Difference between revisions of "Elijah Cummings"

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|First elected = April 16, 1996
 
|First elected = April 16, 1996
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
 +
|Next primary = June 24, 2014
 
|Next election = [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Next election = [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Campaign $=5,101,520
 
|Campaign $=5,101,520
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}}
 
}}
  
{{tnr}}'''Elijah Eugene Cummings''' (b. January 18, 1951, in Baltimore, Maryland) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]]. Edwards was first elected to the House in  a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings is currently serving his ninth consecutive term, having won re-election on [[Maryland's 6th Congressional District elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] .<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico,'' "2012 Election Map, Maryland"]</ref>
+
{{tnr}}'''Elijah Eugene Cummings''' (b. January 18, 1951, in Baltimore, Maryland) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]]. Edwards was first elected to the House in  a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings is currently serving his ninth consecutive term, having won re-election on [[Maryland's 6th Congressional District elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] .<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, Maryland"]</ref>
 
Cummings is set to run for re-election in [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]] in the general election on [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]].
 
Cummings is set to run for re-election in [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]] in the general election on [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]].
  
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, [[Maryland]]. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of [[Maryland]] Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000984 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress,'' "Elijah Cummings," Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, [[Maryland]]. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of [[Maryland]] Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000984 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress,'' "Elijah Cummings," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
 
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' political career<ref name="bioguide"/>:
 
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' political career<ref name="bioguide"/>:
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===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Cummings serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
+
Cummings serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Cummings served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk,'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Cummings served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk,'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
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|Sen=
 
|Sen=
 
|SenTotal=
 
|SenTotal=
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record,'' "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
+
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," August 1, 2013]</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
  
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====Healthcare====
 
====Healthcare====
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
+
=====Healthcare Reform Rules=====
 
{{Oppose vote}} Cummings voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 
{{Oppose vote}} Cummings voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
  
=====Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act=====
+
=====Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act=====
{{Oppose vote}} Cummings voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013.  The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185.  The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
+
{{Oppose vote}} Cummings voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013.  The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185.  The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
  
 
====Social issues====
 
====Social issues====
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=====Fiscal Cliff=====
 
=====Fiscal Cliff=====
 
{{Support vote}}
 
{{Support vote}}
Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House,'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Controversy===
 +
====Microphone cut off====
 +
[[Darrell Issa]] ([[Republican|R]]-CA), chairman of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee, had the microphone for Cummings cut off during the middle of his statement at a hearing on alleged IRS abuses on March 5, 2016. The move infuriated Cummings and other Democrats, who went to the [[U.S. House|House]] floor on March 6, 2014, with a motion condemning Issa’s actions.<ref name="issa"/>
 +
 
 +
Issa called Cummings to apologize on March 6, 2014. “This evening, Chairman Issa telephoned me and apologized for his conduct, and I accepted his apology. My sincere hope is that as we move forward, we will respect the opinions of all members of the committee, we will proceed in a deliberate and considered manner to obtain the facts, we will refrain from making accusations that have no basis in fact, and we will seek resolution rather than unnecessary conflict,” Cummings said.<ref name="issa"/>
 +
 
 +
“I could have offered to reopen the hearing and allowed him to make a second statement. As chairman, I should have been much more sensitive to the mood of what was going on, and I take responsibility,” Issa said in a statement on March 6, 2014.<ref name="issa">[http://www.politico.com/story/2014/03/darrell-issa-elijah-cummings-104398.html#ixzz2veoWUdxL ''Politico'', "Darrell Issa apologizes to Elijah Cummings," accessed March 11, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
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:: ''See also: [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Cummings ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] to represent [[United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2012|Maryland's]] [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|7th District]]. He defeated challengers [[Ty Busch]] and [[Charles Smith]] in the [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|Democratic primary]] on April 3, 2012.<ref name="source">[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/primary_candidates/statecandidateslist.aspx?office=008 ''Maryland State Board of Elections,'' "Candidates," Accessed January 3, 2013] </ref>   
+
Cummings ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] to represent [[United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2012|Maryland's]] [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|7th District]]. He defeated challengers [[Ty Busch]] and [[Charles Smith]] in the [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|Democratic primary]] on April 3, 2012.<ref name="source">[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/primary_candidates/statecandidateslist.aspx?office=008 ''Maryland State Board of Elections,'' "Candidates," accessed January 3, 2013] </ref>   
  
Cummings was endorsed by the organization [http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 Progressive Maryland] in his race for re-election in [[Maryland]]'s [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|7th District]].<ref>[http://www.hometownannapolis.com/news/GOV/2012/03/22-46/Political-Notes-Maryland-gets-C-on-transparency.html ''Hometown Annapolis,'' "Maryland gets C on Transparency," Accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 ''Progressive Maryland,'' "2012 Candidates," Accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/results/primary/gen_results_2012_3_00807.html ''Maryland State Board of Elections,'' "2012 Primary Results"]</ref>
+
Cummings was endorsed by the organization [http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 Progressive Maryland] in his race for re-election in [[Maryland]]'s [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|7th District]].<ref>[http://www.hometownannapolis.com/news/GOV/2012/03/22-46/Political-Notes-Maryland-gets-C-on-transparency.html ''Hometown Annapolis,'' "Maryland gets C on Transparency," accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 ''Progressive Maryland,'' "2012 Candidates," accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/results/primary/gen_results_2012_3_00807.html ''Maryland State Board of Elections,'' "2012 Primary Results"]</ref>
  
 
{{Mddis7genelecbox12}}
 
{{Mddis7genelecbox12}}
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|year=2000
 
|year=2000
 
|Editdate= May 16, 2013
 
|Editdate= May 16, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00001971&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "Elijah Cummings" Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00001971&type=I ''Open Secrets,'' "Elijah Cummings" accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 
|totalraised2012=795483
 
|totalraised2012=795483
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}}
 
}}
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Delaney’s reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?C00310318 ''Federal Election Commission'' "Elijah Cummings 2014 Summary reports," Accessed October 28, 2013]</ref>
+
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the [[Federal Election Commission]] during the [[United States Congress elections, 2014|2014 elections season]]. Below are Delaney’s reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?C00310318 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Elijah Cummings 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013]</ref>
  
 
{{Elijah Cummings 2014 FEC}}
 
{{Elijah Cummings 2014 FEC}}
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===2012===
 
===2012===
 
[[File:Elijah_Cummings-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
 
[[File:Elijah_Cummings-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001971 ''Open Secrets,'' "2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 16, 2013]</ref>
+
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001971 ''Open Secrets,'' "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====Cost per vote====
 
====Cost per vote====
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===2010===
 
===2010===
 
[[File:Elijah_Cummings_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
 
[[File:Elijah_Cummings_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00001971&newMem=N ''Open Secrets,'' "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00001971&newMem=N ''Open Secrets,'' "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
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==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cummings is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democrat]]" as of June 24, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack,'' "Cummings," Accessed June 24, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cummings is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democrat]]" as of June 24, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack,'' "Cummings," accessed June 24, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
 
===Like-minded colleagues===
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400090_Elijah_Cummings ''OpenCongress,'' "Elijah Cummings," Accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400090_Elijah_Cummings ''OpenCongress,'' "Elijah Cummings," accessed August 5, 2013]</ref>
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-begin}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
{{col-break}}
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===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cummings missed 317 of 11,381 roll call votes from April 1996 to March 2013, which is 2.8% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack,'' "Elijah Cummings," Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cummings missed 317 of 11,381 roll call votes from April 1996 to March 2013, which is 2.8% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack,'' "Elijah Cummings," accessed April 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
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:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
  
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cummings's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between -$140,986 and $1,970,995. That averages to '''$915,004.50,''' which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Cummings ranked as the 218th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001971&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets.org,'' "Cummings (D-MD), 2012"]</ref>
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cummings's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between -$140,986 and $1,970,995. That averages to '''$915,004.50,''' which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Cummings ranked as the 218th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001971&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Cummings (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref>
  
 
{{Net worth table
 
{{Net worth table
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====2012====
 
====2012====
Cummings ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
Cummings ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Cummings ranked 65th in the liberal rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Cummings ranked 65th in the liberal rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Voting with party===
 
===Voting with party===
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==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.<ref>[http://cummings.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Official House Site,'' "Biography," Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.<ref>[http://cummings.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Official House Site,'' "Biography," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==

Revision as of 11:39, 26 March 2014

Elijah Cummings
Elijah Cummings.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 7
Incumbent
In office
April 16, 1996-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 18
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorKweisi Mfume (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.00 in 2012
First electedApril 16, 1996
Next primaryJune 24, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,101,520
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Maryland House of Delegates
1983-1996
Education
High schoolBaltimore City College High School
Bachelor'sHoward University
J.D.University of Maryland School of Law
Personal
BirthdayJanuary 18, 1951
Place of birthBaltimore, Maryland
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$915,004.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Elijah Cummings campaign logo
Elijah Eugene Cummings (b. January 18, 1951, in Baltimore, Maryland) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 7th Congressional District. Edwards was first elected to the House in a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings is currently serving his ninth consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012 .[1]

Cummings is set to run for re-election in Maryland's 7th Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Prior to his congressional career, Cummings was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cummings is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, Maryland. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of Maryland Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' political career[2]:

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cummings serves on the following committees:[3]

Joint Economic Committee

2011-2012

Cummings served on the following House committees:[4]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Cummings's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

In an interview on September 5, 2013, with Michel Martin, host of NPR's Tell Me More, Cummings said he has encountered near-universal opposition to involvement in Syria in his district.[7][8]

In the interview he said, "We are in a situation where, first of all, 95 — probably 97 percent — of everybody who calls my office and emails my office — and this, by the way, I come from a district which was about 85 percent for President Obama — [is] saying 'no.' And walking in here today to my office, I had a nurse ... at Johns Hopkins who's been there for 17 years, begged me not to vote for this bill...So I said, 'Do you understand there's chemical weapons?' She said, 'Folks have been using chemical weapons for a long time.' She said, 'Do you realize when I took my son to school, they didn't even have books for him to even, you know, to learn from? But we're going over to a country and we're gonna be bombing — we don't even know how it's gonna end."[7]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Cummings voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "No" Cummings voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "No" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Cummings voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Cummings joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Cummings voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cummings voted for HR 2775.[21]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Cummings voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Cummings voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[9]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "No" Cummings voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[9]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[22]

Controversy

Microphone cut off

Darrell Issa (R-CA), chairman of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee, had the microphone for Cummings cut off during the middle of his statement at a hearing on alleged IRS abuses on March 5, 2016. The move infuriated Cummings and other Democrats, who went to the House floor on March 6, 2014, with a motion condemning Issa’s actions.[23]

Issa called Cummings to apologize on March 6, 2014. “This evening, Chairman Issa telephoned me and apologized for his conduct, and I accepted his apology. My sincere hope is that as we move forward, we will respect the opinions of all members of the committee, we will proceed in a deliberate and considered manner to obtain the facts, we will refrain from making accusations that have no basis in fact, and we will seek resolution rather than unnecessary conflict,” Cummings said.[23]

“I could have offered to reopen the hearing and allowed him to make a second statement. As chairman, I should have been much more sensitive to the mood of what was going on, and I take responsibility,” Issa said in a statement on March 6, 2014.[23]

Campaign themes

2012

The following are five issues which were highlighted by Cummings on his campaign website.[24]

  • Jobs

Excerpt: "The Stimulus was a good beginning. Now, we must push even harder for additional federal initiatives that are targeted at creating jobs in the communities that have been hardest hit by the economic downturn - the Baltimore Region among them."

  • Health-Care

Excerpt: Cummings supports the "long-term goal" of a single-payer healthcare system.[24]

  • Education

Excerpt: "And I was deeply gratified to support expanded funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act which increased the maximum Pell Grant scholarship for the 2009-2010 school year by $600 to $5,350 - and is reducing the interest rate on subsidized federal student loans."[24]

  • Chesapeake Bay

Excerpt: "we must begin implementing more formal, legally enforceable structures to control pollutant loadings. However, current law does not provide sufficient legal authority to establish, implement, and assess the results of the pollutant controls that the Bay needs."[24]

  • Medicare and Medcaid

Excerpt: "Along with my Democratic colleagues in the Senate and House, I will fight to preserve Medicare and Medicaid as a guaranteed healthcare benefits."[24]

Elections

2014

See also: Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Cummings is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cummings ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Maryland's 7th District. He defeated challengers Ty Busch and Charles Smith in the Democratic primary on April 3, 2012.[25]

Cummings was endorsed by the organization Progressive Maryland in his race for re-election in Maryland's 7th District.[26][27][28]

U.S. House, Maryland District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 76.5% 247,770
     Republican Frank Mirabile, Jr. 20.8% 67,405
     Libertarian Ronald Owens-Bey 2.5% 8,211
     Democratic Ty Busch (Write-in) 0% 10
     Democratic Charles Smith (Write-in) 0% 28
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 394
Total Votes 323,818
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"
U.S. House, Maryland, District 7 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 92.8% 49,625
Ty Glen Busch 2.6% 1,396
Charles U. Smith 4.6% 2,438
Total Votes 53,459

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Cummings is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Cummings raised a total of $5,101,520 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[37]

Elijah Cummings's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $795,483
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $796,200
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $951,855
2006 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $882,989
2004 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $810,195
2002 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $496,119
2000 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $368,679
Grand Total Raised $5,101,520

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Delaney’s reports.[38]

Elijah Cummings (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 8, 2013$780,052.38$91,954.71$(93,542.07)$778,465.02
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$778,465.02$74,108.51$(106,723.83)$745,849.70
October Quarterly[41]October 13, 2013$745,849.70$150,248.29$(80,580.08)$815,517.91
Year-end[42]January 31, 2014$815,517$147,451$(86,661)$876,307
April Quarterly[43]April 15, 2014$876,307$135,196$(58,820)$952,684
Running totals
$598,958.51$(426,326.98)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.[44]

Cost per vote

Cummings spent $3.00 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.[45]

U.S. House, Maryland District 7, 2010 - Elijah Cummings Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $796,200
Total Spent $627,515
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $12,353
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $10,370
Top contributors to Elijah Cummings's campaign committee
Carnival Corp$10,500
American Maritime Officers$10,000
American Waterways Operators$10,000
CSX Corp$10,000
Lockheed Martin$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Sea Transport$83,483
Transportation Unions$65,000
Public Sector Unions$46,300
Lawyers/Law Firms$44,650
Railroads$33,000

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cummings is a "far-left Democrat" as of June 24, 2013.[46]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[47]

Cummings most often votes with:

Cummings least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cummings missed 317 of 11,381 roll call votes from April 1996 to March 2013, which is 2.8% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[48]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cummings paid his congressional staff a total of $1,075,548 in 2011. He ranked 67th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 88th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[49]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cummings's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between -$140,986 and $1,970,995. That averages to $915,004.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Cummings ranked as the 218th most wealthy representative in 2012.[50]

Elijah Cummings Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net Worth% Difference from previous year
2012$915,004.50-0.81%
2011$922,50413.12%
2010$815,502N/A

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2012

Cummings ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[51]

2011

Cummings ranked 65th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[52]

Voting with party

June 2013

Elijah Cummings voted with the Democratic Party 94.8% of the time, which ranked 27 among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[53]

Personal

Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.[54]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Elijah + Cummings + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Elijah Cummings News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Elijah Cummings," accessed December 1, 2011
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 1, 2011
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 NPR, "Progressive Democrats Doubt Syria Strategy," accessed September 6, 2013
  8. NPR, "Even In An Obama Stronghold, Voters Saying 'No' On Syria," accessed September 6, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Project Votesmart, "Elijah Cummings Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Politico, "Darrell Issa apologizes to Elijah Cummings," accessed March 11, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website
  25. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Candidates," accessed January 3, 2013
  26. Hometown Annapolis, "Maryland gets C on Transparency," accessed March 26, 2012
  27. Progressive Maryland, "2012 Candidates," accessed March 26, 2012
  28. Maryland State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results"
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings" accessed May 16, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Elijah Cummings 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Elijah Cummings April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Elijah Cummings July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  44. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 1, 2011
  46. GovTrack, "Cummings," accessed June 24, 2013
  47. OpenCongress, "Elijah Cummings," accessed August 5, 2013
  48. GovTrack, "Elijah Cummings," accessed April 2013
  49. LegiStorm, "Elijah Cummings"
  50. OpenSecrets.org, "Cummings (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  51. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  52. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  53. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  54. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 1, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Kweisi Mfume
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland District 7
1996–present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Maryland House of Delegates
1983-1996
Succeeded by
'