce Committee. He asked her, "Why aren’t you losing your health insurance? Why aren’t you in the exchange?" When Sebelius claimed to be ineligible, he responded, "I went into the exchange. You could decide to drop your coverage of your employer. You have the choice."[41]

Colorado House

Gardner's sponsored legislation included:

  • HB 09-1146 - Proof Of Citizenship To Register To Vote
  • HB 09-1268 - Decrease Fossil Fuel Consumption
  • HB 09-1288 - Colorado Taxpayer Transparency Act
  • HB 10-1094 - Use of Deadly Force in Place of Business [42]
  • HB 10-1184 - Increased Penalties for Repeat DUI Offenders [43]

For details and a full listing of sponsored bills, see the House site.

Campaign themes

2014

Gardner's office website listed the following issues:[44]

  • Jobs and the Economy: "We’ve got to get this country moving again, and the best way to accomplish that is to get government out of the way. Private businesses generate wealth, not the government. By cutting government and cutting spending, we will allow the marketplace to do its job."
  • Fiscal Responsibility: "Our nation is facing historic debt and high unemployment. Washington’s spending spree has to stop. An important step towards regaining the trust of the American people starts by placing this nation on a path to a balanced federal budget. Immediately after being sworn-in, I formally added my name as a co-sponsor of the Balanced Budget Amendment. This is the first step towards reducing the deficit, paying down the national debt and learning to live within our means."
  • Energy: "Energy development at home is the key to powering our nation’s future. Not only is energy independence essential to our national security, but it will help create jobs for American workers. I have always advocated for an “all of the above” approach to energy. That includes development of traditional energy resources, renewable resources and even nuclear power."
  • Healthcare: "Despite being ruled constitutional, the President’s health care bill still makes it difficult for our economy to grow and takes away the ability of patients to pursue their own health care decisions. The real issue, however, is not whether the law is constitutional or unconstitutional. It is whether it is good or bad for the country. While our health care system needs reform, imposing unpopular and unaffordable mandates is not the solution."
  • Education: "The federal government has focused too much on throwing money at education without really evaluating whether that money has helped achieve results. The reality is that while federal spending on education has steadily increased over the years, student achievement has flat-lined. It is time to take a more innovative approach."

[45]

—Cory Gardner's office website, http://gardner.house.gov/issue/jobs-and-economy

2012

Gardner's campaign website listed the following issues:[46]

  • Jobs and the Economy
Excerpt: "We’ve got to get this country moving again, and the best way to accomplish that is to get government out of the way. Private businesses generate wealth, not the government. By cutting government and cutting spending, we will allow the marketplace to do its job. "
  • Fiscal Responsibility
Excerpt: "Our nation is facing historic debt and high unemployment. Washington’s spending spree has to stop. An important step towards regaining the trust of the American people starts by placing this nation on a path to a balanced federal budget. Immediately after being sworn-in, I formally added my name as a co-sponsor of the Balanced Budget Amendment."
  • Energy
Excerpt: "Energy development at home is the key to powering our nation’s future. Not only is energy independence essential to our national security, but it will help create jobs for American workers. I have always advocated for an “all of the above” approach to energy. That includes development of traditional energy resources, renewable resources and even nuclear power."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Despite being ruled constitutional, the President’s health care bill still makes it difficult for our economy to grow and takes away the ability of patients to pursue their own health care decisions. The real issue, however, is not whether the law is constitutional or unconstitutional. It is whether it is good or bad for the country. "
  • Education
Excerpt: "The importance of education cannot be understated. Schools need the resources to be successful, but let’s not also forget that results matter."

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Colorado, 2014

Gardner won election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He won the Republican nomination at the state assembly on April 12, 2014, and as a result was the only Republican on the ballot in the primary election on June 24, 2014.[47][48] He defeated incumbent Mark Udall (D) and a number of third-party candidates in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2]

U.S. Senate, Colorado General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCory Gardner 48.2% 983,891
     Democratic Mark Udall Incumbent 46.3% 944,203
     Libertarian Gaylon Kent 2.6% 52,876
     Independent Steve Shogan 1.4% 29,472
     Independent Raul Acosta 1.2% 24,151
     Unity Party of Colorado Bill Hammons 0.3% 6,427
Total Votes 2,041,020
Source: Colorado Secretary of State

2012

See also: Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Gardner won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Colorado's 4th District. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated incumbent Brandon Shaffer (D) and Doug Aden (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[49]

U.S. House, Colorado District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Brandon Shaffer 36.8% 125,715
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCory Gardner Incumbent 58.4% 199,842
     Libertarian Josh Gilliland 3.1% 10,674
     Constitution Doug Aden 1.7% 5,845
Total Votes 342,076
Source: Colorado Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


2008

On November 4, 2008, Gardner won re-election to the 63rd District seat in the Colorado House of Representatives, running unopposed in the general election.[51]

Gardner raised $50,436 for his campaign.[52]

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Gardner attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Gardner is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Gardner raised a total of $17,024,426 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 21, 2015.[53]

Cory Gardner's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. Senate (Colorado) Won $12,302,236
2012 U.S. House (Colorado, District 4) Won $2,295,599
2010 U.S. House (Colorado, District 4) Won $2,426,591
Grand Total Raised $17,024,426


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Gardner won election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $12,302,236 and spent $12,490,384.[54] This is more than the average $10.6 million spent by Senate winners in 2014.[55]

Cost per vote

Gardner spent $12.69 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. Senate, Colorado, 2014 - Cory Gardner Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $12,302,236
Total Spent $12,490,384
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $20,559,471
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $20,463,869
Top contributors to Cory Gardner's campaign committee
Club for Growth$64,202
Elliott Management$45,900
Koch Industries$42,200
Anadarko Petroleum$40,500
Noble Energy$25,600
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$1,263,810
Securities & Investment$666,232
Oil & Gas$640,049
Real Estate$472,463
Leadership PACs$416,094

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gardner's reports.[56]

2012

Gardner won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,295,599 and spent $1,849,386.[66] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[67]

Cost per vote

Gardner spent $9.25 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Gardner won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,426,591 and spent $2,407,602.[68]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:


2008

Below are Gardner's top five campaign contributors in the 2008 election:[69]

Contributor 2008 total
Cory Gardner $6,342
CO Assoc of Realtors $4,250
CO Medical Society $1,400
CO Cable Telecommunications Assoc $500
CO Concern $400

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gardner's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-20,984 and $284,999. That averages to $132,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Gardner ranked as the 372nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[70] Between 2009 and 2012, Gardner's calculated net worth[71] increased by an average of 71 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[72]

Cory Gardner Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$42,277
2012$132,007
Growth from 2009 to 2012:212%
Average annual growth:71%[73]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[74]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Gardner received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry.

From 2009-2014, 28.26 percent of Gardner's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[75]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Cory Gardner Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $9,687,890
Total Spent $6,246,315
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$762,039
Oil & Gas$754,100
Real Estate$419,172
Securities & Investment$406,747
Leadership PACs$395,381
% total in top industry7.87%
% total in top two industries15.65%
% total in top five industries28.26%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Gardner was a "rank-and-file Republican," as of July 2014. This was the same rating Gardner received in June 2013.[76]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[77]

While a member of the House, Gardner most often voted with:

While a member of the House, Gardner least often voted with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Gardner missed 42 of 2,678 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.6 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[78]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gardner paid his congressional staff a total of $750,753 in 2011. He ranked 26th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 28th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Colorado ranked 14th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[79]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Gardner ranked 98th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[80]

2012

Gardner ranked 10th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[81]

2011

Gardner ranked 40th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[82]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Gardner voted with the Republican Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 57th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[83]

2013

Gardner voted with the Republican Party 97.5 percent of the time, which ranked 89th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[84]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Cory + Gardner + Colorado + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Cory Gardner News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Political Tracker has an article on:
Cory Gardner


References

  1. The Washington Post, "Rep. Cory Gardner to run for Senate in Colorado," February 26, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Cory Gardner," accessed November 1, 2011
  4. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments of the 114th Congress," accessed February 17, 2015
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. Congressman Cory Gardner, United States Congressman for the 4th District of Colorado, "Committee Assignments," accessed November 1, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  9. Senate.gov, "On the Nomination (Confirmation Loretta E. Lynch, of New York, to be Attorney General)," accessed April 29, 2015
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  13. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  23. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  31. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  32. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  33. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  34. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  35. 35.0 35.1 On The Issues, "Cory Gardner Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  36. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  37. The Wall Street Journal, "Text of GOP Senators’ Letter to Iran’s Leaders on Nuclear Talks," March 9, 2015
  38. Fox News, "Firestorm erupts over GOP letter challenging Obama's power to approve Iran nuclear deal," March 10, 2015
  39. Ut San Diego, "Traitors or patriots? Senator's letter to Iran creates firestorm," March 11, 2015
  40. Fox31 Denver, "Rep. Gardner receives health insurance cancellation letter, says Obamacare more costly," October 4, 2013
  41. The Blaze, "The Top 5 Strangest Moments From Kathleen Sebelius’ ‘Mortifying’ Obamacare Hearing," October 30, 2013
  42. Colorado News Agency, "Make My Day? Only at Home, says Legislative Panel," March 15, 2010
  43. Colorado News Agency, "Effort to Beef Up State's DUI Penalty Gets Derailed," February 8, 2010
  44. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 14, 2014
  45. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  46. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  47. Journal-Advocate, "Gardner campaign turns to November race," April 14, 2014
  48. Colorado Secretary of State, "Primary election results," accessed June 24, 2014
  49. Associated Press, "Unofficial election results," June 26, 2012
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. Colorado Division of Elections, "2008 general election results, Colorado," November 4, 2008
  52. Follow the Money, "Colorado House spending, 2008," November 2, 2009
  53. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Cory Gardner," accessed April 21, 2015
  54. Open Secrets, "Cory Gardner 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 13, 2015
  55. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 13, 2015
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Pre-Primary," accessed June 23, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  64. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner October Quarterly," accessed October 24, 2014
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Pre-General," accessed November 24, 2014
  66. Open Secrets, "Cory Gardner 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  67. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  68. Open Secrets, "Cory Gardner 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 1, 2011
  69. Follow the Money, "2008 Campaign contributions," November 2, 2009
  70. OpenSecrets, "Cory Gardner (R-Colo), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  71. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  72. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  73. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  74. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  75. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Cory Gardner," accessed September 22, 2014
  76. GovTrack, "Cory Gardner," accessed July 21, 2014
  77. OpenCongress, "Cory Gardner," accessed July 18, 2014
  78. GovTrack, "Cory Gardner," accessed July 21, 2014
  79. LegiStorm, "Cory Gardner," accessed August 21, 2012
  80. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  81. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  82. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  83. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  84. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Mark Udall
U.S. Senate - Colorado
2015-Present
Succeeded by
NA
Preceded by
Betsy Markey
U.S. House - Colorado District 4
2011-2015
Succeeded by
Ken Buck
Preceded by
'
Colorado House of Representatives, District 63
June 2005–2011
Succeeded by
Jon Becker