Difference between revisions of "Early voting"

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{{Voter info VNT}}{{tnr}} This page contains '''early voting information pertaining to the 50 states, up to date for the [[Ballotpedia:Calendar|2013 elections]]'''.
 
{{Voter info VNT}}{{tnr}} This page contains '''early voting information pertaining to the 50 states, up to date for the [[Ballotpedia:Calendar|2013 elections]]'''.
  
Early voting refers to voting in person at a polling station prior to the election date.  "Absentee in-person" voting is included as a form of early voting.  All but 6 states allow early voting in some form.
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Early voting refers to voting in person at a polling station prior to the election date.  "Absentee in-person" voting is included as a form of early voting.  All but 7 states allow early voting in some form.
  
 
==State-by-state-breakdown==
 
==State-by-state-breakdown==
 
[[Image:Early voting map final.png|center]]
 
[[Image:Early voting map final.png|center]]
44 states allow early voting in some capacity.   
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43 states allow early voting in some capacity.   
:*Of those, 34 states do not require any special requirements to vote early. They are as follows:
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:*Of those, 33 states do not require any special requirements to vote early. They are as follows:
 
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::*[[Alaska]]
 
::*[[Alaska]]
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{{colend}}
 
{{colend}}
  
:*9 states have special requirements pertaining to who is eligible to vote early.  They are as follows: [[Delaware]], [[Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Minnesota]], [[Mississippi]], [[Missouri]], [[New York]], [[South Carolina]], and [[Virginia]]
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:*8 states have special requirements pertaining to who is eligible to vote early.  They are as follows: [[Delaware]], [[Kentucky]], [[Massachusetts]], [[Minnesota]], [[Missouri]], [[New York]], [[South Carolina]], and [[Virginia]]
  
 
::The following are among the most common requirements for early voting:
 
::The following are among the most common requirements for early voting:
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:**The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is '''21 days''' in the 29 states analyzed. There are 9 states that allow early voting to begin as soon as a ballot is made available.
 
:**The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is '''21 days''' in the 29 states analyzed. There are 9 states that allow early voting to begin as soon as a ballot is made available.
  
6 states do not allow early voting: [[Alabama]], [[Connecticut]], [[Michigan]], [[New Hampshire]], [[Pennsylvania]], and [[Rhode Island]].
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7 states do not allow early voting: [[Alabama]], [[Connecticut]], [[Michigan]], [[Mississippi]], [[New Hampshire]], [[Pennsylvania]], and [[Rhode Island]].
  
 
==Early voting==
 
==Early voting==
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=Alabama=
 
=Alabama=
:''See also: [[User:Jlhaas/Voting in Alabama|Voting in Alabama]]
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:''See also: [[Voting in Alabama]]
 
{{ALearly}}
 
{{ALearly}}
  

Revision as of 09:22, 7 January 2014

Voter Information
Voting box.svg.png

Voter Information by State
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia  • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming

General Information
Election DatesPoll Opening and Closing Times
Voting in 2014 Primaries
Ballot access for major and minor party candidates

Absentee voting • Early voting 
Open Primary • Closed Primary • Blanket Primary
Online voter registration in the 50 states
This page contains early voting information pertaining to the 50 states, up to date for the 2013 elections.

Early voting refers to voting in person at a polling station prior to the election date. "Absentee in-person" voting is included as a form of early voting. All but 7 states allow early voting in some form.

State-by-state-breakdown

43 states allow early voting in some capacity.

  • Of those, 33 states do not require any special requirements to vote early. They are as follows:
The following are among the most common requirements for early voting:
  • absence from the county on election day;
  • illness or physical disability;
  • is an appointed election officer or poll worked at a polling place other than his or her own;
  • works a required shift during polling hours on election day
  • religious observance
  • In the remaining state, New Jersey, early voting is handled on a county by county basis; not all counties have early voting.
  • Of the 43 states that allow early voting, 28 of them have a defined start date for when early voting begins.
    • The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in the 29 states analyzed. There are 9 states that allow early voting to begin as soon as a ballot is made available.

7 states do not allow early voting: Alabama, Connecticut, Michigan, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.

Early voting

The tabs below contain the following information relating to early voting on a state-by-state basis:

  • Does the state allow early voting?
  • Eligibility requirements
  • Dates during which early voting is allowed
[edit]

See also: Voting in Alabama

Alabama is one of seven states that does not have any form of early voting.

See also: Voting in Alaska

Alaska is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 15 days before an election and ends on election day.[1] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Arizona

Arizona is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 26 days before an election and ends at 5 p.m. on the Friday prior to election day.[2] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Arkansas

Arkansas is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Depending on the type of election, early voting begins 7 to 15 days before an election and ends on the day prior to election day.[3] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in California

California is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting dates in California are determined by the counties. Look up your county information here. The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Colorado

Colorado is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 10 days before a primary election and 15 days before a general election and ends on the day prior to election day.[4] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Connecticut

Connecticut is one of seven states that does not have any form of early voting.[5]

See also: Voting in Delaware

Delaware is one of eight states that allows early voting but requires an excuse to vote early. Early voting is offered in the form of absentee in-person voting and is available as soon as absentee ballots are made available up until noon on election day.[6]

To vote early you need to provide an excuse for why you will be unable to vote at the polls during normal voting hours. The following are valid reasons:[6]

  • The nature of your work or schooling prevents you from going to your polling place.
  • Your service to the United States or to the State of Delaware prevents you from going to your polling place. Spouses or dependents of the person in service also qualify. (Public service includes military, diplomatic, etc.)
  • The tenets or teaching of your religion prevent you from going to your polling place on election day.
  • You are on vacation on election day.
  • You are sick.
  • You are permanently or temporarily disabled.
  • You are incarcerated (non-felony).

See also: Voting in Florida

Florida is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 10 days before an election and ends three days prior to election day.[7] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

2013 developments

Senator Miguel Diaz de la Portilla, who sponsored the 2011 law that reduced the number of early voting days in Florida, authored a bill which would provide increased early voting opportunities.[6]

The newest early voting proposal would have given counties an extra day for early voting before a general election and allow them to keep polls open for 14 hours. In addition, the bill would require all elections supervisors to submit a report three months prior to a general election, outlining preparations for that election.[6]

In addition, Florida's election supervisors asked the legislature for the following changes with respect to early voting:[8]

  • Require that the Legislature comply with the 75-word ballot summary requirement that is required for citizen-led ballot initiatives (Lawmakers exempted themselves from that requirement years ago, and ordered the full text of several amendments to be on the November ballot, a leading contributor to long lines at polling places).
  • Require eight days of early voting in primary and general elections "with the option for supervisors to provide additional days not to exceed 14 days." (In 2011 the legislature reduced the number of early voting days from 14 to 8).
  • Give election supervisors the leeway to select more early voting sites (currently limited to election offices, city halls and libraries).

2012 developments

In 2011, the Republican-controlled legislature cut the number of early voting days from 12 to 8. However, due to a ruling by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, the counties of Collier, Hardee, Hendry, Hillsborough, and Monroe would retain their full 12 days of early voting. That is because these counties are covered by Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.[6]

The Justice Department has since agreed with the state's early voting schedule provided that the five counties must offer 96 hours of voting between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. over eight days, the maximum under the law. Both the counties and the state have agreed to the terms, so the case should now be thrown out.[9]

See also: Voting in Georgia

Georgia is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting is held Monday through Friday of the week immediately preceding the election.[10] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Hawaii

Hawaii is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 14 days before an election and ends three days prior to election day.[11] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Idaho

Idaho is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots become available and ends at 5 p.m. the Friday before election day.[12]

See also: Voting in Illinois

Illinois is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 15 days before an election and ends on the third day prior to the election.[13] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Indiana

Indiana is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 29 days before an election and ends on the day prior to election day.[14] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Iowa

Iowa is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots are made available and ends on the day prior to election day, unless the polls open at noon, then early voting would occur from 8 a.m. until 11 a.m. on election day as well.[15]

See also: Voting in Kansas

Kansas is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting can begin as early as 20 days before an election and ends on the day prior to election day.[16] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Kentucky

Kentucky is one of 8 states which allow early voting but require an excuse to vote early. Early voting begins 12 work days prior to the election and ends on election day.[17] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

To vote early you need to provide an excuse for why you will be unable to vote at the polls during normal voting hours. The following are valid reasons:[17]

  • You will be out of the county on election day;
  • You are Military, their Dependents, or an Overseas Citizen;
  • You are Military personnel confined to base and learn of your confinement within seven days or less of an election;
  • You are a Student who resides outside the county or a resident who temporarily resides outside of the state, and will not be in the county on Election Day;
  • You are a voter or the spouse of a voter who has surgery scheduled that will require hospitalization on Election Day;
  • You are a pregnant woman in your third trimester.
  • You are a Precinct election officer appointed to serve in precinct other than his own
  • You are a Alternate precinct officer
  • You are a County Board of Elections’ members
  • You are a County Board of Elections’ staff member
  • You are a Deputy county clerk
  • You are a State Board of Elections’ staff member

See also: Voting in Louisiana

Louisiana is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 14 days before an election and ends seven days prior to election day.[18] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Maine

Maine is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots are made available and ends the day before election day.[19]

See also: Voting in Maryland

Maryland is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins on the second Thursday prior to election and ends on the Thursday before the election.[20] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Massachusetts

Massachusetts is one of 8 states which allow early voting but require an excuse to vote early. Early voting begins as soon as absentee ballots become available.

To vote early you need to provide an excuse for why you will be unable to vote at the polls during normal voting hours. The following are valid reasons:[21]

  • you will be away from your city or town on election day
  • you have a disability that prevents you from voting at the polls
  • you cannot vote on election day due to religious beliefs

See also: Voting in Michigan

Michigan is one of seven states that does not have any form of early voting.[22]

See also: Voting in Minnesota

Minnesota is one of 8 states which allow early voting but require an excuse to vote early. Early voting begins 46 days prior to the election and ends the day before election day.[6] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

To vote early you need to provide an excuse for why you will be unable to vote at the polls during normal voting hours. The following are valid reasons:[6]

  • you will be away from home on election day
  • you are ill or disabled
  • you are an election judge serving in a precinct other than your own
  • unable to go to the polling place due to a religious observance or belief

See also: Voting in Mississippi

Mississippi is one of seven states that does not allow early voting.[23]

See also: Voting in Missouri

Missouri allows early in-person voting, but only for those who will not be in their home county on the day of the election.[24]

2013 developments

Missouri Secretary of State Jason Kander appointed an 11-member commission to review the state's election laws with the goal of increasing participation in early voting. The commission proposed removing the restriction on early voting and creating one polling place in each district where residents could vote early up to six weeks before election day.[25]

Additionally, the proposal would require districts with more than 175,000 registered voters to open up additional locations for early voting for a November presidential election. The locations would be required to be open at least four hours a day for a minimum of 14 days prior to the election.[25]

See also: Voting in Montana

Montana is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots are made available and ends on the day prior to election day.[26]

See also: Voting in Nebraska

Nebraska is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Thirty days before Election Day is the first day early voting ballots are available to vote at a county office. Ballot are sent to non-military stateside applicants 35 days before the election.[10] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Nevada

Nevada is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins on the third Saturday before the election and ends on the Friday prior to election day 17 days before Election Day.[27][28] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in New Hampshire

New Hampshire is one of seven states that does not have any form of early voting.[29][30]

See also: Voting in New Jersey

New Jersey does not have a state-wide early voting system in place.[31]

See also: Voting in New Mexico

New Mexico is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins on the third Saturday (17 days) before the election and ends on the Saturday (three days) prior to election day.[10] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in New York

New York is one of 8 states which allow early voting but require an excuse to vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots are available (at least 32 days before election day) and ends the day prior to the election. The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.[6][32]

To vote early you need to provide an excuse for why you will be unable to vote at the polls during normal voting hours. The following are valid reasons:[6]

  • unavoidably absent from your county on election day
  • unable to appear at the polls due to illness or disability
  • a patient in a Veterans’ Administration Hospital
  • detained in jail awaiting Grand Jury action or confined in prison after conviction for an offense other than a felony

See also: Voting in North Carolina

North Carolina is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins on the third Thursday, 19 days, prior to election day and ends on the Saturday, three days, prior to the election.[33] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in North Dakota

North Dakota is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 15 days before an election and ends on the day prior to election day.[34] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Ohio

Ohio is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 29 days before an election and ends the day prior to election day.[35] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

2014 developments

On February 21, 2014, Governor John Kasich signed into law two bills that altered the state's early and absentee voting provisions. Senate Bill 238 eliminated "Golden Week," a period during which state residents could register and vote on the same day, and shortened the early voting period by a week. Senate Bill 238 reduced the number of voting days from 35 to 29. Under Senate Bill 205, the Secretary of State will be required to get funding approval from the legislature before mailing absentee ballot applications statewide.[36]

Democratic gubernatorial candidate and Cuyahoga County executive Ed FitzGerald denounced the bills as "outrageous and unnecessary and totally motivated by a desire to make it tougher to vote." He also indicated that he had directed his county law director to review the bills for possible legal action.[36]

The bipartisan Ohio Association of Election Officials has said that allowing individuals to both register and vote on the same day results in difficulties in properly validating voters.[36]

2012 developments

The Supreme Court let the ruling of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit stand on October 16, 2012, in a one-sentence order. The Appeals Court ruled earlier that early voting must be offered to all voters if it is offered to the military, and the Supreme Court's decision finally put the issue to rest. This decision marked a victory for the Obama campaign, which sued to overturn the restrictions put into place by Ohio Secretary of State Jon Husted.[37]

Previously, early voting had been restored during the last three days before the November 6 election for all Ohio citizens by a federal district court. From there, the decision was appealed to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals and finally to the Supreme Court.[38]

U.S. District Court Judge Peter C. Economus said, "This Court notes that restoring in-person early voting to all Ohio voters through the Monday before Election Day does not deprive [military] voters from early voting." He went on to say, "Instead, and more importantly, it places all Ohio voters on equal standing."[38]

The lawsuit was filed in response to a directive which allowed certain individuals, specifically military personnel and their families, to vote in the three days preceding the election, while disallowing all others.[38]

See also: Voting in Oklahoma

Oklahoma is one of 33 states that have early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting is held on the Thursday and Friday (and Saturday for state and federal elections only) immediately preceding election day.[39] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Oregon

Oregon exclusively uses a vote by mail system. As such, there is no need for explicit absentee or early voting procedures.[40]

See also: Voting in Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania is one of seven states that do not have any form of early voting.[41]

See also: Voting in Rhode Island

Rhode Island is one of seven states that do not have any form of early voting.[42]

See also: Voting in South Carolina

South Carolina is one of eight states that allow early voting but require an excuse to vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots become available and ends at 5 p.m. the day prior to election day.[10][43]

To vote early you need to provide an excuse for why you will be unable to vote at the polls during normal voting hours. Falling into any of the following categories is a valid reason:

  • a student away at college (or a spouse or dependent residing with the student)
  • a member of the Armed Forces, Merchant Marines, Red Cross, USO, government employees, or a spouse or dependent residing with such a person
  • a person with a job that prevents you from voting in person on election day
  • physically disabled
  • away on vacation on election day
  • 65 or older
  • confined to a jail or pre-trial facility pending disposition of arrest or trial
  • attending sick or physically disabled persons
  • on jury duty in state or federal court on election day
  • a certified poll watchers or poll managers

See also: Voting in South Dakota

South Dakota is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Completed ballots must be returned to the county election official by close of polls on Election Day.[44]

See also: Voting in Tennessee

Tennessee is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 20 days before Election Day and ends five days prior to Election Day.[45] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Texas

Texas is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins the 17th day before an election and ends on the fourth day prior to Election Day.[6] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Utah

Utah is one of 33 states that have early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 14 days before an election and ends the Friday prior to Election Day.[46][47] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Vermont

Vermont is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 45 days before an election and ends on the day prior to election day.[6] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Virginia

Virginia is one of eight states that allow early voting but require an excuse to vote early (reasons are the same as those for absentee voting, detailed above). Early voting begins as soon as ballots become available and ends on the Saturday before the election.[48][49]

See also: Voting in Washington

Washington is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 18 days before an election and ends on the day prior to election day. The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in West Virginia

West Virginia is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 13 days before an election and ends three days prior to election day.[50] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

See also: Voting in Wisconsin

Wisconsin is one of 33 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting runs for two weeks before an election, ending at 5 p.m. or close of business (whichever is later) on the Friday before the election.[10] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

2014 developments

In March 2014, Governor Scott Walker applied a partial veto to a bill altering the state's early voting procedures. The legislation as passed restricted early voting hours in several cities to 45 hours per week. Walker vetoed this provision, but left in place a provision prohibiting early voting on weekends. Democrats alleged that the restrictions placed an undue burden on minorities, veterans, the elderly, and students. Republicans maintained that the changes were necessary to ensure uniformity in procedures between urban and rural locations, arguing that rural election officials often lack the resources needed to maintain the same early voting hours that cities can offer.[51]

See also: Voting in Wyoming

Wyoming is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 40 days before an election and ends on the day prior to Election Day.[10] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

References

  1. State of Alaska Division of Elections, "Absentee Early and In-person Voting," accessed December 18, 2013
  2. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Arizona," accessed December 18, 2013
  3. Arkansas Secretary of State Website, "Voting in Arkansas," accessed December 18, 2013
  4. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Colorado," accessed December 18, 2013
  5. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Connecticut," accessed December 18, 2013
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Delaware," accessed December 18, 2013
  7. Florida Division of Elections Website, "Early Voting," accessed December 18, 2013
  8. Miami Herald, "Election supervisors want up to 14 early voting days, January 10, 2012
  9. The New York Times, "Court Approves Schedule for Florida Early Voting," September 13, 2012
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Georgia Secretary of State, "Voting Information," accessed December 18, 2013
  11. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Hawaii," accessed December 18, 2013
  12. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Idaho," accessed December 18, 2013
  13. Illinois State Board of Elections, "Early Voting Brochure," accessed December 18, 2013
  14. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Indiana," accessed December 19, 2013
  15. Iowa Secretary of State Website, "Absentee Voting in Person," accessed December 19, 2013
  16. Kansas Secretary of State Website, "Advance Voting," accessed December 19, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Kentucky," accessed December 19, 2013
  18. Louisiana Secretary of State Website, "Early Voting, In Person," accessed December 19, 2013
  19. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Maine," accessed December 19, 2013
  20. Maryland State Board of Elections Website, "Early Voting," accessed December 19, 2013
  21. Long Distance Voter, "Early Voting Rules: Massachusetts," accessed December 19, 2013
  22. Michigan Department of State Website, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed December 19, 2013
  23. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "Absentee and Early Voting," accessed December 19, 2013
  24. Long Distance Voter, "Missouri Absentee Ballot Guide," accessed December 19, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 Daily Journal Online, "Mo. panel publishes early voting recommendations," February 28, 2013
  26. Montana Secretary of State "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed December 16, 2013
  27. Rock the Vote "Where Can I Vote in Nevada?" accessed December 16, 2013
  28. Nevada Secretary of State "Early Voting Information," accessed December 16, 2013
  29. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named absentee2
  30. National Conference of State Legislatures "Absentee and Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  31. National Conference of State Legislatures "Absentee and Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  32. National Conference of State Legislatures "Absentee and Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  33. North Carolina State Board of Elections "One-stop Absentee Voting (Early Voting)," accessed December 16, 2013
  34. North Dakota Century Code "16.1-07-15," accessed December 16, 2013
  35. Ohio Secretary of State "Voting Early in Person," accessed December 16, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 The Columbus Dispatch "Kasich signs both elections bills; 'livid' FitzGerald may take action," February 22, 2014
  37. The New York Times, "Justices Clear the Way for Early Voting in Ohio," October 16, 2012
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 Governing, "Early Voting Restored in Ohio," September 4, 2012
  39. Oklahoma State Election Board "Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  40. Oregon Secretary of State "Learn About Vote by Mail," accessed December 16, 2013
  41. National Conference of State Legislatures "Absentee and Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  42. National Conference of State Legislatures "Absentee and Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  43. Long Distance Voter "Early Voting Rules," accessed December 16, 2013
  44. Rock the Vote "South Dakota Election Information," accessed December 16, 2013
  45. Tennessee Secretary of State "Early Voting," accessed December 16, 2013
  46. Long Distance Voter "Early Voting Rules," accessed December 16, 2013
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