Difference between revisions of "Counties in Illinois"
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There are '''102 counties''' in [[Illinois]].<ref>[http://www.ilcounty.org/news/22-2.html ''Illinois Association of County Board Members Website'' "About Illinois Counties," accessed September 10, 2013]</ref>
There are '''102 counties''' in [[Illinois]].<ref>[http://www.ilcounty.org/news/22-2.html ''Illinois Association of County Board Members Website''"About Illinois Counties," accessed September 10, 2013]</ref>
==Types of local government==
==Types of local government==
Latest revision as of 07:14, 7 May 2014
Types of local government
Local government in Illinois consists of:
- 1,298 city governments.
- 1,431 township governments.
- 102 county governments.
- In addition, there are 3,232 special districts and 905 independent school districts.
Initiative process availability
Illinois law provides for an advisory (non-binding, no legal effect) initiative process on questions of public policy. A binding referendum is required on limited matters, such as tax levies and bonds (Chap 10 Election Code, Art. 28). Residents of home-rule counties and cities may change their form of government or revert to general law governance by initiative. While mostly formal, this process can have some effects on policy. For example, under the general law, city governments face greater restrictions on raising taxes. Thus, switching from home-rule to general law can help limit tax increases.
There is no broad ordinance initiative process in any of Illinois' cities.
County website evaluations
- See also: Evaluation of Illinois county websites
As of 2009:
- 20 of the 102 counties posted their county budgets online.
- 34 counties included information on their websites about public government meetings.
- 45 included information about the county's elected officials.
- 42 included information about the county's administrative officials.
- 29 counties gave information about permits and zoning in the county.
- 15 of the counties put information on their websites about audits that the county government has had performed.
- One county gave information about its contracts with county vendors.
- Zero county websites disclosed whether the county belongs to any government sector lobbying associations.
- 11 counties provided information on how to request public records using the Illinois Freedom of Information Act.
- 23 county websites provided some information about county taxes.
Ballotpedia evaluated ballot measure information on Illinois county websites in March 2012.
List of counties
- Illinois Association of County Board Members Website, "About Illinois Counties," accessed September 10, 2013
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- Illinois Constitution, Article VII, Section 6, accessed October 19, 2012
- Mount Vernon Register-News, "Chamber supports keeping Home Rule," October 19, 2012
- Ballotpedia: Types and #'s of local government by state