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Counties in Maryland

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Counties in the United States

Counties by State
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There are 24 counties and county-equivalents in Maryland.[1] Though an independent city rather than a county, the Baltimore is considered the equal of a county for most purposes and is a county-equivalent.

Types of local government

Local government in Maryland consists of 23 counties and 157 incorporated municipalities (cities and towns that have been incorporated with a charter). In addition there are 167 special districts.[2]

Further classifications:

Counties may be organized and governed by:

  • County commissioners, of which there are 8. They are Calvert, Carroll, Cecil, Frederick, Garrett, St. Mary's, Somerset, and Washington.
  • Code home rule, of which there are 6. They are Allegany (1974), Caroline (1984), Charles (2002), Kent (1970), Queen Anne's (1990), and Worcester (1976).
  • Charter, of which there are 9. They are Anne Arundel (1964), Baltimore (1956), Dorchester (2002), Harford (1972), Howard (1968), Montgomery (1948), Prince George's (1970), Talbot (1973), and Wicomico (1964).[3]

Cities and towns are treated as a single class by state statutes, with the exception of Baltimore which has laws specific to it. Cities and towns gain their legal status by incorporation through a charter. All local services in unincorporated areas are provided directly by the county.[4]

Initiative process availability

See also: Laws governing local ballot measures in Maryland
  • All 9 charter counties have a mandated initiative process for charter amendments.
  • All 157 cities and towns have a mandated initiative process for charter amendments. State laws make no mention of initiative for ordinances, and cities do not appear to have authority to grant this power on their own.[5]

Evaluation of county websites

See also: Evaluation of Maryland county websites

Counties

County County seat
Allegany County, Maryland Cumberland, Maryland
Anne Arundel County, Maryland Annapolis, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland *Considered county-equivalent
Baltimore County, Maryland Towson, Maryland
Calvert County, Maryland Prince Frederick, Maryland
Caroline County, Maryland Denton, Maryland
Carroll County, Maryland Westminster, Maryland
Cecil County, Maryland Elkton, Maryland
Charles County, Maryland La Plata, Maryland
Dorchester County, Maryland Cambridge, Maryland
Frederick County, Maryland Frederick, Maryland
Garrett County, Maryland Oakland, Maryland
Harford County, Maryland Bel Air, Maryland
Howard County, Maryland Ellicott City, Maryland
Kent County, Maryland Chestertown, Maryland
Montgomery County, Maryland Rockville, Maryland
Prince George's County, Maryland Upper Marlboro, Maryland
Queen Anne's County, Maryland Centreville, Maryland
Somerset County, Maryland Princess Anne, Maryland
St. Mary's County, Maryland Leonardtown, Maryland
Talbot County, Maryland Easton, Maryland
Washington County, Maryland Hagerstown, Maryland
Wicomico County, Maryland Salisbury, Maryland
Worcester County, Maryland Snow Hill, Maryland

References

This article was taken and modified from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia under the GNU license.