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Elijah Cummings

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Elijah Cummings
Elijah Cummings.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 7
Incumbent
In office
April 16, 1996-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 18
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorKweisi Mfume (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.00 in 2012
First electedApril 16, 1996
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$5,101,520
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Maryland House of Delegates
1983-1996
Education
High schoolBaltimore City College High School
Bachelor'sHoward University
J.D.University of Maryland School of Law
Personal
BirthdayJanuary 18, 1951
Place of birthBaltimore, Maryland
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$922,504
ReligionBaptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Elijah Cummings campaign logo
Elijah Eugene Cummings (b. January 18, 1951, in Baltimore, Maryland) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 7th congressional district. Edwards was first elected to the House in a 1996 special election following the resignation of Rep. Kweisi Mfume. Cummings is currently serving his ninth consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012 . [1]

Cummings is set to run for re-election in Maryland's 7th congressional district in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Prior to his congressional career Cummings was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cummings is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Cummings was born in 1951 in Baltimore, Maryland. After graduating from Baltimore City College High School, he went on to earn his B.S. from Howard University and his J.D. from the University of Maryland Law School in 1973 and 1976, respectively. Prior to his political career, Cummings worked as an attorney.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cummings' political career[2]:

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Cummings serves on the following committees:[3]

Joint Economic Committee

2011-2012

Cummings served on the following House committees:[4]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Cummings's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

In an interview on September 5, 2013, with Michel Martin, host of NPR's Tell Me More, Cummings said he has encountered near-universal opposition to involvement in Syria in his district.[7][8]

In the interview he said, "We are in a situation where, first of all, 95 — probably 97 percent — of everybody who calls my office and emails my office — and this, by the way, I come from a district which was about 85 percent for President Obama — [is] saying 'no.' And walking in here today to my office, I had a nurse ... at Johns Hopkins who's been there for 17 years, begged me not to vote for this bill...So I said, 'Do you understand there's chemical weapons?' She said, 'Folks have been using chemical weapons for a long time.' She said, 'Do you realize when I took my son to school, they didn't even have books for him to even, you know, to learn from? But we're going over to a country and we're gonna be bombing — we don't even know how it's gonna end."[7]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "No" Cummings voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Voted "No" Cummings voted against HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

Economy

Immigration

Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "No" Cummings voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "No" Cummings voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[9]

Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act

Voted "No" Cummings voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[9]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Cummings voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[11]

Campaign themes

2012

The following are five issues which were highlighted by Cummings on his campaign website.[12]

  • Jobs

Excerpt: "The Stimulus was a good beginning. Now, we must push even harder for additional federal initiatives that are targeted at creating jobs in the communities that have been hardest hit by the economic downturn - the Baltimore Region among them."

  • Health-Care

Excerpt: Cummings supports the "long-term goal" of a single-payer healthcare system.[12]

  • Education

Excerpt: "And I was deeply gratified to support expanded funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act which increased the maximum Pell Grant scholarship for the 2009-2010 school year by $600 to $5,350 - and is reducing the interest rate on subsidized federal student loans."[12]

  • Chesapeake Bay

Excerpt: "we must begin implementing more formal, legally enforceable structures to control pollutant loadings. However, current law does not provide sufficient legal authority to establish, implement, and assess the results of the pollutant controls that the Bay needs."[12]

  • Medicare and Medcaid

Excerpt: "Along with my Democratic colleagues in the Senate and House, I will fight to preserve Medicare and Medicaid as a guaranteed healthcare benefits."[12]

Elections

2014

See also: Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2014

Cummings is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Maryland's 7th congressional district elections, 2012

Cummings ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Maryland's 7th District. He defeated challengers Ty Busch and Charles Smith in the Democratic primary on April 3, 2012. [13]

Cummings was endorsed by the organization Progressive Maryland in his race for re-election in Maryland's 7th district.[14][15][16]

U.S. House, Maryland District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 76.5% 247,770
     Republican Frank Mirabile, Jr. 20.8% 67,405
     Libertarian Ronald Owens-Bey 2.5% 8,211
     Democratic Ty Busch (Write-in) 0% 10
     Democratic Charles Smith (Write-in) 0% 28
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 394
Total Votes 323,818
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"
U.S. House, Maryland, District 7 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngElijah Cummings Incumbent 92.8% 49,625
Ty Glen Busch 2.6% 1,396
Charles U. Smith 4.6% 2,438
Total Votes 53,459

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Cummings is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Cummings raised a total of $5,101,520 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[25]

Elijah Cummings's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $795,483
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $796,200
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $951,855
2006 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $882,989
2004 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $810,195
2002 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $496,119
2000 U.S. House (Maryland, District 7) Won $368,679
Grand Total Raised $5,101,520

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Delaney’s reports.[26]

Elijah Cummings (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[27]April 8, 2013$780,052.38$91,954.71$(93,542.07)$778,465.02
July Quarterly[28]July 15, 2013$778,465.02$74,108.51$(106,723.83)$745,849.70
Running totals
$166,063.22$(200,265.9)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $795,483 and spent $842,135.[29]

Cost per vote

Cummings spent $3.00 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Cummings' campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Cummings won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Cummings' campaign committee raised a total of $796,200 and spent $627,515.[30]

U.S. House of Representatives, Maryland's 7th Congressional District, 2010 - Elijah Cummings Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $796,200
Total Spent $627,515
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $12,353
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $10,370
Top contributors to Elijah Cummings's campaign committee
Carnival Corp$10,500
American Maritime Officers$10,000
American Waterways Operators$10,000
CSX Corp$10,000
Lockheed Martin$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Sea Transport$83,483
Transportation Unions$65,000
Public Sector Unions$46,300
Lawyers/Law Firms$44,650
Railroads$33,000

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cummings is a "far-left Democrat" as of June 24, 2013.[31]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[32]

Cummings most often votes with:

Cummings least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cummings missed 317 of 11,381 roll call votes from Apr 1996 to Mar 2013, which is 2.8% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. [33]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cummings paid his congressional staff a total of $1,075,548 in 2011. He ranked 67th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 88th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[34]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cummings' net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$139,986 and $1,984,995. This averages to $922,504, which is a 13.12% increase since 2010. This is lower than the $5,107,874 average net worth for Democratic representatives in 2011.[35]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cummings' net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-243,990 and $1,874,994. That averages to $815,502, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[36]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, Cummings was ranked the 20th most liberal representative during 2012.[37]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Elijah Cummings was ranked the 65th most liberal representative during 2011.[38]

Voting with party

June 2013

Elijah Cummings voted with the Democratic Party 94.8% of the time, which ranked 27 among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[39]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Elijah + Cummings + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

  • Loading...

Personal

Cummings is married to Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.[40]

External links


References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Elijah Cummings," Accessed December 1, 2011
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  4. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," Accessed December 1, 2011
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 NPR, "Progressive Democrats Doubt Syria Strategy," accessed September 6, 2013
  8. NPR, "Even In An Obama Stronghold, Voters Saying 'No' On Syria," accessed September 6, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Project Votesmart, "Elijah Cummings Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," Accessed January 4, 2013.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Elijah Cummings' Official Campaign Website
  13. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Candidates," Accessed January 3, 2013
  14. Hometown Annapolis, "Maryland gets C on Transparency," Accessed March 26, 2012
  15. Progressive Maryland, "2012 Candidates," Accessed March 26, 2012
  16. Maryland State Board of Elections, "2012 Primary Results"
  17. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  18. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  19. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  20. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  21. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  22. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  23. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  24. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  25. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings" Accessed May 16, 2013
  26. Federal Election Commission "Elijah Cummings Summary Report," Accessed July 25, 2013
  27. Federal Election Commission "Elijah Cummings April Quarterly," Accessed July 25, 2013
  28. Federal Election Commission "Elijah Cummings July Quarterly," Accessed July 25, 2013
  29. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed February 16, 2013
  30. Open Secrets, "Elijah Cummings 2010 Re-Election Cycle," Accessed December 1, 2011
  31. GovTrack, "Cummings," Accessed June 24, 2013
  32. OpenCongress, "Elijah Cummings," Accessed August 5, 2013
  33. GovTrack, "Elijah Cummings," Accessed April 2013
  34. LegiStorm, "Elijah Cummings"
  35. OpenSecrets.org, "Cummings, (D-Maryland), 2011"
  36. OpenSecrets.org, "Cummings, (D-Maryland), 2010"
  37. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  38. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  39. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  40. Official House Site, "Biography," Accessed December 1, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Kweisi Mfume
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland District 7
1996–present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Maryland House of Delegates
1983-1996
Succeeded by
'