Counties in Arizona
Types of local government
Local government in Arizona consists of:
- Counties: Arizona counties have a sheriff, county attorney, county recorder, treasurer, assessor, superintendent of schools, and three or five supervisors, each elected to a four-year term.
- Cities: any incorporated community with a population of over 3,000 can be a city. The oldest city is Tucson, which was incorporated by the State Territorial Legislature in 1877. Arizona cities are either Charter cities or General law cities. Under Article XIII, Section 2.2 of the Arizona State Constitution any city with a population of over 3,500 can become a Charter city.
- Towns: an incorporated community with a population of under 3,000 is a town. After the population of a town has increase beyond 3,000 it may become a city although many towns do not. Towns are similar to cities but have fewer powers.
Units of government:
- 15 counties
- 44 cities
- 47 towns
- 19 of the cities are chartered.
- In addition, there are 309 special districts and 244 independent school districts.
Initiative process availability
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The initiative and referendum powers for both ordinances and charter amendments are mandated and the procedures are partially set for all counties, cities, and towns by State Law.
County website evaluations
- See also: Evaluation of Arizona county websites
As of the end of 2008:
- 13 counties posted their budgets online.
- 15 counties posted information online about county board meetings.
- 14 had information about elected officials.
- 13 had information about the county's administrative officials.
- 12 had information about building permits and zoning.
- Eight had audit information.
- Two had information about vendor contracts.
- None posted information about associations with government sector lobbying groups.
- Seven posted information about how to obtain public records using the Arizona Public Records Law.
- 14 posted information about local taxes.
Ballotpedia compiled Ballot measure information on Arizona county websites in March 2012.
List of counties
- Arizona counties
- Arizona County gazetteer Links to the cities, towns, neighborhoods and subdivisions for each of the 15 Arizona counties.
- Arizona Association of Counties, government sector lobbying association for Arizona's counties
- Arizona Local Government Watch
- AZ.gov "Arizona State Map," accessed September 5, 2013
- City Data, Arizona-Local Government
- Tucson City Website, City Info
- Arizona State Statutes, 9-271. Procedure for change; city officers
- Arizona State Statutes, 9-276. Additional powers of cities
- Types and Numbers City I&R Research Spreadsheet
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments