Difference between revisions of "Double majority"

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Double majority is used in the [[United States]] for some votes on issues such as a [[tax|tax levy]] or [[Bond (finance)|bond]]. This [[vote]] requires both a [[plurality]] of votes cast, and a [[majority]] of registered voters to cast votes in the [[election]].  This mechanism is used to prevent a small group from passing spending measures which affect the entire population in order to support their pet causes, especially at an election expected to have low [[voter turnout]].   
 
Double majority is used in the [[United States]] for some votes on issues such as a [[tax|tax levy]] or [[Bond (finance)|bond]]. This [[vote]] requires both a [[plurality]] of votes cast, and a [[majority]] of registered voters to cast votes in the [[election]].  This mechanism is used to prevent a small group from passing spending measures which affect the entire population in order to support their pet causes, especially at an election expected to have low [[voter turnout]].   
 
Double majorities are also frequently used in municipal [[annexation]]s, wherein majorities of both the residents in the annexing territory and the territory to be annexed must support the annexation.{{Fact|date=April 2007}}
 
Double majorities are also frequently used in municipal [[annexation]]s, wherein majorities of both the residents in the annexing territory and the territory to be annexed must support the annexation.{{Fact|date=April 2007}}
 
=== In Australia ===
 
 
In [[Australia]], [[Constitution of Australia|constitutional]] changes must be passed at a [[referendum]] in a majority of states (4 of the 6), and by a majority of voters nationally.  Prior to [[1977]], the votes of citizens in the [[Northern Territory]] and the [[Australian Capital Territory|ACT]] did not affect the national or state-based count.  After a Constitution Alteration put to referendum in [[1977]] and given vice-regal assent on [[19 July]] [[1977]], Territorial votes contribute towards the national majority, but the Territories themselves do not count towards the majority of states.  Note that the territories have very small populations.
 
 
===In the European Union===
 
In the [[European Union]], double majority voting is a form of [[Qualified Majority Voting]] which is proposed in the Draft [[Treaty establishing a constitution for Europe]]. According to this proposal, any decision taken under this scheme will require the support of at least 55% of the [[Council of the European Union]] members who must also represent at least 65% of the EU's [[citizen]]s.  The Treaty was already ratified in 20 EU member states, but failed to achieve ratification from [[France]] and the [[Netherlands]] in 2005. Currently, a substitute called [[Reform Treaty]] is in negotiations.
 
 
=== Switzerland ===
 
 
In [[Switzerland]], the passing of a constitutional amendment by initiative requires a double majority; not only must a majority of people vote for the amendment but also a majority of cantons must also give their consent. This is to prevent a larger canton from foisting amendments onto the smaller ones and visa versa.
 
 
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{{Elections-small}}
 
{{Majorities}}
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
* Butterworths ''Concise Australian Legal Dictionary'', 2nd edition (2002).  ISBN 0-409-31568-0
 
* Butterworths ''Concise Australian Legal Dictionary'', 2nd edition (2002).  ISBN 0-409-31568-0
 
*[http://europa.eu.int/scadplus/glossary/double_majority_en.htm Europa Glossary]
 
*[http://europa.eu.int/scadplus/glossary/double_majority_en.htm Europa Glossary]
 
[[Category:Voting theory]]
 
[[Category:Legal terms]]
 
[[Category:European Union law]]
 
[[Category:Australian constitutional law]]
 
[[Category:Taxation in the United States]]
 
 
[[de:Doppelte Mehrheit]]
 

Revision as of 16:16, 3 August 2007

This article is about voting with two criteria of majority needing to be satisfied. For a majority of 50% plus one vote, see either Majority or Absolute majority, for a marjority requiring an arbitrary level above 50% plus one vote, see Supermajority.

A double majority is the name given to a vote which requires a majority of votes according to two separate criteria. The mechanism is usually used to require strong support for any measure considered to be of great importance.

Examples of double majority

In the United States

Double majority is used in the United States for some votes on issues such as a tax levy or bond. This vote requires both a plurality of votes cast, and a majority of registered voters to cast votes in the election. This mechanism is used to prevent a small group from passing spending measures which affect the entire population in order to support their pet causes, especially at an election expected to have low voter turnout. Double majorities are also frequently used in municipal annexations, wherein majorities of both the residents in the annexing territory and the territory to be annexed must support the annexation.[citation needed]

References