Difference between revisions of "Filing requirements for congressional candidates"

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{{tnr}}This page contains information about the '''requirements for congressional candidates seeking ballot access''' in one of the 50 states.
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{{Cong features vnt}}{{tnr}}This page contains information about the '''requirements for congressional candidates seeking ballot access''' in 1 of the 50 states.
  
 
==Federal Requirements to run for congressional office==
 
==Federal Requirements to run for congressional office==
According to the Constitution of the United States,
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According to the Constitution of the United States,<ref>[http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_transcript.html ''National Archives'', "The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription," accessed December 7, 2012]</ref>
  
"No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen."<ref>[http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_transcript.html ''National Archives'' "The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription" Accessed December 7, 2012]</ref>
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{{Quote|No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.}}
  
 
These are the fundamental requirements for running for congressional office. There are also federal regulations concerning campaign finances, which must be reported to the [[Federal Election Commission]].
 
These are the fundamental requirements for running for congressional office. There are also federal regulations concerning campaign finances, which must be reported to the [[Federal Election Commission]].
 
===Federal Election Commission===
 
===Federal Election Commission===
According to the FEC, an individual becomes a federal candidate, and must begin to report their campaign finances, once he has either raised or spent $5,000 in pursuit of his campaign. Within fifteen days of this benchmark for status as a candidate, he must register with the FEC and designate his official campaign committee, to be responsible for the funds and expenditures of the campaign. This committee must have an official treasurer, and cannot support any candidate but the one who registered the committee. Detailed financial reports are then made to the FEC every financial quarter after the individual is registered with the FEC. Reports are also made before primaries and before the general election.<ref>[http://www.fec.gov/pages/brochures/candregis.shtml ''Federal Election Commission'' "Candidate Registration Brochure" Accessed December 7, 2012]</ref>
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According to the FEC, an individual becomes a federal candidate and must begin to report their campaign finances once they have either raised or spent $5,000 in pursuit of the campaign. Within fifteen days of this benchmark for status as a candidate, the individual must register with the FEC and designate his or her official campaign committee to be responsible for the funds and expenditures of the campaign. This committee must have an official treasurer and cannot support any candidate but the one who registered the committee. Detailed financial reports are then made to the FEC every financial quarter after the individual is registered with the FEC. Reports are also made before primaries and before the general election.<ref>[http://www.fec.gov/pages/brochures/candregis.shtml ''Federal Election Commission'', "Candidate Registration Brochure," accessed December 7, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==State requirements to run for congressional office==
 
==State requirements to run for congressional office==
States require the individual to establish himself as a candidate by two methods. The individual must either collect signatures of people who want him to be on the ballot, or pay a fee for registering as a candidate. In some cases, the state requires both a certain number of signatures and a fee, and in a few cases the candidate can choose either signatures or a fee.  
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::''See also: [[Signatures needed for independent candidates to qualify for United States House of Representatives elections, 2014]]''
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States require the individual to establish him or herself as a candidate using two methods. The individual must either collect signatures of people who want him to be on the ballot or pay a fee for registration. In some cases, the state requires both a certain number of signatures and a fee.  
  
[[Florida]] requires the most of its candidates: a major party candidate pays $10,440 and collects 112,174 signatures to run for [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]], and the same fee but 2,298 signatures to run for the [[United States House of Representatives|House]].<ref>[http://election.dos.state.fl.us/candidate/Qualifying-info.shtml ''Florida Division of elections'' "2012 Qualifying information" Accessed December 8, 2012]</ref>  
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*[[Florida]] requires the most of its candidates: a major party candidate must pay $10,440 and collect 112,174 signatures to run for [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] and the same fee but only 2,298 signatures to run for the [[United States House of Representatives|House]].<ref>[http://election.dos.state.fl.us/candidate/Qualifying-info.shtml ''Florida Division of elections'', "2012 Qualifying information," accessed December 8, 2012]</ref>  
[[South Carolina]] also requires major party candidates to pay large fees, but does not require signatures. To run for US Senate in South Carolina, the candidate pays $10,440; to run for House, $3,480.<ref>[http://scvotes.org/files/2010%20Filing%20Fees.pdf ''SCVote.org'' "Filing Fees" Access December 8, 2012]</ref>
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*[[South Carolina]] also requires major party candidates to pay large fees but does not require signatures. To run for US Senate in South Carolina, the candidate must pay $10,440. To run for House, the fee is $3,480.<ref>[http://scvotes.org/files/2010%20Filing%20Fees.pdf ''SCVote.org'', "Filing Fees," accessed December 8, 2012]</ref>
  
In [[Alaska]], individuals pay a $100 filing fee, and do not need any signatures.<ref>[http://www.elections.alaska.gov/ci_pg_fof_pty.php ''Alaska Division of Elections'' "Filing for Office" Accessed December 8, 2012]</ref> In [[New Hampshire]], a major party candidate can pay $50 or collect 100 signatures to run for the House of Representatives.<ref>[http://sos.nh.gov/nhsos_content.aspx?id=13052 ''New Hampshire Secretary of State'' "Filing for office" Accessed December 8, 2012]</ref>
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*[[Alaska]] requires individuals to pay a $100 filing fee, but candidates do not need any signatures.<ref>[http://www.elections.alaska.gov/ci_pg_fof_pty.php ''Alaska Division of Elections'', "Filing for Office," accessed December 8, 2012]</ref>
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*[[New Hampshire]] requires a major party candidate to pay $50 or collect 100 signatures to run for the House of Representatives.<ref>[http://sos.nh.gov/nhsos_content.aspx?id=13052 ''New Hampshire Secretary of State'', "Filing for office," accessed December 8, 2012]</ref>
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In many states, the political party is responsible for paying the filing fee for its candidate. A filing fee of 1% of the salary of an elected congressman, $1,740, is also common. The average of the state filing fees to run for the [[United States House of Representatives|US House of Representatives]] is $1,465.
  
In many states, the political party is responsible for paying the filing fee for its candidate. A filing fee of 1% of the salary of an elected congressman, or $1,740, is also common. The average of the state filing fees to run for the [[United States House of Representatives|US House of Representatives]] is $1,465.
 
 
==Requirement type by state==
 
==Requirement type by state==
 
===States requiring signatures===
 
===States requiring signatures===
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==Filing requirements detailed by state==
 
==Filing requirements detailed by state==
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::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections]]''
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections]]''
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections]]''
 
The specific filing information is detailed below. Click <nowiki>[show]</nowiki> to expand the table.
 
The specific filing information is detailed below. Click <nowiki>[show]</nowiki> to expand the table.
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|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Alabama|Alabama]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Alabama|Alabama]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit signatures equal to at least 3% of the votes for the office of [[Governor of Alabama|Governor]] in the last general election in the district the candidate is running. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to at least 3% of the votes for the office  of [[Governor of Alabama|Governor]] in the last general election.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.al.us/downloads/election/fcpa/cfg-10th-edition.pdf ''Alabama Secretary of State'' "Candidate Guide" Accessed December 8, 2011]</ref>
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| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit signatures equal to at least 3% of the votes for the office of [[Governor of Alabama|Governor]] in the last general election in the district the candidate is running. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to at least 3% of the votes for the office  of [[Governor of Alabama|Governor]] in the last general election.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.al.us/downloads/election/fcpa/cfg-10th-edition.pdf ''Alabama Secretary of State'', "Candidate Guide," accessed December 8, 2011]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Alaska|Alaska]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Alaska|Alaska]]
| align="center" | Candidates must pay a $100 Filing Fee.<ref> [http://www.elections.alaska.gov/ci_pg_fof_pty.php ''State of Alaska Division of Elections'' "Political Party Candidates" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Candidates must pay a $100 Filing Fee.<ref> [http://www.elections.alaska.gov/ci_pg_fof_pty.php ''State of Alaska Division of Elections'', "Political Party Candidates," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Arizona|Arizona]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Arizona|Arizona]]
| align="center" | Signature Requirements Vary by District <ref> [http://www.azsos.gov/election/2010/info/CongSigReq.htm ''Arizona Department of State: Office of the Secretary of State'' "2010 Congressional Partisan Signature Requirements" Accessed November 25, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Signature requirements vary by district.<ref> [http://www.azsos.gov/election/2010/info/CongSigReq.htm ''Arizona Department of State: Office of the Secretary of State'', "2010 Congressional Partisan Signature Requirements," accessed November 25, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Arkansas|Arkansas]]  
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Arkansas|Arkansas]]  
| align="center" | Fee set by party. <ref>[http://www.arkansas.gov/sbec/pdfs/2012_Running_for_Public_Office.pdf ''Arkansas state board of election comissioners'' "Running for public office: a "Plain English" handbook for candidates" Accessed December 7, 2012]</ref>
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| align="center" | The fee is set by party.<ref>[http://www.arkansas.gov/sbec/pdfs/2012_Running_for_Public_Office.pdf ''Arkansas state board of election commission ers'', "Running for public office: a "Plain English" handbook for candidates," accessed December 7, 2012]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#California|California]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#California|California]]
| align="center" | Filing Fee equal to 1% of the first year's salary, $1,740. <ref> [http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCIQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sos.ca.gov%2Felections%2Frunning-for-office%2F2010%2Fpdf%2Frep-in-congress-2010.pdf&ei=C2XQTuPfKYj1ggex6o2XCg&usg=AFQjCNFOleTgVvETaUjYmYL9HD3pAVuQAw&sig2=3YYldR2pNfp5e8nIvbfIYA ''United States Representative in Congress'' "Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for Partisan Nomination" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | The filing fee equal to 1% of the first year's salary, $1,740.<ref> [http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCIQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sos.ca.gov%2Felections%2Frunning-for-office%2F2010%2Fpdf%2Frep-in-congress-2010.pdf&ei=C2XQTuPfKYj1ggex6o2XCg&usg=AFQjCNFOleTgVvETaUjYmYL9HD3pAVuQAw&sig2=3YYldR2pNfp5e8nIvbfIYA ''United States Representative in Congress'', "Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for Partisan Nomination," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Colorado|Colorado]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Colorado|Colorado]]
| align="center" | Major Party Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to have 1,500 signatures per congressional district. Minor Party Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to have 1,000 signatures or signatures equal to 2% of votes, whichever is less. Major Party Candidates for the [[U.S. House|House]] are required to have 1,000 signatures, or 30% of the votes, whichever is less. Minor Party Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to have 800 signatures or 2% of votes, whichever is less.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Candidates/files/HowToRunForOffice.pdf''Colorado Secretary of State'' "How to Run for Office" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to have 1,500 signatures per congressional district. Minor party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to have 1,000 signatures or signatures equal to 2% of votes, whichever is lower. Major party candidates for the [[U.S. House|House]] are required to have 1,000 signatures or 30% of the votes, whichever is lower. Minor party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to have 800 signatures or 2% of votes, whichever is llower.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/Candidates/files/HowToRunForOffice.pdf''Colorado Secretary of State'', "How to Run for Office," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Connecticut|Connecticut]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Connecticut|Connecticut]]
| align="center" | Signature requirements must be equal to either 1% of the votes cast for the same office in the last election, or 7,500 signatures, whichever is less <ref>[http://www.ct.gov/sots/LIB/sots/ElectionServices/ElectForms/electforms/np_faq_page.pdf ''Connecticut Election Services'' "Frequently Asked Questions" Accessed January 7, 2012]</ref>
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| align="center" | Signature requirements must be equal to either 1% of the votes cast for the same office in the last election or 7,500 signatures, whichever is less.<ref>[http://www.ct.gov/sots/LIB/sots/ElectionServices/ElectForms/electforms/np_faq_page.pdf ''Connecticut Election Services'', "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed January 7, 2012]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Delaware|Delaware]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Delaware|Delaware]]
| align="center" | The filing fee amount is set by the candidate's political party and is payable to the candidate's political party. There is no filing fee for Independent candidates.<ref> [http://elections.delaware.gov/services/candidate/federal.shtml ''State of Delaware: The Official Website of the First State'' "Candidates for Federal Office" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
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| align="center" | The filing fee amount is set by the candidate's political party and is payable to the candidate's political party. There is no filing fee for independent candidates.<ref> [http://elections.delaware.gov/services/candidate/federal.shtml ''State of Delaware: The Official Website of the First State'', "Candidates for Federal Office," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Florida|Florida]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Florida|Florida]]
| align="center" | Major Political Party Candidates must pay a filing fee of $10,440 and Candidates without a party must pay a filing fee of $6,960. [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] Candidates must submit 112,174 signatures, and [[U.S. House|House]] candidates must submit 2,298 signatures.<ref> [http://election.dos.state.fl.us/candidate/Qualifying-info.shtml ''Florida Division of Elections'' "2010 Qualifying Information" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
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| align="center" | Major political party candidates must pay a filing fee of $10,440 and Candidates without a party must pay a filing fee of $6,960. [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] candidates must submit 112,174 signatures, and [[U.S. House|House]] candidates must submit 2,298 signatures.<ref> [http://election.dos.state.fl.us/candidate/Qualifying-info.shtml ''Florida Division of Elections'', "2010 Qualifying Information," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Georgia|Georgia]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Georgia|Georgia]]
| align="center" | Candidates must pay a filing fee of $5,220, 3% of the annual salary of $174,000. <ref> [http://www.sos.ga.gov/elections/Legal%20Notice%202010.pdf ''Legal Notice for Publication in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution'' "Qualifying Fees" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Candidates must pay a filing fee of $5,220, 3% of the annual salary of $174,000.<ref> [http://www.sos.ga.gov/elections/Legal%20Notice%202010.pdf ''Legal Notice for Publication in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution'', "Qualifying Fees," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Hawaii|Hawaii]]
 
| [[United States Congress elections, 2012#Hawaii|Hawaii]]
| align="center" | Filing Fees vary with Office sought. Signature requirements range from 15-25 signatures depending on office.<ref> [http://hawaii.gov/elections/factsheets/fsbo112.pdf ''Office of Elections: State of Hawaii'' "Factsheet: Candidate Filing Process 2012 Elections" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Filing fees vary with office sought. Signature requirements range from 15-25 signatures depending on office.<ref> [http://hawaii.gov/elections/factsheets/fsbo112.pdf ''Office of Elections: State of Hawaii'', "Factsheet: Candidate Filing Process 2012 Elections," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Idaho|Idaho]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Idaho|Idaho]]
| align="center" | Candidates are required to pay a $300 fee and file 500 signatures from with the congressional district.<ref>[http://www.sos.idaho.gov/elect/2012_st_filg.htm ''Idaho Secretary of State,'' "2012 Federal & State Candidate Filing Requirements," Accessed February 8, 2012]</ref>
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| align="center" | Candidates are required to pay a $300 fee and file 500 signatures from with the congressional district.<ref>[http://www.sos.idaho.gov/elect/2012_st_filg.htm ''Idaho Secretary of State'', "2012 Federal & State Candidate Filing Requirements," accessed February 8, 2012]</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Illinois|Illinois]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Illinois|Illinois]]
| align="center" | Major Party Candidates are required to submit 600 signatures. Independent and New Party Candidates are required to submit 5,000 signatures. <ref> [http://www.elections.il.gov/Downloads/ElectionInformation/PDF/2012CanGuide.pdf ''Illinois State Board of Elections'' "2012 Candidates Guide" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
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| align="center" | Major party candidates are required to submit 600 signatures. Independent and new party candidates are required to submit 5,000 signatures.<ref> [http://www.elections.il.gov/Downloads/ElectionInformation/PDF/2012CanGuide.pdf ''Illinois State Board of Elections'', "2012 Candidates Guide," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Indiana|Indiana]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Indiana|Indiana]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit at least 4,500 signatures, with 500 signatures from each of the 9 congressional districts.Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to 2% of the votes cast in the previous election for Secretary of State, or 34,194. Candidate for [[U.S. House|House]] that are independent or minor party candidates must obtain signatures from registered voters equal to 2% of the total votes cast for  
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| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit at least 4,500 signatures, with 500 signatures from each of the 9 congressional districts. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to 2% of the votes cast in the previous election for Secretary of State, 34,194. Candidate for [[U.S. House|House]] that are independent or minor party candidates must obtain signatures from registered voters equal to 2% of the total votes cast for Secretary of State in the 2010 general election in the election district the candidate seeks to represent.<ref>[http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/files/2012CandidateGuide.pdf ''Indiana Secretary of State'', "2012 Candidate Guide," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
secretary of state in the 2010 general election in the election district the candidate seeks to represent. <ref>[http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/files/2012CandidateGuide.pdf ''Indiana Secretary of State'' "2012 Candidate Guide" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
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|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Iowa|Iowa]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Iowa|Iowa]]
| align="center" | No Filing Fees. Signature Requirements will be based on 2010 voting results, and will vary when new 2011 Redistrict Law goes into effect. <ref> [http://www.sos.state.ia.us/pdfs/elections/candidates/2012primcandguide.pdf ''Office of the Iowa Secretary of State'' "Candidate's Guide to the Primary Election" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | There are no filing fees. Signature Requirements are based on previous general election voting results.<ref> [http://www.sos.state.ia.us/pdfs/elections/candidates/2012primcandguide.pdf ''Office of the Iowa Secretary of State'', "Candidate's Guide to the Primary Election," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Kansas|Kansas]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Kansas|Kansas]]
| align="center" | Major Party Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to 1% of Party and a filing fee of 1% of Salary ($1,740) + $20.  Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit signatures equal to 2% of Party and a filing fee equal to 1% of Salary ($1,740) + $20. Independent Candidates for both the [[U.S. House|House]] and [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to submit 5,000 signatures and a filing fee of 1% of Salary ($1,740) +$20.<ref> [http://www.kssos.org/forms/elections/election_standards/ChapIV-Candidates.pdf ''Kansas Election Standards'' "Chapter IV: Candidates" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to 1% of party and a filing fee of 1% of Salary ($1,740) + $20.  Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit signatures equal to 2% of party and a filing fee equal to 1% of Salary ($1,740) + $20. Independent candidates for both the [[U.S. House|House]] and [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to submit 5,000 signatures and a filing fee of 1% of salary ($1,740) + $20.<ref> [http://www.kssos.org/forms/elections/election_standards/ChapIV-Candidates.pdf ''Kansas Election Standards'', "Chapter IV: Candidates," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Kentucky|Kentucky]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Kentucky|Kentucky]]
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit a $500 Filing Fee.<ref>[http://elect.ky.gov/candidate/Pages ''Kentucky State Board of Elections'' "Candidate Qualifications and Filing Fees" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
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| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit a $500 filing fee.<ref>[http://elect.ky.gov/candidate/Pages ''Kentucky State Board of Elections'', "Candidate Qualifications and Filing Fees," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Louisiana|Louisiana]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Louisiana|Louisiana]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $600 Qualifying Fee and Democratic and Republican Candidates must also pay a $300 State Central Committee Fee. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] may submit nominating petitions in lieu of fees with 5,000 signatures, with no less than 500 signatures from each congressional district. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] may submit nominating petitions in lieu of fees with 1,000 signatures. <ref>[http://www.sos.la.gov/Portals/0/elections/pdf/FEES2010120209.pdf ''Louisiana Secretary of State'' "Fees/Nomination Petitions" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $600 qualifying fee, and Democratic and Republican candidates must also pay a $300 State Central Committee fee. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] may submit nominating petitions in lieu of fees with 5,000 signatures, with no less than 500 signatures from each congressional district. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] may submit nominating petitions in lieu of fees with 1,000 signatures.<ref>[http://www.sos.la.gov/Portals/0/elections/pdf/FEES2010120209.pdf ''Louisiana Secretary of State'', "Fees/Nomination Petitions," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Maine|Maine]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Maine|Maine]]
| align="center" | Major Party Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 1,000-1,500 signatures. Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to submit 2,000-3,000 signatures. Non-Party Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to submit 4,000-6,000 signatures. Non-party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 2,000-3,000 signatures. <ref> [http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/2012guide.pdf ''State of Maine Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap'' "State of Maine 2012 Candidate's Guide to Ballot Access" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
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| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 1,000-1,500 signatures. Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to submit 2,000-3,000 signatures. Non-party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] are required to submit 4,000-6,000 signatures. Non-party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 2,000-3,000 signatures.<ref> [http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/2012guide.pdf ''State of Maine Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap'', "State of Maine 2012 Candidate's Guide to Ballot Access," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Maryland|Maryland]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Maryland|Maryland]]
| align="center" | Filing Fee Varies with Office Sought <ref> [http://www.elections.state.md.us/candidacy/index.html ''Maryland State Board of Elections'' "Candidacy" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref> Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $100 filing fee. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a $290 filing fee.<ref>[http://www.elections.state.md.us/candidacy/requirements.html ''Maryland Elections Division'' "Candidacy Requirements" Accessed January 7, 2012] </ref>
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| align="center" | Filing fee varies with office sought.<ref> [http://www.elections.state.md.us/candidacy/index.html ''Maryland State Board of Elections'', "Candidacy," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref> Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $100 filing fee. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a $290 filing fee.<ref>[http://www.elections.state.md.us/candidacy/requirements.html ''Maryland Elections Division'', "Candidacy Requirements," accessed January 7, 2012] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Massachusetts|Massachusetts]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit at least 2,000 signatures. <ref name="candidates guide"/><ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/2012_State_Election_Calendar.pdf ''Massachusetts Elections Division'' "Election Schedule" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref> Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit at least 10,000 signatures.<ref name="candidates guide">[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/candidates_guide_2012.pdf ''Massachusetts Secretary of State'' "Candidates Guide" Accessed April 25, 2012]</ref>  
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit at least 2,000 signatures.<ref name="candidates guide"/><ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/2012_State_Election_Calendar.pdf ''Massachusetts Elections Division'', "Election Schedule," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref> Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit at least 10,000 signatures.<ref name="candidates guide">[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/candidates_guide_2012.pdf ''Massachusetts Secretary of State'', "Candidates Guide," accessed April 25, 2012]</ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Michigan|Michigan]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Michigan|Michigan]]
| align="center" | Partisan Candidates must submit at least 1,000 valid signatures by 5/11/2012. Independent Candidates must submit at least 3,000 valid signatures by 5/11/2012.<ref>[http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCkQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.michigan.gov%2Fdocuments%2Fsos%2FFiling_Req_For_US_Rep_263933_7.pdf&ei=dBfRToecLpLq2wXr7oSyDw&usg=AFQjCNG3pinZlsF5ZyPEuUJ35jpffIf9ag&sig2=caV55efxD8qCMrq6IzMbjw ''State of Michigan Secretary of State Department of State'' "Filing Requirements: U.S. Representative in Congress" Accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Partisan candidates must submit at least 1,000 valid signatures. Independent candidates must submit at least 3,000 valid signatures.<ref>[http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCkQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.michigan.gov%2Fdocuments%2Fsos%2FFiling_Req_For_US_Rep_263933_7.pdf&ei=dBfRToecLpLq2wXr7oSyDw&usg=AFQjCNG3pinZlsF5ZyPEuUJ35jpffIf9ag&sig2=caV55efxD8qCMrq6IzMbjw ''State of Michigan Secretary of State Department of State'', "Filing Requirements: U.S. Representative in Congress," accessed November 26, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Minnesota|Minnesota]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Minnesota|Minnesota]]
| align="center" | Major party candidates must submit a $400 Filing Fee for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and a $300 Filing Fee for [[U.S. House|House]]. In place of the filing fee, candidates may submit 2,000 signatures for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and 1,000 signatures for [[U.S. House|House]]. A candidate not running as a member of a major political party must file a nominating petition to have his or her name placed on the general election ballot, with 2,000 signatures required for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and 1,000 signatures required for [[U.S. House|House]]. Independent candidates have the option of paying the filing fee instead of submitting signatures. <ref>[http://www.sos.state.mn.us/index.aspx?page=895 ''Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Mark Ritchie'' "Filing Fees" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>  
+
| align="center" | Major party candidates must submit a $400 filing fee for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and a $300 filing fee for [[U.S. House|House]]. In place of the filing fee, candidates may submit 2,000 signatures for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and 1,000 signatures for [[U.S. House|House]]. A candidate not running as a member of a major political party must file a nominating petition to have his or her name placed on the general election ballot, with 2,000 signatures required for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and 1,000 signatures required for [[U.S. House|House]]. Independent candidates have the option of paying the filing fee instead of submitting signatures.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.mn.us/index.aspx?page=895 ''Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Mark Ritchie'', "Filing Fees," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Mississippi|Mississippi]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Mississippi|Mississippi]]
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit a $300 filing fee, and candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $200 filing fee. Independent candidates must submit 1,000 signatures for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and 200 signatures for [[U.S. House|House]]. <ref> [http://www.sos.ms.gov/links/elections/candidates_lobbyist_center/tab1/2012%20Candidate%20Qualifying%20Guide.pdf ''State of Mississippi Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann Secretary of State'' "2012 Candidate Qualifying Guide" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit a $300 filing fee, and candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $200 filing fee. Independent candidates must submit 1,000 signatures for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and 200 signatures for [[U.S. House|House]].<ref> [http://www.sos.ms.gov/links/elections/candidates_lobbyist_center/tab1/2012%20Candidate%20Qualifying%20Guide.pdf ''State of Mississippi Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann Secretary of State'', "2012 Candidate Qualifying Guide," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Missouri|Missouri]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Missouri|Missouri]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit a $200 filing fee. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $100 filing fee. <ref> [http://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/2012primary/2012candfiling.asp ''Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan'' "Filing Information for Candidates" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit a $200 filing fee. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $100 filing fee.<ref> [http://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/2012primary/2012candfiling.asp ''Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan'', "Filing Information for Candidates," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Montana|Montana]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Montana|Montana]]
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $1,740 filing fee. <ref> [http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Archives/2010s/2012/Info/2012_Offices_and_Filing_Fees.pdf ''Secretary of State Linda McCulloch Elections and Government Services Division'' "Offices and Filing Fees for the 2012 Ballot" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $1,740 filing fee.<ref> [http://sos.mt.gov/elections/Archives/2010s/2012/Info/2012_Offices_and_Filing_Fees.pdf ''Secretary of State Linda McCulloch Elections and Government Services Division'', "Offices and Filing Fees for the 2012 Ballot," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Nebraska|Nebraska]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Nebraska|Nebraska]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a filing fee of $1,740. <ref>[http://www.sos.ne.gov/elec/2012/pdf/Filing%20Fee%20Schedule.pdf ''Nebraska Secretary of State'' "Filing Fee Schedule" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a filing fee of $1,740.<ref>[http://www.sos.ne.gov/elec/2012/pdf/Filing%20Fee%20Schedule.pdf ''Nebraska Secretary of State'', "Filing Fee Schedule," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Nevada|Nevada]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Nevada|Nevada]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit a $500 filing fee. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $300 filing fee. <ref> [http://nvsos.gov/Modules/ShowDocument.aspx?documentid=2121 ''State of Nevada Ross Miller Secretary of State'' "Campaign Guide 2012" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit a $500 filing fee. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $300 filing fee.<ref> [http://nvsos.gov/Modules/ShowDocument.aspx?documentid=2121 ''State of Nevada Ross Miller Secretary of State'', "Campaign Guide 2012," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New Hampshire|New Hampshire]]
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit $100 filing fee or 200 signatures. Major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $50 filing fee or 100 signatures. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit $100 AND 1,500 signatures for EACH district (3,000 signatures total). Independent candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $50 filing fee AND 1,500 signatures. <ref> [http://www.sos.nh.gov/spfile.htm ''State of New Hampshire'' "Filing for Office for State Primary" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit $100 filing fee or 200 signatures. Major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $50 filing fee or 100 signatures. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit $100 and 1,500 signatures for each district (3,000 signatures total). Independent candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $50 filing fee and 1,500 signatures.<ref> [http://www.sos.nh.gov/spfile.htm ''State of New Hampshire'', "Filing for Office for State Primary," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New Jersey|New Jersey]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New Jersey|New Jersey]]
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit 1,000 signatures and major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 200 signatures. <ref> [http://www.njelections.org/candidate_pdf/partisan-candidate-requirements-031611.pdf ''State of New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections'' "Partisan Candidates" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit 1,000 signatures and major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 200 signatures.<ref> [http://www.njelections.org/candidate_pdf/partisan-candidate-requirements-031611.pdf ''State of New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections'', "Partisan Candidates," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New Mexico|New Mexico]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New Mexico|New Mexico]]
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $50 filing fee. Signature requirements vary with a 2% and 4% threshold and depending on political party and office.<ref> [http://www.sos.state.nm.us/pdf/2012CandidateGuide-C.pdf ''State of New Mexico Dianna J. Duran Secretary of State'' "2012 Candidate Guide" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a $50 filing fee. Signature requirements vary with a 2% and 4% threshold and depending on political party and office.<ref> [http://www.sos.state.nm.us/pdf/2012CandidateGuide-C.pdf ''State of New Mexico Dianna J. Duran Secretary of State'', "2012 Candidate Guide," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New York|New York]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#New York|New York]]
| align="center" | Major party candidates for either [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] or [[U.S. House|House]] must submit signatures equal to 5% of the enrolled voters of the political unit, or 1,250 signatures, whichever is less. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] or [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 5% of enrolled voters of the political unit, or 3,500 signatures, whichever is less. <ref>[http://www.elections.state.ny.us/NYSBOE/download/law/2010RunningForOfficeBrochure.pdf ''New York State Election Board'' "Running for Office" Accessed December 1, 201] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Major party candidates for either [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] or [[U.S. House|House]] must submit signatures equal to 5% of the enrolled voters of the political unit or 1,250 signatures, whichever is less. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] or [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 5% of enrolled voters of the political unit or 3,500 signatures, whichever is less.<ref>[http://www.elections.state.ny.us/NYSBOE/download/law/2010RunningForOfficeBrochure.pdf ''New York State Election Board'', "Running for Office," accessed December 1, 201] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#North Carolina|North Carolina]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#North Carolina|North Carolina]]
| align="center" | Candidates must pay a $1,740 filing fee. <ref> [http://www.ncsbe.gov/content.aspx?id=64 ''North Carolina State Board of Elections'' "Candidacy Filing Fees" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates must pay a $1,740 filing fee.<ref> [http://www.ncsbe.gov/content.aspx?id=64 ''North Carolina State Board of Elections'', "Candidacy Filing Fees," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#North Dakota|North Dakota]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#North Dakota|North Dakota]]
| align="center" | Signature requirement are equal to 3% of the total votes cast for the candidates of the same party for the same office in the last general election. (No more than 300 signatures required) <ref>[http://www.nd.gov/sos/forms/pdf/running-congress.pdf ''Secretary of State Alvin A. Jaeger'' "Running for U.S. Congress" Accessed November 27, 2012] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Signature requirement are equal to 3% of the total votes cast for the candidates of the same party for the same office in the last general election. (No more than 300 signatures required.)<ref>[http://www.nd.gov/sos/forms/pdf/running-congress.pdf ''Secretary of State Alvin A. Jaeger'', "Running for U.S. Congress," accessed November 27, 2012] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Ohio|Ohio]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Ohio|Ohio]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a $150 filing fee. Major party candidates must submit at least 1,000 signatures, minor party candidates 500 signatures, and independent party candidates at least 5,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $85 filing fee. Major party candidates must submit at least 50 signatures and minor party candidates at least 25 signatures. Independent candidates have signature requirements based on the number of votes cast in the congressional district in the last general election for governor. If there were fewer than 5,000 votes in the last election, the signature requirement would be 25 signatures, or 5% of the vote, whichever is less. If there were more than 5,000 votes in the last election, the signature requirement would be 1% of the vote. <ref> [http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/upload/publications/election/2012_CRG.pdf ''Ohio Secretary of State'' "2012 Ohio Candidate Requirement Guide" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a $150 filing fee. Major party candidates must submit at least 1,000 signatures, minor party candidates 500 signatures and independent party candidates at least 5,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $85 filing fee. Major party candidates must submit at least 50 signatures and minor party candidates at least 25 signatures. Independent candidates have signature requirements based on the number of votes cast in the congressional district in the last general election for governor. If there were fewer than 5,000 votes in the last election, the signature requirement would be 25 signatures or 5% of the vote, whichever is less. If there were more than 5,000 votes in the last election, the signature requirement would be 1% of the vote.<ref> [http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/upload/publications/election/2012_CRG.pdf ''Ohio Secretary of State'', "2012 Ohio Candidate Requirement Guide," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Oklahoma|Oklahoma]]
Line 202: Line 205:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Oregon|Oregon]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Oregon|Oregon]]
| align="center" | [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] candidates must pay $150 filing and to be included in the Voters Pamphlet submit 500 verified signatures or $3,000. [[U.S. House|House]] candidates must pay $100 filing fee and to be in included in the Voters Pamphlet submit 300 verified signatures or $2,500. <ref> [http://www.sos.state.or.us/elections/pages/publications/manuals/state_candidate_major/index.html ''Oregon Secretary of State: Kate Brown'' "Candidate's Manual" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>  
+
| align="center" | [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] candidates must pay $150 filing and to be included in the Voters Pamphlet submit 500 verified signatures or $3,000. [[U.S. House|House]] candidates must pay $100 filing fee and to be in included in the Voters Pamphlet submit 300 verified signatures or $2,500.<ref> [http://www.sos.state.or.us/elections/pages/publications/manuals/state_candidate_major/index.html ''Oregon Secretary of State: Kate Brown'', "Candidate's Manual," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Pennsylvania|Pennsylvania]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a $200 filing fee and submit at least 2,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $150 filing fee and submit at least 1,000 signatures. <ref>[http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_160329_675664_0_0_18/filingfeessig.pdf ''Pennsylvania Department of State'' "Running for Office: Filing Fees and Signature Requirements" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a $200 filing fee and submit at least 2,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $150 filing fee and submit at least 1,000 signatures.<ref>[http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_160329_675664_0_0_18/filingfeessig.pdf ''Pennsylvania Department of State'', "Running for Office: Filing Fees and Signature Requirements," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Rhode Island|Rhode Island]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Rhode Island|Rhode Island]]
| align="center" | Candidates must submit 500 signatures. <ref> [http://sos.ri.gov/documents/elections/run-for-office10.pdf ''A. Ralph Mollis Secretary of State'' "Rhode Island How to Run for Office: A guide for Candidates" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates must submit 500 signatures.<ref> [http://sos.ri.gov/documents/elections/run-for-office10.pdf ''A. Ralph Mollis Secretary of State'', "Rhode Island How to Run for Office: A guide for Candidates," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#South Carolina|South Carolina]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#South Carolina|South Carolina]]
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay $10,440 filing fee, to be paid by party. Major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay $3,480 filing fee, to be paid by party.<ref> [http://scvotes.org/files/2010%20Filing%20Fees.pdf ''South Carolina Votes'' "Filing Fees" Accessed November 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Major party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay $10,440 filing fee, to be paid by party. Major party candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay $3,480 filing fee, to be paid by party.<ref> [http://scvotes.org/files/2010%20Filing%20Fees.pdf ''South Carolina Votes'', "Filing Fees," accessed November 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#South Dakota|South Dakota]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#South Dakota|South Dakota]]
| align="center" | Republican candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 1,951 signatures, equal to 1% of the votes for the 2010 republican gubernatorial candidate, 195,406. Democratic candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 1,221 signatures, equal to 1% of the 2010 democratic gubernatorial candidates, 122,037. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 3,171 signatures, equal to 1% of the total votes for governor in 2010, 317,083. Newly Recognized Political Party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 250 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] forming a new political party must submit $7,928 signatures, equal to 2.5% of the total vote for governor in 2010, 317,083. <ref> [http://sdsos.gov/content/viewcontent.aspx?cat=elections&pg=/elections/upcomingelecton_signersrequired10.shtm  ''South Dakota Secretary of State Jason M. Gant'' "2012 Signature Requirements" Accessed November 27, 2010] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Republican candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 1,951 signatures, equal to 1% of the votes for the 2010 republican gubernatorial candidate, 195,406. Democratic candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 1,221 signatures, equal to 1% of the 2010 democratic gubernatorial candidates, 122,037. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 3,171 signatures, equal to 1% of the total votes for governor in 2010, 317,083. Newly Recognized Political Party candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 250 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] forming a new political party must submit $7,928 signatures, equal to 2.5% of the total vote for governor in 2010, 317,083.<ref> [http://sdsos.gov/content/viewcontent.aspx?cat=elections&pg=/elections/upcomingelecton_signersrequired10.shtm  ''South Dakota Secretary of State Jason M. Gant'', "2012 Signature Requirements," accessed November 27, 2010] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Tennessee|Tennessee]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Tennessee|Tennessee]]
| align="center" | A nominating petition with at least 25 signatures from voters from the candidate's district. <ref> [http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/qualify/USHOUSE--2012%20Rev1.pdf ''U.S. House 2012'' "Qualifying Procedures for Tennessee Candidates for United States House of Representatives" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | A nominating petition with at least 25 signatures from voters from the candidate's district.<ref> [http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/qualify/USHOUSE--2012%20Rev1.pdf ''U.S. House 2012'', "Qualifying Procedures for Tennessee Candidates for United States House of Representatives," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Texas|Texas]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Texas|Texas]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a filing fee of $5,000 or submit 5,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a filing fee of $3,125 or 500 signatures. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to 1% of votes for gubernatorial candidates cast in applicable territory in 2010 general election. Independent candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit signatures equal to 5% of votes for gubernatorial candidates cast in the applicable territory in the 2010 general election. <ref> [http://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/candidates/guide/demorrep.shtml ''Texas Secretary of State Hope Andrade'' "Republican or Democratic Party Nominees" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>  
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay a filing fee of $5,000 or submit 5,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a filing fee of $3,125 or 500 signatures. Independent candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit signatures equal to 1% of votes for gubernatorial candidates cast in applicable territory in 2010 general election. Independent candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit signatures equal to 5% of votes for gubernatorial candidates cast in the applicable territory in the 2010 general election.<ref> [http://www.sos.state.tx.us/elections/candidates/guide/demorrep.shtml ''Texas Secretary of State Hope Andrade'', "Republican or Democratic Party Nominees," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Utah|Utah]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Utah|Utah]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay filing fee of $1,305. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay filing fee of $435.<ref> [http://www.elections.utah.gov/register/becoming-a-federal-candidate ''UtCaah Lieutenant Governor Elections'' Becoming a Federal Candidate" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must pay filing fee of $1,305. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay filing fee of $435.<ref> [http://www.elections.utah.gov/register/becoming-a-federal-candidate ''Utah Lieutenant Governor Elections,'' Becoming a Federal Candidate," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Vermont|Vermont]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Vermont|Vermont]]
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]], both major and minor parties, must submit 500 signatures. <ref>[http://vermont-elections.org/elections1/2012BecomeaCandidate.html ''Vermont Secretary of State Jim Condos'' "Elections and Campaign Finance Division" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]], both major and minor parties, must submit 500 signatures.<ref>[http://vermont-elections.org/elections1/2012BecomeaCandidate.html ''Vermont Secretary of State Jim Condos'', "Elections and Campaign Finance Division," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Virginia|Virginia]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Virginia|Virginia]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $3,480 filing fee and submit at least 1,000 signatures. <ref> [http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/cms/documents/Cidates/Bulletins/10Nov_USH.pdf ''Virginia State Board of Elections'' "Candidate Bulletins" Accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must pay a $3,480 filing fee and submit at least 1,000 signatures.<ref> [http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/cms/documents/Cidates/Bulletins/10Nov_USH.pdf ''Virginia State Board of Elections'', "Candidate Bulletins," accessed December 1, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Washington|Washington]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Washington|Washington]]
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a filing fee of $1,740. <ref>[http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/elections/2012-Filing-for-Public-Elective-Office.pdf ''Washington Secretary of State'' "2012 Filing for Public Elective Office in Washington State" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a filing fee of $1,740.<ref>[http://www.sos.wa.gov/_assets/elections/2012-Filing-for-Public-Elective-Office.pdf ''Washington Secretary of State'', "2012 Filing for Public Elective Office in Washington State," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#West Virginia|West Virginia]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#West Virginia|West Virginia]]
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a filing fee of $1,740. <ref>[http://www.sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/OfficesontheBallot2012.aspx#federal ''West Virginia Secretary of State Natalie E. Tennant'' "Offices on the Ballot 2012" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] must submit a filing fee of $1,740.<ref>[http://www.sos.wv.gov/elections/Pages/OfficesontheBallot2012.aspx#federal ''West Virginia Secretary of State Natalie E. Tennant'', "Offices on the Ballot 2012," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Wisconsin|Wisconsin]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Wisconsin|Wisconsin]]
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit 2,000-4,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 1,000-2,000 signatures. <ref> [http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/gab_forms/3/gabis_14_fall_2012_rev_2011_11_pdf_19802.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'' "Ballot Access Checklist for 2012 Federal Candidates in Wisconsin" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | Candidates for [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] must submit 2,000-4,000 signatures. Candidates for [[U.S. House|House]] must submit 1,000-2,000 signatures.<ref> [http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/gab_forms/3/gabis_14_fall_2012_rev_2011_11_pdf_19802.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'', "Ballot Access Checklist for 2012 Federal Candidates in Wisconsin," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Wyoming|Wyoming]]
 
|[[United States Congress elections, 2012#Wyoming|Wyoming]]
| align="center" | New party candidates and Independent candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 3,740 signatures.<ref> [http://soswy.state.wy.us/Elections/Docs/2012/2012KeyElectionDates.pdf ''Wyoming Elections Division'' "2012 Key Election Dates" Accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
+
| align="center" | New party candidates and Independent candidates for both [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] and [[U.S. House|House]] are required to submit 3,740 signatures.<ref> [http://soswy.state.wy.us/Elections/Docs/2012/2012KeyElectionDates.pdf ''Wyoming Elections Division'', "2012 Key Election Dates," accessed November 27, 2011] </ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 +
*[[Signatures needed for independent candidates to qualify for United States House of Representatives elections, 2014]]
 
*[[Portal:Elections]]
 
*[[Portal:Elections]]
 
*[[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state government elections]]
 
*[[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state government elections]]
  
 
{{election info}}
 
{{election info}}
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist|2}}
 
{{reflist|2}}
 
[[Category:Congress project]]
 
[[Category:Congress project]]
 +
[[Category:Unique congress pages]]

Revision as of 21:31, 10 March 2014

Portal:Congress
Features of Congress

Background
Federal Election CommissionDemocratic Congressional Campaign CommitteeNational Republican Congressional CommitteeFiling requirements for congressional candidatesClasses of United States SenatorsFilling vacancies in the U.S. SenatePresident Pro Tempore of the SenateUnited States Speaker of the HouseFilibuster

Sessions
113th Congress112th Congress111th Congress110th Congress

Analysis
Lifetime voting recordsNet worth of United States Senators and RepresentativesStaff salaries of United States Senators and RepresentativesNational Journal vote ratings
This page contains information about the requirements for congressional candidates seeking ballot access in 1 of the 50 states.

Federal Requirements to run for congressional office

According to the Constitution of the United States,[1]

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.[2]

These are the fundamental requirements for running for congressional office. There are also federal regulations concerning campaign finances, which must be reported to the Federal Election Commission.

Federal Election Commission

According to the FEC, an individual becomes a federal candidate and must begin to report their campaign finances once they have either raised or spent $5,000 in pursuit of the campaign. Within fifteen days of this benchmark for status as a candidate, the individual must register with the FEC and designate his or her official campaign committee to be responsible for the funds and expenditures of the campaign. This committee must have an official treasurer and cannot support any candidate but the one who registered the committee. Detailed financial reports are then made to the FEC every financial quarter after the individual is registered with the FEC. Reports are also made before primaries and before the general election.[3]

State requirements to run for congressional office

See also: Signatures needed for independent candidates to qualify for United States House of Representatives elections, 2014

States require the individual to establish him or herself as a candidate using two methods. The individual must either collect signatures of people who want him to be on the ballot or pay a fee for registration. In some cases, the state requires both a certain number of signatures and a fee.

  • Florida requires the most of its candidates: a major party candidate must pay $10,440 and collect 112,174 signatures to run for U.S. Senate and the same fee but only 2,298 signatures to run for the House.[4]
  • South Carolina also requires major party candidates to pay large fees but does not require signatures. To run for US Senate in South Carolina, the candidate must pay $10,440. To run for House, the fee is $3,480.[5]
  • Alaska requires individuals to pay a $100 filing fee, but candidates do not need any signatures.[6]
  • New Hampshire requires a major party candidate to pay $50 or collect 100 signatures to run for the House of Representatives.[7]

In many states, the political party is responsible for paying the filing fee for its candidate. A filing fee of 1% of the salary of an elected congressman, $1,740, is also common. The average of the state filing fees to run for the US House of Representatives is $1,465.

Requirement type by state

States requiring signatures

These 19 states require petition signatures for candidates to achieve ballot access in a congressional race.
These 19 states require fees for candidates to achieve ballot access in a congressional race.
These four states require fees for candidates to achieve ballot access in a congressional race.
These eight states require both fees and petition signatures for candidates to achieve ballot access in a congressional race.

States requiring fee

States requiring either signatures or a fee

States requiring both signatures and a fee

Filing requirements detailed by state

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections
See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections

The specific filing information is detailed below. Click [show] to expand the table.

See also

References

  1. National Archives, "The Constitution of the United States: A Transcription," accessed December 7, 2012
  2. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  3. Federal Election Commission, "Candidate Registration Brochure," accessed December 7, 2012
  4. Florida Division of elections, "2012 Qualifying information," accessed December 8, 2012
  5. SCVote.org, "Filing Fees," accessed December 8, 2012
  6. Alaska Division of Elections, "Filing for Office," accessed December 8, 2012
  7. New Hampshire Secretary of State, "Filing for office," accessed December 8, 2012
  8. Alabama Secretary of State, "Candidate Guide," accessed December 8, 2011
  9. State of Alaska Division of Elections, "Political Party Candidates," accessed November 26, 2011
  10. Arizona Department of State: Office of the Secretary of State, "2010 Congressional Partisan Signature Requirements," accessed November 25, 2011
  11. Arkansas state board of election commission ers, "Running for public office: a "Plain English" handbook for candidates," accessed December 7, 2012
  12. United States Representative in Congress, "Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for Partisan Nomination," accessed November 27, 2011
  13. Colorado Secretary of State, "How to Run for Office," accessed November 26, 2011
  14. Connecticut Election Services, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed January 7, 2012
  15. State of Delaware: The Official Website of the First State, "Candidates for Federal Office," accessed November 26, 2011
  16. Florida Division of Elections, "2010 Qualifying Information," accessed November 26, 2011
  17. Legal Notice for Publication in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "Qualifying Fees," accessed November 26, 2011
  18. Office of Elections: State of Hawaii, "Factsheet: Candidate Filing Process 2012 Elections," accessed November 26, 2011
  19. Idaho Secretary of State, "2012 Federal & State Candidate Filing Requirements," accessed February 8, 2012
  20. Illinois State Board of Elections, "2012 Candidates Guide," accessed November 26, 2011
  21. Indiana Secretary of State, "2012 Candidate Guide," accessed December 1, 2011
  22. Office of the Iowa Secretary of State, "Candidate's Guide to the Primary Election," accessed November 26, 2011
  23. Kansas Election Standards, "Chapter IV: Candidates," accessed November 26, 2011
  24. Kentucky State Board of Elections, "Candidate Qualifications and Filing Fees," accessed November 26, 2011
  25. Louisiana Secretary of State, "Fees/Nomination Petitions," accessed December 1, 2011
  26. State of Maine Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap, "State of Maine 2012 Candidate's Guide to Ballot Access," accessed November 26, 2011
  27. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Candidacy," accessed November 27, 2011
  28. Maryland Elections Division, "Candidacy Requirements," accessed January 7, 2012
  29. 29.0 29.1 Massachusetts Secretary of State, "Candidates Guide," accessed April 25, 2012
  30. Massachusetts Elections Division, "Election Schedule," accessed December 1, 2011
  31. State of Michigan Secretary of State Department of State, "Filing Requirements: U.S. Representative in Congress," accessed November 26, 2011
  32. Office of the Minnesota Secretary of State Mark Ritchie, "Filing Fees," accessed November 27, 2011
  33. State of Mississippi Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann Secretary of State, "2012 Candidate Qualifying Guide," accessed November 27, 2011
  34. Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan, "Filing Information for Candidates," accessed November 27, 2011
  35. Secretary of State Linda McCulloch Elections and Government Services Division, "Offices and Filing Fees for the 2012 Ballot," accessed November 27, 2011
  36. Nebraska Secretary of State, "Filing Fee Schedule," accessed December 1, 2011
  37. State of Nevada Ross Miller Secretary of State, "Campaign Guide 2012," accessed November 27, 2011
  38. State of New Hampshire, "Filing for Office for State Primary," accessed November 27, 2011
  39. State of New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, "Partisan Candidates," accessed November 27, 2011
  40. State of New Mexico Dianna J. Duran Secretary of State, "2012 Candidate Guide," accessed November 27, 2011
  41. New York State Election Board, "Running for Office," accessed December 1, 201
  42. North Carolina State Board of Elections, "Candidacy Filing Fees," accessed November 27, 2011
  43. Secretary of State Alvin A. Jaeger, "Running for U.S. Congress," accessed November 27, 2012
  44. Ohio Secretary of State, "2012 Ohio Candidate Requirement Guide," accessed December 1, 2011
  45. Oregon Secretary of State: Kate Brown, "Candidate's Manual," accessed November 27, 2011
  46. Pennsylvania Department of State, "Running for Office: Filing Fees and Signature Requirements," accessed December 1, 2011
  47. A. Ralph Mollis Secretary of State, "Rhode Island How to Run for Office: A guide for Candidates," accessed November 27, 2011
  48. South Carolina Votes, "Filing Fees," accessed November 2011
  49. South Dakota Secretary of State Jason M. Gant, "2012 Signature Requirements," accessed November 27, 2010
  50. U.S. House 2012, "Qualifying Procedures for Tennessee Candidates for United States House of Representatives," accessed November 27, 2011
  51. Texas Secretary of State Hope Andrade, "Republican or Democratic Party Nominees," accessed November 27, 2011
  52. Utah Lieutenant Governor Elections, Becoming a Federal Candidate," accessed November 27, 2011
  53. Vermont Secretary of State Jim Condos, "Elections and Campaign Finance Division," accessed November 27, 2011
  54. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Candidate Bulletins," accessed December 1, 2011
  55. Washington Secretary of State, "2012 Filing for Public Elective Office in Washington State," accessed November 27, 2011
  56. West Virginia Secretary of State Natalie E. Tennant, "Offices on the Ballot 2012," accessed November 27, 2011
  57. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Ballot Access Checklist for 2012 Federal Candidates in Wisconsin," accessed November 27, 2011
  58. Wyoming Elections Division, "2012 Key Election Dates," accessed November 27, 2011