Difference between revisions of "Forms of direct democracy in the American states"

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* Note that only seven states enable all seven forms of direct democracy.  Those seven states are [[Arizona]], [[California]], [[Michigan]], [[Montana]], [[Nevada]] (which also has the statute affirmation), [[North Dakota]] and [[Oregon]].
 
* Note that only seven states enable all seven forms of direct democracy.  Those seven states are [[Arizona]], [[California]], [[Michigan]], [[Montana]], [[Nevada]] (which also has the statute affirmation), [[North Dakota]] and [[Oregon]].
 
* The chart below doesn't include the [[statute affirmation]] as a category since it is only available in one state.
 
* The chart below doesn't include the [[statute affirmation]] as a category since it is only available in one state.
* Delaware is the only state whose citizens are not empowered to ratify or reject legislatively-referred constitutional amendments at the ballot box.
+
* [[Delaware]] is the only state whose citizens are not empowered to ratify or reject legislatively-referred constitutional amendments at the ballot box.
  
 
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Revision as of 06:31, 2 May 2008

The seven generally acknowledged forms of direct democracy are the legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, the legislatively-referred state statute, the initiated state statute (direct or indirect), the initiated constitutional amendment, the veto referendum (sometimes called the citizen referendum or the statute referendum), the statute affirmation (available only in Nevada), and statewide recall.

  • Note that only seven states enable all seven forms of direct democracy. Those seven states are Arizona, California, Michigan, Montana, Nevada (which also has the statute affirmation), North Dakota and Oregon.
  • The chart below doesn't include the statute affirmation as a category since it is only available in one state.
  • Delaware is the only state whose citizens are not empowered to ratify or reject legislatively-referred constitutional amendments at the ballot box.


State Legislatively-referred
state statute
Legislatively-referred
constitutional amendment
Initiated state statute Initiated constitutional amendment Veto referendum Recall
Alabama
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Alaska
No
Yes
Yes (indirect)
No
Yes
Yes
Arizona
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Arkansas
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
California
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Colorado
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Connecticut
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Delaware
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Florida
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Georgia
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Hawaii
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Idaho
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Illinois
Yes
Yes
No
Yes (very limited)
No
No
Indiana
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Iowa
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Kansas
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Kentucky
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Louisiana
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Maine
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Maryland
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
Massachusetts
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Michigan
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minnesota
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Mississippi
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Missouri
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Montana
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Nebraska
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Nevada
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
New Hampshire
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
New Jersey
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
New Mexico
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
New York
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
North Carolina
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
North Dakota
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ohio
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Oklahoma
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Oregon
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Pennsylvania
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Rhode Island
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
South Carolina
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
South Dakota
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Tennessee
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Texas
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Utah
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Vermont
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Virginia
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Washington
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
West Virginia
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Wisconsin
No
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Wyoming
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes

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