Federal Bureau of Investigation

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Federal Bureau of Investigation
FBISeal.png
Director:James Comey
Deputy Director:Mark F. Guiliano
Annual budget:$8.2 billion (2013)
Total employed:34,083 (2013)
Year created:1909
Official website:Office website
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a United States agency formed in 1909 "to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners."[1] The agency originally stemmed from the U.S. Secret Service and its roots were formed in 1909 by the creation of the Bureau of Investigation.[2] The current Director of the FBI is James Comey, who was confirmed by the Senate on July 29, 2013.[3]

The FBI employed 34,083 people both in the U.S. and abroad in 2013.[4]

History

The following are important dates in the FBI's history:[2]

  • 1909: Bureau of Investigation formed by Attorney General George Wickersham consisting of 34 agents
  • 1917: Investigations of foreign agents began with the start of World War I
  • 1919: William J. Flynn became first person to take the title Director of the Bureau of Investigation
  • 1924: J. Edgar Hoover appointed as Director of the Bureau of Investigation
  • 1928: Formal training courses for new agents established
  • 1930's: Laws passed expanding the Bureau's jurisdiction and allowing agents to carry firearms and make arrests
  • 1932: Hoover's campaign to bring publicity to the FBI began with the first release of the "Fugitives Wanted by Police" bulletin
  • 1932: Bureau of Investigation renamed the United States Bureau of Investigation
  • 1933: U.S. Bureau of Investigation renamed Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • 1935: FBI National Academy established to train law officers investigative methods
  • 1936-1939: FBI began investigating "subversive" groups, including fascists and communists in the United States by order of President Roosevelt
  • 1939: Sabotage and espionage fell under the jurisdiction of the FBI
  • 1940: Locating draft dodgers became FBI jurisdiction
  • 1943: FBI employment hits 13,000, including 3,000 agents, during wartime
  • 1946: "determining the loyalty of individuals...having access to restricted Atomic Energy data" became FBI jurisdiction
  • 1950: "Ten Most Wanted Fugitive" list released for the first time
  • 1966: U.S. Supreme Court determined the FBI could prosecute civil rights violations
  • 1972: J. Edgar Hoover died
  • 1976: Guidelines for FBI counterintelligence collection and domestic security investigations were established
  • 1982: Counterterrorism became a national priority for the FBI
  • 1989: Violent crime became a national priority for the FBI
  • 1992: Wife of Ruby Ridge, ID fugitive Randall Weaver accidentally killed in standoff by FBI sniper
  • 1993: Waco, TX standoff ends as the Branch Davidian's compound burned, killing 80 people inside
  • 2001: Patriot Act passed, granting new domestic powers to the FBI to fight the threat of terrorism

Structure

Mission

The official FBI mission statement is as follows:

As an intelligence-driven and a threat-focused national security organization with both intelligence and law enforcement responsibilities, the mission of the FBI is to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners.[1][5]

Leadership

James Comey is the current Director of the FBI.

Organizational chart

FBI org chart.jpg

Analysis

Budget

Obama administration

Federal Bureau of Investigation**[6] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
2014$8.42.44%
2013$8.21.23%
2012$8.13.85%
2011$7.80%
2010$7.86.85%
2009$7.3N/A
  • Note: 2014 only represents the agency's budget request, not an enacted budget.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Federal + Bureau + Investigation

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

FBI News Feed

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See also

External links

References