Counties in New York
There are 62 counties in New York. Five of those counties are coterminous with the five boroughs of New York City and do not have functioning county governments. These counties are instead subject to the jurisdiction of the city. New York City is considered the county seat for each of these counties.
Types of local government
Local government in New York consists of:
- Counties: There are 62 counties in New York. Five of these counties fall under the jurisdiction of the City of New York. 38 are governed by general law and 19 have charters.
- Cities: There are 62 cities in New York. All cities have charters.
- Towns: There are 932 towns. No towns have charters, being governed by the Town Law. The area of each county (excluding cities) is divided into towns.
- Village: There are 551 villages. No villages have charters, being governed by the Village Law. Each village exists within a town.
Note: The distinction between villages and cities is not based on population, but organization.
- In addition, there are 1,172 special districts and 679 independent school districts.
Initiative process availability
Suffolk County has an initiative process authorized by a special state law. Also, five counties are under the jurisdiction of New York City. As such residents of these counties enjoy an initiative process at the city level.
County website evaluations
- See also: Evaluation of New York county websites
- 49 of the 62 counties posted their county budgets online.
- 54 counties included information on their websites about public government meetings.
- 58 included information about the county's elected officials.
- 61 included information about the county's administrative officials.
- 11 counties gave information about permits and zoning in the county.
- 23 of the counties put information on their websites about external audits.
- Four counties gave information about their contracts with county vendors.
- No county websites disclosed whether the county belonged to any government sector lobbying associations.
- 26 counties provided information on how to request public records using the New York Freedom of Information Law.
- 36 county websites provided information about county taxes.
List of counties
**Consolidated city/county government
- National Association of Counties Website "County Seats," accessed September 19, 2013
- National Association of Counties Websites "Find a County - New York City, NY," accessed September 19, 2013
- New York Local Government Services, "What do Local Governments do?," accessed September 23, 2012
- NY Department of State, Adopting and Amending County Charters, Revised 2009/Reprinted 2011
- NY Department of State, Local Government Handbook, 6th Edition, 2009 (Reprinted 2011), Pg. 67
- The U.S. Census Bureau's 2012 study of local governments
- NY Department of State, Revising City Charters in New York State, 1998 (Reprinted 2011)
- Ballotpedia Research Document, "Types and Numbers of local government by state," September 1, 2012 (created)
- Suffolk County, Administrative Code, Article VII, accessed October 27, 2012