|U.S. Senate, Massachusetts|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2019|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Scott Brown (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 2018|
|Bachelor's||University of Houston|
|Date of birth||June 22, 1949|
|Place of birth||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Net worth||(2012) $6,990,514|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Warren is scheduled to run for re-election in 2018.
Prior to her election in the Senate, Warren served as a professor at Harvard Law School.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Warren is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Warren was born on June 22, 1949, in Oklahoma City, OK. She graduated from high schoool at age 16 and earned a B.S. in speech pathology in 1970 from the University of Houston. She earned her J.D. from Rutgers School of Law in 1976. She has taught at the University of Texas, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania and Harvard University.
In January 2012, Warren was named a "Top-20 US Progressive" according to The New Statesman, a magazine based in the United Kingdom. Other members of the list include Paul Krugman, Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky and Rachel Maddow.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Warren's academic, professional and political career:
- 2012-Present: U.S. Senator from Massachusetts
- 2010-2011: Special assistant to President Barack Obama for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
- 2008-2010: Chair, Congressional Oversight Panel for the Troubled Asset Relief Program
- 1976: Graduated from Rutgers University with a Juris Doctor
- 1970: Graduated from the University of Houston with a B.S.
- 1966-1968: Attended George Washington University
Prior to entering politics, Warren was an elementary school teacher, lawyer, law professor and bankruptcy analyst.
Warren serves on the following Senate committees:
- Special Committee on Aging
- Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee
- Subcommittee on Economic Policy Ranking Member
- Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection
- Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance, and Investment
- Energy and Natural Resources Committee
- Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee
- Subcommittee on Primary Health and Retirement Security
- Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Subcommittee on Securities, Insurance and Investment
- Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection Members
- Subcommittee on Housing, Transportation and Community Development
- Special Committee on Aging
- Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
- Subcommittee on Primary Health and Aging
- Subcommittee on Children and Families
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Warren's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
John Brennan CIA nomination
Warren voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Warren was one of nine Democratic senators who voted against the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Warren voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Warren voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
Warren voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Warren is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Warren received a score of 66 percent on social issues and 9 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Strongly Opposes|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Opposes||Human needs over animal rights||Strongly Opposes|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Favors||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Opposes|
|Support & expand free trade||Opposes||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Strongly Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Strongly Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Unknown|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Favors||Expand the military||Opposes|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Strongly Favors||Stay out of Iran||Favors|
|Privatize Social Security||Strongly Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Favors|
|Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015. If you notice the rating has changed, email us.|
During a March 2013 panel hearing for the United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, entitled "Keeping up with a Changing Economy: Indexing the Minimum Wage," Warren spoke in favor of raising the minimum wage. Speaking to Arindrajit Dube, an assistant professor at the Department of Economics at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, about the correlation between worker productivity and minimum wage, she asked, "If we started in 1960, and we said [that] as productivity goes up … then the minimum wage was going to go up the same … if that were the case, the minimum wage today would be about $22 an hour. So my question is, Mr. Dube, with a minimum wage of $7.25 an hour, what happened to the other $14.75?" She later proceeded to make an argument for the figure of $10 an hour, saying, "During my Senate campaign, I [frequently] ate a Number 11 at McDonald’s. It cost $7.19. If we raised the minimum wage to $10.10 over three years, the price increase on that item would be to about $7.23. Are you telling me that's unsustainable?"
Federal Reserve chair
On September 16, 2013, Warren endorsed Janet Yellen for the Federal Reserve chair position saying, "I hope she’s nominated. She has great experience, she has great judgment. I think she would make a terrific Federal Reserve chair. The president will make his decision, but I hope that happens."
Despite many believing Larry Summers would be President Obama's choice for the position, Warren was willing to publicly state her objection to the man who ran Harvard University while she was a professor at its law school. Warren told press that it was "no secret" Summers was not her first choice. On September 15, 2013, Summers withdrew himself from consideration.
During the 2013 annual St. Patrick's Day Breakfast, Warren took a jab at one of the Republican contenders for the 2013 special election to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Winslow, for his positions on guns and the legalization of marijuana, saying, "I advise everyone to pay very close attention to Dan Winslow’s platform...He has a 100 percent ranking from the gun lobby and he’s for the legalization of marijuana. He wants us armed and stoned." While Warren previously expressed firm disapproval for efforts to legalize marijuana, most notably during a debate in October 2011, she has more recently expressed qualified support for legalizing certain medical applications of the drug, provided that there is regulation and careful control exercised. Medical marijuana was legalized in Massachusetts by a voter approved ballot question in 2012.
Comments on the SCOTUS
During a September 2013 AFL-CIO conference in Los Angeles, CA, Warren referred to the members of the Supreme Court of the United States as some of the "top 10 most pro-corporate justices in half a century." Warren continued:
- "You follow this pro-corporate trend to its logical conclusion, and sooner or later you’ll end up with a Supreme Court that functions as a wholly owned subsidiary of Big Business."
Warren is a potential candidate for the office of President of the United States in 2016. After a lengthy November 2013 profile of Warren in The New Republic, rumors of a possible 2016 run began heating up. Despite Warren having been among a group of female Senate Democrats who wrote a letter to Hillary Clinton urging her to run, a former Warren aide said, "If Hillary or the man on the moon is not representing her stuff, and her people don’t have a seat at table, she’ll do what she can to make sure it’s represented. ...Yeah, Hillary is running. And she’ll probably win. But Elizabeth doesn’t care about winning. She doesn’t care whose turn it is."
Warren ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Massachusetts. She ran unopposed on the Democratic ticket. The signature filing deadline for candidates was June 5, 2012. She defeated incumbent Scott Brown, who was seeking re-election on the Republican ticket. The general election took place on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. Senate, Massachusetts General Election, 2012|
|Republican||Scott Brown Incumbent||45.8%||1,458,048|
|Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"|
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Warren attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Warren is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Warren raised a total of $42,506,349 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 24, 2013.
|Elizabeth Warren's Campaign Contribution History|
|Grand Total Raised||$42,506,349|
Warren won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Warren's campaign committee raised a total of $42,506,349 and spent $42,211,677.
Cost per vote
Warren spent $24.89 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. Senate, Massachusetts, 2012 - Elizabeth Warren Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$28,159,602|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$35,058,354|
|Top contributors to Elizabeth Warren's campaign committee|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology||$69,200|
|Brown Rudnick LLP||$68,077|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Warren's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,820,028 and $10,161,000. That averages to $6,990,514, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333. Warren ranked as the 23rd most wealthy senator in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Warren's calculated net worth decreased by an average of 29 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Elizabeth Warren Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||-29%|
|Average annual growth:||-29%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Warren received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry.
From 2011-2014, 22.15 percent of Warren's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Elizabeth Warren Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|% total in top industry||7.82%|
|% total in top two industries||12.76%|
|% total in top five industries||22.15%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Warren most often votes with:
Warren least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Warren missed 12 of 524 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among senators currently serving as of July 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Warren ranked 31st in the liberal rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Warren voted with the Democratic Party 98.1 percent of the time, which ranked 6th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of July 2014.
Warren was married to Jim Warren from 1968-1978. They had two children together. Warren married Bruce Mann in 1980.
2013 best year
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Elizabeth + Warren + Massachusetts + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States Senate
- U.S. Senate delegation from Massachusetts
- United States Senate elections, 2014
- Presidential election, 2016
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Boston Herald, "Tom Conroy withdraws bid for Scott Brown’s seat, endorses Warren," accessed December 12, 2011
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts" accessed 2012
- The National Journal, "Massachusetts Senate," accessed August 13, 2012
- US News & World Report, "10 things you didn't know about Elizabeth Warren," accessed October 4, 2010
- New Statesman, "Who's left? The top 20 US progressives," accessed January 11, 2012
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Elizabeth Warren," accessed February 5, 2015
- United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed February 4, 2015
- Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
- United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Warren Key Votes," accessed October 18, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- On The Issues, "Elizabeth Warren Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
- Washigntontimes.com, "Take it to the bank: Sen. Elizabeth Warren wants to raise minimum wage to $22 per hour," accessed March 19, 2013
- Huffingtonpost, "Elizabeth Warren: Minimum Wage Would Be $22 An Hour If It Had Kept Up With Productivity," accessed March 19, 2013
- Politico, "Elizabeth Warren: Janet Yellen would be ‘terrific’," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Huffington Post, "Elizabeth Warren: No Secret That Larry Summers Wasn't My First Choice," accessed September 17, 2013
- Bostonglobe, "Democrats celebrate St. Patrick as they ever have," accessed March 2013
- WBUR, "Senate Candidates Show Sense Of Humor At St. Patrick’s Day Breakfast," accessed March 2013
- Boston.com blogs, "Weak showing on drug war from Dems," accessed March 2013
- Huffingtonpost, "Elizabeth Warren Offers Support For Medical Marijuana, Citing Father's Battle With Cancer," accessed March 2013
- WCVB,, "Medical marijuana: Massachusetts law, what you need to know," accessed February 19, 2013
- Politico, "Elizabeth Warren assails Supreme Court as too far right," accessed September 9, 2013
- Politico, "Report fuels prospect of 2016 Elizabeth Warren run," accessed November 11, 2013
- The New Republic, "Hillary's Nightmare? A Democratic Party That Realizes Its Soul Lies With Elizabeth Warren," accessed March 27, 2015
- United States Senate, "Senators Who Became President," accessed October 16, 2013
- Huffington Post, "Elizabeth Warren Senate Race," accessed January 20, 2012
- Open Secrets, "Donor history for Elizabeth Warren," accessed April 2013
- Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
- The Washington Post, "The most expensive Senate races ever — and where Kentucky might fit in," August 12, 2013
- OpenSecrets, "Warren, (D-MA), 2010," accessed 2012
- This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Elizabeth Warren," accessed September 18, 2014
- GovTrack, "Elizabeth Warren," accessed July 22, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Elizabeth Warren," accessed July 22, 2014
- GovTrack, "Elizabeth Warren" accessed July 22, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 22, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- The Hill, "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014
Scott Brown (R)
|U.S. Senate - Massachusetts
| Succeeded by|