Difference between revisions of "Florida school districts"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Term limits)
Line 59: Line 59:
  
 
===Term limits===
 
===Term limits===
As of a 2012 Supreme Court ruling, charter counties can impose term limits on locally-elected offices.<ref>[http://jacksonville.com/news/florida/2012-05-11/story/politijax-florida-supreme-court-rules-favor-term-limits-counties ''Jacksonville.com,'' "PolitiJax: Florida Supreme Court rules in favor of term limits for counties," May 11, 2012]</ref>
+
As of a 2012 Supreme Court ruling, charter counties can impose term limits on locally-elected officials.<ref>[http://jacksonville.com/news/florida/2012-05-11/story/politijax-florida-supreme-court-rules-favor-term-limits-counties ''Jacksonville.com,'' "PolitiJax: Florida Supreme Court rules in favor of term limits for counties," May 11, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==School board elections==
 
==School board elections==

Revision as of 17:22, 9 July 2014

K-12 Education in Florida
Flag of Florida.png
Education facts
State Superintendent: Pam Stewart
Number of students: 2,668,156[1]
Number of teachers: 175,006
Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15.2
Number of school districts: 76
Number of schools: 4,212
Graduation rate: 75%[2]
Per-pupil spending: $8,887[3]
See also
Florida Department of Education
Florida school districts
List of school districts in Florida
Florida
School boards portal
Policypedia
Education policy logo.jpg
Education policy project
Public education in the United States
Public education in Florida
Glossary of education terms

Florida is home to 4,212 schools and 2,668,156 K-12 students.[4]

Quick facts

State school administrators

Statistics

The following table displays the state's top 10 school districts by total student enrollment.

Student enrollment
1.) Miami-Dade County Public Schools
2.) Broward County Public Schools
3.) Hillsborough County Public Schools
4.) Orange County Public Schools
5.) Palm Beach County School District
6.) Duval County Public Schools
7.) Pinellas County Schools
8.) Polk County Public Schools
9.) Lee County School District
10.) Brevard Public Schools

Demographics

See also: Demographic information for all students in all 50 states

The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Florida as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.[5]

Demographic Information for Florida's K-12 Public School System
Ethnicity Students State Percentage United States Percentage**
American Indian 9,888 0.37% 1.10%
Asian 67,758 2.54% 4.68%
African American 612,465 22.95% 15.68%
Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students 3,008 0.11% 0.42%
Hispanic 762,854 28.59% 24.37%
White 1,131,901 42.42% 51.21%
Two or More 80,282 3.01% 2.54%
**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.

In the news

A+ Plan for Education

In 1999, former Gov. Jeb Bush and former Commissioner of Education Frank Brogan made major changes to a failing Florida school system. This took shape in the "A+ Plan for Education", which opened up the choice for students to attend a school of their choice if they had previously been placed in a failing school. Schools also began receiving A through F grades based on their performance on standardized tests. High-performing schools were rewarded and low-performing schools were given extra help. The plan has received notable praise, with the graduation rising from 52 to 75 percent over that last 15 years. Many states have since pointed to Florida for its successes as being the only state to narrow the achievement gap between white and black students.[6]

State law

School board composition

School board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, however all vacancies are filled by appointment of the governor. School boards must include at least five members by state law; across the state, boards typically have seven to nine members. They serve four-year terms that are staggered. Districts with five-member school boards must be divided into five member residence areas and districts with seven must either be divided into seven member residence areas or five member residence areas, with one member elected from each area and two members elected at-large.[7]

District types

All K-12 districts in Florida are county-wide school systems. Each county area in the state constitutes a school district for the administration and the operation of public schools.[8]

Term limits

As of a 2012 Supreme Court ruling, charter counties can impose term limits on locally-elected officials.[9]

School board elections

Upcoming elections

See also: Florida school board elections, 2014

A total of 38 Florida school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold elections in 2014 for 124 seats. There is a general election on August 26, 2014 for districts with competitive seats. If no candidate receives a majority of votes for a particular seat, a runoff election will be held on November 4, 2014 to determine a winner.

Here are several quick facts about Florida's school board elections in 2014:

The districts listed below served 2,517,857 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.[10] Click on the district names for more information on the district and its school board elections.

2014 Florida School Board Elections
District Date Seats up for election Total board seats Student enrollment
Alachua County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 27,448
Bay District Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 25,935
Brevard Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 71,866
Broward County Public Schools 8/26/2014 6 9 256,472
Charlotte County Public Schools 8/26/2014 2 5 16,640
Citrus County Schools 8/26/2014 4 5 15,675
Collier County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 42,919
Columbia County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 9,810
Duval County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 7 123,997
Escambia County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 40,227
Flagler County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 12,931
Hernando County School Board 8/26/2014 3 5 22,684
Hillsborough County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 7 194,525
Lake County Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 41,110
Leon County Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 33,326
Manatee School District 8/26/2014 3 5 44,249
Marion County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 41,955
Martin County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 18,170
Miami-Dade County Public Schools 8/26/2014 4 9 346,842
Nassau County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 11,100
Okaloosa County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 28,695
Orange County Public Schools 8/26/2014 4 8 176,008
Pasco County Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 66,994
Pinellas County Schools 8/26/2014 5 7 104,001
Polk County Public Schools 8/26/2014 4 7 95,178
Putnam County School District 8/26/2014 4 5 11,244
Santa Rosa County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 25,533
Sarasota County Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 40,899
School Board of Highlands County 8/26/2014 3 5 12,128
School District of Clay County 8/26/2014 3 5 35,812
School District of Indian River County 8/26/2014 3 5 17,740
School District of Lee County 8/26/2014 3 5 81,967
School District of Osceola County 8/26/2014 3 5 53,357
School District of Palm Beach County 8/26/2014 4 7 174,663
Seminole County Public Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 64,229
St. Johns County School District 8/26/2014 3 5 30,710
St. Lucie County School Board 8/26/2014 3 5 39,259
Volusia County Schools 8/26/2014 3 5 61,559


Path to the ballot

Florida state law requires that all candidates at the time of qualifying take an oath that they are qualified electors of their county. In order to qualify as such, a candidate must be a resident of Florida and the county wherein he or she registers to vote. Although the completed oath is an affirmation at the time of execution that the candidate meets the requirements for qualifying such as residency, in practice, the candidate is expected to meet the requirements at the time of assuming office unless otherwise provided for constitutionally, legislatively or judicially.[11]

Campaign finance

Candidates and committees must report all contributions, loans, expenditures, distributions and transfers, regardless of the amount. They must report the full name and address of each person making the contribution or receiving the expenditure and, for contributions over $100, the occupation.[12]

See also

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

References

  1. National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
  2. ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
  3. United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. National Center for Education Statistics, "State Education Data Profiles," accessed August 15, 2013
  5. United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
  6. Sunshine State News, "Florida Celebrates 15 Years of A+ Plan for Education," July 3, 2014
  7. Florida House of Representatives, "Florida District School Boards," accessed July 9, 2014
  8. United States Census Bureau, "Florida," accessed July 9, 2014
  9. Jacksonville.com, "PolitiJax: Florida Supreme Court rules in favor of term limits for counties," May 11, 2012
  10. National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary/Secondary Information System," accessed March 21, 2014
  11. My Florida Elections, "Guidelines for Determining When Residency Qualifications for Office Must be Met," accessed July 9, 2014
  12. Florida Division of Elections, "About Campaign Finance Reporting," accessed July 9, 2014