Difference between revisions of "Delaware Constitution"

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{{DEConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Delaware Constitution of 1897''' is the fourth and current governing document for [[Delaware]] state government. It has been in effect since its adoption on June 4, 1897.  It has 17 Articles and was most recently amended in 1995.<ref name="de">[http://www.state.de.us/facts/constit/welcome.htm ''State of Delaware'', "Delaware Constitution", accessed March 26, 2014]</ref>
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{{DEConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Delaware Constitution of 1897''' is the fourth and current governing document for [[Delaware]] state government. It has been in effect since its adoption on June 4, 1897.  It has 17 Articles and was most recently amended in 1995.<ref name="de">[http://delcode.delaware.gov/constitution/index.shtml ''State of Delaware'', "Delaware Constitution", accessed March 26, 2014]</ref>
  
 
==Features==
 
==Features==

Revision as of 13:46, 8 April 2014

Delaware Constitution
600px-Flag of Delaware.svg.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVIIScheduleClosing
The Delaware Constitution of 1897 is the fourth and current governing document for Delaware state government. It has been in effect since its adoption on June 4, 1897. It has 17 Articles and was most recently amended in 1995.[1]

Features

See also: History of direct democracy in Delaware

Delaware does not allow initiatives or referendums at the state or local level, and it is the only state in the nation that does not require popular approval of constitutional amendments.[2]

Preamble

See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The Preamble to the Delaware Constitution states:

Through Divine goodness, all men have by nature the rights of worshiping and serving their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences, of enjoying and defending life and liberty, of acquiring and protecting reputation and property, and in general of obtaining objects suitable to their condition, without injury by one to another; and as these rights are essential to their welfare, for due exercise thereof, power is inherent in them; and therefore all just authority in the institutions of political society is derived from the people, and established with their consent, to advance their happiness; and they may for this end, as circumstances require, from time to time, alter their Constitution of government.[1]

Article I

Article I establishes the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Delaware.

Article II

Article II establishes the legislative department of government.

Article III

Article III establishes the executive department of government.

Article IV

Article IV establishes the judicial department of government.

Article V

Article V details the election process and the qualifications for voting.

Article VI

Article VI describes the impeachment process.

Article VII

Article VII concerns pardons.

Article VIII

Article VIII deals with state revenue and the taxation process.

Article IX

Article IX establishes the rights and limitations of corporations in the state.

Article X

Article X concerns education.

Article XI

Article XI establishes a board of agriculture.

Article XIII

Article XIII is entitled Local Option.

Article XIV

Article XIV gives the form for the Oath of Office.

Article XV

Article XV is entitled Miscellaneous.

Article XVI

Article XVI describes the process for amending the State Constitution.

Article XVII

Article XVII concerns continuity of governmental operations.

Schedule

  • A Schedule is also included to ease the transition from territory to state.

Amending the constitution

See also: Amending state constitutions

Article XVI defines the paths by which the Delaware Constitution can be amended:

  • The Delaware General Assembly can amend the constitution. Unlike in any other state, the state legislature can amend the constitution without a vote of the people. For the legislature to amend the constitution:
  • Two-thirds of all the members elected to each chamber can vote in favor of a proposed amendment.
  • The Delaware Secretary of State then must publish the proposed amendment(s) three months prior to the next general election in at least three newspapers in each county.
  • The subsequent General Assembly then votes again on the proposed amendment(s) and if an amendment receives the two-thirds approval of all members of each chamber, it becomes part of the constitution.
  • By a two-thirds vote of both chambers of the state legislature, the question, "Shall there be a Convention to revise the Constitution and amend the same?" can go on a statewide ballot. If a simple majority of those voting on the question vote "yes," then there will be a convention.

History

The Delaware Constitution of 1897 is the fourth and current governing document for Delaware state government. It has been in effect since its adoption on June 4, 1897.[1]

After the Declaration of Independence was created, the Delaware General Assembly met in in the summer of 1776 and enacted legislation calling for the election of a State Constitutional Convention. Here, there would be ten members from each county. On August 27, 1776 the assembly met in New Castle, Delaware, and in that same year, Delaware created their first state constitution.[3]

Moreover, in 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the United States Constitution, doing so by a unanimous vote.[4]

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

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Suggest a link

Additional reading

References