Fracking in Hawaii
|Fracking in Hawaii|
|Fossil fuels present||None|
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Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," is the process of injecting fluid--mostly water and sand, but with additional chemicals--into the ground at a high pressure to fracture shale rocks and release the oil and natural gas inside.
Recent technological advances in oil and gas drilling--horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing--have created a wealth of opportunities and challenges for states with fossil fuel reserves that can be accessed through the combination of these two technologies. The increased use of fracking has been an economic boon for many states, not only those with fracking, but also those with supporting industries, such as frac sand mining or associated machinery manufacturing.
Opponents of fracking argue that the potential negative environmental and human health impacts could be significant. Although wells have been fracked for over 65 years in the United States, concerns have been raised about whether federal, state and local regulatory agencies can keep up with the recent rapid increase in fracking activity, and adequately protect the environment and human health. As with any type of energy extraction, either traditional or renewable, there are economic, environmental and political trade-offs. Hawaii has no oil or natural gas reserves, and as such there is no fracking occurring in the state.
- For a full explanation of fracking, see "Fracking."
Although there is no fracking in Hawaii, bills related to fracking were introduced in both the state house and state senate in early 2014. Both bills would have banned fracking, as well as the "collection, storage, treatment, or discharge of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing." Each bill died in committee.
Natural gas use in Hawaii
- For more information on energy consumption in Hawaii see, "Energy policy in Hawaii"
Natural gas heats almost 50 percent of homes in Hawaii, on the few days heating is needed. Electricity is the next most popular home heating source, followed by fuel oil, LPG and other fuel sources.
|Consumption of energy for heating homes in Hawaii|
|Source||Hawaii 2011||U.S. average 2011|
|Liquid Petroleum Gases (LPG)||1.2%||5%|
Hawaii imports all the natural gas it consumes, but produces "syngas" from naphtha, a waste product from local oil refineries. It is produced in a plant on Oahu and delivered by a local pipeline to different areas of the island. Rural areas and some other islands use propane instead of natural gas or syngas. Two-thirds of the natural gas demand in Hawaii comes from hotels and restaurants. Very few people use natural gas to heat their homes because of the mild climate.
|Where electricity comes from in Hawaii|
|Type||Amount generated (MWh)||% of state**||% of U.S.**|
|Total net electricity generation||867,000||100%||0.02%|
|**Note: Because the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) does not include all of a state's energy production in these figures, the EIA totals do not equal 100 percent. Instead, we have generated our own percentages.|
Hawaii only has one natural gas provider, Hawaii Gas.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Hawaii + Fracking"
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Hawaii Profile"
- Frac Focus, "National Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Registry"
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Hawaii Profile Analysis," updated December 18, 2013
- Big Island Video News, "Hydraulic fracking bans advance at Hawaii legislature," February 13, 2014
- Hawaii State Legislature, "SB 2940," accessed July 7, 2014
- Hawaii State Legislature, "HB 2359," accessed July 7, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Hawaii Profile Overview," accessed February 5, 2014
- Hawaii Public Utilities Commission, "Annual Report, 2012-13," accessed March 7, 2014
State of Hawaii
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Director of Finance | State Auditor | Superintendent of Education | Hawaii Director of Commerce and Consumer Affairs | Commissioner of Agriculture | Chairperson of Land and Natural Resources | Director of Labor and Industrial Relations | Chair of Public Utilities |