Difference between revisions of "Donna Edwards"

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===Immigration===
 
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====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 
====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 
{{Nay vote}} Edwards voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 
{{Nay vote}} Edwards voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
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==Campaign donors==
 
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===Fundraising events===
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The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/124/Donna-F-Edwards Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Edwards attends.
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{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-DonnaFEdwards-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
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===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
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===2014===
 
===2014===
 
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Edwards’ reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?C00422964 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Donna Edwards 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013]</ref>
 
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Edwards’ reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?C00422964 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Donna Edwards 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013]</ref>
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===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===

Revision as of 13:42, 28 August 2014

Donna Edwards
Donna F Edwards.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 4
Incumbent
In office
June 17, 2008-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 6
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorAl Wynn (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$12.00 in 2012
First electedJune 17, 2008
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,913,062
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
District of Columbia Superior Court Judge
Education
Bachelor'sWake Forest University
J.D.Franklin Pierce Law Center
Personal
BirthdayJune 28, 1958
Place of birthYanceyville, Caswell County, North Carolina
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$30,635.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Donna Edwards campaign logo
Donna F. Edwards (b. June 28, 1958, in Yanceyville, North Carolina) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 4th Congressional District. Edwards was first elected to the House in a 2008 special election following the resignation of Rep. Al Wynn.[1] Edwards is currently serving her third consecutive term, having won re-election in both the Democratic primary and Maryland's general election in 2012.[2][3]

Edwards ran for re-election in Maryland's 4th Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Prior to her congressional career, Edwards served as the executive director of the National Network to End Domestic Violence.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Edwards is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Edwards was born in 1958 in Yanceyville, NC. She earned her B.A. from Wake Forest University and her J.D. from the Franklin Pierce Law Center. Prior to her congressional career, Edwards worked as an attorney, clerk, District of Columbia Superior Court judge, and executive director of the National Network to End Domestic violence.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Edwards' professional and political career:[1]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Edwards serves on the following committees:[5][6]

2011-2012

Edwards served on the following House committees:[7]

    • Subcommittee on Technology and Innovation Ranking Member
    • Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Edwards's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Edwards voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Edwards voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Edwards voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

NDAA

Neutral/Abstain Edwards did not vote on HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

Economy

Farm bill

Neutral/Abstain On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Edwards did not vote on the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Edwards joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Edwards voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Edwards voted for HR 2775.[22]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Edwards voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[10]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Edwards voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[10]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Edwards voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[10]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Edwards voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[10]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Edwards voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Donna Edwards's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Edwards is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Edwards received a score of 67 percent on social issues and 4 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]

Campaign themes

2012

The following are four campaign issues which were highlighted on Edwards' campaign website.[26]

  • Economy

Excerpt: Edwards co-sponsored the American Jobs Act, "This legislation includes investing $625 million in Maryland infrastructure projects that would create at least 8,100 jobs.[26]

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "I was an original cosponsor of the Affordable Care Act and because of my leadership throughout the process, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) honored me with being one of only a few members to serve as Speaker Pro Tempore on the day of the final vote."[26]

  • Education

Excerpt: "I voted and was a strong advocate for the final version of the health care reform law that included the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act (SAFRA) — the single largest investment in college aid in history."[26]

  • War in Afghanistan

Excerpt: "I believe it is past time for the American people and the United States Congress to have a full and open debate about our military presence in Afghanistan."[26]

Elections

2014

See also: Maryland's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014

Edwards ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She won the Democratic nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014.[27] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Maryland's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Edwards ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Maryland's 4th District. On April 3, 2012, she defeated challengers Ian Garner and George McDermott in the Democratic primary. She defeated Faith Loudon in the November general elections.

Edwards was endorsed by the organization Progressive Maryland in her race for re-election in Maryland's 4th District.[28][29][30]

General election


Donna Edwards, "Edwards On Hardball to Discuss Rep. Akin's Comments and the GOP's War on Women"
U.S. House, Maryland District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngDonna Edwards Incumbent 77.2% 240,385
     Republican Faith Loudon 20.7% 64,560
     Libertarian Scott Soffen 2% 6,204
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 363
Total Votes 311,512
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"

Democratic primary

U.S. House, Maryland, District 4 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDonna Edwards Incumbent 91.8% 42,815
Ian Garner 3.1% 1,464
George McDermott 5.1% 2,359
Total Votes 46,638

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Edwards attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Edwards is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Edwards raised a total of $2,913,062 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00028249&type=I

Donna Edwards's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 4) Won $783,055
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 4) Won $672,650
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 4) Won $1,457,357
Grand Total Raised $2,913,062


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Edwards’ reports.[33]

Donna Edwards (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[34]April 15, 2013$20,934.18$70,277.00$(28,315.16)$62,896.02
July Quarterly[35]July 15, 2013$62,896.02$71,041.00$(56,173.21)$77,763.81
October Quarterly[36]October 13, 2013$77,763.81$57,506.00$(67,136.07)$68,133.74
Year-end[37]January 31, 2014$68,133$60,468$(74,301)$54,300
April Quarterly[38]April 15, 2014$54,300$75,750$(58,991)$71,059
July Quarterly[39]July 15, 2014$90,677$48,537$(46,758)$92,456
Running totals
$383,579$(331,674.44)

2012

Edwards won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Edwards' campaign committee raised a total of $783,056 and spent $774,459.[40]

Cost per vote

Edwards spent $12.00 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Edwards won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Edwards' campaign committee raised a total of $672,650 and spent $675,840.[41]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Edwards's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $16,137 and $45,134. That averages to $30,635.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Edwards ranked as the 399th most wealthy representative in 2012.[42] Between 2007 and 2012, Edwards' calculated net worth[43] decreased by an average of 17 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[44]

Donna Edwards Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$222,066
2012$30,635.50
Growth from 2007 to 2012:-86%
Average annual growth:-17%[45]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[46]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Edwards is a "far-left Democrat" as of August 5, 2014. This was the same rating Edwards received in June 2013.[47]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[48]

Edwards most often votes with:

Edwards least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Edwards missed 75 of 4,645 roll call votes from June 2008 to August 2014, which is 1.6% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[49]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Edwards paid her congressional staff a total of $764,951 in 2011. She ranked 4th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 36th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[50]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Edwards was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Edwards's staff was given an apparent $25,000.00 in bonus money.[51]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Edwards ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2013.[52]

2012

Edwards ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2012. There were 13 other representatives in the U.S. with this rank and none of them represented Maryland, making Edwards the most liberally ranked representative of Maryland for 2012.[53]

2011

Edwards ranked 1st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[54]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Edwards voted with the Democratic Party 93.9 percent of the time, which ranked 74th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[55]

2013

Edwards voted with the Democratic Party 95.4 percent of the time, which ranked 17th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[56]

Personal

Edwards lives in Fort Washington, Maryland. She has a grown son.[57]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Donna + Edwards + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Donna Edwards News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Donna Edwards

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Donna F. Edwards," accessed November 30, 2011
  2. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Primary Election Results 2012," accessed April 3, 2012
  3. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland," accessed 2012
  4. Donna Edwards House Website, "Biography," accessed 2012
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  7. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed November 30, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 Project Vote Smart, "Donna Edwards Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Donna Edwards Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 Donna Edwards Official Campaign Website
  27. Associated Press, "Primary Results 2014," accessed June 24, 2014
  28. Hometown Annapolis, "Maryland gets C on Transparency," accessed March 26, 2012
  29. Progressive Maryland, "2012 Candidates," accessed March 26, 2012
  30. Maryland State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results," accessed 2012
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Donna Edwards 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Donna Edwards April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Donna Edwards July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  38. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  39. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2014
  40. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Donna Edwards 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  42. OpenSecrets, "Edwards (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  43. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  44. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  45. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  46. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  47. GovTrack, "Edwards," accessed August 5, 2014
  48. OpenCongress, "Donna Edwards," accessed August 5, 2014
  49. GovTrack, "Donna Edwards," accessed August 5, 2014
  50. LegiStorm, "Donna Edwards," accessed 2012
  51. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  52. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  53. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  54. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  55. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  56. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  57. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed November 30, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Al Wynn
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland, District 4
2008–present
Succeeded by
'