Difference between revisions of "Elijah Cummings"

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|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Tenure = April 16, 1996-Present
 
|Tenure = April 16, 1996-Present
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
+
|Term ends = January 3, 2017
 
|Assumed office = 1996
 
|Assumed office = 1996
 
|Political party = Democratic | Party dot = {{bluedot|size=10px}}
 
|Political party = Democratic | Party dot = {{bluedot|size=10px}}
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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Last election = [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 = $3.00
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = April 16, 1996
 
|First elected = April 16, 1996
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election = [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary =  
 +
|Next election = November 8, 2016
 
|Campaign $=5,101,520
 
|Campaign $=5,101,520
 
|Prior office = [[Maryland House of Delegates]]
 
|Prior office = [[Maryland House of Delegates]]
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|Place of birth = Baltimore, Maryland
 
|Place of birth = Baltimore, Maryland
 
|Profession = Attorney
 
|Profession = Attorney
|Net worth =  $922,504
+
|Net worth =  $915,004.50
 
|Religion = Baptist
 
|Religion = Baptist
 
|Office website =http://cummings.house.gov/
 
|Office website =http://cummings.house.gov/
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}}
 
}}
  
{{tnr}}'''Elijah Eugene Cummings''' (b. January 18, 1951) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. House of Representatives]] representing [[Maryland's 7th congressional district]]. Cummings was first elected to the House in a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings won re-election in 2012 and he defeated challengers [[Ty Busch]] and [[Charles Smith]] in the [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|Democratic primary]] on April 3, 2012.<ref name="primary">[http://mdimap.us/elections/ ''Maryland State Board of Elections'' "Primary Election Results 2012" Accessed April 3, 2012]</ref>
+
{{tnr}}'''Elijah Eugene Cummings''' (b. January 18, 1951, in Baltimore, [[Maryland|MD]]) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]]. Cummings was first elected to the House in a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings is currently serving his tenth consecutive term.
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cummings is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democrat]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''Gov Track'' "Cummings" Accessed May 16, 2012]</ref>
+
Cummings {{2014isrunning}} for re-election in [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]] in the general election on [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]. He defeated challengers [[Corrogan Vaughn]] (R) and [[Scott Soffen]] (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2014-election/results/map/house/ ''Politico'', "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014]</ref> He won the nomination in the [[Democratic]] primary on June 24, 2014.<ref name="primaryresults">[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/MD_US_House_0624.html?SITE=AP&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Primary Results 2014," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref>  
  
Cummings won re-election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, Maryland"]</ref>
+
Prior to his congressional career, Cummings was a member of the [[Maryland House of Delegates]].<ref name="bioguide"/>
 +
 
 +
Cummings is a potential candidate in [[United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016|Maryland's U.S. Senate]] race in 2016. The seat will be open following the retirement of [[Barbara Mikulski]].<ref name=sen16>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/md-politics/mikulskis-retirement-will-set-off-wild-democratic-scramble-to-succeed-her/2015/03/02/cd9e5608-c0ed-11e4-ad5c-3b8ce89f1b89_story.html ''The Washington Post'', "Mikulski’s retirement sets off wild Democratic scramble to succeed her," March 2, 2015]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{Introanalysis
 +
|Party=Democratic
 +
|Rating=Reliable
 +
|Pronoun=he
 +
|Fullname=Elijah Cummings
 +
|Lastname=Cummings
 +
}}
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, [[Maryland]]. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of [[Maryland]] Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000984 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'' "Elijah Cummings" Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, [[Maryland|MD]]. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of [[Maryland]] Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000984 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'', "Elijah Cummings," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
 +
 
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' political career<ref name="bioguide"/>:
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' academic, professional and political career:<ref name="bioguide"/>
*[[Maryland House of Representatives]], 1983-1996 ''Speaker Pro Temore, 1995-1996''
+
 
*[[U.S. House of Representatives]], [[Maryland's 7th congressional district]], 1996-Present
+
*1996-Present: U.S. Representative from [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]]
 +
*1983-1996: [[Maryland House of Delegates]]
 +
**1995-1996: Speaker Pro Tempore
 +
 
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 +
====2015-2016====
 +
Cummings serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk'', "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015]</ref>
 +
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]], ''Ranking Member''
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Transportation and Infrastructure Committee]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure#Coast Guard & Maritime Transportation|Subcommittee on Coast Guard & Maritime Transportation]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure#Railroads, Pipelines & Hazardous Materials|Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines & Hazardous Materials]]
 +
*Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi
 +
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Cummings serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
+
Cummings served on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. House of Representatives'', "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Cummings served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "House of Representatives Committee Assignments" Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
Cummings served on the following House committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'', "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]] ''Ranking Member''
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure|Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure]]
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**Subcommittee on Highways and Transit
 
**Subcommittee on Highways and Transit
  
==Issues==
+
==Key votes==
===Specific votes===
+
===113th Congress===
 +
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Cummings
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
 
 +
====DHS Appropriations====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Cummings voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes">[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/345/elijah-cummings#.Ulw1kVN0I7I ''Project Vote Smart'', "Elijah Cummings Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Keystone Pipeline Amendment====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
====CISPA (2013)====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Cummings voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:h.r.624: ''The Library of Congress'', "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
====NDAA====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cummings voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
===Economy===
 +
====Farm bill====
 +
{{House Farm Bill Dem No|Name=Cummings}}
 +
 
 +
====2014 Budget====
 +
{{House Budget 2014 Dem Yes|Name=Cummings}}
 +
 
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Nay vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Cummings voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{Yea vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Cummings voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Immigration===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-ElijahECummings-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 +
====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Cummings voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
===Healthcare===
 +
====Healthcare Reform Rules====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Cummings voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
====Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Cummings voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013.  The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185.  The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
===Social issues===
 +
====Amash amendment====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217.  The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act.  Both parties were split on the vote.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
{{Support vote}}
+
{{Yea vote}}
Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s080_000.gif|right|290px|thumb|Elijah Cummings's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cummings is a '''Hard-Core Liberal.''' Cummings received a score of 76 percent on social issues and 4 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Cummings|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://House.OnTheIssues.org/House/Elijah_Cummings.htm ''On The Issues'', "Elijah Cummings Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion=Strongly Favors
 +
|Hiring= Strongly Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Favors
 +
|God= Strongly Opposes
 +
|ObamaCare=Strongly Favors
 +
|Social Security= Strongly Opposes
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Animals=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Crime= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Guns= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Taxes=Favors
 +
|Citizenship=Strongly Favors
 +
|Free Trade= Opposes
 +
|United Nations=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Military=Opposes
 +
|Campaign Funds= Strongly Favors
 +
|Iran=Favors
 +
|Energy=Strongly Favors
 +
|Marijuana=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Stimulus=Strongly Favors
 +
}}
  
 
===Campaign themes===
 
===Campaign themes===
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
The following are five issues which were highlighted by Cummings on his campaign website.<ref>[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/Elijah_Cummings/Issues.html Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website]</ref>
+
The following are five issues which were highlighted by Cummings on his campaign website.<ref name="official">[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/Elijah_Cummings/Issues.html ''Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website', "Issues," accessed 2012]</ref>
  
 
*'''Jobs'''
 
*'''Jobs'''
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*'''Health-Care'''
 
*'''Health-Care'''
Excerpt: Cummings supports the "long-term goal" of a single-payer healthcare system.<ref>[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/Elijah_Cummings/Issues/New_Issues/Health_Care_2010.html Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website]</ref>
+
Excerpt: Cummings supports the "long-term goal" of a single-payer healthcare system.<ref name="official" />
  
 
*'''Education'''
 
*'''Education'''
Excerpt: "And I was deeply gratified to support expanded funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act which increased the maximum Pell Grant scholarship for the 2009-2010 school year by $600 to $5,350 - and is reducing the interest rate on subsidized federal student loans."<ref>[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/Elijah_Cummings/Issues/New_Issues/Education_2010.html Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website]</ref>
+
Excerpt: "And I was deeply gratified to support expanded funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act which increased the maximum Pell Grant scholarship for the 2009-2010 school year by $600 to $5,350 - and is reducing the interest rate on subsidized federal student loans."<ref name="official" />
  
 
*'''Chesapeake Bay'''
 
*'''Chesapeake Bay'''
Excerpt: "we must begin implementing more formal, legally enforceable structures to control pollutant loadings. However, current law does not provide sufficient legal authority to establish, implement, and assess the results of the pollutant controls that the Bay needs."<ref>[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/Elijah_Cummings/Issues/New_Issues/Chesapeake_Bay_2010.html Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website]</ref>
+
Excerpt: "we must begin implementing more formal, legally enforceable structures to control pollutant loadings. However, current law does not provide sufficient legal authority to establish, implement, and assess the results of the pollutant controls that the Bay needs."<ref name="official" />
  
 
*'''Medicare and Medcaid'''
 
*'''Medicare and Medcaid'''
Excerpt: "Along with my Democratic colleagues in the Senate and House, I will fight to preserve Medicare and Medicaid as a guaranteed healthcare benefits."<ref>[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/Elijah_Cummings/Issues/New_Issues/Resonsible_Budget.html Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website]</ref>
+
Excerpt: "Along with my Democratic colleagues in the Senate and House, I will fight to preserve Medicare and Medicaid as a guaranteed healthcare benefits."<ref name="official" />
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2016===
 +
::''See also: [[United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016]]''
 +
 +
Cummings is a potential candidate in [[United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016|Maryland's U.S. Senate]] race in 2016. The seat will be open following the retirement of [[Barbara Mikulski]].<ref name=sen16/>
 +
 +
===2014===
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
 +
 +
Cummings {{2014isrunning}} for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. He won the nomination in the [[Democratic]] primary on June 24, 2014.<ref name="primaryresults">[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/MD_US_House_0624.html?SITE=AP&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "Primary Results 2014," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref> {{Nov2014genelection}}
 +
{{Mddis7genelecbox14}}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
:: ''See also: [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
  
Cummings ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]], representing [[United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2012|Maryland's]] [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|7th District]]. He defeated challengers [[Ty Busch]] and [[Charles Smith]] in the [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|Democratic primary]] on April 3, 2012. <ref name="source">[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/primary_candidates/statecandidateslist.aspx?office=008 ''Maryland State Board of Elections'' "Candidates" Accessed January 3, 2013] </ref>   
+
Cummings ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2012|U.S. House]] to represent [[United States House of Representatives elections in Maryland, 2012|Maryland's]] [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|7th District]]. He defeated challengers [[Ty Busch]] and [[Charles Smith]] in the [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|Democratic primary]] on April 3, 2012.<ref name="source">[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/primary_candidates/statecandidateslist.aspx?office=008 ''Maryland State Board of Elections'', "Candidates," accessed January 3, 2013] ''([[dead link]])'' </ref>   
  
Cummings was endorsed by the organization [http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 Progressive Maryland] in his race for re-election in [[Maryland]]'s [[Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012|7th district]].<ref>[http://www.hometownannapolis.com/news/GOV/2012/03/22-46/Political-Notes-Maryland-gets-C-on-transparency.html ''Hometown Annapolis'' "Maryland gets C on Transparency" Accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 ''Progressive Maryland'' "2012 Candidates" Accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/results/primary/gen_results_2012_3_00807.html Maryland State Board of Elections "2012 Primary Results"]</ref>
+
Cummings was endorsed by the organization [https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 Progressive Maryland] in his race for re-election in [[Maryland]]'s [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012|7th District]].<ref>[http://www.hometownannapolis.com/news/GOV/2012/03/22-46/Political-Notes-Maryland-gets-C-on-transparency.html ''Hometown Annapolis'', "Maryland gets C on Transparency," accessed March 26, 2012] ''([[dead link]])''</ref><ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 ''Progressive Maryland'', "2012 Candidates," accessed March 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.elections.state.md.us/elections/2012/results/primary/gen_results_2012_3_00807.html ''Maryland State Board of Elections'', "2012 Primary Results," accessed 2012]</ref>
  
 
{{Mddis7genelecbox12}}
 
{{Mddis7genelecbox12}}
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==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/140/Elijah-E-Cummings Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Cummings attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-ElijahECummings-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Cummings
 
|Name=Cummings
 
|year=2000
 
|year=2000
 
|Editdate= May 16, 2013
 
|Editdate= May 16, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00001971&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Elijah Cummings" Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00001971&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Elijah Cummings," accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 +
|totalraised2014=898537
 +
|result2014=Won
 +
|office2014=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District{{!}}District 7]])
 
|totalraised2012=795483
 
|totalraised2012=795483
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2010=796200
 
|totalraised2010=796200
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2008=951855
 
|totalraised2008=951855
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2008=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2006=882989
 
|totalraised2006=882989
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2006=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2004=810195
 
|totalraised2004=810195
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2004=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2002=496119
 
|totalraised2002=496119
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2002=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
 
|totalraised2000=368679
 
|totalraised2000=368679
 
|result2000=Won
 
|result2000=Won
|office2000=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th congressional district|District 7]])
+
|office2000=U.S. House (Maryland, [[Maryland's 7th Congressional District|District 7]])
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-ElijahECummings-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|width=300px}}
 +
 
 +
===2014===
 +
Cummings won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2014. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $898,537 and spent $787,933.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001971&cycle=2014 ''Open Secrets'', "Elijah Cummings 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 7, 2015]</ref> This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/overview/bigspenders.php?cycle=2014&display=A&Memb=H&sort=O ''Open Secrets'', "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 7, 2015]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Cummings spent $5.45 per general election vote received in 2014.
 +
 
 +
{{Congress donor box 2014
 +
|winner = Y
 +
|Chamber = U.S. House, Maryland District 7
 +
|party = Democratic
 +
|total raised = $898,537
 +
|total spent = $787,933
 +
|opponent raised = $0
 +
|opponent spent = $0
 +
|org1 = Edison Chouest Offshore
 +
|org2 = Seafarers International Union
 +
|org3 = American Crystal Sugar
 +
|org4 = American Federation of Teachers
 +
|org5 = American Maritime Officers
 +
|orgdonor1 = $38,900
 +
|orgdonor2 = $10,500
 +
|orgdonor3 = $10,000
 +
|orgdonor4 = $10,000
 +
|orgdonor5 = $10,000
 +
|ind1 = Public Sector Unions
 +
|ind2 = Transportation Unions
 +
|ind3 = Sea Transport
 +
|ind4 = Oil & Gas
 +
|ind5 = Building Trade Unions
 +
|inddonor1 = $103,000
 +
|inddonor2 = $80,500
 +
|inddonor3 = $48,200
 +
|inddonor4 = $39,050
 +
|inddonor5 = $33,400
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Elijah Cummings Donors 2014.JPG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2014 election.]]}}
 +
 
 +
Below are Delaney’s FEC reports.<ref>[http://query.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?C00310318 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Elijah Cummings 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{Elijah Cummings 2014 FEC}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Elijah_Cummings-2012_donor_breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001971 ''Open Secrets'', "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013]</ref>
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001971 ''Open Secrets'' "2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 16, 2013]</ref>
+
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Cummings spent $3.00 per vote received in 2012.
 +
 
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Maryland District 7
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised =  $795,483
 
|total raised =  $795,483
Line 223: Line 398:
 
|ind4 = Health Professionals
 
|ind4 = Health Professionals
 
|ind5 = Industrial Unions
 
|ind5 = Industrial Unions
|inddonor1 = $87,500
+
|inddonor1 = $87,500
 
|inddonor2 = $67,100
 
|inddonor2 = $67,100
 
|inddonor3 = $51,000
 
|inddonor3 = $51,000
Line 229: Line 404:
 
|inddonor5 = $32,000
 
|inddonor5 = $32,000
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Elijah_Cummings-2012_donor_breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Elijah_Cummings_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
+
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00001971&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2010&type=I&cid=N00001971&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, Maryland's 7th Congressional District
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, Maryland District 7
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised = $796,200
 
|total raised = $796,200
Line 261: Line 436:
 
|inddonor4 = $44,650
 
|inddonor4 = $44,650
 
|inddonor5 = $33,000
 
|inddonor5 = $33,000
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Elijah_Cummings_2010_Donor_Breakdown.PNG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of two different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cummings's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between -$140,986 and $1,970,995. That averages to '''$915,004.50,''' which was lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Cummings ranked as the 218th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001971&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Cummings (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Cummings' calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).</ref> increased by an average of 40 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name = Elijah Cummings
 +
|Political Party = Democratic
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 212700
 +
|2010 = 815502
 +
|2011 =  922504
 +
|2012 =915004
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the [[113th Congress]], Cummings was the ranking Democratic member of the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]]. Cummings received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Transportation Unions'' industry.
 +
 +
From 1995-2014, '''29.35 percent of Cummings' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=Career&type=I&cid=N00001971&newMem=N ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Elijah E. Cummings," accessed September 19, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Democratic
 +
|total raised = 6966545
 +
|total spent = 6042112
 +
|ind1 = Transportation Unions
 +
|ind2 = Public Sector Unions
 +
|ind3 = Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|ind4 = Building Trade Unions
 +
|ind5 = Industrial Unions
 +
|inddonor1 = 551600
 +
|inddonor2 = 474850
 +
|inddonor3 = 440368
 +
|inddonor4 = 296700
 +
|inddonor5 = 281250
 +
|district =
 +
|committee = [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]]
 +
|rank = Ranking member
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 +
===Ideology and leadership===
 +
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 +
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cummings was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democrat]]" as of August 5, 2014. This was the same rating Cummings received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack'', "Cummings," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref>
 +
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400090_Elijah_Cummings ''OpenCongress'', "Elijah Cummings," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Cummings most often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Suzanne Bonamici]]
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Cummings least often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Jeff Duncan]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-ElijahECummings-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
 +
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cummings missed 317 of 11,381 roll call votes from Apr 1996 to Mar 2013, which is 2.8% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. <ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack,'' "Elijah Cummings" Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cummings missed 346 of 12,412 roll call votes from April 1996 to August 2014, which was 2.8% of votes during that period. This was worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/elijah_cummings/400090 ''GovTrack'', "Elijah Cummings," accessed August 2014]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cummings paid his congressional staff a total of $1,075,548 in 2011.  He ranked 67th on the list of the highest paid Democratic Representative Staff Salaries and he ranked 88th overall of the highest paid Representative Staff Salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Maryland]] ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/561/Rep_Elijah_Cummings.html LegiStorm "Elijah Cummings"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cummings paid his congressional staff a total of $1,075,548 in 2011.  He ranked 67th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 88th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Maryland]] ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/561/Rep_Elijah_Cummings.html ''LegiStorm'', "Elijah Cummings," accessed 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
 
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Cummings' net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$139,986 and $1,984,995. This averages to $922,504, which is a 13.12% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001971&year=2011''OpenSecrets.org'', "Cummings, (D-Maryland), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Cummings' net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-243,990 and $1,874,994. That averages to $815,502, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001971&year=2010''OpenSecrets.org'', "Cummings, (D-Maryland), 2010"]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
Each year, ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
+
 
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.  
 +
 
 +
====2013====
 +
Cummings ranked 40th in the liberal rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
According to the data released in 2013, Cummings was ranked the 20th most liberal representative during 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
Cummings ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
According to the data released in 2012, Elijah Cummings was ranked the 65th most liberal representative during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Cummings ranked 65th in the liberal rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
====November 2011====
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Elijah Cummbings
+
|name=Cummings
 +
|party=Democratic
 +
|percent= 96.4 percent
 +
|rank=4th
 +
|total=204
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=August 2014
 +
|DHouse=Y
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
====2013====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Cummings
 
|party= Democratic
 
|party= Democratic
|percent=95.0%
+
|percent=94.8 percent
|rank=14
+
|rank=27th
|total=192
+
|total=201
 
|chamber=House
 
|chamber=House
|year=November 2011
+
|year=June 2013
 
|DHouse=Y
 
|DHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Personal==
 +
Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.<ref>[http://cummings.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Official House Site'', "Biography," accessed December 1, 2011] ''([[dead link]])''</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
Line 309: Line 567:
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Elijah+Cummings+Maryland+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Elijah Cummings News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Elijah+Cummings+Maryland+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Elijah Cummings News Feed}}
  
==Personal==
+
==See also==
Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.<ref>[http://cummings.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Official House Site'' "Biography," Accessed December 1, 2011]</ref>
+
*[[Maryland]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from Maryland]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[Maryland's 7th Congressional District]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{submit a link}}
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-elijah-cummings/345|Name=Elijah Cummings}}
 
*[http://cummings.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://cummings.house.gov/ Official House website]
 
*[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/ Official campaign website]
 
*[http://www.cummingsforcongress.com/ Official campaign website]
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = c000984 | votesmart = 345 | rollcall = 232 | govtrack = 400090 | opencong = 400090 | cspan = 43300 | imdb = nm3067972 | ontheissues = House/Elijah_Cummings.htm | congress = elijah-cummings/256 | natjournal = 126 | legistorm = 561/Rep_Elijah_Cummings_MD.html | fec = H6MD07160 | opensecrets = N00001971 | followthemoney = | politifact = elijah-cummings/ | worldcat = lccn-n2010-180659 | bloomberg = elijah-cummings | nyt = | washpo = gIQAKaxDAP | wsj = | fb = elijahcummings | flickr = 46751991@N04 | twitter = ElijahECummings | youtube = ElijahECummings | nndb = 297/000036189 | wikipedia = Elijah_Cummings | merge=MD07 }}
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = c000984 | votesmart = 345 | rollcall = 232 | govtrack = 400090 | opencong = 400090 | cspan = 43300 | imdb = nm3067972 | ontheissues = House/Elijah_Cummings.htm | congress = elijah-cummings/256 | natjournal = 126 | legistorm = 561/Rep_Elijah_Cummings_MD.html | fec = H6MD07160 | opensecrets = N00001971 | followthemoney = | politifact = elijah-cummings/ | worldcat = lccn-n2010-180659 | bloomberg = elijah-cummings | nyt = | washpo = gIQAKaxDAP | wsj = | fb = elijahcummings | flickr = 46751991@N04 | twitter = ElijahECummings | youtube = ElijahECummings | nndb = 297/000036189 | wikipedia = Elijah_Cummings | merge=MD07 }}
----
 
*[http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Elijah_Cummings Profile] at SourceWatch
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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[[category:112th Congress]]
 
[[category:112th Congress]]
 
[[Category:113th Congress]]
 
[[Category:113th Congress]]
 +
[[Category:114th Congress]]
 
[[category:Maryland]]
 
[[category:Maryland]]
 
[[category:Democratic Party]]
 
[[category:Democratic Party]]
 +
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}
 +
 +
<!--2016 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2016|Status=challenger|Chamber=U.S. Senate|Potential=Y|Primary=|General=}}

Latest revision as of 12:37, 17 April 2015

Elijah Cummings
Elijah Cummings.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 7
Incumbent
In office
April 16, 1996-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 19
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorKweisi Mfume (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$3.00 in 2012
First electedApril 16, 1996
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$5,101,520
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Maryland House of Delegates
1983-1996
Education
High schoolBaltimore City College High School
Bachelor'sHoward University
J.D.University of Maryland School of Law
Personal
Date of birthJanuary 18, 1951
Place of birthBaltimore, Maryland
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$915,004.50
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Elijah Cummings campaign logo
Elijah Eugene Cummings (b. January 18, 1951, in Baltimore, MD) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 7th Congressional District. Cummings was first elected to the House in a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings is currently serving his tenth consecutive term.

Cummings ran for re-election in Maryland's 7th Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014. He defeated challengers Corrogan Vaughn (R) and Scott Soffen (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1] He won the nomination in the Democratic primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

Prior to his congressional career, Cummings was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates.[3]

Cummings is a potential candidate in Maryland's U.S. Senate race in 2016. The seat will be open following the retirement of Barbara Mikulski.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cummings is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, MD. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of Maryland Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' academic, professional and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Cummings serves on the following committees:[5]

2013-2014

Cummings served on the following committees:[6][7]

Joint Economic Committee

2011-2012

Cummings served on the following House committees:[8]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[9] For more information pertaining to Cummings's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Cummings voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Cummings voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

NDAA

Yea3.png Cummings voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Cummings voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Cummings joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Cummings voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cummings voted for HR 2775.[23]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Cummings voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Cummings voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Cummings voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[24]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Elijah Cummings's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cummings is a Hard-Core Liberal. Cummings received a score of 76 percent on social issues and 4 percent on economic issues.[25]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[26]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[25] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Campaign themes

2012

The following are five issues which were highlighted by Cummings on his campaign website.[27]

  • Jobs

Excerpt: "The Stimulus was a good beginning. Now, we must push even harder for additional federal initiatives that are targeted at creating jobs in the communities that have been hardest hit by the economic downturn - the Baltimore Region among them."

  • Health-Care

Excerpt: Cummings supports the "long-term goal" of a single-payer healthcare system.[27]

  • Education

Excerpt: "And I was deeply gratified to support expanded funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act which increased the maximum Pell Grant scholarship for the 2009-2010 school year by $600 to $5,350 - and is reducing the interest rate on subsidized federal student loans."[27]

  • Chesapeake Bay

Excerpt: "we must begin implementing more formal, legally enforceable structures to control pollutant loadings. However, current law does not provide sufficient legal authority to establish, implement, and assess the results of the pollutant controls that the Bay needs."[27]

  • Medicare and Medcaid

Excerpt: "Along with my Democratic colleagues in the Senate and House, I will fight to preserve Medicare and Medicaid as a guaranteed healthcare benefits."[27]

Elections

2016

See also: United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016

Cummings is a potential candidate in Maryland's U.S. Senate race in 2016. The seat will be open following the retirement of Barbara Mikulski.[4]

2014

See also: Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Cummings ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the nomination in the Democratic primary on June 24, 2014.[2] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Maryland District 7 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 69.9% 144,639
     Republican Corrogan Vaughn 27% 55,860
     Libertarian Scott Soffen 3% 6,103
     Write-in Others 0.1% 207
Total Votes 206,809
Source: Maryland Secretary of State Official Results

2012

See also: Maryland's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cummings ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Maryland's 7th District. He defeated challengers Ty Busch and Charles Smith in the Democratic primary on April 3, 2012.[28]

Cummings was endorsed by the organization Progressive Maryland in his race for re-election in Maryland's 7th District.[29][30][31]

U.S. House, Maryland District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 76.5% 247,770
     Republican Frank Mirabile, Jr. 20.8% 67,405
     Libertarian Ronald Owens-Bey 2.5% 8,211
     Democratic Ty Busch (Write-in) 0% 10
     Democratic Charles Smith (Write-in) 0% 28
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 394
Total Votes 323,818
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"
U.S. House, Maryland, District 7 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 92.8% 49,625
Ty Glen Busch 2.6% 1,396
Charles U. Smith 4.6% 2,438
Total Votes 53,459

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cummings attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cummings is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Cummings raised a total of $6,000,057 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[40]

Elijah Cummings's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $898,537
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $795,483
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $796,200
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $951,855
2006 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $882,989
2004 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $810,195
2002 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $496,119
2000 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $368,679
Grand Total Raised $6,000,057


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $898,537 and spent $787,933.[41] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[42]

Cost per vote

Cummings spent $5.45 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Maryland District 7, 2014 - Elijah Cummings Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $898,537
Total Spent $787,933
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Elijah Cummings's campaign committee
Edison Chouest Offshore$38,900
Seafarers International Union$10,500
American Crystal Sugar$10,000
American Federation of Teachers$10,000
American Maritime Officers$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Public Sector Unions$103,000
Transportation Unions$80,500
Sea Transport$48,200
Oil & Gas$39,050
Building Trade Unions$33,400

Below are Delaney’s FEC reports.[43]

2012

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.[51]

Cost per vote

Cummings spent $3.00 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.[52]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cummings's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between -$140,986 and $1,970,995. That averages to $915,004.50, which was lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Cummings ranked as the 218th most wealthy representative in 2012.[53] Between 2004 and 2012, Cummings' calculated net worth[54] increased by an average of 40 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[55]

Elijah Cummings Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$212,700
2012$915,004
Growth from 2004 to 2012:330%
Average annual growth:41%[56]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[57]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). In the 113th Congress, Cummings was the ranking Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Cummings received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Transportation Unions industry.

From 1995-2014, 29.35 percent of Cummings' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[58]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Elijah Cummings Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $6,966,545
Total Spent $6,042,112
Ranking member of the United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Transportation Unions$551,600
Public Sector Unions$474,850
Lawyers/Law Firms$440,368
Building Trade Unions$296,700
Industrial Unions$281,250
% total in top industry7.92%
% total in top two industries14.73%
% total in top five industries29.35%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cummings was a "far-left Democrat" as of August 5, 2014. This was the same rating Cummings received in June 2013.[59]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[60]

Cummings most often votes with:

Cummings least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cummings missed 346 of 12,412 roll call votes from April 1996 to August 2014, which was 2.8% of votes during that period. This was worse than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[61]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cummings paid his congressional staff a total of $1,075,548 in 2011. He ranked 67th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 88th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[62]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Cummings ranked 40th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[63]

2012

Cummings ranked 20th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[64]

2011

Cummings ranked 65th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[65]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Cummings voted with the Democratic Party 96.4 percent of the time, which ranked 4th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[66]

2013

Cummings voted with the Democratic Party 94.8 percent of the time, which ranked 27th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[67]

Personal

Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.[68]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Elijah + Cummings + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Elijah Cummings News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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References

  1. Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "Primary Results 2014," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Elijah Cummings," accessed December 1, 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Washington Post, "Mikulski’s retirement sets off wild Democratic scramble to succeed her," March 2, 2015
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  8. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 1, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Project Vote Smart, "Elijah Cummings Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  25. 25.0 25.1 On The Issues, "Elijah Cummings Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  26. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website', "Issues," accessed 2012
  28. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Candidates," accessed January 3, 2013 (dead link)
  29. Hometown Annapolis, "Maryland gets C on Transparency," accessed March 26, 2012 (dead link)
  30. Progressive Maryland, "2012 Candidates," accessed March 26, 2012
  31. Maryland State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results," accessed 2012
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings," accessed May 16, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 7, 2015
  42. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 7, 2015
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Elijah Cummings 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Elijah Cummings April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Elijah Cummings July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2014
  51. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 1, 2011
  53. OpenSecrets, "Cummings (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  55. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  57. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  58. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Elijah E. Cummings," accessed September 19, 2014
  59. GovTrack, "Cummings," accessed August 5, 2014
  60. OpenCongress, "Elijah Cummings," accessed August 5, 2014
  61. GovTrack, "Elijah Cummings," accessed August 2014
  62. LegiStorm, "Elijah Cummings," accessed 2012
  63. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014
  64. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  65. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  67. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  68. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 1, 2011 (dead link)
Political offices
Preceded by
Kweisi Mfume
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland District 7
1996–present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Maryland House of Delegates
1983-1996
Succeeded by
'