Difference between revisions of "Florida's 13th Congressional District special election, 2014"

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On January 22, 2014, the NRCC released a $230,000 ad buy against [[Alex Sink]], criticizing her "cute ads" featuring her father and accuses Sink of being in favor of raising taxes.<ref name="cute">[http://www.tampabay.com/blogs/the-buzz-florida-politics/new-gop-ad-bashes-alex-sink-as-tax-raising-obamacare-lover/2162162 ''Tampa Bay Times,'' "New GOP ad bashes Alex Sink as tax-raising, Obamacare lover," accessed January 24, 2014]</ref> The ad, "Another Tax and Spender Florida Can't Afford," came as part of a larger $725,000 ad buy by the NRCC in January 2014.<ref name="cute"/>
 
On January 22, 2014, the NRCC released a $230,000 ad buy against [[Alex Sink]], criticizing her "cute ads" featuring her father and accuses Sink of being in favor of raising taxes.<ref name="cute">[http://www.tampabay.com/blogs/the-buzz-florida-politics/new-gop-ad-bashes-alex-sink-as-tax-raising-obamacare-lover/2162162 ''Tampa Bay Times,'' "New GOP ad bashes Alex Sink as tax-raising, Obamacare lover," accessed January 24, 2014]</ref> The ad, "Another Tax and Spender Florida Can't Afford," came as part of a larger $725,000 ad buy by the NRCC in January 2014.<ref name="cute"/>
  
On February 22, 2014, the group released another ad buy, that aimed to highlight differences between [[Alex Sink|Sink]] and [[David Jolly|Jolly]]. An announced in the ad started with, "David Jolly: Cut spending, stop Obamacare. Alex Sink: More spending, defend Obamacare. She’s fighting for them, not for us.”<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/alex-sink-hit-with-new-ad-from-nrcc/ ''Roll Call,'' "Alex Sink Hit With New Ad From NRCC," accessed February 25, 2014]</ref>
+
On February 22, 2014, the group released an ad that aimed to highlight differences between [[Alex Sink|Sink]] and [[David Jolly|Jolly]]. An announced in the ad started with, "David Jolly: Cut spending, stop Obamacare. Alex Sink: More spending, defend Obamacare. She’s fighting for them, not for us.”<ref>[http://atr.rollcall.com/alex-sink-hit-with-new-ad-from-nrcc/ ''Roll Call,'' "Alex Sink Hit With New Ad From NRCC," accessed February 25, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===U.S. Chamber of Commerce===
 
===U.S. Chamber of Commerce===

Revision as of 08:36, 25 February 2014

CongressLogo.png
Special Elections to the 113th Session of Congress, 2013-2014

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2014 Congressional Elections2014 U.S. Senate Elections
2014 U.S. House Elections
The 13th Congressional District of Florida will hold a special election for the U.S. House in 2014.

The special election will be held to fill the vacancy left by the death of Rep. C.W. Bill Young (R).

Young died on October 18, 2013, following complications resulting from a chronic injury.[1] At the time of his death, Young was the longest serving House Republican.[2][3]

Under Florida law, Governor Rick Scott (R) had no authority to appoint a replacement, but called a special election to fill Young's seat.[4][5]

Florida is one of 12 states to use a strictly closed primary process, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.[6][7][8]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
November 19, 2013[9]
January 14, 2014
March 11, 2014

Candidates

General Election Candidates

Democratic primary

Republican primary

Third party candidates

Did not qualify

Potential candidates

Withdrew from race

Declined to run

Election results

Republican primary

U.S. House, Florida District 13 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDavid Jolly 44.6% 20,337
Kathleen Peters 31% 14,120
Mark Bircher 24.5% 11,158
Total Votes 45,615
Source: Unofficial results via Associated Press[33]

Endorsements

David Jolly

C.W. Bill Young's widow, Beverly Young, endorsed at David Jolly's campaign kickoff event on November 7, 2013, and announced that her late husband asked Jolly to run for his seat.[34][35][36]

Former St. Petersburg Mayor Rick Baker endorsed Jolly on November 10, 2013. In the endorsement he said, “We need a leader who will be a strong voice for our community and a strong leader in Washington to help turn back the tide of irresponsible federal spending and debt. David Jolly knows Pinellas and has worked to support Congressman Young’s many efforts – from industry to tourism to the support of our veterans. David won’t need a guidebook to know where to start and what to do.”[37]

Former “Price is Right” game show host Bob Barker endorsed Jolly in a campaign ad on December 11, 2013.[38]

“Because with Jolly,” Barker said at the end of the ad, “the choice is right.”[38]

Robocalls to voters featuring Sen. Marco Rubio began on February 13, 2014, asking them to support David Jolly (R) in the special election.[39] The calls were sponsored by YG Network.[39] Rubio campaign with Jolly at a senior living center in Seminole on February 10, 2014.[39]

"Florida families and seniors can count on David Jolly to help grow our economy and protect vital programs like Social Security and Medicare. By now, you should have received your absentee ballot in the mail. I'm asking you to vote for David Jolly and to return your ballot by mail today."[39]

The National Rifle Association (NRA) reportedly spent approximately $92,000 on web advertising for Jolly.[40]

Other endorsements include:[37][41]

  • Former U.S. Ambassador Mel Sembler
  • Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense and U.S. Secretary of the Navy Gordon England,
  • Rep. Richard Nugent
  • State Representative Larry Ahern
  • Former Pinellas County Commissioner and School Board member Nancy Bostock
  • City of Seminole Mayor Leslie Waters
  • Former Pinellas Park Mayor Bill Mischler
  • The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB)
    • SAFE (Save America'’s Free Enterprise) Trust

Mark Bircher

Bircher was endorsed by former Rep. Allen West.[42][43]

Kathleen Peters

Peters was endorsed by one of Young’s sons, Bill Young II.[42][35][36]

Alex Sink

On November 27, 2013, Rep. Kathy Castor announced that she would host a fundraiser for Alex Sink (D).[44] The event took place on December 17, 2013. Contributions ranged from $5,000 to be a chair, $1,000 to be a host or $250 for admission.[44]

Sink announced on December 19, 2013, an endorsement from Realtors Political Action Committee (RPAC), the political arm of the National Association of Realtors.[45][46] In a statement, Pinellas Realtors Organization chair Brandi Gabbard said Alex Sink’s hard work on housing issues during her business career and her tenure as Florida Chief Financial Officer as the primary reasons for their support.[45]

Alex Sink has been a strong leader for REALTORS® and homeowners, including leading the charge to ensure that affordable, long-term financing is available to prospective homebuyers. She has a proven record of working with Republicans and Democrats to get results for Florida families,” said Gabbard. "In Congress, I have every confidence Alex Sink will continue to stand up for homeowners and REALTORS® and ensure our voices are heard,” continued Gabbard. “She will protect the mortgage interest deduction and equally important will work to return fairness to the flood insurance market.”[45]

Other endorsements and contributions came from:[47][48][49]

Polls

General election

General election match-up
Poll David Jolly (R) Alex Sink (D)Lucas Overby (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
March 7-9, 2014
45%48%6%2%+/-3.7702
PMI Inc.
February 25-27, 2014
46%44%0%5%+/-6391
St. Pete Polls
February 25, 2014
46%46%6%2%+/-2.81,269
Fabizio, Lee and Associates
February 17-18, 2014
44%42%0%14%+/-4.9400
St. Leo University
February 9-11, 2014
37%46%12%4%+/-5.0400
Braun Research
February 4-9, 2014
35%42%4%19%+/-4.0603
DCCC
January 24, 2014
45%49%0%6%+/-4.3527
McLaughlin & Associates
January 21, 2014
43%38%4%15%+/-4.9400
St. Pete Polls
January 15, 2014
47%43%4%6%+/-2.71,278
St. Pete Polls
November 5, 2013
31%52%0%17%+/-31,079
AVERAGES 41.9% 45% 3.6% 9% +/-4.13 704.9
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Potential general election

Potential general election match-up
Poll Neil Brickfield (R) Alex Sink (D)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
St. Pete Polls
November 5, 2013
30%51%19%+/-31,079
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.
Potential general election match-up
Poll Frank Hibbard (R) Alex Sink (D)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
St. Pete Polls
November 5, 2013
31%52%17%+/-31,079
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Republican primary

Republican primary candidates
Poll Neil Brickfield David JollyFrank HibbardKathleen PetersMark BircherSomeone elseUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
St. Pete Polls
November 5, 2013
16%19%15%0%0%29%20%+/-4.41,079
St. Pete Polls
November 18, 2013
0%39.2%0%17.3%0%30.9%12.6%+/-2.81,252
Human Events and Gravis Marketing
January 8, 2014
0%34%0%28%25%0%14%+/-3976
St. Pete Polls
January 9, 2014
0%36.5%0%23.9%26.3%0%13.3%+/-3.8653
AVERAGES 4% 32.18% 3.75% 17.3% 12.83% 14.98% 14.98% +/-3.5 990
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Democratic primary

Democratic primary candidates
Poll Jessica Ehrlich Alex SinkSomeone elseUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
St. Pete Polls
November 5, 2013
11%71%9%9%+/-5.11,079
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Issues

1989 accident

On February 24, 2014, Jolly acknowledged that as a 16-year-old driver, he struck and killed a pedestrian in a 1989 accident.[50]

Jolly said of the accident: “It took several years for me to get to a place of peace, but not something anybody would ever get over.”[50]

Sink's residency

In January 2014, Alex Sink (D) defended herself against claims that she was a "carpetbagger," after she moved into the district from Thonotosassa, Florida, approximately 30 miles away.[51][52] Sink justified the move, and said that she had years of business experience in the district and a good knowledge of the area.[51]

“It’s not like I moved from Miami,” she said.[51]

State Rep. Kathleen Peters (R) responded by saying that Sink "barely put her big toe in the community."[51]

Republican donations to Democrats

David Jolly (R) reportedly donated nearly $30,000 to the Democratic Party and Democratic candidates since 2006, with the biggest contribution made to former Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr., but other donations to Dick Durbin, Barbara Mikulski and late Sen. Daniel Inouye.[53]

“David has been a strong Republican supporter as the numbers show. David also has personal relationships with Democrats and Independents, and in non-competitive races he has supported them,” said Sarah Bascom, a spokeswoman for Jolly. “David has said from day one that this race is about working together with Republicans, Democrats and Independents all for the betterment of Pinellas County.”[53]

Media


Sink's first ad of the campaign, "Working Together."

Sink's ad, "Solutions," criticized Jolly as a lobbyist for special interests.

Sink's February ad, "Record."

Alex Sink

Alex Sink featured her father in her first ad of the campaign, released on January 15, 2014.[54] In the ad, Sink and her father debate her decision in the special election and attempted to cast her as a bipartisan problem-solver. Social Security is also mentioned in the ad, as the district's population is older than most, making it an important issue in the election.[54][55] Sink's campaign spent approximately $311,000 to air the ad for 10 days, one of the most substantial ad buys for the campaign at that point in the campaign.[54]

Sink released another ad in January 2014, "Solutions," that criticized David Jolly (R) as a past lobbyist for "special interests."[56]

Sink embraced the new healthcare law in a February 2014 ad, "Record." In the ad, she said that it is a better idea to fix the law, rather than simply repealing it.[57] The commercial also claims her Republican opponent, David Jolly, lied about being a lobbyist, but does not go into detail about how.[57]

DCCC

On January 17, 2014, reports circulated that the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) reserved more than $200,000 in air time between January 21-27, 2014, in support of Alex Sink (D).[58]

Only a few days later, on January 21, 2014, the DCCC released an ad targeting David Jolly (R).[59] The ad, with an estimated cost of $200,000, attacked Jolly for his prior experience as a lobbyist, and featured a clip of Jolly saying he was “proud of the work [he’s] done” as a lobbyist.[59]

NRCC

The National Republican Congressional Committee (NRCC) made its first independent expenditure in January 2014, with a $100,000 online ad attacking Sink for her use of a taxpayer-funded plane during her time in state government.[58]

Jolly attempted to distance himself from the ad shortly after it was released. He said, "We sent out a mailing and I said to our people I don't want anything about her trip to the Bahamas on my mailing. The RNCC wants to do that, but were not doing that. I understand there is some nuance it - the fact that she took the plane from Miami to Fort Lauderdale and then took her own flight to get to the Bahamas."[60]


NRCC's January 2014 ad, "Another Tax and Spender Florida Can't Afford."

NRCC's Feburary 2014 ad, "The Choice."

The NRCC launched another ad, costing an estimated $725,000, for David Jolly on January 22, 2014. The advertising campaign continued through February 2014.[61]

On January 22, 2014, the NRCC released a $230,000 ad buy against Alex Sink, criticizing her "cute ads" featuring her father and accuses Sink of being in favor of raising taxes.[62] The ad, "Another Tax and Spender Florida Can't Afford," came as part of a larger $725,000 ad buy by the NRCC in January 2014.[62]

On February 22, 2014, the group released an ad that aimed to highlight differences between Sink and Jolly. An announced in the ad started with, "David Jolly: Cut spending, stop Obamacare. Alex Sink: More spending, defend Obamacare. She’s fighting for them, not for us.”[63]

U.S. Chamber of Commerce

On January 3, 2014, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce released an ad for David Jolly featuring former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush (R).[64]

In the ad, Bush said, "Dave's the best candidate to go to Congress, fight wasteful spending and help create good jobs.[64]

The group released a second ad in February 2014, "Alex Sink Supports Obamacare." The ad linked Alex Sink to Obamacare and the approximately 300,000 insurance policies that were canceled in the state.[65] FEC reports show the group spent $400,000 for television and online advertisements supporting Jolly between February 4 and March 11, 2014.[65]

AAN

American Action Network (AAN) released an ad against Alex Sink on February 3, 2014.[66]


U.S. Chamber of Commerce's January 2014 ad featuring Jeb Bush.

U.S. Chamber of Commerce's February 2014 ad, "Alex Sink supports Obamacare."

American Action Network's February 2014 ad, "Alex Sink: Mess."

House Majority PAC

House Majority PAC released an ad on February 10, 2014, criticizing David Jolly for lobbying for a group that has pushed to privatize Social Security.[67]

The ad came after thousands of senior citizens in Pinellas County received robocalls from the Florida Democratic Party in early February 2014. The calls stated:[68]

"Hi this is Greta from the Florida Democratic Party. Washington Lobbyist David Jolly’s radical repeal of the Affordable Care Act would bring back the Medicare Prescription Drug Donut Hole, forcing seniors to pay more for medicine – eliminating 186 million dollars in savings for hundreds of thousands of seniors in Florida alone. That’s why USA Today wrote that Lobbyist Jolly’s “repeal would mean higher costs. But that’s not all: Lobbyist Jolly also supports privatizing Social Security, which could force seniors to gamble with their retirement on the stock market, and Jolly even praised the Ryan Budget that turns Medicare into a costly voucher program. Pinellas seniors just can’t trust Washington Lobbyist David Jolly."

Following the ad, the AARP clarified that it did not have anything to do with commercial, which showed an AARP memo with the organization's logo featured prominently on the page.[69]Florida AARP State Director Jeff Johnson said in a news release:

“We were not aware of, nor does AARP have any involvement with, any political campaign including the recent District 13 ad from the House Majority Pac that mentions AARP. AARP does not endorse candidates, have a political action committee (PAC), or make contributions to political campaigns or candidates. We work with members of all political parties to help improve the lives of Americans and Floridians 50+. We have a proud 28-year history of non-partisan voter engagement, providing voters with information on where the candidates stand on issues important to our members and their families, so they can make their own decisions on Election Day."[69]

The House Majority PAC released another ad on February 14, 2014, that featured an elderly couple, retirees Elizabeth and Rod Snedeker, criticizing David Jolly on Social Security.[70][71][72]

David Jolly lobbied for a group that wanted to risk Social Security in the stock market. He still wants it on the table,” Rod Snedeker said in the ad.[70]

Elizabeth Snedeker added, “When the market crashed, we lost 40 percent of our savings. I don’t think it’s right for David Jolly to risk Social Security money in the stock market.”[70]


House Majority PAC's February 2014 ad, "Privatized."

House Majority PAC's February 2014 ad, "We Saw."

American Crossroads's February 2014 ad, "Sunk."

American Crossroads

American Crossroads launched a $357,000 ad buy on February 18, 2014, featuring seniors attacking Democratic nominee Alex Sink on three issues. The ad addresses three of the top issues of the election: issues with Florida's pension fund while she was Florida’s chief financial officer, jobs cut while she was a bank executive and for a taxpayer-funded plane Republicans say she used for inappropriate personal trips.[73]

Primary election

State Senator Kathleen Peters released her first ad of the campaign on December 6, 2013. In the ad, Peters criticized Jolly, saying "the choice is clear: A Washington lobbysit who has put his special interest clients first; or a local community leader who has put Pinellas families first."[74] The ad, costing an estimated $22,000, came just a day after David Jolly released his first ad buy of the campaign, costing just $6,000.[75]


Kathleen Peters' first ad of the campaign, released in December 2013.

Campaign donors

Alex Sink

Alex Sink (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
Pre-Special[76]January 2, 2014$0$0$(88,787)$1,054,488
Year End[77]January 31, 2014$1,054,488$90,754$(2,393)$1,142,848
Running totals
$90,754$(91,180)

David Jolly

David Jolly (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
Pre-Special[78]January 2, 2014$0$388,450$(246,558)$141,891
Year End[79]January 31, 2014$141,891$13,200$(82,136)$72,954
Pre-Special[80]February 27, 2014$72,954$638,536$(529,301)$182,189
Post-Special[81]April 10, 2014$182,189$352,368$(514,811)$19,746
July Quarterly[82]July 15, 2014$19,746$272,607$(95,619)$196,734
Pre-Primary[83]August 14, 2014$196,734$82,505$(172,708)$106,530
October Quarterly[84]October 15, 2014$106,530$150,461$(53,734)$203,257
Running totals
$1,898,127$(1,694,867)

Between October 1, 2013, and December 25, 2013, Alex Sink (D) raised approximately $1.1 million, with contributions coming from Democratic National Committee Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, and House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer.[85][86] Sink took criticism after financial disclosures revealed that 83 percent of her donations came from outside Pinellas County and the state of Florida.[52]

On the Republican side, David Jolly raised $388,000 during the same time period, with contributions coming from Wayne Berman, a Republican lobbyist, and retired game show host Bob Barker.[87]

State Senator Kathleen Peters raised $169,000 during the same time period, and Mark Bircher reportedly took in $58,000.[87]

Outside groups

Three groups— American Crossroads, American Action Network and YG Network — joined forces in January 2013 to launch a $1.2 million ad campaign for Republican nominee David Jolly.[88] American Crossroads and American Action Network contributed $500,000, while YG Network invested $200,000.[88]

“This is a toss-up race. It’s a must-win for Democrats and we see an opportunity for Republicans to be victorious,” said Brian Walsh, president of American Action Network.[88]

“This has become a far more competitive race than anyone initially expected. The Democrats were hoping to get momentum here, they haven’t, and it’s important that we push back hard," said Steven Law, president of American Crossroads.[88]

Chris Bond, a YG Network spokesman, said: “For liberals, this is a must-win race, and it speaks volumes that they’re fighting for their lives right now…We’re going to make sure folks are fully aware of Alex Sink’s liberal agenda.”[88]

Prior to the joining of the three groups, Democrats outspent Republicans in the race. As of January 2013, they had reserved more than $3 million in advertising, while Republicans had reserved less than $900,000.[88]

In a nine day span in February 2014, outside groups spent $1.1 million on the race, mainly to Jolly's benefit.[89]

As of February 2014, the top Republican spenders included the National Republican Congressional Committee with a $1.3 million spending total, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce at $800,000 and American Action Network with $439,000.[90][91] The top Democratic spenders included the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee with a $886,000 spending tab and House Majority PAC with $495,000.[91]Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; invalid names, e.g. too many

Debates

David Jolly (R), Alex Sink (D) and Lucas Overby (L) participated in an hour-long debate at St. Petersburg College on February 3, 2014.[92][93]

The debate, sponsored by AARP, was the first chance for the three candidates to directly address each other.[92]

District history

Candidate ballot accecss
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2012

See also: Florida's 13th Congressional District elections, 2012

Due to redistricting, Young ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Florida's 13th District. Young won the nomination in the Republican primary on August 14, 2012. Jessica Ehrlich ran as a Democrat. He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[94]

U.S. House, Florida District 13 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngC.W. Bill Young Incumbent 57.6% 189,605
     Democratic Jessica Ehrlich 42.4% 139,742
Total Votes 329,347
Source: Florida Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Florida District 13 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngC.W. Bill Young Incumbent 69.1% 39,381
Darren Ayres 18.5% 10,544
Madeline Vance 12.4% 7,049
Total Votes 56,974

2010

On November 2, 2010, Vern Buchanan won re-election to the United States House. He defeated James T. Golden (D) in the general election.[95]

U.S. House, Florida District 13 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngVern Buchanan incumbent 68.8% 183,341
     Democratic James T. Golden 31.2% 83,123
Total Votes 266,464

See also

External links

References

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  2. Politico, "Bill Young, longest-serving House Republican, dies", accessed October 18, 2013
  3. Tampa Bay Times, "U.S. Rep. C.W. Bill Young's death leaves political void," accessed October 21, 2013
  4. Reuters.com, "Rep. Bill Young, longest serving Republican in U.S. Congress, dead at 82," accessed October 24, 2013
  5. Tampa Bay Times, "With Rep. C.W. Bill Young's death, Pinellas a bellwether for 2014," accessed October 24, 2013
  6. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  7. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  8. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013 through January 3, 2014 researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 TBN Weekly, "Campaigns begin for District 13 House seat," accessed November 11, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Tampa Bay Times, "Former state Rep. Larry Crow announces for Young seat," accessed October 15, 2013
  11. Politico, "Alex Sink announces for Bill Young Florida seat," accessed October 30, 2013
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  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 Tampa Bay Times, "C.W. Bill Young's widow still considering run for his seat," accessed October 30, 2013
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  18. Sunshine State News, "Alex Sink Facing Watered-Down GOP Opposition for Open Congress Seat," accessed November 11, 2013
  19. Tampa Bay Times, "Bill Young's bro mulling congressional bid," accessed October 24, 2013
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  21. Tampa Bay "Attorney Jessica Ehrlich to challenge Rep. C.W. Bill Young again" Accessed April 19, 2013
  22. Tampa Bay Times, "Pinellas Commissioner Charlie Justice won't seek Bill Young's seat," accessed October 28, 2013
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  24. Tampa Bay Times, "Not all Republicans are standing behind David Jolly," accessed November 14, 2013
  25. Tampa Bay Times, "Pinellas Commissioner Karen Seel won't run for Congress," accessed November 6, 2013
  26. Tampa Bay Times, " Rick Baker won't run for Rep. C.W. Bill Young's seat, but David Jolly will," accessed November 5, 2013
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  31. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named norun
  32. Politico, "GOP ex-mayor won’t run in Florida 13th District," accessed November 4, 2013
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  35. 35.0 35.1 The Hill, "Drama roils race to replace Rep. Bill Young," accessed January 13, 2014
  36. 36.0 36.1 Politico, "Kathleen Peters splits Bill Young family," accessed January 14, 2014
  37. 37.0 37.1 Saint Peters Blog, "Rick Baker endorses David Jolly in special election for Congressional District 13," accessed November 12, 2013
  38. 38.0 38.1 Politico, "Bob Barker endorses Jolly in Fla.," accessed December 13, 2013
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 Tampa Bay Times, "Rubio robo call urges Pinellas voters to support David Jolly," accessed February 17, 2014
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