Forms of direct democracy in the American states
The seven generally acknowledged forms of direct democracy are the legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, the legislatively-referred state statute, the initiated state statute (direct or indirect), the initiated constitutional amendment, the veto referendum (sometimes called the citizen referendum or the statute referendum), the statute affirmation (available only in Nevada), and statewide recall.
- Only seven states enable the six most common forms of direct democracy. Those seven states are Arizona, California, Michigan, Montana, Nevada (which also has the statute affirmation), North Dakota and Oregon.
- The chart below doesn't include the statute affirmation as a category since it is only available in one state.
- Delaware is the only state whose citizens are not empowered to ratify or reject legislatively-referred constitutional amendments at the ballot box.
|State||Referred statute||Referred amendment||Initiated statute||Initiated amendment||Veto referendum||Recall|