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Difference between revisions of "Ed Markey"

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::"When it comes to fighting for the middle class and securing adequate federal funding for the essential public services that Massachusetts needs and we provide, we know we can always count on Ed Markey."<ref>[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/02/us_rep_ed_markey_lands_endorse_1.html ''MassLive.com'' "Democratic Senate candidate Ed Markey lands endorsement from AFSCME Council 93 union representing 35k Massachusetts employees," February 23, 2013]</ref>
 
::"When it comes to fighting for the middle class and securing adequate federal funding for the essential public services that Massachusetts needs and we provide, we know we can always count on Ed Markey."<ref>[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/02/us_rep_ed_markey_lands_endorse_1.html ''MassLive.com'' "Democratic Senate candidate Ed Markey lands endorsement from AFSCME Council 93 union representing 35k Massachusetts employees," February 23, 2013]</ref>
 
*Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 [[Massachusetts|state]] politicians on April 25, 2013.<ref name="masslive">[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/04/markey_touts_support_from_100.html ''Mass Live'' "Markey Touts Support from 100 State Politicians" Accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>  
 
*Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 [[Massachusetts|state]] politicians on April 25, 2013.<ref name="masslive">[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/04/markey_touts_support_from_100.html ''Mass Live'' "Markey Touts Support from 100 State Politicians" Accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>  
::The list included [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|House]] [[Speaker of the House|Speaker]] [[Robert DeLeo]], [[Massachusetts Attorney General|Attorney General]] [[Martha Coakley]] and [[Treasurer of Massachusetts|Treasurer]] [[Steven Grossman]].<ref name="masslive"/> It also included 17 [[Massachusetts State Senate|state senators]], 63 [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|state representatives]] and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district|5th Congressional District]], which Markey represents.<ref name="masslive"/>
+
::The list included [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|House]] [[Speaker of the House|Speaker]] [[Robert DeLeo]], [[Massachusetts Attorney General|Attorney General]] [[Martha Coakley]] and [[Massachusetts Treasurer|Treasurer]] [[Steven Grossman]].<ref name="masslive"/> It also included 17 [[Massachusetts State Senate|state senators]], 63 [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|state representatives]] and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district|5th Congressional District]], which Markey represents.<ref name="masslive"/>
 
*On April 27, 2013 Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey.  
 
*On April 27, 2013 Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey.  
 
::In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/27/caroline-kennedy-ed-markey_n_3169923.html ''Huffington Post'' "Caroline Kennedy Endorses Ed Markey In Massachusetts Senate Race" Accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>
 
::In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/27/caroline-kennedy-ed-markey_n_3169923.html ''Huffington Post'' "Caroline Kennedy Endorses Ed Markey In Massachusetts Senate Race" Accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>

Revision as of 12:02, 28 April 2013

Ed Markey
Ed Markey.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for U.S. Senate, Massachusetts
Date of primaryApril 30, 2013
General electionJune 25, 2013
Current office
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 5
In office
1976-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 38
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorNiki Tsongas (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 2, 1976
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Massachusetts House of Representatives
1973-1976
Education
High schoolMalden Catholic High School, MA
Bachelor'sBoston College
J.D.Boston College Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army Reserve
Years of service1968-1973
Personal
BirthdayJuly 11, 1946
Place of birthMalden, Massachusetts
ProfessionLawyer
Net worth$1,503,012
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Edward John "Ed" Markey (b. July 11, 1946) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Massachusetts. Markey represents Massachusetts' 5th congressional district and was first elected to the House in 1976 in a special election to fill the seat vacancy caused by Torbert Macdonald's death.[1] He ran for re-election in 2012 for the 5th congressional district seat, due to redistricting, after previously serving the 7th district.[2]

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Markey is a "moderate Democratic leader".[3]

Biography

After earning his bachelor's degree, Markey joined the U.S. Army Reserve. A year after earning his J.D., Markey entered politics as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Markey serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-12

Markey was a member of the following House committees:[5][6]

Issues

Specific votes

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Markey voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.[7]

Polls

2013

General election

General candidates: Markey v. Gomez
Poll Ed Markey Gabriel GomezUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
May 3, 2013
44%40%16%+/-2.51,539
Suffolk University/News 7
May 4-7, 2013
54%35%11%+/-4.4500
WBUR
May5-6, 2013
46%38%16%+/-4.4497
OnMessage
May 5-7, 2013
46%43%11%+/-3.4800
Public Policy Polling
May 13-15, 2013
48%41%11%+/-3.3880
Yougov America
May 30-June 4, 2013
42%32%26%+/-5.4500
New England College
June 1-2, 2013
52%40%8%+/-3.62734
Public Policy Polling
June 3-4, 2013
47%39%14%+/-4.1560
Suffolk University
June 6-9, 2013
48%41%10%+/-4.4500
WBUR
June 6-9, 2013
46%39%15%+/-4.4500
AVERAGES 47.3% 38.8% 13.8% +/-3.99 651
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


General candidates: Markey v. Gomez
Poll Ed Markey Gabriel GomezUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Harper Polling
June 10-11, 2013
49%37%14%+/-4.39498
Boston Globe
June 11-14, 2013
54%41%5%+/-3.6755
OnMessage
June 16-17, 2013
47%40%12%+/-4600
McLaughlin & Associates
June 17-19, 2013
47%44%9%+/-31,100
UMass Lowell-Boston Herald
June 15-19, 2013
56%36%7%+/-4600
Emerson College
June 19-20, 2013
51%41%8%+/-2.51,422
New England College
June 18-20, 2013
56%36%8%+/-4.07579
Western New England University
June 16-20, 2013
49%41%9%+/-3.7717
Suffolk University
June 19-22
52%42%4%+/-4.4500
AVERAGES 51.22% 39.78% 8.44% +/-3.74 752.33
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

The OnMessage poll from May 5-7, 2013 was commissioned jointly by the Gomez campaign and National Republican Senatorial Committee.[8]

Democratic primary

Democratic primary candidates: Markey v. Lynch
Poll Ed Markey Stephen LynchUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
January 29-30
52%19%29%+/-4.9404
MassINC Polling Group
February 11-13
38%31%26%+/-4.4498
UMass Lowell/Boston Herald
March 2-March 5, 2013
50%20.5%30%+/-4600
Mass Inc./WBUR
March 19-21,2013
35%24%41%+/-4.1610
Public Policy Polling
March 26-27,2013
49%32%9%+/-4.4496
Western New England Univ
April 11-18, 2013
38%15%37%+/-4.5480
Released by Stephen Lynch campaign
April 24, 2013
44.5%38.9%16.5%+/-2.71,374
AVERAGES 43.79% 25.77% 26.93% +/-4.14 637.43
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

The UMASS Lowell/Boston Herald poll also indicated that, if the June 25 general election were held on that date, March 6th, Ed Markey would defeat state Representative Daniel Winslow by 23 percentage points, former Navy SEAL Gabriel Gomez by 19.5 percentage points, and former US attorney Michael Sullivan by 17 points.[9]

MassINC Polling Group Poll

With respect to the demographics of the MassINC poll, questions regarding the Democratic primary were only asked to respondents who classified themselves as Democrat or Independent/Unenrolled. Based on the information provided in the poll, 36% of the respondents were Democrat and 53% were Independent/Unenrolled.[10]

Elections

2013

See also: United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013

Markey announced that he will seek election to the United States Senate seat vacated by John Kerry, after his confirmation by the U.S. Senate to Secretary of State.[11][12]

Markey and Stephen Lynch have agreed to participate in six debates. Three of which will be focused on general issues and the each of the remaining three will be focused on a different topic. One will be centered on jobs, another on domestic issues, and the final one will center on foreign affairs. The debates will be held throughout the state with confirmed locations in Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford. The final location is to be announced.[13]

Endorsements

  • American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees Council 93
"When it comes to fighting for the middle class and securing adequate federal funding for the essential public services that Massachusetts needs and we provide, we know we can always count on Ed Markey."[14]
  • Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 state politicians on April 25, 2013.[15]
The list included House Speaker Robert DeLeo, Attorney General Martha Coakley and Treasurer Steven Grossman.[15] It also included 17 state senators, 63 state representatives and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the 5th Congressional District, which Markey represents.[15]
  • On April 27, 2013 Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey.
In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."[16]

2012

See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

Markey ran for re-election in 2012. He has been redistricted and sought re-election in the 5th congressional district of Massachusetts. He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012. [17]

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 5 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEd Markey Incumbent 70.7% 257,490
     Republican Tom Tierney 22.8% 82,944
     N/A All Others 0.2% 675
     N/A Blank Votes 6.3% 23,092
Total Votes 364,201
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"

Media

In the video below, Rep. Markey discusses the GOP's environmental positions.


Ed Markey, "Markey: GOP Wants No More Clean Energy Solutions "[18]

Campaign Issues

On his campaign website, Markey listed 12 issues. They are:[19]

  • Civil Rights

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes in an America that fully respects and protects the civil rights guaranteed by our Constitution, and which does not discriminate against any person on the basis of race, national origin, religion, sex, or sexual orientation."

  • Economic Development

Excerpt: "Ed Markey understands that one of the most important roles the federal government can play is that of economic engine, leveraging public with private funds to revitalize urban and suburban areas. From his earliest days as a member of Congress, Ed Markey has worked tirelessly to secure targeted economic development dollars for downtown redevelopment and other projects important to the communities in the 7th District."

  • Energy Independence

Excerpt: "An environmental champion, Ed Markey has provided pioneering leadership in protection our environment, in the fight against global warming and in creating a roadmap for energy independence in the United States."

  • Health

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that all Americans deserve access to high quality healthcare and is committed to making universal healthcare a reality."

  • Homeland Security

Excerpt: "In 2003, the House of Representatives established the Select Committee on Homeland Security, and Ed Markey was chosen by the leadership to serve on this important new panel. His appointment reflected years of work he had undertaken prior to September 11, 2001, to try to increase terrorism preparedness at critical infrastructure such as nuclear power plants and LNG facilities."

  • Human Rights

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that America's foreign policy should respect and uphold internationally-recognized principles of human rights. Our country has an important leadership role to play in providing hope to those around the world who are denied the right to vote in free and fair elections, the right to organize politically, the right of citizens to engage in political dissent and peaceful protest."

  • Immigration

Excerpt: "As the grandson of Irish immigrants, Ed Markey appreciates how America has, generation after generation, renewed itself by assimilating new immigrants into this great country. America continues to draw strength, vitality, and energy every day from a process of assimilating cultures, religions, and ethnic backgrounds of every kind from around the world."

  • Nuclear Weapons

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that it should be a paramount concern of the nations of the world that we reduce and ultimately eliminate nuclear weapons from the face of the planet."

  • Privacy

Excerpt: "Ed Markey is one of the most vigorous champions of consumer privacy protection in Congress."

  • Telecommunications

Excerpt: "Ed Markey is the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet and has served on that panel since his first election in 1976. In this capacity, Ed has worked on every major telecommunications law passed in the last 30 years."

  • Veterans

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that the VA was created to serve all veterans, not just those veterans it can "afford" to serve. All veterans, regardless of income, have earned the right to high-quality health care services."

  • War in Iraq

Excerpt: "But as we now know, the Bush Administration never cared whether or not there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. The fact that Saddam Hussein is gone is good. But it was not worth a single American life to invade Iraq since Saddam Hussein did not have an active nuclear weapons program." [19]

Full History


Campaign donors

2013

U.S. Senate Special Election

U.S. Rep. Markey has raised about $4.8 million since jumping into the special election race.[37] Markey's Democratic rival, fellow U.S. Rep. Stephen Lynch reported raising approximately $1.5 million since entering the race in late January, adding to the $745,000 left over from his last House race.[37]

After beginning with more than $3 million in his congressional campaign account at the start of the campaign, Markey had a total of $7.8 million on hand in early April. After spending about $3.2 million, his account was left with about $4.6 million as of April 10, 2013.[37] According to reports, more than 53 percent of the money raised by Markey came from outside of the state, with only approximately 47 percent coming from Massachusetts donors. According to Markey's campaign, approximately 83 percent of the more than 18,000 individuals who contributed to his campaign gave $100 or less.[37]

Lynch reported spending more than $1.7 million through April 10 and had more than $514,000 left in his account for the final stretch.[37] According to his campaign, about 93 percent of the approximately 3,300 individual donors live in Massachusetts and approximately 45 percent of those who donated to his campaign gave $100 or less.[37]

2012

Breakdown of funds according to source.

Markey won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,091,666 and spent $1,110,492.[38]

2010

Breakdown of the source of Markey's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Markey won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,535,340 and spent $1,291,210.[39]

U.S. House of Representatives, Massachusetts, 7th District, 2010 - Ed Markey Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,535,340
Total Spent $1,291,210
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $45,403
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $41,307
Top contributors to Ed Markey's campaign committee
Enernoc Inc$24,900
Thermo Fisher Scientific$18,100
Feeley & Driscoll$15,500
DLA Piper$14,900
Holcim Ltd$14,500
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Electric Utilities$146,900
Lawyers/Law Firms$121,150
Lobbyists$113,754
TV/Movies/Music$65,750
Telecom Services & Equipment$59,750

Analysis

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Markey missed 897 of 21,702 roll call votes from Jan 1977 to Mar 2013, which is 4.1% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. [40]

Congressional Staff Salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Markey paid his congressional staff a total of $1,229,246 in 2011. He ranks 4th on the list of the highest paid Democratic Representative Staff Salaries and he ranks 4th overall of the highest paid Representative Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranks 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[41]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, Markey's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $855,025 and $2,151,000. This averages to $1,503,012, which is a 0.57% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.[42]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics, Markey's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $868,025 and $2,121,000. That averages to $1,494,512.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[43]

Political positions

National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, Markey was ranked the 15th most liberal representative during 2012.[44]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Ed Markey was ranked the 41st most liberal representative during 2011.[45]

Percentage voting with party

December 2011

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Markey has voted with the Democratic Party 93.8% of the time, which ranked 54 among the 192 House Democratic members as of December 2011.[46]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Ed + Markey + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

  • Loading...

Personal

Markey is married to Dr. Susan Blumenthal.[47]

External links


References

  1. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "Edward John Markey," Accessed December 2, 2011
  2. Politico "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts"
  3. Gov Track "Markey" Accessed May 16, 2012
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. House Energy and Commerce Committee "Subcommittees," Accessed December 2, 2011
  6. House Committee on Natural Resources "Members," Accessed December 2, 2011
  7. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  8. National Journal "In Massachusetts, Gomez Internal Poll Shows Close Race" accessed May 14, 2013
  9. Boston Herald "Markey leads Lynch by wide margin in new poll" accessed March 7, 2013
  10. MassINC Polling Group "WBUR Massachusetts Senate Special Election Poll,"accessed February 18, 2013
  11. Boston Globe "," December 27, 2012
  12. Yahoo news "Mo Cowan appointed interim U.S. senator for Massachusetts"
  13. Boston Herald "Markey, Lynch agree to 6 debates," February 25, 2013
  14. MassLive.com "Democratic Senate candidate Ed Markey lands endorsement from AFSCME Council 93 union representing 35k Massachusetts employees," February 23, 2013
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Mass Live "Markey Touts Support from 100 State Politicians" Accessed April 28, 2013
  16. Huffington Post "Caroline Kennedy Endorses Ed Markey In Massachusetts Senate Race" Accessed April 28, 2013
  17. Boston Herald "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff" Accessed January 22, 2012
  18. YouTube channel
  19. 19.0 19.1 Ed Markey for Congress "Issues" August 13, 2012
  20. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  21. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  22. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1980," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1978," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 Seattle PI "Democratic Rep. Markey raises $4.8M for Senate bid" Accessed April 22, 21013
  38. Open Secrets " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013
  39. Open Secrets "Edward J. Markey 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 2, 2011
  40. GovTrack, "Ed Markey" Accessed April 2013
  41. [ http://www.legistorm.com/member/351/Rep_Ed_Markey.html html LegiStorm "Ed Markey"]
  42. [ http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000270&year=2011 OpenSecrets.org, "Markey, (D-Mass), 2011"]
  43. [ http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000270&year=2010 OpenSecrets.org, "Markey, (D-Mass), 2010"]
  44. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  45. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  46. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  47. Official House website "About Ed," Accessed December 2, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Niki Tsongas
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, 5th District
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Torbert H. Macdonald
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, 7th District
1976-2013
Succeeded by
Michael Capuano
Preceded by
'
Massachusetts House of Representatives
1973-1976
Succeeded by
'