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m (Text replace - "Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013." to "Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.")
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From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Florida State House of Representatives for the last 17 years while the Democrats were the majority for five years. During the final three years of the study, Florida was under Republican [[trifectas]].
 
From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Florida State House of Representatives for the last 17 years while the Democrats were the majority for five years. During the final three years of the study, Florida was under Republican [[trifectas]].
  
Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013.
+
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
  
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Revision as of 14:23, 24 May 2013

Florida House of Representatives

Florida State Senate Seal.jpg
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   March 5, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Dean Cannon, (R)
Majority Leader:   Carlos Lopez-Cantera, (R)
Minority leader:   Ron Saunders, (D)
Structure
Members:  120
   Democratic Party (45)
Republican Party (74)
Vacant (1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art III, Florida Constitution
Salary:   $29,697/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (120 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (120 seats)
Redistricting:  Florida Legislature has control
The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Florida Legislature. The state House of Representatives includes 120 representatives elected from individual legislative districts for a two-year term, limited to no more than four consecutive terms. Each member represents an average of 156,678 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 133,186 residents.[2]

The Speaker of the House is elected by the representatives for a two-year term. The speaker has the power to preside over the chamber during a session, to appoint committee members and chairs of committees, to influence the placement of bills on the calendar, and to rule on procedural motions. The Speaker pro tempore presides if the speaker leaves the chair or if there is a vacancy.

As of May 2013, Florida is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Florida Constitution establishes when the Florida State Legislature, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 3 of Article III states that the regular session of the Legislature is to convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of each year. Regular sessions of the Legislature are not to exceed sixty days, unless extended by a three-fifths vote of each house.

Section 3 also allows for the convening of special sessions, either by the proclamation of the Governor of Florida or as otherwise provided by law.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature is in session from March 5 to May 3.

Major issues

Issues identified as priorities in the legislative agenda for 2013 include:[3]

  • Election Reform
  • Ethics Reform
  • Higher Ed Reform
  • Gambling
  • Affordable Care Act

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 10 through March 9.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from March 8 through May 6.

Session highlights

In 2011, the legislature reduced government spending and avoided raising taxes. Spending will be reduced by $1 billion from last year, and $4 billion less than in 2006. Florida also removed 14,000 businesses from corporate tax income rolls. Areas that spending was cut include education and social programs. The legislature removed funding from a veteran's homeless support group, reduced payments to social workers by 15 percent, and will spend $2.5 billion less on education than last year. [4]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from March 2nd to April 30th.

Elections

2012

See also: Florida House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Florida House of Representatives were held in Florida on November 6, 2012. All 120 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 7, 2012. The primary date was August 14.

Florida state representatives are subject to term limits, and may serve no more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 12 state representatives were termed-out of office.

This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the Florida House held a supermajority, which Democrats looked to cut into.[5]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Florida House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Florida State Representative were held in Florida on November 2, 2010. State senate seats in all 120 districts were on the ballot in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was April 30, 2010, and the primary election day was August 24, 2010.


Florida House of Representatives
Party As of November 1, 2010 After the 2010 Election
     Democratic Party 44 39
     Republican Party 76 81
Total 120 120


In 2010, the total amount of contributions raised in house campaigns was $30,673,659. The top 10 overall donors were: [6]


Qualifications

To run for the Florida House of Representatives, candidates must be 21 years old, have lived in Florida for two years and live in the district they intend to serve. [7]

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, a special election must be called to fill the vacant seat[8]. The Governor is responsible for calling the election and must consult with the Secretary of State to set the election dates and nominating deadlines[9]. The person elected to fill the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term[10].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Florida

The Florida Legislature is responsible for redistricting. For state legislative redistricting, the legislature must first pass a joint resolution, which is then sent to the state Supreme Court for review. If it is accepted, the plan becomes law. If it is not, the legislature holds a 15 day session to approve a new plan. If the second plan does not pass the Court or if the legislature fails to approve a new plan during the 15 days, the Court has 60 days to design their own plan.[11]

2010 census

Florida received its 2010 local census data on March 16, 2011. The state population increased by 2.8 million residents, or 17.6 percent.[12] Going into redistricting, it was clear that Amendment 5, passed by voters in 2010, was going to have a major impact on the process. Amendment 5 established that legislative district boundaries had to be drawn in such ways that they establish "fairness," are "as equal in population as feasible" and use "city, county and geographical boundaries."[13]

On February 3, the state House Redistricting Committee approved a redistricting proposal for consideration by the full chamber. Proponents of the Fair Redistricting amendments attacked the plan, saying it unconstitutionally favored Republicans.[14][15]

On February 9, the Florida State Legislature gave final approval to the state's redistricting maps, sending them to the state Supreme Court for approval. The legislative maps were approved 80-37 in the House and 31-7 in the Senate.[16] On March 10, the Florida Supreme Court issued a 234-page decision rejecting the state’s new Senate maps, while upholding the new House districts and providing extensive interpretation of the state's 2010 redistricting reform amendment.[17]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of October 2014
     Democratic Party 45
     Republican Party 74
     Vacancy 1
Total 120


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Florida State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Florida State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected to a two year term by fellow Representatives. An important duty of the Speaker is the appointment of committee members and selection of their Chairs.[18]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Florida House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker of the House Will W. Weatherford Ends.png Republican
Speaker pro tempore Marti Coley Ends.png Republican
House Majority Leader Stephen Precourt Ends.png Republican
House Minority Leader Perry E. Thurston, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Pro Tempore Mia Jones Electiondot.png Democratic

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Florida legislature are paid $29,687 per year. Legislators are allowed $131 per day for per diem, tied to the federal rate. Travel vouchers are required.[19]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Florida legislators assume office two weeks following their election.

Current members

District Representative Party Residence
1 Clay Ingram Ends.png Republican
2 Vacant
3 Douglas Broxson Ends.png Republican
4 Matt Gaetz Ends.png Republican
5 Marti Coley Ends.png Republican
6 Jimmy Patronis Ends.png Republican
7 Halsey Beshears Ends.png Republican
8 Alan Williams Electiondot.png Democratic
9 Michelle Rehwinkel Vasilinda Electiondot.png Democratic
10 Elizabeth Porter Ends.png Republican
11 Janet Adkins Ends.png Republican
12 Lake Ray Ends.png Republican
13 Reggie Fullwood Electiondot.png Democratic
14 Mia Jones Electiondot.png Democratic
15 Daniel Davis Ends.png Republican
16 Charles McBurney Ends.png Republican
17 Ronald Renuart Ends.png Republican
18 W. Travis Cummings Ends.png Republican
19 Charles Van Zant Ends.png Republican
20 Clovis Watson, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic
21 Keith Perry Ends.png Republican
22 Charlie Stone Ends.png Republican
23 Dennis Baxley Ends.png Republican
24 Travis Hutson Ends.png Republican
25 Charles David Hood Ends.png Republican
26 Dwayne Taylor Electiondot.png Democratic
27 David Santiago Ends.png Republican
28 Jason Brodeur Ends.png Republican
29 Mike Clelland Electiondot.png Democratic
30 Karen Castor Dentel Electiondot.png Democratic
31 Bryan Nelson Ends.png Republican
32 Larry Metz Ends.png Republican
33 H. Marlene O'Toole Ends.png Republican
34 Jimmie Smith Ends.png Republican
35 Robert Schenck Ends.png Republican
36 Mike Fasano Ends.png Republican
37 Richard Corcoran Ends.png Republican
38 Will Weatherford Ends.png Republican
39 Neil Combee Ends.png Republican
40 Seth McKeel Ends.png Republican
41 John Wood Ends.png Republican
42 Mike La Rosa Ends.png Republican
43 Ricardo Rangel Electiondot.png Democratic
44 Stephen Precourt Ends.png Republican
45 Randolph Bracy Electiondot.png Democratic
46 Bruce Antone Electiondot.png Democratic
47 Linda Stewart Electiondot.png Democratic
48 Victor Torres Electiondot.png Democratic
49 Joe Saunders Electiondot.png Democratic
50 Tom Goodson Ends.png Republican
51 Steve Crisafulli Ends.png Republican
52 Ritch Workman Ends.png Republican
53 John Tobia Ends.png Republican
54 Debbie Mayfield Ends.png Republican
55 Cary Pigman Ends.png Republican
56 Ben Albritton Ends.png Republican
57 Jake Raburn Ends.png Republican
58 Daniel Raulerson Ends.png Republican
59 Ross Spano Ends.png Republican
60 Dana Young Ends.png Republican
61 Betty Reed Electiondot.png Democratic
62 Janet Cruz Electiondot.png Democratic
63 Mark Danish Electiondot.png Democratic
64 James Grant Ends.png Republican
65 Carl Zimmermann Electiondot.png Democratic
66 Larry Ahern Ends.png Republican
67 Ed Hooper Ends.png Republican
68 Dwight Richard Dudley Electiondot.png Democratic
69 Kathleen M. Peters Ends.png Republican
70 Darryl Rouson Electiondot.png Democratic
71 Jim Boyd Ends.png Republican
72 Ray Pilon Ends.png Republican
73 Greg Steube Ends.png Republican
74 Doug Holder Ends.png Republican
75 Kenneth Roberson Ends.png Republican
76 Ray Wesley Rodrigues Ends.png Republican
77 Dane Eagle Ends.png Republican
78 Heather Dawes Fitzenhagen Ends.png Republican
79 Matt Caldwell Ends.png Republican
80 Matt Hudson Ends.png Republican
81 Kevin J.G. Rader Electiondot.png Democratic
82 MaryLynn Magar Ends.png Republican
83 Gayle Harrell Ends.png Republican
84 Larry Lee, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic
85 Patrick Rooney, Jr. Ends.png Republican
86 Mark Pafford Electiondot.png Democratic
87 Dave Kerner Electiondot.png Democratic
88 Bobby Powell Electiondot.png Democratic
89 Bill Hager Ends.png Republican
90 Lori Berman Electiondot.png Democratic
91 Irving Slosberg Electiondot.png Democratic
92 Gwyndolen Clarke-Reed Electiondot.png Democratic
93 George Moraitis Ends.png Republican
94 Perry Thurston Electiondot.png Democratic
95 Hazelle Rogers Electiondot.png Democratic
96 James Waldman Electiondot.png Democratic
97 Jared Evan Moskowitz Electiondot.png Democratic
98 Katie Edwards Electiondot.png Democratic
99 Elaine Schwartz Electiondot.png Democratic
100 Joseph Gibbons Electiondot.png Democratic
101 Shevrin Jones Electiondot.png Democratic
102 Sharon Pritchett Electiondot.png Democratic
103 Manny Diaz, Jr. Ends.png Republican
104 Richard Stark Electiondot.png Democratic
105 Carlos Trujillo Ends.png Republican
106 Kathleen Passidomo Ends.png Republican
107 Barbara Watson Electiondot.png Democratic
108 Daphne Campbell Electiondot.png Democratic
109 Cynthia Stafford Electiondot.png Democratic
110 Jose Oliva Ends.png Republican
111 Eduardo Gonzalez Ends.png Republican
112 Jose Javier Rodriguez Electiondot.png Democratic
113 David Richardson Electiondot.png Democratic
114 Erik Fresen Ends.png Republican
115 Michael Bileca Ends.png Republican
116 Jose Felix Diaz Ends.png Republican
117 Kionne McGhee Electiondot.png Democratic
118 Frank Artiles Ends.png Republican
119 Jeanette Nuñez Ends.png Republican
120 Holly Merrill Raschein Ends.png Republican

Standing committees

For the 2013 regular session the Florida House has 9 standing committees:

Note: There is no standing Redistricting Committee for the 2013 regular session.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Florida
Partisan breakdown of the Florida legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Florida State House of Representatives for the last 17 years while the Democrats were the majority for five years. During the final three years of the study, Florida was under Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Florida, the Florida State Senate and the Florida House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Florida state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. Sun Sentinel "Florida Legislature's top priorities in 2013" Accessed January 3, 2012
  4. Stateline.org, States balance budgets with cuts, not taxes, June 15, 2011
  5. Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
  6. Follow the Money: "Florida House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  7. Qualifications for Senate
  8. Florida Legislature "Florida Election Law"(Referenced Statute 100.101(2), Florida Election Code)
  9. Florida Legislature "Florida Election Law"(Referenced Statute 100.141 (1) (2), Florida Election Code)
  10. Florida Legislature "Florida Election Law"(Referenced Statute 100.111 (1) (a-c), Florida Election Code)
  11. Rose Report, "Florida Redistricting: The Complete Analysis," February 22, 2010
  12. Naples News, "Florida picks up 2 congressional seats, 2010 Census shows," December 21, 2010
  13. The Daily Loaf,"Fair Districts Florida makes it on 2010 ballot," January 22, 2010
  14. South Florida Times, "House Panel Approved Florida Redistricting Plans," February 3, 2012
  15. Miamia Herald, "House voting on Florida redistricting plans," February 2, 2012
  16. Miami Herald, "Florida redistricting plans get final passage," February 9, 2012
  17. WJHJ, "Florida Supreme Court Justices Reject Senate Redistricting Plan," March 9, 2012
  18. Florida House Leaders
  19. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013