Counties in Georgia

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Counties in the United States

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Georgia is divided into 159 counties.[1] Under the Georgia Constitution, counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-counties exist—Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County) and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County).

Types of local government

Local government in Georgia consists of:

Cities: There are 535 cities in Georgia, and all cities have charters. Although some cities are known by other terms (such as "town"), Georgia law makes no such distinction.[2]

Counties: There are 159 counties in Georgia. Six of these county governments have been consolidated with city governments. Another (Echols County) consolidated with an unincorporated community rather than a city. Each of these consolidated governments has its own charter.[3][4] For more information on city-county consolidation in Georgia, see the video located here.

In addition, there are 497 special districts and 180 independent school districts.[5]

Initiative Process Availability

See also: Laws governing local ballot measures in Georgia

In Georgia, local governments comprise counties, cities, and city-county consolidations. Counties are organized according to the state constitution, general law, and applicable local laws (laws passed by the general assembly concerning a specific county). Cities and city-county consolidations are governed by local charters approved by the General Assembly then ratified by a vote of the people.

Counties

Georgia has 159 counties (152, excluding city-county consolidations). Residents of all 152 counties may initiate amendments to (or veto referendums against) local ordinances, resolutions, and regulations. They may also amend or repeal the local laws governing the county at the state level.[6]

Cities

Georgia has 535 cities total and 528 excluding city-county consolidations). Residents of all 528 non-consolidated cities may initiate amendments to (or veto referendums against) local ordinances, resolutions, and regulations. They may also amend their local charter.[6]

City-county consolidations

In Georgia, cities and counties may consolidate their governments to streamline services or eliminate redundancies. Seven pairs of cities and counties have formed consolidated city-county governments. All seven pairs are organized under local charters approved by the General Assembly and ratified by residents. The Georgia Code explicitly exempts consolidated governments formed prior to January 1, 1976 from the initiative process established for cities. The City of Columbus and Muscogee County were consolidated in 1971--the first Georgia consolidation and the only consolidation prior to 1976. The charter of Columbus/Muscogee County does provide for charter amendment and ordinance initiatives, but establishes an initiative process distinct from the city process found in the Georgia Code.[7][8]

The applicability of state's county and city initiative and referendum provisions to consolidated governments in general is unclear. By all appearances, the issue has not yet faced judicial review. Augusta-Richmond County and Columbus-Muscogee County provide for local initiative for ordinances and charter or local act amendment. Athens-Clarke County, Cusseta-Chattahoochee County, and Georgetown-Quitman County seem to exclude it. The status of initiative in unclear in both Statenville-Echols County and Preston-Webster County.[9][10][11][12][13]

County website evaluations

See also: Evaluation of Georgia county websites

As of 2009:

  • 30 of the 159 counties post their budgets online.
  • 63 counties include information on their websites about public government meetings.
  • 69 include information about the county's elected officials.
  • 66 include information about the county's administrative officials.
  • 61 counties provide information about permits and zoning in the county.
  • 14 of the counties provide information on their websites about audits that the county government has had performed.
  • 6 of the 159 counties give information about their contracts with county vendors.
  • 1 county discloses whether it belongs to any government sector lobbying associations.
  • Just 6 counties provide information on how to request public records using the Georgia Open Records Act.
  • 86 county websites provide some information about county taxes.

List of counties

Georgia (U.S. state) counties
County name County seat
Appling County Baxley
Atkinson County Pearson
Bacon County Alma
Baker County Newton
Baldwin County Milledgeville
Banks County Homer
Barrow County Winder
Bartow County Cartersville
Ben Hill County Fitzgerald
Berrien County Nashville
Bibb County Macon
Bleckley County Cochran
Brantley County Nahunta
Brooks County Quitman
Bryan County Pembroke
Bulloch County Statesboro
Burke County Waynesboro
Butts County Jackson
Calhoun County Morgan
Camden County Woodbine
Candler County Metter
Carroll County Carrollton
Catoosa County Ringgold
Charlton County Folkston
Chatham County Savannah
Chattahoochee County Cusseta
Chattooga County Summerville
Cherokee County Canton
Clarke County Athens
Clay County Fort Gaines
Clayton County Jonesboro
Clinch County Homerville
Cobb County Marietta
Coffee County Douglas
Colquitt County Moultrie
Columbia County Appling
Cook County Adel
Coweta County Newnan
Crawford County Knoxville
Crisp County Cordele
Dade County Trenton
Dawson County Dawsonville
Decatur County Bainbridge
DeKalb County Decatur
Dodge County Eastman
Dooly County Vienna
Dougherty County Albany
Douglas County Douglasville
Early County Blakely
Echols County Statenville
Effingham County Springfield
Elbert County Elberton
Emanuel County Swainsboro
Evans County Claxton
Fannin County Blue Ridge
Fayette County Fayetteville
Floyd County Rome
Forsyth County Cumming
Franklin County Carnesville
Fulton County Atlanta
Gilmer County Ellijay
Glascock County Gibson
Glynn County Brunswick
Gordon County Calhoun
Grady County Cairo
Greene County Greensboro
Gwinnett County Lawrenceville
Habersham County Clarkesville
Hall County Gainesville
Hancock County Sparta
Haralson County Buchanan
Harris County Hamilton
Hart County Hartwell
Heard County Franklin
Henry County McDonough
Houston County Perry
Irwin County Ocilla
Jackson County Jefferson
Jasper County Monticello
Jeff Davis County Hazlehurst
Jefferson County Louisville
Jenkins County Millen
Johnson County Wrightsville
Jones County Gray
Lamar County Barnesville
Lanier County Lakeland
Laurens County Dublin
Lee County Leesburg
Liberty County Hinesville
Lincoln County Lincolnton
Long County Ludowici
Lowndes County Valdosta
Lumpkin County Dahlonega
Macon County Oglethorpe
Madison County Danielsville
Marion County Buena Vista
McDuffie County Thomson
McIntosh County Darien
Meriwether County Greenville
Miller County Colquitt
Mitchell County Camilla
Monroe County Forsyth
Montgomery County Mount Vernon
Morgan County Madison
Murray County Chatsworth
Muscogee County Columbus
Newton County Covington
Oconee County Watkinsville
Oglethorpe County Lexington
Paulding County Dallas
Peach County Fort Valley
Pickens County Jasper
Pierce County Blackshear
Pike County Zebulon
Polk County Cedartown
Pulaski County Hawkinsville
Putnam County Eatonton
Quitman County Georgetown
Rabun County Clayton
Randolph County Cuthbert
Richmond County Augusta
Rockdale County Conyers
Schley County Ellaville
Screven County Sylvania
Seminole County Donalsonville
Spalding County Griffin
Stephens County Toccoa
Stewart County Lumpkin
Sumter County Americus
Talbot County Talbotton
Taliaferro County Crawfordville
Tattnall County Reidsville
Taylor County Butler
Telfair County McRae
Terrell County Dawson
Thomas County Thomasville
Tift County Tifton
Toombs County Lyons
Towns County Hiawassee
Treutlen County Soperton
Troup County Lagrange
Turner County Ashburn
Twiggs County Jeffersonville
Union County Blairsville
Upson County Thomaston
Walker County Lafayette
Walton County Monroe
Ware County Waycross
Warren County Warrenton
Washington County Sandersville
Wayne County Jesup
Webster County Preston
Wheeler County Alamo
White County Cleveland
Whitfield Dalton
Wilcox Abbeville
Wilkes Washington
Wilkinson Irwinton
Worth Sylvester

References

This article was taken and modified from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia under the GNU license.