Difference between revisions of "Ed Markey"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Senate Foreign Relations Committee Syria authorization)
m (Updated timed-out link with link to Internet Archive's Wayback Machine.)
 
(139 intermediate revisions by 13 users not shown)
Line 5: Line 5:
 
|Position = U.S. Senate, Massachusetts
 
|Position = U.S. Senate, Massachusetts
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
|Tenure = 2013-Present
+
|Tenure = July 16, 2013-Present
 
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
 
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
 
|Assumed office = 2013
 
|Assumed office = 2013
Line 23: Line 23:
 
|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election =[[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013|June 25, 2013]]
+
|Last election =[[United States Senate elections in Massachusetts, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 =$4.31
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected =November 2, 1976
 
|First elected =November 2, 1976
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election =[[United States Senate elections in Massachusetts, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary =  
 +
|Next election =
 
|Campaign $=9,144,397
 
|Campaign $=9,144,397
 
|Prior office =U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 5
 
|Prior office =U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 5
Line 53: Line 55:
 
|Place of birth =Malden, Massachusetts
 
|Place of birth =Malden, Massachusetts
 
|Profession = Lawyer
 
|Profession = Lawyer
|Net worth = $1,503,012
+
|Net worth = $1,552,012.50
 
|Religion =
 
|Religion =
|Office website = http://markey.house.gov
+
|Office website = https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://markey.house.gov
 
|Campaign website = http://www.edmarkey.org/
 
|Campaign website = http://www.edmarkey.org/
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
 
}}
 
}}
{{tnr}}'''Ed Markey''' (b. July 11, 1946, in Malden, Massachusetts) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Massachusetts]]. Markey was first elected to the Senate in 2013.  
+
{{tnr}}'''Ed Markey''' (b. July 11, 1946, in Malden, [[Massachusetts|MA]]) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Massachusetts]]. Markey was first elected to the Senate in 2013.  
  
Markey previously was a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district]]. Markey was first elected to the House in  a 1976 special election replacing Rep. Tobert Macdonald after his death.<ref name="bg">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000133 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress,'' "Edward John Markey," Accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>Markey was serving his nineteenth consecutive term, having won re-election on [[Massachusetts' 5th  congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] when he won the special election for [[John Kerry]]'s vacant [[U.S. Senate]] seat.<ref>[http://boston.cbslocal.com/2013/07/16/ed-markey-to-be-sworn-in-as-new-u-s-senator/ ''CBS,'' "Ed Markey To Be Sworn In As New U.S. Senator," Accessed July 16, 2013]</ref> Markey also previously served [[Massachusetts' 7th  congressional district]] but due to 2010 redistricting he now represents [[Massachusetts' 5th  congressional district|district 3]]. <ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico,'' "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts"]</ref>
+
Markey previously was a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Massachusetts' 5th Congressional District]]. Markey was first elected to the House in  a 1976 special election replacing Rep. Tobert Macdonald after his death.<ref name="bg">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000133 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "Edward John Markey," accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>Markey was serving his nineteenth consecutive term, having won re-election on [[Massachusetts' 5th  congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] when he won the special election for [[John Kerry]]'s vacant [[U.S. Senate]] seat.<ref>[http://boston.cbslocal.com/2013/07/16/ed-markey-to-be-sworn-in-as-new-u-s-senator/ ''CBS'', "Ed Markey To Be Sworn In As New U.S. Senator," accessed July 16, 2013]</ref> Markey also previously served [[Massachusetts' 7th  congressional district]] but due to 2010 redistricting he now represents [[Massachusetts' 5th  congressional district|district 3]].<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts" accessed 2012]</ref>
  
Markey won election to the [[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013|U.S. Senate]] from [[Massachusetts]] for the seat vacated by [[John Kerry]]. He won the nomination in the [[Democratic]] primary on April 30, 2013 and defeated [[Gabriel Gomez]] and [[Richard Heos]] (I) in the general election on June 25, 2013.<ref name="results">[[http://livewire.wcvb.com/Event/2013_Mass_US_Senate_special_election_results ''WCVB TV,'' "Massachusetts U.S. Senate Special Election Results," Accessed June 25, 2013] ''WCVB.com'' "Special Election Results" Accessed June 25, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.wcvb.com/news/politics/results-from-2013-massachusetts-special-election-us-senate-primary/-/9848766/19889986/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/jmvjsmz/-/index.html ''WCVB,'' "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," Accessed April 30, 2013]</ref>
+
Markey won election to the [[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013|U.S. Senate]] from [[Massachusetts]] for the seat vacated by [[John Kerry]]. He won the nomination in the [[Democratic]] primary on April 30, 2013 and defeated [[Gabriel Gomez]] and [[Richard Heos]] (I) in the general election on June 25, 2013.<ref name="results">[[http://livewire.wcvb.com/Event/2013_Mass_US_Senate_special_election_results ''WCVB TV'', "Massachusetts U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed June 25, 2013] ''WCVB.com'', "Special Election Results" accessed June 25, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.wcvb.com/news/politics/results-from-2013-massachusetts-special-election-us-senate-primary/-/9848766/19889986/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/jmvjsmz/-/index.html ''WCVB'', "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed April 30, 2013]</ref>
  
Prior to his election in the House Markey served in the United States Military Reserves from 1968-1973.
+
He won [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2014|U.S. Senate]] in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary and defeated [[Brian Herr]] (R) and [[Bruce Skarin]] (I) in the general election.
 +
 
 +
Prior to his election to the House, Markey served in the United States Military Reserves from 1968-1973.
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
Line 79: Line 83:
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
 +
Below is an abbreviated outline of Markey's academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=M000133 ''Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress'', "Markey," accessed September 20, 2013]</ref>
 
* 2013-present: [[United States Senate]]
 
* 2013-present: [[United States Senate]]
 
* 1976-2013: [[U.S. House of Representatives]]
 
* 1976-2013: [[U.S. House of Representatives]]
Line 84: Line 89:
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
===U.S. House===
+
===U.S. Senate===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Markey serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
+
Markey serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref><ref>[https://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm ''United States Senate'', "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014]</ref>
 +
* [[United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation|Commerce, Science, and Transportation]]
 +
**Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet
 +
**Subcommittee on Competitiveness, Innovation, and Export Promotion
 +
**Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
 +
**Subcommittee on Science and Space
 +
**Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
 +
* [[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works]]
 +
* [[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Foreign Relations]]
 +
**Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs
 +
**Subcommittee on European Affairs
 +
**Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection, and Peace Corps - Chair
 +
*[[United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship|Small Business and Entrepreneurship]]
 +
 
 +
===U.S. House===
 +
====2013====
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce]]
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce]]
 
**Subcommittee on Energy and Power
 
**Subcommittee on Energy and Power
Line 93: Line 113:
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources|Natural Resources]] ''Ranking Member''
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources|Natural Resources]] ''Ranking Member''
  
====2011-12====
+
====2011-2012====
Markey was a member of the following House committees:<ref>[http://energycommerce.house.gov/subcomms/subcommittees.shtml ''House Energy and Commerce Committee,'' "Subcommittees," Accessed December 2, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://naturalresources.house.gov/About/Members.htm ''House Committee on Natural Resources,'' "Members," Accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>
+
Markey was a member of the following House committees:<ref>[http://energycommerce.house.gov/subcomms/subcommittees.shtml ''House Energy and Commerce Committee'', "Subcommittees," accessed December 2, 2011] ''([[dead link]])''</ref><ref>[http://naturalresources.house.gov/About/Members.htm ''House Committee on Natural Resources'', "Members," accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce]]
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce|Energy and Commerce]]
 
** Communications and Technology
 
** Communications and Technology
Line 101: Line 121:
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources|Natural Resources]] ''Ranking Member''
 
* [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Natural Resources|Natural Resources]] ''Ranking Member''
  
==Issues==
+
==Key votes==
===Specific votes===
+
===113th Congress===
====Senate Foreign Relations Committee Syria authorization====
+
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Markey
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=9272
 +
|SenTotal=15834
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
:''Note: Markey won special election to the Senate seat in June 2013.  His record reflects both his votes in the House and the Senate for the 113th Congress.''
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
====Committee vote on Syria====
 
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
 
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
  
{{Neutral vote}} On September 4, 2013, the [[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Senate Foreign Relations Committee]] narrowly approved an authorization for President Obama to use limited force against Syria.<ref name="usatoday" It was approved by a 10-7 vote.<ref name="syriacommitteevote">http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/committee-mulls-syria-vote-delay-96260.html ''Politico,'' "Senate panel approves Syria measure," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2013/09/04/senate-syria-committee-vote/2762415/ ''USA Today,'' "Senate committee approves Syria attack resolution," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
+
{{Neutral vote}} On September 4, 2013, the [[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Senate Foreign Relations Committee]] narrowly approved an authorization for President Obama to use limited force against Syria.<ref name="usatoday" It was approved by a 10-7 vote.<ref name="syriacommitteevote">http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/committee-mulls-syria-vote-delay-96260.html ''Politico'', "Senate panel approves Syria measure," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2013/09/04/senate-syria-committee-vote/2762415/ ''USA Today'', "Senate committee approves Syria attack resolution," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
  
 
The vote came after a three-hour briefing with top Obama administration officials, including Secretary of State [[John Kerry]] and James Clapper, the director of national intelligence.<ref name="syriacommitteevote"/>
 
The vote came after a three-hour briefing with top Obama administration officials, including Secretary of State [[John Kerry]] and James Clapper, the director of national intelligence.<ref name="syriacommitteevote"/>
  
Of the nine [[Democratic]] members and eight [[Republican]] members that make up the committee, seven [[Democrats]] members and three [[Republicans]] voted in favor, while five [[Republicans]] and two [[Democrats]] opposed the authorization.<ref name="syriacommitteevote"/> Markey was the only member of the committee to dodge the yes-no vote by voting "present."<ref>[http://www.npr.org/blogs/itsallpolitics/2013/09/05/219294640/the-senator-who-dodged-the-syria-vote?ft=1&f=1014 ''NPR,'' "The Senator Who Dodged The Syria Vote," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/syria-vote-senate-foreign-relations-committee-96290.html ''Politico,'' "How Senate Foreign Relations Committee members voted on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
+
Of the nine [[Democratic]] members and eight [[Republican]] members that make up the committee, seven [[Democrats]] members and three [[Republicans]] voted in favor, while five [[Republicans]] and two [[Democrats]] opposed the authorization.<ref name="syriacommitteevote"/> Markey was the only member of the committee to dodge the yes-no vote by voting "present."<ref>[http://www.npr.org/blogs/itsallpolitics/2013/09/05/219294640/the-senator-who-dodged-the-syria-vote?ft=1&f=1014 ''NPR'', "The Senator Who Dodged The Syria Vote," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/syria-vote-senate-foreign-relations-committee-96290.html ''Politico'', "How Senate Foreign Relations Committee members voted on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Economy===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-EdwardJMarkey-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 +
====Farm bill====
 +
{{Senate Farm Bill Dem No|Name=Markey}}
 +
 
 +
====2014 Budget====
 +
{{Senate Budget 2014 Dem Yes|Name=Markey}}
 +
 
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
 
 +
{{Yea vote}} During the shutdown in October 2013, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from [[Republican]] members. Markey voted with the [[Democratic Party]] for the bill.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=113&session=1&vote=00219#top ''Senate.gov'', "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Immigration===
 +
====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Markey voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/26900/ed-markey?categoryId=40&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E#.UmBEchCBxVI ''Project Vote Smart'', "Representative Markey's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 17, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Social issues===
 +
====Abortion====
 +
{{neutral vote}} Markey did not vote on HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/candidate/26900/ed-markey?categoryId=2&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E,E,E#.UmBFuhCBxVI ''Project Vote Smart'', "Markey on abortion," accessed October 17, 2013]</ref>
  
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
{{Support vote}}
+
{{Yea vote}}
Markey voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Markey voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s070_010.gif|right|290px|thumb|Ed Markey's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Markey is a '''Populist-Leaning Liberal.''' Markey received a score of 74 percent on social issues and 8 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Markey|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://Senate.OnTheIssues.org/Senate/Ed_Markey.htm ''On The Issues'', "Ed Markey Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Favors
 +
|Hiring= Strongly Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Favors
 +
|God= Opposes
 +
|ObamaCare=Strongly Favors
 +
|Social Security= Opposes
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Animals=Opposes
 +
|Crime= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Guns= Opposes
 +
|Taxes=Strongly Favors
 +
|Citizenship=Strongly Favors
 +
|Free Trade= Opposes
 +
|United Nations=Opposes
 +
|Military=Opposes
 +
|Campaign Funds= Strongly Favors
 +
|Iran=Favors
 +
|Energy=Strongly Favors
 +
|Marijuana=Opposes
 +
|Stimulus=Strongly Favors
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===Controversy===
 +
====Herr files ethics complaint====
 +
[[Brian Herr]] (R) issued a statement on March 17, 2014, saying he filed a complaint against Markey with the Senate ethics committee.<ref name="herr">[http://www.newsmax.com/newsfront/ed-markey-massachusetts-senate-ethics/2014/03/18/id/560369/ ''NewsMax'', "Democratic Sen. Ed Markey Accused of Using Office to Manipulate Stock," accessed March 19, 2014]</ref><ref name="complaint">[https://web.archive.org/web/2/https://www.brianherr.com/2014/03/republican-lodges-ethics-complaint-against-rival-over-herbalife/ ''Brian Herr for Congress'', "Republican lodges ethics complaint against rival over Herbalife," accessed March 19, 2014]</ref> Herr accused Markey of using his position to manipulate stock.<ref name="herr"/> Markey was been under fire for writing letters to federal regulators urging an investigation into the nutritional supplement firm ''Herbalife.''<ref name="herr"/>
 +
 
 +
"All you have to do is connect the dots to easily see that Sen. Markey used his public office to manipulate the stock of a publicly traded company in order to financially benefit a campaign donor," [[Brian Herr|Herr]] said.<ref name="herr"/>
 +
 
 +
The ''Sun Chronicle'' reported that Markey responded by saying he "only wrote the letters because Herbalife's practices were hurting consumers."<ref>[http://www.thesunchronicle.com/news/local_news/brian-herr-markey-s-gop-foe-reaches-out-to-area/article_1e878f16-f721-5f67-9e21-8d42abf9bd5c.html?mode=jqm "Sun Chronicle","Brian Herr, Markey's GOP foe, reaches out to area officials", accessed August 13, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
On his campaign website, Markey listed 12 issues. They are:<ref name="themes"/>
+
On his campaign website, Markey listed 12 issues. They were:<ref name="themes"/>
 
*'''Civil Rights'''
 
*'''Civil Rights'''
 
Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes in an America that fully respects and protects the civil rights guaranteed by our Constitution, and which does not discriminate against any person on the basis of race, national origin, religion, sex, or sexual orientation."
 
Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes in an America that fully respects and protects the civil rights guaranteed by our Constitution, and which does not discriminate against any person on the basis of race, national origin, religion, sex, or sexual orientation."
Line 124: Line 216:
 
Excerpt: "Ed Markey understands that one of the most important roles the federal government can play is that of economic engine, leveraging public with private funds to revitalize urban and suburban areas. From his earliest days as a member of Congress, Ed Markey has worked tirelessly to secure targeted economic development dollars for downtown redevelopment and other projects important to the communities in the 7th District."
 
Excerpt: "Ed Markey understands that one of the most important roles the federal government can play is that of economic engine, leveraging public with private funds to revitalize urban and suburban areas. From his earliest days as a member of Congress, Ed Markey has worked tirelessly to secure targeted economic development dollars for downtown redevelopment and other projects important to the communities in the 7th District."
 
*'''Energy Independence'''
 
*'''Energy Independence'''
 +
{{youtube|title=SOv8XEIGXjM|size=250|caption=Ed Markey, "Markey: GOP Wants No More Clean Energy Solutions"}}
 
Excerpt: "An environmental champion, Ed Markey has provided pioneering leadership in protection our environment, in the fight against global warming and in creating a roadmap for energy independence in the United States."
 
Excerpt: "An environmental champion, Ed Markey has provided pioneering leadership in protection our environment, in the fight against global warming and in creating a roadmap for energy independence in the United States."
 
*'''Health'''
 
*'''Health'''
Line 142: Line 235:
 
Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that the VA was created to serve all veterans, not just those veterans it can "afford" to serve. All veterans, regardless of income, have earned the right to high-quality health care services."
 
Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that the VA was created to serve all veterans, not just those veterans it can "afford" to serve. All veterans, regardless of income, have earned the right to high-quality health care services."
 
*'''War in Iraq'''
 
*'''War in Iraq'''
Excerpt: "But as we now know, the Bush Administration never cared whether or not there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. The fact that Saddam Hussein is gone is good. But it was not worth a single American life to invade Iraq since Saddam Hussein did not have an active nuclear weapons program." <ref name="themes">[http://www.edmarkey.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2&Itemid=3 ''Ed Markey for Congress,'' "Issues," August 13, 2012]</ref>
+
Excerpt: "But as we now know, the Bush Administration never cared whether or not there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. The fact that Saddam Hussein is gone is good. But it was not worth a single American life to invade Iraq since Saddam Hussein did not have an active nuclear weapons program."<ref name="themes">[http://www.edmarkey.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2&Itemid=3 ''Ed Markey for Congress'', "Issues," August 13, 2012]</ref>
 
+
==Polls==
+
===2013===
+
{{Maspec2013polls}}
+
 
+
====MassINC Polling Group Poll====
+
With respect to the demographics of the MassINC poll, questions regarding the Democratic primary were only asked to respondents who classified themselves as Democrat or Independent/Unenrolled. Based on the information provided in the poll, 36% of the respondents were Democrat and 53% were Independent/Unenrolled.<ref>[http://www.wbur.org/files/2013/02/0215_senate-poll-topline.pdf ''MassINC Polling Group,'' "WBUR Massachusetts Senate Special Election Poll," Accessed February 18, 2013]</ref>
+
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Massachusetts, 2014]]''
  
:: ''See also: [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district elections, 2014]]''
+
Markey was running for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2014|U.S. Senate]] in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on September 9, 2014. He defeated Republican nominee [[Brian Herr]] in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref>[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2014/06/5_massachusetts_congressmen_ru.html "Masslive","5 Massachusetts Congressmen running unopposed in 2014 while challengers line up to take on US Rep. John Tierney", June 4, 2014]</ref> The ''Cook Political Report'' considered the seat safe for Democrats.<ref>[http://cookpolitical.com/senate/charts/race-ratings "http://cookpolitical.com/senate/charts/race-ratings","2014 SENATE RACE RATINGS FOR JULY 18, 2014", July 18, 2014]</ref>
 
+
{{Masengenelecbox14}}
Markey is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. {{Nov2014genelection}}
+
  
 
===2013===
 
===2013===
 
::''See also: [[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013]]''
 
::''See also: [[United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013]]''
Markey won election to the [[United States Senate]] seat vacated by [[John Kerry]], after his confirmation by the U.S. Senate to Secretary of State.<ref>[http://www.boston.com/politicalintelligence/2012/12/27/rep-markey-run-senate-special-election/1aidfQ9YeNT0xXXPnWuS8I/story.html ''Boston Globe,'' "US Rep. Edward Markey to run in Senate special election," December 27, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/mo-cowan-appointed-interim-massachusetts-u-senator-160518748--election.html ''Yahoo news,'' "Mo Cowan appointed interim U.S. senator for Massachusetts"]</ref>
+
Markey won election to the [[United States Senate]] seat vacated by [[John Kerry]], after his confirmation by the U.S. Senate to Secretary of State.<ref>[http://www.boston.com/politicalintelligence/2012/12/27/rep-markey-run-senate-special-election/1aidfQ9YeNT0xXXPnWuS8I/story.html ''Boston Globe'', "US Rep. Edward Markey to run in Senate special election," accessed December 27, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/mo-cowan-appointed-interim-massachusetts-u-senator-160518748--election.html ''Yahoo news'', "Mo Cowan appointed interim U.S. senator for Massachusetts" accessed 2013]</ref>
  
Markey and [[Stephen Lynch]] participated in six debates. Three focused on general issues and the each of the remaining three focused on a different topic. One centered on jobs, another on domestic issues, and the final one centered on foreign affairs. The debates were held throughout the state including locations in Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford.<ref>[http://bostonherald.com/news_opinion/local_coverage/2013/02/markey_lynch_agree_to_6_debates ''Boston Herald,'' "Markey, Lynch agree to 6 debates," Accessed February 25, 2013]</ref>
+
Markey and [[Stephen Lynch]] participated in six debates. Three focused on general issues and the each of the remaining three focused on a different topic. One centered on jobs, another on domestic issues, and the final one centered on foreign affairs. The debates were held throughout the state including locations in Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford.<ref>[http://bostonherald.com/news_opinion/local_coverage/2013/02/markey_lynch_agree_to_6_debates ''Boston Herald'', "Markey, Lynch agree to 6 debates," accessed February 25, 2013]</ref>
  
Markey won the nomination in the [[Democratic]] primary on April 30, 2013, defeating challenger [[Stephen Lynch]]. The general election was held on June 25, 2013.<ref>[http://www.wcvb.com/news/politics/results-from-2013-massachusetts-special-election-us-senate-primary/-/9848766/19889986/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/jmvjsmz/-/index.html ''WCVB,'' "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," Accessed April 30, 2013]</ref> He defeated[[Gabriel Gomez]] and [[Richard Heos]] (I) in the general election to win the seat.<ref name="results"/>
+
Markey won the nomination in the [[Democratic]] primary on April 30, 2013, defeating challenger [[Stephen Lynch]]. The general election was held on June 25, 2013.<ref>[http://www.wcvb.com/news/politics/results-from-2013-massachusetts-special-election-us-senate-primary/-/9848766/19889986/-/format/rsss_2.0/-/jmvjsmz/-/index.html ''WCVB'', "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed April 30, 2013]</ref> He defeated[[Gabriel Gomez]] and [[Richard Heos]] (I) in the general election to win the seat.<ref name="results"/>
 +
{{Masenspecelecgeneralelecbox13}}
  
 
====Endorsements====
 
====Endorsements====
 
*American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees Council 93
 
*American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees Council 93
::"When it comes to fighting for the middle class and securing adequate federal funding for the essential public services that Massachusetts needs and we provide, we know we can always count on Ed Markey."<ref>[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/02/us_rep_ed_markey_lands_endorse_1.html ''Mass Live,'' "Democratic Senate candidate Ed Markey lands endorsement from AFSCME Council 93 union representing 35k Massachusetts employees," Accessed February 23, 2013]</ref>
+
::"When it comes to fighting for the middle class and securing adequate federal funding for the essential public services that Massachusetts needs and we provide, we know we can always count on Ed Markey."<ref>[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/02/us_rep_ed_markey_lands_endorse_1.html ''Mass Live'', "Democratic Senate candidate Ed Markey lands endorsement from AFSCME Council 93 union representing 35k Massachusetts employees," accessed February 23, 2013]</ref>
*Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 [[Massachusetts|state]] politicians on April 25, 2013.<ref name="masslive">[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/04/markey_touts_support_from_100.html ''Mass Live,'' "Markey Touts Support from 100 State Politicians," Accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>  
+
*Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 [[Massachusetts|state]] politicians on April 25, 2013.<ref name="masslive">[http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/04/markey_touts_support_from_100.html ''Mass Live'', "Markey Touts Support from 100 State Politicians," accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>  
::The list included [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|House]] [[Speaker of the House|Speaker]] [[Robert DeLeo]], [[Massachusetts Attorney General|Attorney General]] [[Martha Coakley]] and [[Massachusetts Treasurer|Treasurer]] [[Steven Grossman]].<ref name="masslive"/> It also included 17 [[Massachusetts State Senate|state senators]], 63 [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|state representatives]] and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district|5th Congressional District]], which Markey represents.<ref name="masslive"/>
+
::The list included [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|House]] [[Speaker of the House|Speaker]] [[Robert DeLeo]], [[Massachusetts Attorney General|Attorney General]] [[Martha Coakley]] and [[Massachusetts Treasurer|Treasurer]] [[Steven Grossman]].<ref name="masslive"/> It also included 17 [[Massachusetts State Senate|state senators]], 63 [[Massachusetts House of Representatives|state representatives]] and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the [[Massachusetts' 5th Congressional District|5th Congressional District]], which Markey represents.<ref name="masslive"/>
 
*On April 27, 2013 Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey.  
 
*On April 27, 2013 Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey.  
::In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/27/caroline-kennedy-ed-markey_n_3169923.html ''Huffington Post,'' "Caroline Kennedy Endorses Ed Markey In Massachusetts Senate Race," Accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>
+
::In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/27/caroline-kennedy-ed-markey_n_3169923.html ''Huffington Post'', "Caroline Kennedy Endorses Ed Markey In Massachusetts Senate Race," accessed April 28, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Massachusetts]]'' and ''[[United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012]]''
 
::''See also: [[Redistricting in Massachusetts]]'' and ''[[United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012]]''
Markey ran for re-election in 2012. He has been redistricted and sought re-election in the [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district|5th congressional district of Massachusetts]]. He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012. <ref>[http://www.bostonherald.com/news/politics/view/2011_1107redistricting_throws_us_reps_keating_lynch_into_faceoff ''Boston Herald,'' "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff," Accessed January 22, 2012]</ref>
+
Markey ran for re-election in 2012. He was redistricted and sought re-election in the [[Massachusetts' 5th Congressional District|5th Congressional District of Massachusetts]]. He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.bostonherald.com/news/politics/view/2011_1107redistricting_throws_us_reps_keating_lynch_into_faceoff ''Boston Herald'', "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff," accessed January 22, 2012]</ref>
{{youtube|title=SOv8XEIGXjM|size=250|caption=Ed Markey, "Markey: GOP Wants No More Clean Energy Solutions"}}
+
 
{{Madis5genelecbox12}}
 
{{Madis5genelecbox12}}
  
Line 242: Line 328:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/137/Edward-J-Markey Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Markey attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-EdwardJMarkey-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
  
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Markey
 
|Name=Markey
 
|year=2000
 
|year=2000
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013  
 
|Editdate=May 16, 2013  
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00000270&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "Ed Markey," Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00000270&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Ed Markey," accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 
|totalraised2012=1091666
 
|totalraised2012=1091666
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 5th congressional district|District 5]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 5th Congressional District|District 5]])
 
|totalraised2010=1535340
 
|totalraised2010=1535340
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2008=1454661
 
|totalraised2008=1454661
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2008=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2006=942520
 
|totalraised2006=942520
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2006=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2004=2840650
 
|totalraised2004=2840650
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2004=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2002=688471
 
|totalraised2002=688471
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2002=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2000=591089
 
|totalraised2000=591089
 
|result2000=Won
 
|result2000=Won
|office2000=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2000=U.S. House (Massachusetts, [[Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-EdwardJMarkey-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
  
 
===2013===
 
===2013===
 
====Top recipients of lobbyist contributions====
 
====Top recipients of lobbyist contributions====
On a list of [http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/07/top-recipients-of-lobbyists-cash-2013-an-opensecrets-analysis.html Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013] from ''Open Secrets'', Markey ranked 1st on the list with $183,340 in lobbyist contributions.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/07/top-recipients-of-lobbyists-cash-2013-an-opensecrets-analysis.html ''Open Secrets,'' "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," Accessed July 3, 2013]</ref>
+
On a list of [http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/07/top-recipients-of-lobbyists-cash-2013-an-opensecrets-analysis.html Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013] from ''OpenSecrets.org'', Markey ranked 1st on the list with $183,340 in lobbyist contributions.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/07/top-recipients-of-lobbyists-cash-2013-an-opensecrets-analysis.html ''Open Secrets'', "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," accessed July 3, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====U.S. Senate Special Election====
 
====U.S. Senate Special Election====
[[U.S. House|U.S. Rep.]] Markey raised about $4.8 million from the time he announced he would be running in the special election race to April 2013.<ref name="pi">[http://www.seattlepi.com/news/article/Democratic-Rep-Markey-raises-4-8M-for-Senate-bid-4451207.php ''Seattle PI'' "Democratic Rep. Markey raises $4.8M for Senate bid" Accessed April 22, 21013]</ref> Markey's [[Democratic]] rival, fellow [[U.S. House|U.S. Rep.]] [[Stephen Lynch]] reported raising approximately $1.5 million since entering the race in late January, adding to the $745,000 left over from his last [[U.S. House|House]] race.<ref name="pi"/>
+
[[U.S. House|U.S. Rep.]] Markey raised about $4.8 million from the time he announced he would be running in the special election race to April 2013.<ref name="pi">[http://www.seattlepi.com/news/article/Democratic-Rep-Markey-raises-4-8M-for-Senate-bid-4451207.php ''Seattle PI'', "Democratic Rep. Markey raises $4.8M for Senate bid," accessed April 22, 2013]</ref> Markey's [[Democratic]] rival, fellow [[U.S. House|U.S. Rep.]] [[Stephen Lynch]] reported raising approximately $1.5 million since entering the race in late January, adding to the $745,000 left over from his last [[U.S. House|House]] race.<ref name="pi"/>
  
 
After beginning with more than $3 million in his congressional campaign account at the start of the campaign, Markey had a total of $7.8 million on hand in early April. After spending about $3.2 million, his account was left with about $4.6 million as of April 10, 2013.<ref name="pi"/> According to reports, more than 53 percent of the money raised by Markey came from outside of the state, with only approximately 47 percent coming from [[Massachusetts]] donors. According to Markey's campaign, approximately 83 percent of the more than 18,000 individuals who contributed to his campaign gave $100 or less.<ref name="pi"/>
 
After beginning with more than $3 million in his congressional campaign account at the start of the campaign, Markey had a total of $7.8 million on hand in early April. After spending about $3.2 million, his account was left with about $4.6 million as of April 10, 2013.<ref name="pi"/> According to reports, more than 53 percent of the money raised by Markey came from outside of the state, with only approximately 47 percent coming from [[Massachusetts]] donors. According to Markey's campaign, approximately 83 percent of the more than 18,000 individuals who contributed to his campaign gave $100 or less.<ref name="pi"/>
Line 284: Line 376:
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Edward_Markey-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Markey's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Markey won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of  $1,091,666  and spent  $1,110,492.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000270&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
Markey won election to the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of  $1,091,666  and spent  $1,110,492.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000270&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets,'' " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 15, 2013]</ref>
+
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
Line 292: Line 383:
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Massachusetts District 5
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised = $1,091,666   
 
|total raised = $1,091,666   
Line 319: Line 410:
 
|inddonor5 = $33,120
 
|inddonor5 = $33,120
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Edward_Markey-2012_donor_breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Markey's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Ed Markey 2010 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Markey's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
+
Markey won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,535,340 and spent $1,291,210.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000270&cycle=2010 ''Open Secrets'', "Edward J. Markey 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>
Markey won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,535,340 and spent $1,291,210.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000270&cycle=2010 ''Open Secrets,'' "Edward J. Markey 2010 Election Cycle," Accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>
+
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Massachusetts, 7th District
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Massachusetts District 7
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised = $1,535,340
 
|total raised = $1,535,340
Line 350: Line 441:
 
|inddonor4 = $65,750
 
|inddonor4 = $65,750
 
|inddonor5 = $59,750
 
|inddonor5 = $59,750
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Ed Markey 2010 Donor Breakdown.PNG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Markey's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Markey's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $883,025 and $2,221,000. That averages to '''$1,552,012.50''', which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000270&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Markey, (D-MA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Markey's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.</ref> increased by an average of 5 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=N
 +
|Name =Ed Markey
 +
|Political Party =Democratic
 +
|2010 = 1494512.50
 +
|2011 =1503012
 +
|2012 =1552012
 +
|Year 0 =2004
 +
|Average 0 =1096325
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Markey received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Lawyers/Law Firms'' industry.
 +
 +
From 1989-2014, '''30.06 percent of Markey's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00000270&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Sen. Ed Markey," accessed September 18, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Democratic
 +
|total raised = 29645252
 +
|total spent = 26111014
 +
|ind1 = Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|ind2 = Securities & Investment
 +
|ind3 = TV/Movies/Music
 +
|ind4 = Lobbyists
 +
|ind5 = Real Estate
 +
|inddonor1 = 3280944
 +
|inddonor2 = 1754156
 +
|inddonor3 = 1584698
 +
|inddonor4 = 1227108
 +
|inddonor5 = 1063234
 +
|district =
 +
|committee =
 +
|rank =
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
Line 355: Line 502:
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Markey is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Democratic leader]]" as of June 24, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/edward_markey/400253 ''GovTrack,'' "Markey," Accessed June 24, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Markey is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Democratic leader]]" as of July 22, 2014. This was the same rating Markey received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/edward_markey/400253 ''GovTrack'', "Markey," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400253_Edward_Markey ''OpenCongress,'' "Ed Markey," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400253_Edward_Markey ''OpenCongress'', "Ed Markey," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Markey most often votes with:
 
Markey most often votes with:
*{{bluedot}} [[Judy Chu]]
+
*{{bluedot}} [[Richard Blumenthal]]
*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
+
*{{reddot}} [[Susan Collins]]
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
Markey least often votes with:
 
Markey least often votes with:
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
*{{reddot}} [[Kerry Bentivolio]]
+
*{{reddot}} [[Jim Risch]]
 
{{col-end}}
 
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-EdwardJMarkey-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Markey missed 897 of 21,702 roll call votes from Jan 1977 to Mar 2013, which is 4.1% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. <ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/edward_markey/400253 ''GovTrack,'' "Ed Markey," Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Markey missed 11 of 352 roll call votes from July 2013 to July 2014, which is 3.1% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.0% among senators currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/edward_markey/400253 ''GovTrack'', "Ed Markey," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Markey paid his congressional staff a total of $1,229,246 in 2011.  He ranked 4th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked  4th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Massachusetts]] ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[ http://www.legistorm.com/member/351/Rep_Ed_Markey.html html ''LegiStorm,'' "Ed Markey"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Markey paid his congressional staff a total of $1,229,246 in 2011.  He ranked 4th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked  4th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Massachusetts]] ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/351/Rep_Ed_Markey.html html ''LegiStorm'', "Ed Markey" accessed 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
 
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Markey's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $855,025 and $2,151,000. This averages to $1,503,012, which is a 0.57% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000270&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org,'' "Markey, (D-Mass), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Markey's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between  $868,025 and $2,121,000. That averages to $1,494,512.50, which is lower than  the average net worth of Democratic  Representatives in 2010 of  $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000270&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org,'' "Markey, (D-Mass), 2010"]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
Each year, ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
 
Each year, ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Markey was not ranked in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
According to the data released in 2013, Markey was ranked the 15th most liberal representative during 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the data released in 2013, Markey ranked 15th in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
According to the data released in 2012, Ed Markey was ranked the 41st most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
According to the data released in 2012, Ed Markey ranked 41st in the liberal rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
====June 2013====
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
|name=Markey
 
|name=Markey
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
|percent=90.7%
+
|percent=90.3 percent
 +
|rank=41st
 +
|total=45
 +
|chamber=Senate
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|DSen=Y
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
====2013====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Markey
 +
|party=Democratic
 +
|percent=90.7 percent
 
|rank=154
 
|rank=154
 
|total=201
 
|total=201
Line 409: Line 564:
 
|DHouse=Y
 
|DHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Personal==
 +
Markey is married to Dr. Susan Blumenthal.<ref name="bio">[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://markey.house.gov/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1&Itemid=2 ''Official House website'', "About Ed," accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
Line 415: Line 573:
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Ed+Markey+Massachusetts+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Ed Markey News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Ed+Markey+Massachusetts+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Ed Markey News Feed}}
  
==Personal==
+
==See also==
Markey is married to Dr. Susan Blumenthal.<ref name="bio">[http://markey.house.gov/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1&Itemid=2 ''Official House website,'' "About Ed," Accessed December 2, 2011]</ref>
+
*[[Massachusetts ]]
 +
*[[United States Senate]]
 +
*[[U.S. Senate delegation from Massachusetts]]
 +
*[[United States Senate elections, 2014]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[http://markey.house.gov Official House website]
+
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-edward-markey/26900|Name=Edward Markey}}
 +
*[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://markey.house.gov Official House website]
 
*[http://www.edmarkey.org/ Official campaign website]
 
*[http://www.edmarkey.org/ Official campaign website]
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = m000133 | rollcall = 220 | votesmart = 26900 | washpo = gIQAdQUz9O | govtrack = 400253 | opencong = 400253 | c-span = edwardmparkey | rose = 4857 | imdb = nm1745328 | ontheissues = MA/Ed_Markey.htm | legistorm = 351/Rep_Ed_Markey.html | natjournal = 314 | fec = H6MA07101 | opensecrets = N00000270 | followthemoney = | bloomberg = edward-markey | nyt = m/edward_j_markey | fb = EdJMarkey | flickr = | twitter = MarkeyMemo | youtube = RepMarkey | nndb = 038/000039918 | wikipedia = Ed_Markey | merge=MA05}}
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = m000133 | rollcall = 220 | votesmart = 26900 | washpo = gIQAdQUz9O | govtrack = 400253 | opencong = 400253 | c-span = edwardmparkey | rose = 4857 | imdb = nm1745328 | ontheissues = MA/Ed_Markey.htm | legistorm = 351/Rep_Ed_Markey.html | natjournal = 314 | fec = H6MA07101 | opensecrets = N00000270 | followthemoney = | bloomberg = edward-markey | nyt = m/edward_j_markey | fb = EdJMarkey | flickr = | twitter = MarkeyMemo | youtube = RepMarkey | nndb = 038/000039918 | wikipedia = Ed_Markey | merge=MA05}}
Line 431: Line 593:
 
{{s-off}}
 
{{s-off}}
 
{{succession box | before =  [[Mo Cowan]] (D) |title = [[United States Senate]] - Massachusetts | years = 2013-Present | after = }}
 
{{succession box | before =  [[Mo Cowan]] (D) |title = [[United States Senate]] - Massachusetts | years = 2013-Present | after = }}
{{succession box | before =  [[Niki Tsongas]] |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - Massachusetts, 5th District | years = 2013-2013| after = }}
+
{{succession box | before =  [[Niki Tsongas]] |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - Massachusetts, 5th District | years = 2013-2013| after = [[Katherine Clark]] (D) }}
 
{{succession box | before =  Torbert H. Macdonald |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - Massachusetts, 7th District | years = 1976-2013 | after = [[Michael Capuano]] }}
 
{{succession box | before =  Torbert H. Macdonald |title = [[U.S. House of Representatives]] - Massachusetts, 7th District | years = 1976-2013 | after = [[Michael Capuano]] }}
 
{{succession box | before = |title = [[Massachusetts House of Representatives]] | years = 1973-1976 | after = }}
 
{{succession box | before = |title = [[Massachusetts House of Representatives]] | years = 1973-1976 | after = }}
Line 438: Line 600:
 
{{Massachusetts congress}}
 
{{Massachusetts congress}}
 
{{Massachusetts}}
 
{{Massachusetts}}
 +
{{Inc new office|U.S. House|U.S. Senate|2013}}
 +
[[Category:U.S. House incumbent retired, 2013 (early)]]
 
[[Category:Current member, U.S. Senate]]
 
[[Category:Current member, U.S. Senate]]
 
[[Category:Former member, U.S. House]]
 
[[Category:Former member, U.S. House]]
Line 444: Line 608:
 
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
 
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts]]
 
[[Category:Massachusetts]]
 +
[[Category:U.S. Senate special elections, 2013]]
 +
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 
<!--2013 categories-->
 
<!--2013 categories-->
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2013|Status=challenger|Chamber=U.S. Senate|Primary=W|General=W}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2013|Status=challenger|Chamber=U.S. Senate|Primary=W|General=W}}
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. Senate|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 01:13, 26 November 2014

Ed Markey
Ed Markey.jpg
U.S. Senate, Massachusetts
Incumbent
In office
July 16, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJohn Kerry (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$4.31 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 1976
Campaign $$9,144,397
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, Massachusetts, District 5
1976 - 2013
Massachusetts House of Representatives
1973-1976
Education
High schoolMalden Catholic High School, MA
Bachelor'sBoston College
J.D.Boston College Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army Reserve
Years of service1968-1973
Personal
BirthdayJuly 11, 1946
Place of birthMalden, Massachusetts
ProfessionLawyer
Net worth$1,552,012.50
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Ed Markey (b. July 11, 1946, in Malden, MA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Massachusetts. Markey was first elected to the Senate in 2013.

Markey previously was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Massachusetts' 5th Congressional District. Markey was first elected to the House in a 1976 special election replacing Rep. Tobert Macdonald after his death.[1]Markey was serving his nineteenth consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012 when he won the special election for John Kerry's vacant U.S. Senate seat.[2] Markey also previously served Massachusetts' 7th congressional district but due to 2010 redistricting he now represents district 3.[3]

Markey won election to the U.S. Senate from Massachusetts for the seat vacated by John Kerry. He won the nomination in the Democratic primary on April 30, 2013 and defeated Gabriel Gomez and Richard Heos (I) in the general election on June 25, 2013.[4][5]

He won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary and defeated Brian Herr (R) and Bruce Skarin (I) in the general election.

Prior to his election to the House, Markey served in the United States Military Reserves from 1968-1973.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Markey is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Democratic Party line more than his fellow members.

Biography

After earning his bachelor's degree, Markey joined the U.S. Army Reserve. A year after earning his J.D., Markey entered politics as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Markey's academic, professional and political career:[6]

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Markey serves on the following committees:[7][8]

  • Commerce, Science, and Transportation
    • Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet
    • Subcommittee on Competitiveness, Innovation, and Export Promotion
    • Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard
    • Subcommittee on Science and Space
    • Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
  • Environment and Public Works
  • Foreign Relations
    • Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • Subcommittee on European Affairs
    • Subcommittee on International Development and Foreign Assistance, Economic Affairs and International Environmental Protection, and Peace Corps - Chair
  • Small Business and Entrepreneurship

U.S. House

2013

2011-2012

Markey was a member of the following House committees:[9][10]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[11] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Markey's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

Note: Markey won special election to the Senate seat in June 2013. His record reflects both his votes in the House and the Senate for the 113th Congress.

National security

Committee vote on Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Neutral/Abstain On September 4, 2013, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee narrowly approved an authorization for President Obama to use limited force against Syria.[13][14]

The vote came after a three-hour briefing with top Obama administration officials, including Secretary of State John Kerry and James Clapper, the director of national intelligence.[15]

Of the nine Democratic members and eight Republican members that make up the committee, seven Democrats members and three Republicans voted in favor, while five Republicans and two Democrats opposed the authorization.[15] Markey was the only member of the committee to dodge the yes-no vote by voting "present."[16][17]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[18] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[19] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[19] Markey was one of nine Democratic senators who voted against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[20][21] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[21] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[22] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Markey voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.[20][21]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Markey voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[24]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Markey voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[25] The vote largely followed party lines.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Neutral/Abstain Markey did not vote on HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Markey voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Ed Markey's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Markey is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Markey received a score of 74 percent on social issues and 8 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

Controversy

Herr files ethics complaint

Brian Herr (R) issued a statement on March 17, 2014, saying he filed a complaint against Markey with the Senate ethics committee.[31][32] Herr accused Markey of using his position to manipulate stock.[31] Markey was been under fire for writing letters to federal regulators urging an investigation into the nutritional supplement firm Herbalife.[31]

"All you have to do is connect the dots to easily see that Sen. Markey used his public office to manipulate the stock of a publicly traded company in order to financially benefit a campaign donor," Herr said.[31]

The Sun Chronicle reported that Markey responded by saying he "only wrote the letters because Herbalife's practices were hurting consumers."[33]

Campaign themes

2012

On his campaign website, Markey listed 12 issues. They were:[34]

  • Civil Rights

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes in an America that fully respects and protects the civil rights guaranteed by our Constitution, and which does not discriminate against any person on the basis of race, national origin, religion, sex, or sexual orientation."

  • Economic Development

Excerpt: "Ed Markey understands that one of the most important roles the federal government can play is that of economic engine, leveraging public with private funds to revitalize urban and suburban areas. From his earliest days as a member of Congress, Ed Markey has worked tirelessly to secure targeted economic development dollars for downtown redevelopment and other projects important to the communities in the 7th District."

  • Energy Independence

Ed Markey, "Markey: GOP Wants No More Clean Energy Solutions"

Excerpt: "An environmental champion, Ed Markey has provided pioneering leadership in protection our environment, in the fight against global warming and in creating a roadmap for energy independence in the United States."

  • Health

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that all Americans deserve access to high quality healthcare and is committed to making universal healthcare a reality."

  • Homeland Security

Excerpt: "In 2003, the House of Representatives established the Select Committee on Homeland Security, and Ed Markey was chosen by the leadership to serve on this important new panel. His appointment reflected years of work he had undertaken prior to September 11, 2001, to try to increase terrorism preparedness at critical infrastructure such as nuclear power plants and LNG facilities."

  • Human Rights

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that America's foreign policy should respect and uphold internationally-recognized principles of human rights. Our country has an important leadership role to play in providing hope to those around the world who are denied the right to vote in free and fair elections, the right to organize politically, the right of citizens to engage in political dissent and peaceful protest."

  • Immigration

Excerpt: "As the grandson of Irish immigrants, Ed Markey appreciates how America has, generation after generation, renewed itself by assimilating new immigrants into this great country. America continues to draw strength, vitality, and energy every day from a process of assimilating cultures, religions, and ethnic backgrounds of every kind from around the world."

  • Nuclear Weapons

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that it should be a paramount concern of the nations of the world that we reduce and ultimately eliminate nuclear weapons from the face of the planet."

  • Privacy

Excerpt: "Ed Markey is one of the most vigorous champions of consumer privacy protection in Congress."

  • Telecommunications

Excerpt: "Ed Markey is the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet and has served on that panel since his first election in 1976. In this capacity, Ed has worked on every major telecommunications law passed in the last 30 years."

  • Veterans

Excerpt: "Ed Markey believes that the VA was created to serve all veterans, not just those veterans it can "afford" to serve. All veterans, regardless of income, have earned the right to high-quality health care services."

  • War in Iraq

Excerpt: "But as we now know, the Bush Administration never cared whether or not there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. The fact that Saddam Hussein is gone is good. But it was not worth a single American life to invade Iraq since Saddam Hussein did not have an active nuclear weapons program."[34]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Massachusetts, 2014

Markey was running for re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on September 9, 2014. He defeated Republican nominee Brian Herr in the general election on November 4, 2014.[35] The Cook Political Report considered the seat safe for Democrats.[36]

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEd Markey Incumbent 59% 1,289,944
     Republican Brian Herr 36.2% 791,950
     Write-in Other 0.1% 3,078
     Blank None 4.7% 101,819
Total Votes 2,186,791
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State Official Results

2013

See also: United States Senate special election in Massachusetts, 2013

Markey won election to the United States Senate seat vacated by John Kerry, after his confirmation by the U.S. Senate to Secretary of State.[37][38]

Markey and Stephen Lynch participated in six debates. Three focused on general issues and the each of the remaining three focused on a different topic. One centered on jobs, another on domestic issues, and the final one centered on foreign affairs. The debates were held throughout the state including locations in Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and New Bedford.[39]

Markey won the nomination in the Democratic primary on April 30, 2013, defeating challenger Stephen Lynch. The general election was held on June 25, 2013.[40] He defeatedGabriel Gomez and Richard Heos (I) in the general election to win the seat.[4]

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts Special General Election, 2013
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEd Markey 54.9% 645,429
     Republican Gabriel Gomez 44.7% 525,307
     Twelve Visions Party Richard Heos 0.4% 4,550
Total Votes 1,175,286
Source: Election Results from Massachusetts Elections Division

Endorsements

  • American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees Council 93
"When it comes to fighting for the middle class and securing adequate federal funding for the essential public services that Massachusetts needs and we provide, we know we can always count on Ed Markey."[41]
  • Markey's campaign released a list of over 100 state politicians on April 25, 2013.[42]
The list included House Speaker Robert DeLeo, Attorney General Martha Coakley and Treasurer Steven Grossman.[42] It also included 17 state senators, 63 state representatives and 18 mayors – including all the mayors and state legislators in the 5th Congressional District, which Markey represents.[42]
  • On April 27, 2013 Caroline Kennedy announced her endorsement for Markey.
In a press-release Markey stated, "I'm so proud to have the support of Caroline Kennedy, a friend and passionate advocate for our children, families, and seniors. I share Caroline's commitment to taking on big fights for the people of Massachusetts, and in the Senate I will fight to defend President Obama's historic health care reform law, protect a woman's right to choose, and ensure all people have access to the opportunities to succeed in the 21st century."[43]

2012

See also: Redistricting in Massachusetts and United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts, 2012

Markey ran for re-election in 2012. He was redistricted and sought re-election in the 5th Congressional District of Massachusetts. He faced no opposition in the Democratic primary on September 6, 2012.[44]

U.S. House, Massachusetts District 5 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEd Markey Incumbent 70.7% 257,490
     Republican Tom Tierney 22.8% 82,944
     N/A All Others 0.2% 675
     N/A Blank Votes 6.3% 23,092
Total Votes 364,201
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Markey attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Markey is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Markey raised a total of $9,144,397 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[63]

Ed Markey's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 5) Won $1,091,666
2010 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $1,535,340
2008 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $1,454,661
2006 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $942,520
2004 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $2,840,650
2002 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $688,471
2000 U.S. House (Massachusetts, District 7) Won $591,089
Grand Total Raised $9,144,397


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2013

Top recipients of lobbyist contributions

On a list of Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013 from OpenSecrets.org, Markey ranked 1st on the list with $183,340 in lobbyist contributions.[64]

U.S. Senate Special Election

U.S. Rep. Markey raised about $4.8 million from the time he announced he would be running in the special election race to April 2013.[65] Markey's Democratic rival, fellow U.S. Rep. Stephen Lynch reported raising approximately $1.5 million since entering the race in late January, adding to the $745,000 left over from his last House race.[65]

After beginning with more than $3 million in his congressional campaign account at the start of the campaign, Markey had a total of $7.8 million on hand in early April. After spending about $3.2 million, his account was left with about $4.6 million as of April 10, 2013.[65] According to reports, more than 53 percent of the money raised by Markey came from outside of the state, with only approximately 47 percent coming from Massachusetts donors. According to Markey's campaign, approximately 83 percent of the more than 18,000 individuals who contributed to his campaign gave $100 or less.[65]

Lynch reported spending more than $1.7 million through April 10 and had more than $514,000 left in his account for the final stretch.[65] According to his campaign, about 93 percent of the approximately 3,300 individual donors live in Massachusetts and approximately 45 percent of those who donated to his campaign gave $100 or less.[65]

2012

Markey won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,091,666 and spent $1,110,492.[66]

Cost per vote

Markey spent $4.31 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Markey won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Markey's campaign committee raised a total of $1,535,340 and spent $1,291,210.[67]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Markey's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $883,025 and $2,221,000. That averages to $1,552,012.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333.[68] Between 2004 and 2012, Markey's calculated net worth[69] increased by an average of 5 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[70]

Ed Markey Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$1,096,325
2012$1,552,012
Growth from 2004 to 2012:42%
Average annual growth:5%[71]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[72]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Markey received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 1989-2014, 30.06 percent of Markey's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[73]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Ed Markey Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $29,645,252
Total Spent $26,111,014
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$3,280,944
Securities & Investment$1,754,156
TV/Movies/Music$1,584,698
Lobbyists$1,227,108
Real Estate$1,063,234
% total in top industry11.07%
% total in top two industries16.98%
% total in top five industries30.06%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Markey is a "moderate Democratic leader" as of July 22, 2014. This was the same rating Markey received in June 2013.[74]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[75]

Markey most often votes with:

Markey least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Markey missed 11 of 352 roll call votes from July 2013 to July 2014, which is 3.1% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.0% among senators currently serving.[76]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Markey paid his congressional staff a total of $1,229,246 in 2011. He ranked 4th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 4th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Massachusetts ranked 2nd in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[77]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2013

Markey was not ranked in 2013.[78]

2012

According to the data released in 2013, Markey ranked 15th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[79]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Ed Markey ranked 41st in the liberal rankings in 2011.[80]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Markey voted with the Democratic Party 90.3 percent of the time, which ranked 41st among the 45 Senate Democratic members as of July 2014.[81]

2013

Markey voted with the Democratic Party 90.7 percent of the time, which ranked 154 among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[82]

Personal

Markey is married to Dr. Susan Blumenthal.[83]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Ed + Markey + Massachusetts + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Ed Markey News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Edward Markey


References

  1. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Edward John Markey," accessed December 2, 2011
  2. CBS, "Ed Markey To Be Sworn In As New U.S. Senator," accessed July 16, 2013
  3. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts" accessed 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 [WCVB TV, "Massachusetts U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed June 25, 2013 WCVB.com, "Special Election Results" accessed June 25, 2013]
  5. WCVB, "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed April 30, 2013
  6. Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, "Markey," accessed September 20, 2013
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  9. House Energy and Commerce Committee, "Subcommittees," accessed December 2, 2011 (dead link)
  10. House Committee on Natural Resources, "Members," accessed December 2, 2011
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/committee-mulls-syria-vote-delay-96260.html Politico, "Senate panel approves Syria measure," accessed September 5, 2013]
  14. USA Today, "Senate committee approves Syria attack resolution," accessed September 5, 2013
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named syriacommitteevote
  16. NPR, "The Senator Who Dodged The Syria Vote," accessed September 5, 2013
  17. Politico, "How Senate Foreign Relations Committee members voted on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
  18. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Markey's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 17, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "Markey on abortion," accessed October 17, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Ed Markey Vote Match," accessed June 23, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 NewsMax, "Democratic Sen. Ed Markey Accused of Using Office to Manipulate Stock," accessed March 19, 2014
  32. Brian Herr for Congress, "Republican lodges ethics complaint against rival over Herbalife," accessed March 19, 2014
  33. "Sun Chronicle","Brian Herr, Markey's GOP foe, reaches out to area officials", accessed August 13, 2014
  34. 34.0 34.1 Ed Markey for Congress, "Issues," August 13, 2012
  35. "Masslive","5 Massachusetts Congressmen running unopposed in 2014 while challengers line up to take on US Rep. John Tierney", June 4, 2014
  36. "http://cookpolitical.com/senate/charts/race-ratings","2014 SENATE RACE RATINGS FOR JULY 18, 2014", July 18, 2014
  37. Boston Globe, "US Rep. Edward Markey to run in Senate special election," accessed December 27, 2012
  38. Yahoo news, "Mo Cowan appointed interim U.S. senator for Massachusetts" accessed 2013
  39. Boston Herald, "Markey, Lynch agree to 6 debates," accessed February 25, 2013
  40. WCVB, "2013 U.S. Senate Special Election Results," accessed April 30, 2013
  41. Mass Live, "Democratic Senate candidate Ed Markey lands endorsement from AFSCME Council 93 union representing 35k Massachusetts employees," accessed February 23, 2013
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 Mass Live, "Markey Touts Support from 100 State Politicians," accessed April 28, 2013
  43. Huffington Post, "Caroline Kennedy Endorses Ed Markey In Massachusetts Senate Race," accessed April 28, 2013
  44. Boston Herald, "Redistricting throws U.S. Reps. Keating, Lynch into likely faceoff," accessed January 22, 2012
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  55. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  56. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  57. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  58. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
  59. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1982," accessed March 28, 2013
  60. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1980," accessed March 28, 2013
  61. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1978," accessed March 28, 2013
  62. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 1976," accessed March 28, 2013
  63. Open Secrets, "Ed Markey," accessed May 16, 2013
  64. Open Secrets, "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," accessed July 3, 2013
  65. 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3 65.4 65.5 Seattle PI, "Democratic Rep. Markey raises $4.8M for Senate bid," accessed April 22, 2013
  66. Open Secrets, " 2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  67. Open Secrets, "Edward J. Markey 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 2, 2011
  68. OpenSecrets, "Markey, (D-MA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  69. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  70. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  71. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  72. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  73. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Ed Markey," accessed September 18, 2014
  74. GovTrack, "Markey," accessed July 22, 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Ed Markey," accessed July 22, 2014
  76. GovTrack, "Ed Markey," accessed July 22, 2014
  77. html LegiStorm, "Ed Markey" accessed 2012
  78. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 22, 2014
  79. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  80. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  81. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  82. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  83. Official House website, "About Ed," accessed December 2, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Mo Cowan (D)
United States Senate - Massachusetts
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Niki Tsongas
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, 5th District
2013-2013
Succeeded by
Katherine Clark (D)
Preceded by
Torbert H. Macdonald
U.S. House of Representatives - Massachusetts, 7th District
1976-2013
Succeeded by
Michael Capuano
Preceded by
'
Massachusetts House of Representatives
1973-1976
Succeeded by
'