Florida Amendment 3, Supermajority Vote Required to Approve a Constitutional Amendment (2006)

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Florida Broader Public Support for Constitutional Amendments or Revisions, Amendment 3 was on the November 7, 2006 election ballot in Florida as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved.

Proposed Amendment 3 increased the number of votes required to approve a proposed constitutional amendment from 50% + 1 to 60%.

Amendment #3 amended Section 5 of Article XI of the Florida Constitution.

Election results

Amendment 3
Approveda Yes 2,600,969 57.8%

Text of measure

Florida Constitution
750px-Flag of Florida.svg.png

Proposed Amendment #3's summary on the ballot said:

Proposes an amendment to Section 5 of Article XI of the State Constitution to require that any proposed amendment to or revision of the State Constitution, whether proposed by the Legislature, by initiative, or by any other method, must be approved by at least 60 percent of the voters of the state voting on the measure, rather than by a simple majority. This proposed amendment would not change the current requirement that a proposed constitutional amendment imposing a new state tax or fee be approved by at least 2/3 percent of the voters of the state voting in the election in which such an amendment is considered.


Florida Vote Smart, an affiliate of the Florida Chamber of Commerce, provided a voter guide in 2006 to Florida's proposed constitutional amendments. In that voter guide, they presented these arguments for and against Amendment 3, based on their assessment of the arguments that advocacy groups and others were making.

In favor

"Florida's Constitution is the easiest to amend in our nation. In recent years, ballot initiatives have become a vehicle for well-financed special interest groups to protect their interests via the state's most sacred document. By implementing a higher threshold for approval of constitutional amendments it broadens consensus because a higher percentage of Florida's electorate will be required to pass the initiative.


"When issues are not passed through the Legislature, the ballot initiative process is critical to ensuring the peoples' voices are still heard. The citizen initiative process remains a vital check on government when, for whatever reasons, the government refuses to act. Requiring a higher percentage of the electorate could diminish an initiative's chances of being approved."

Campaign donations

See also: Donations to 2006 ballot measure campaigns

A total of $3,293,580 was spent on campaigns related to Amendment 3, and it was all spent by the "Yes on 3" side through a group called "Protect Our Constitution."[1]

Donors of $100,000 and over to "Protect Our Constitution" were:

Donor Amount
National Association of Home Builders $300,000
Foundation for Preserving Florida's Future $300,000
Florida Chamber of Commerce $179,406
ALICO, Inc. $100,000
U.S. Chamber of Commerce $100,000
CSX Transportation $100,000
Publix Supermarkets $100,000
Bonita Bay Group $100,000
Florida Association of Realtors $100,000
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Florida $100,000
A. Duda & Sons $100,000
Plum Creek Timber $100,000
Chicos FAS $100,000
PHRMA $100,000

Path to the ballot

See also: Amending the Florida Constitution

Proposed Amendment 3 was referred to the ballot by a vote of both chambers of the Florida State Legislature on HJR 1723 (2005 session).

See also

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External links