Difference between revisions of "David Vitter"

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====Fiscal cliff====
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Vitter voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
Vitter voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
===Drones filibuster===
===Drones filibuster===

Revision as of 15:31, 7 October 2013

David Vitter
David Vitter.jpg
U.S. Senate, Louisiana
In office
January 3, 2005-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 10
PredecessorJohn B. Breaux (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 2, 2010
First electedNovember 2, 2004
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$23,290,537
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House of Representatives
Louisiana State House of Representatives
High schoolDe La Salle High School
Bachelor'sHarvard University
J.D.Tulane Law School
OtherRhodes Scholar
Date of birthMay 3, 1961
Place of birthNew Orleans, LA
Net worth$1,640,030
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
David Vitter (b. September 8, 1941, in New Orleans, LA) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Louisiana. Vitter was first elected to the Senate in 2004. [1]

Vitter is considered a potential candidate for Governor of Louisiana in 2015. Gov. Bobby Jindal (R) is term limited and cannot run.[2]

He previously was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1999 to 2005 and a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1992 to 1999.[1]

In July 2007, Vitter was identified as a client of a prostitution service during the DC Madam scandal.[3][4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Vitter is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Vitter was born in 1961 in New Orleans, LA. He received his A.B. from Harvard University in 1983 and a B.A. from Oxford University (as a Rhodes Scholar) in 1985. Vitter went on to receive his J.D. from Tulane Law School in 1988.[1]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Vitter's political career[1]:

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Vitter serves on the following Senate committees[5]:


Vitter served on the following Senate committees[6]:



Barbara Boxer

After beginning the 113th Congress working jointly in the Senate as an unlikely duo, in September 2013 Barbara Boxer and Vitter ended their working relationship.[7]

Vitter accused Boxer of “bribery,” while she responded that Vitter is demeaning the Senate, all as part of a complex feud over Obamacare that has revived ghosts of Vitter’s prostitution scandal.[7] The ending of the bi-partisan relationship between the two could have profound consequences for public policy.[7]

Despite the duos disagreement on major issues, they were able to pass a water infrastructure bill through the Senate, and were even seen chatting amiably.[7]

“A good bipartisan news story,” they echoed each other in a March 2013 conference call introducing their water bill. When it coasted through the Senate a couple of months later, Boxer said that “when it comes to the infrastructure of our country, we come together.”[7]

Since then, the relationship between Vitter and Boxer has continued to deteriorate. Vitter, who has used his committee position to separate himself from “official Washington,” helped organize a spring boycott on new Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Gina McCarthy, upsetting Boxer, who argued he and other Republicans “take the side of the polluters.”[7]

Vitter's September 2013 amendment added an energy bill that would end Obamacare subsidies for lawmakers and Capitol Hill aides sparked an ugly bout of name calling and finger-pointing. In response, Democratic lawmakers drafted an amendment that would dig up Vitter’s past by denying senators Obamacare subsidies given “probable cause” they solicited prostitutes, an explicit reference to Vitter’s ties to the “D.C. Madam” that surfaced in 2007.[7]

Vitter then insisted for an ethics investigation into Harry Reid and Boxer, who is the chairwoman of the Select Committee on Ethics. “Senator Reid and Boxer have apparently led an effort to employ political scare tactics, personal attacks and threats that would affect each Senator’s personal finances (i.e. bribery),” Vitter wrote in his letter requesting an investigation.[7]

Urge for Ethics probe investigation

Vitter called for an ethics probe of Harry Reid and Barbara Boxer on September 13, 2013, after a proposed Democratic amendment barring senators who have been investigated for soliciting prostitutes from receiving health insurance was released.[8][9]

Without mentioning prostitution explicitly, Vitter accused the Democratic senators of violating rules for "proposing and circulating through the press legislation that ties Members’ personal healthcare benefits to their performance of specific acts and votes."[8] He added that the move constituted "attempted bribery, and the exact sort of behavior that the Senate Ethics Committee has previously condemned."[8]

"Senator Vitter has manufactured a bizarre and phony attack that demeans the Senate," said Boxer, who chairs the Ethics Committee.[8]

"Senator Vitter's charges are absurd and baseless," said Kristen Orthman, a spokeswoman for Reid. "This is nothing more than Senator Vitter's desperate attempt to change the subject from his previous ethics issues."[8]

The proposed legislation would make any senator who a congressional ethics panel has "probable cause" to believe solicited prostitutes ineligible for for congressional health insurance. A Democratic aide estimated the federal government has spent $112,624.88 on its share of Vitter's premiums since 1999, when he first entered Congress, assuming the feds have paid 75 percent of a standard HMO plan.[8]

The dispute began when Vitter demanded a vote on an amendment repealing a rule allowing the federal government to continue to pay its portion of lawmakers' and aides' premiums in the exchanges under the Affordable Care Act. Democrats responded by bringing up Vitter's role in the "D.C. Madam" scandal, when he was revealed to be a client of a prostitution service in 2007.[8]

Ethics complaint dismissed

On September 24, 2013, the Senate Ethics Committee, chaired by Barbara Boxer, dismissed Vitter's complaint and said that no further action will be taken.[10]

“The complaint offers no concrete information to support the allegation that Sen. Reid, Sen. Boxer, or their staffs were involved with the legislative language drafted by unknown parties that you described,” stated John Sassaman, chief counsel and staff director for the panel. “Further, an inquiry involving speculation over draft legislative language not part of any bill or any proceedings would be unprecedented.”

Boxer’s spokesman said she was not responsible for the dismissal.

Senator Boxer chose not to be involved in the decision-making process regarding this complaint,” said spokesman Zachary Coile.[10]

Second ethics complaint filed

Vitter filed a second complaint with the Senate ethics committee on September 26, 2013, seeking further investigation into his claim that Democrats used “bribery” to build opposition to a health care proposal he sponsored.[11]

The committee previously dismissed Vitter’s initial complaint just two days prior, saying there was “no concrete information” to support his claims that Barbara Boxer and Harry Reid were involved in drafting legislation aimed at penalizing lawmakers who support Vitter’s health care measure.[12]

Prostitution scandal

In early July 2007, Vitter's phone number was included in a published list of phone records of Pamela Martin and Associates, a company owned and run by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, also known as the "D.C. Madam", convicted by the U.S. government for running a prostitution service. Hustler identified the phone number and contacted Vitter's office to ask about his connection to Palfrey.[13][4] The following day, Vitter issued a written statement in which he took responsibility for his sin and asked for forgiveness.[4] On July 16, 2007, after a week of self-imposed seclusion, Vitter emerged and called a news conference. Standing next to his wife, Vitter asked the public for forgiveness.[3][14]

Government shutdown

In August 2013, Vitter signed onto a letter that threatens a government shutdown unless Congress votes to defund President Barack Obama's health care law, the Affordable Care Act.[15]

The letter to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, organized by Sen. Mike Lee, was signed by 11 fellow Republicans, including Vitter.[15] It cites the president's recent decision to delay a mandate for one year that requires employers with 50 or more workers to provide health insurance or pay a penalty while going ahead with implementation of the rest of the law, including an individual mandate to purchase insurance -- with subsidies for low-income Americans -- as scheduled in January.[15]

"The president cannot seriously expect to waive ObamaCare's onerous mandates on large businesses, while simultaneously forcing individuals and families to pay to implement an individual mandate the public has opposed since before the law was even passed," reads the letter to Reid. "For these reasons, we will not support any continuing resolution or appropriations legislation that funds further implementation or enforcement of ObamaCare."[15]

Vitter also said that he will not vote for legislation to continue paying for U.S. government services beyond September 30, 2013, if it contains money for the health care law’s implementation.[16]

The issue is a divide among Republicans, some of whom say a shutdown effort could damage GOP candidates at the polls and create a backlash from the American public.[16]

Members of Congress forced to use Obamacare exchange

Vitter unveiled legislation on September 10, 2013, to require that congressional staffers, members of Congress and even the president acquire their health insurance through exchanges set up by the Affordable Care Act.[17][18]

The health-care law was originally written to require that congressional members and their staffs get their insurance through the exchanges. However, a federal rule issued in August 2013 made it optional for lawmakers and their employees to continue receiving the subsidized premium health benefits plans just like most large businesses.[17]

Vitter said it is outrageous for lawmakers and congressional staffers to not have to participate in the Obamacare law that Congress and President Barack Obama created.[17]

“Every powerful group in America seems to get an exemption and the latest is Washington,” Vitter said, arguing that “Congress and all of Washington should live by the same rules.”[17]

Vitter contended that the Obama administration’s Office of Personnel Management was pressured by congressional leaders — Democrats and Republicans — to offer exceptions.[17]

He is co-sponsoring the proposed law change with senator Mike Enzi.[17]

Clash with Cruz

Ted Cruz (R-TX) wants to broaden Vitter’s proposal to put lawmakers on the exchanges without a tax subsidy to include all federal employees, but Vitter argues such a move would only make it easier for Democrats to defeat it.[19]

“We should vote on the Vitter amendment. Indeed I’d like to see the Vitter amendment broader,” Cruz said, praising the amendment. Expanding the requirement to all federal employees — an idea floated by another unnamed Republican, Cruz said — is “terrific.”[19]

“Right now federal employees earn substantially more than the private sector does. I don’t think there is any entitlement to take our tax dollars and live in a privileged condition as a federal employee,” Cruz said.[19]

“Sen. Vitter strongly opposes this effort as it would effectively ensure Congress keeps their exemption, and it’s clearly part of an effort to keep the Obamacare exemption for Congress,” Vitter chief of staff Kyle Ruckert wrote in an email to Republican chiefs of staff on September 23, 2013. “Democrats and moderates would easily vote this down, with very little to no pressure. They would vote no, in order to protect the millions of federal employees, their unions, active duty military and some public school teachers.Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

During the speech Vitter touched on a number of issues but took time before and after the meeting to express his concern over a potential military intervention looming in Syria.[20]

"It's obviously very, very serious," Vitter said, referring to evidence that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad authorized the use of chemical weapons against rebel fighters, that activists say also killed hundreds of civilians, outside of the capital city of Damascus in August 2013.[20]

"I certainly agree with (Secretary of State) John Kerry -- I don't say that a lot -- but I agree with John Kerry that the use of chemical weapons there and other abuses there are deplorable," he said. "The community of civilized nations should do something about it. I don't think that should translate to American boots on the ground."[20]

Opposition to authorization

Vitter announced on September 5, 2013, that he opposes a resolution offering authorization for up to 60 days of military attacks on Syria, with the possibility of a 30-day extension.[21]

"After a lot of careful thought and prayer, I have decided that I will vote NO on the Syria war resolution," he said in a statement.[21]

"As horrible as events in Syria are, they do not pose a direct threat to the United States or our allies," Vitter continued. "U.S. military action could spark a broader war and/or entangle us in Syria's protracted civil war in which elements of the opposition are even worse than the Assad regime, all while our troops are underfunded...There is a very serious and direct threat to us in the region - Iran's development of nuclear weapons. I am extremely concerned that getting involved in Syria, after Iraq and Afghanistan, would make mustering our resolve to stop a nuclear Iran impossible."[21]


Louisiana's 5th special election

U.S. Sen. Vitter has said will not be endorsing a candidate in the 2013 special election for the 5th District congressional seat.[22] Vitter said on August 16, 2013, that he often does not get involved in races that have “two or more significant Republicans.”[22]

Specific votes

Fiscal cliff

Voted "Yes" Vitter voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border, without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists criticized President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[24][25][26]

According to the website Breitbart, Vitter was one of 30 Republican senators who did not support the filibuster.[27][28]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[29]



Vitter is considered a potential candidate for Governor of Louisiana in 2015. Gov. Bobby Jindal (R) is term limited and cannot run.[30]


On November 2, 2010, Vitter (R) won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Charlie Melancon (D), Michael Karlton Brown (I), R. A. "Skip" Galan (I), Milton Gordon (I), Sam Houston Melton, Jr. (I), Randall Todd Hayes (L), William R. McShan (Reform), Michael Lane "Mike" Spears (I), Ernest D. Woolon (I), William Robert "Bob" Lang, Jr. (I) and Thomas G. "Tommy" LaFarge (I) in the general election.[31]

U.S. Senate, Louisiana General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDavid Vitter Incumbent 56.6% 715,415
     Democratic Charlie Melancon 37.7% 476,572
     Independent Michael Karlton Brown 0.8% 9,973
     Independent R. A. "Skip" Galan 0.6% 7,474
     Independent Milton Gordon 0.4% 4,810
     Independent Sam Houston Melton, Jr. 0.3% 3,780
     Libertarian Randall Todd Hayes 1.1% 13,957
     Reform William R. McShan 0.5% 5,879
     Independent Michael Lane "Mike" Spears 0.7% 9,190
     Independent Ernest D. Woolon 0.6% 8,167
     Independent William Robert "Bob" Lang, Jr. 0.5% 5,734
     Independent Thomas G. "Tommy" LaFarge 0.3% 4,043
Total Votes 1,264,994

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Vitter is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Vitter raised a total of $23,290,537 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 1, 2013.[33]

David Vitter's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 U.S. Senate (Louisiana) Won $12,560,392
2004 U.S. Senate (Louisiana) Won $7,192,566
2002 U.S. House (Louisiana, District 1) Won $1,397,268
2000 U.S. House (Louisiana, District 1) Won $2,140,311
Grand Total Raised $23,290,537


Justin Bieber concert fundraiser

On August 3, 2013, Vitter posted an invitation to join him at a Justin Bieber concert with his family.[34][35][36][37] Campaign donors were invited to join Vitter, his two teenage daughters, and his 11-year-old son at the August 2013 show, according to the invitation. The experience was billed as “a family night.”[37]

According to an invitation, Vitter was asking $1,000 per person or PAC for the chance to join him and his children "for a family night at the Justin Bieber concert."[37][36][34]

The event was hosted by a campaign committee, David Vitter for Senate.

Louisiana Bayou Weekend

The concert fundraiser came on the tails of another unique campaign fundraiser in May 2013 when Vitter was part of a $5,000-per-person "Louisiana Bayou Weekend" that featured an alligator hunt.[38] Potential contributors and a few press outlets were given an invitation for a $5,000-per-person "Louisiana Bayou Weekend."[38][39]

"Save your place for this exciting adventure in swamps and bayous of south Louisiana!" the flyer said.[38]

The three-day event — which also included Cajun cooking and an "Airboat Swamp Tour" — was sponsored by The Fund for Louisiana's Future.[38]


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Vitter is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 21, 2013.[40]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[41]

Vitter most often votes with:

Vitter least often votes with:

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Vitter paid his congressional staff a total of $2,396,031 in 2011. He ranked 20th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 27th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Louisiana ranked 27th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[42]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Vitter's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $801,061 and $2,479,000. That averages to $1,640,030, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2011 of $6,358,668. His average net worth decreased by $500 from 2010.[43]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Vitter's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $801,061 and $2,480,000. That averages to $1,640,530.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican senators in 2010 of $7,054,258.[44]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.


According to the data released in 2013, Vitter was ranked the 6th most conservative senator during 2012.[45]


According to the data released in 2012, David Vitter was ranked the 6th most conservative senator during 2011.[46]

Voting with party


David Vitter voted with the Republican Party 86.3% of the time, which ranked 31st among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[47]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term David + Vitter + Louisiana + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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Vitter lives in Metairie, LA, with his wife, Wendy. They have four children.[48]

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress "David Vitter," Accessed October 22, 2011
  2. Politico, "David Vitter stokes buzz about governor bid," May 22, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fox News "New Orleans' Madam Says Sen. David Vitter Used Her Brothel" Accessed July 23, 2013
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 ABC News "‘Hustler’ Call May Have Prompted Vitter Admission" Accessed July 23, 2013
  5. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013
  6. U.S. Senate Official Website "Committee Assignments," Accessed October 22, 2011
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Politico, "Barbara Boxer-David Vitter feud draws blood," accessed September 17, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Huffington Post, "David Vitter Calls For Ethics Probe Of Colleagues After Being Targeted By Prostitution Amendment," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Politico, "David Vitter wants ethics probe of Harry Reid, Barbara Boxer," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 Politico, "David Vitter’s ethics complaint dismissed," accessed September 25, 2013
  11. name="secondcomplaint">My Desert, "Barbara Boxer criticizes David Vitter as 2nd complaint filed," accessed September 27, 2013
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named secondcomplaint
  13. NY Times "Woman Convicted in Washington Escort Case" Accessed July 23, 2013
  14. CNN.com "Hustler says it revealed senator's link to escort service" Accessed July 23, 2013
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 NOLA.com, "David Vitter signs GOP letter threatening government shutdown without repeal of ObamaCare," accessed August 19, 2013
  16. 16.0 16.1 CBS News, "Vitter: I Support Government Shutdown Rather Than Paying For ‘Obamacare’," accessed August 19, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 The Advocate, "Vitter unveils Obamacare answer," accessed September 11, 2013
  18. Politico, "GOP staffers want to stop David Vitter amendment," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named clashcruz
  20. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named syria
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 NOLA.com, "Sen. David Vitter says he'll vote no on Syria military resolution," accessed September 5, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 The Town Talk, "Sen. Vitter won't endorse in 5th District race," accessed August 19, 2013
  23. U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  24. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  25. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  26. ABC News, "Rand Paul wins applause from GOP and liberals," March 7, 2013
  27. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet the GOP senators who refused to stand with Rand," March 7, 2013
  28. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  29. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  30. Politico, "David Vitter stokes buzz about governor bid," May 22, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed July 4, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. Open Secrets "David Vitter" Accessed May 1, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 David Vitter "Justin Bieber Concert" Accessed August 5, 2013
  35. Yahoo News "For $1,000, You Can Go See Justin Bieber With Sen. David Vitter and His Family" Accessed August 5, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 American Banker "David Vitter: Senator by Day, Belieber by Night" Accessed August 5, 2013
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 National Journal "For a Campaign Contribution, campaign supporters were invited to Can Go to a Justin Bieber Concert with Sen. David Vitter" Accessed August 5, 2013
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 American Banker "Sen. Vitter Wants to Rein In Big Banks — And Alligators" Accessed August 5, 2013
  39. Washington Post "Last call to hunt gators with Sen. David Vitter" Accessed August 5, 2013
  40. Gov Track "David Vitter," Accessed June 21, 2013
  41. OpenCongress, "Rep. David Vitter," Accessed August 2, 2013
  42. LegiStorm "David Vitter"
  43. OpenSecrets.org, "David Vitter (R-La), 2011"
  44. OpenSecrets.org, "Vitter, (R-Louisiana), 2010"
  45. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  46. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  47. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  48. Official Website of Senator David Vitter "Biography," Accessed October 22, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
John B. Breaux
U.S. Senate - Louisiana
Succeeded by
Preceded by
U.S. House - Louisiana District 1
Succeeded by
Steve Scalise (R)
Preceded by
Louisiana House of Representatives
Succeeded by