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Difference between revisions of "Florida signature requirements"

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===Filing deadlines===
 
===Filing deadlines===
 
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====2014====
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::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state government elections]]''
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The 2014 filing deadline for candidates using the petition method is May 19, 2014. For candidates paying a filing fee, the deadline is June 20, 2014.<ref>[http://election.dos.state.fl.us/publications/pdf/2013/2013-2014_Dates_to_Remember.pdf ''Florida Department of State'' "2014 Dates to Remember," Accessed December 26, 2013]</ref>
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
  
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Qualifying forms had to be submitted between May 21 and June 8, 2012.<ref>[http://elections.myflorida.com/candidate/Qualifying-info.shtml ''Florida Division of Elections,'' "2012 Qualifying Information," accessed May 2, 2012]</ref>
 
Qualifying forms had to be submitted between May 21 and June 8, 2012.<ref>[http://elections.myflorida.com/candidate/Qualifying-info.shtml ''Florida Division of Elections,'' "2012 Qualifying Information," accessed May 2, 2012]</ref>
====2014====
 
::''See also: [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state government elections]]''
 
The 2014 filing deadline for candidates using the petition method is May 19, 2014. For candidates paying a filing fee, the deadline is June 20, 2014.<ref>[http://election.dos.state.fl.us/publications/pdf/2013/2013-2014_Dates_to_Remember.pdf ''Florida Department of State'' "2014 Dates to Remember," Accessed December 26, 2013]</ref>
 
  
 
==Ballot measures==
 
==Ballot measures==

Revision as of 09:38, 26 December 2013

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Signature requirements
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This page details Florida signature requirements. In many states, the signatures of registered voters must be collected to place candidates or initiatives on the ballot. However, for candidates, filing fees are sometimes required or accepted in lieu of signatures.

Federal offices

In Florida, candidate fees consist of three parts, the filing fee, an election assessment, and a party assessment. The amount of each component is a percentage of the office's annual salary. The filing fee is 3%, the election assessment is 1%, and the party assessment is 2%.[1][2]

As such, partisan candidate must pay a fee equal 6% of the office's annual salary. Independent candidates must pay a fee equal to 4% of the salary--the 2% party assessment is not required.[2]

Candidates, partisan or otherwise, may also qualify for the ballot by petition. Candidates must collect signatures equal to 1% of the total number of registered voters in the district.[3] Write-in and independent candidates must file a candidate oath. Partisan candidates must additionally file a statement of party. There is no fee to file as a write-in candidate.[1]

Note: For any election in a redistricting year (most recently 2012), petitioning candidates must collect signatures equal to 1/3% of the district's ideal population. Signers need not be residents of the relevant district.[4]

U.S. Senate

In 2012, partisan candidates had to pay a filing fee of $10,440. Non-partisan candidates had to pay $6,960.[5]

U.S. House

In 2012, partisan candidates had to pay a filing fee of $10,440. Non-partisan candidates had to pay $6,960.[5]

Filing deadlines

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 U.S. Congress elections

Qualifying forms had to be submitted between May 21 and June 8, 2012.[6]

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 U.S. Congress elections

The 2014 filing deadline for candidates using the petition method is March 31, 2014. For candidates paying a filing fee, the deadline is May 2, 2014.[7]

State offices

In Florida, candidate fees consist of three parts, the filing fee, an election assessment, and a party assessment. The amount of each component is a percentage of the office's annual salary. The filing fee is 3%, the election assessment is 1%, and the party assessment is 2%.[1][2]

As such, partisan candidate must pay a fee equal 6% of the office's annual salary. Independent candidates must pay a fee equal to 4% of the salary--the 2% party assessment is not required.[2]

Candidates, partisan or otherwise, may also qualify for the ballot by petition. Candidates must collect signatures equal to 1% of the total number of registered voters in the district.[8] Write-in and independent candidates must file a candidate oath. Partisan candidates must additionally file a statement of party. There is no fee to file as a write-in candidate.[1]

Note: For any election in a redistricting year (most recently 2012), petitioning candidates must collect signatures equal to 1/3% of the district's ideal population. Signers need not be residents of the relevant district.[9]

Statewide executive offices

There were no elections for Florida's state executives in 2012.

State legislature

In 2012, partisan candidates had to pay a filing fee of $1,781.82. Non-partisan candidates had to pay $1,187.88.[5]

Filing deadlines

2014

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2014 state government elections

The 2014 filing deadline for candidates using the petition method is May 19, 2014. For candidates paying a filing fee, the deadline is June 20, 2014.[10]

2012

See also: Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state government elections

Qualifying forms had to be submitted between May 21 and June 8, 2012.[11]

Ballot measures

To place a constitutional amendment on the ballot, proponents must collect signatures equal to 8% of the total number of votes cast in the last Presidential election. To place a call for a constitutional convention on the ballot, proponents must collect signatures equal 15% of that total.

Year Amendment Convention
2014 683,149 1,271,127
2012 676,811 1,267,449
2010 676,811 1,267,449
2008 611,009 1,145,642

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: Florida Constitution, Article XI, Section 3-4

Basis of calculation

In Florida, 8,460,133 voters cast a presidential vote in 2008, the most recent presidential year. The number of signatures required will, therefore, not change again until after the 2012 presidential election.[12]

Geographical distribution

See also: Distribution requirement

Proponents must obtain signatures equaling at least 8% of the district-wide vote (in the most recent presidential election) in at least half (14) of the state's 27 congressional districts.

DocumentIcon.jpg See law: Florida Constitution, Article XI, Section 3

Signature deadlines

2014

See also: Petition drive deadlines, 2014

The 2014 deadline to submit signatures in order to qualify initiatives and constitutional amendments on the Florida ballot is February 1, 2014.[13]

2012

See also: Petition drive deadlines, 2012

The deadline to submit signatures for an initiated constitutional amendment on the 2012 ballot in Florida was February 1, 2012[14].

Local recall

See also: Laws governing recall in Florida

Signatures must be collected at two points in the recall process in Florida, once before the recall target has provided a 200-word defense and one after that.

First round of signatures

The number of signatures required to force a local recall election in Florida varies depending on the number of registered voters residing in the relevant political subdivision (city, district or charter county), as per this chart:

Number of registered voters in jurisdiction Signature requirement
Fewer than 500 50 registered voters, or 10%
500-1,999 100 registered voters, or 10%, whichever is greater
2,000-4,999 250 registered voters, or 10%, whichever is greater
5,000-9,999 500 registered voters, or 10%, whichever is greater
10,000-24,999 1,000 registered voters, or 10%, whichever is greater
25,000 or more 1,000 registered voters, or 5%, whichever is greater

Second round of signatures

If the first set of signatures is found to be sufficient, the recall target is then invited to write a statement of defense. This must be done within 5 days of the time that it is determined that the initial signatures were sufficient. If the recall target provides a defense statement, the clerk of the relevant jurisdiction creates a document known as a "Recall Petition and Defense." Once this document is created and provided to the recall committee, the recall committee must then collect more signatures, equalling "15% of the electors" in the relevant jurisdiction within 60 days after the time that the "Recall Petition and Defense" was delivered by the jurisdiction's clerk to the chair of the recall committee.

Once collected, the second set of signatures are given to the county's supervisor of elections, along with 10 cents for each name to be checked.

The supervisor of elections must inspect the second set of signatures within 30 days.

See also

2012

External links

References