PGI logo cropped.png
Congressional Millionaire’s Club
The Personal Gain Index shines a light on how members of Congress benefit during their tenure.





Difference between revisions of "Gang of Eight"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Issues)
Line 65: Line 65:
  
 
====Bill passes Senate====
 
====Bill passes Senate====
On June 27, 2013 in a late afternoon vote, the [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] voted to approve the immigration reform bill, [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:S.744: Senate Bill 744].<ref name="nytimes">[http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/28/us/politics/immigration-bill-clears-final-hurdle-to-senate-approval.html ''NY Times'' "Immigration Overhaul Passes in Senate" Accessed June 27, 2013]</ref> The bill passed by a vote of 68-to-32 vote, with 14 [[Republican]]s voting in favor.<ref name="nytimes"/> The Senate bill provides a 13-year path to citizenship for the 11 million unauthorized immigrants in the country, as well as tough border security provisions that must be in place before the immigrants can gain legal status.<ref name="nytimes"/>  
+
On June 27, 2013 in a late afternoon vote, the [[U.S. Senate|Senate]] voted to approve the immigration reform bill, [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:S.744: Senate Bill 744].<ref name="nytimes">[http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/28/us/politics/immigration-bill-clears-final-hurdle-to-senate-approval.html ''NY Times'' "Immigration Overhaul Passes in Senate" Accessed June 27, 2013]</ref> The bill passed by a vote of 68-to-32, with 14 [[Republican]]s voting in favor.<ref name="nytimes"/> The Senate bill provides a 13-year path to citizenship for the 11 million unauthorized immigrants in the country, as well as tough border security provisions that must be in place before the immigrants can gain legal status.<ref name="nytimes"/>  
  
 
====Notable support for the immigration reform bill====
 
====Notable support for the immigration reform bill====

Revision as of 15:35, 27 June 2013

Portal:Congress
Features of Congress

Background
Federal Election CommissionDemocratic Congressional Campaign CommitteeNational Republican Congressional CommitteeFiling requirements for congressional candidatesClasses of United States SenatorsFilling vacancies in the U.S. SenatePresident Pro Tempore of the SenateUnited States Speaker of the HouseFilibuster

Sessions
113th Congress112th Congress111th Congress110th Congress

Analysis
Lifetime voting recordsNet worth of United States Senators and RepresentativesStaff salaries of United States Senators and RepresentativesNational Journal vote ratings
The Gang of Eight in the context of Congress has two meanings. Most recently, the Gang of Eight has been used in reference to immigration reform and includes eight of the most influential Senators, with four from each party.[1][2]

Historically it has referred to eight members of Congress: four members, the chair and ranking member, of the U.S. House and U.S. Senate Select Committees on Intelligence and the four leaders of the U.S. House and U.S. Senate.[3][4]

The Intelligence Oversight Act of 1980 mandated that the CIA “fully and currently [inform]” Congressional oversight committees of their activities including “any significant anticipated intelligence activity.”[3]

In special cases, the Act authorized the President to brief only the majority and minority leaders of each chamber as well as the chairmen and ranking minority members of the Intelligence Committees. It is this group that is informally known as the "Gang of Eight" of Congress.[3]


Members

U.S. Senate

Within the U.S. Senate, there is a "Gang of Eight" pertaining to immigration reform made up of eight of the most influential senators, with four from each party, including:

113th Congress

Issues

Immigration reform bill

Members of the Senate in early May 2013 started targeting as many as two dozen Republicans for a show-of-force majority, which they believe may be the only way an immigation reform bill will have the momentum to force the U.S. House to act.[3] Proponents of immigration reform are looking for votes beyond the usual moderate senators to ones in conservative strongholds such as Utah, Georgia and Wyoming, and targets because they are retiring, representing agricultural states, anxious to get the issue behind the party, important to persuading skittish U.S. House Republicans, or all of the above.[3][1]

On May 6, 2013 Senators John McCain (R), Chuck Schumer (D), Richard Durbin (D), Robert Menendez (D), Michael Bennet (D), Lindsey Graham (R), Marco Rubio (R), and Jeff Flake (R) unveiled the outlines of their bi-partisan immigration plan.[1][2] The statement of principles was rather broad, but sets forth “four basic pillars”:

  • 1. A “tough but fair path to citizenship . . . .contingent upon securing our borders and tracking whether legal immigrants have left the country as required”;
  • 2. Reform our legal immigration system with a greater eye toward our economic needs;
  • 3. Workplace verification; and
  • 4. Setting up a system for admitting future workers (although the term “guest worker” is not used).[2]

In essence, the eight senators refused to accept the idea that the United States will deport any substantial numbers of illegal immigrants already in the country.[2]

On June 4, 2013 Marco Rubio, who helped to craft the immigration reform bill, announced that based upon the current status of the bill, he would not support it.[5] Rubio made it clear that the bill must be amended to included specific enforcement procedures that will prevent another influx of illegal immigrants, and without that he will not support the bill because it would not pass in the House.[5] Rubio changed his opinion of the bill in an appearance on ABC's "This Week" on June 16, 2013, in which he said that he supports the vast majority of what is in the bill and sees the final legislation resolving his concerns.[6] Rubio spoke of the bill saying, "It's an excellent starting point. And I think 95, 96 percent of the bill is in perfect shape and ready to go. But there are elements that need to be improved."[6]

The House of Representatives passed an amendment defunding President Obama's executive order exempting young illegal immigrants from deportation on June 6, 2013. This was the first immigration-related vote in the House this year. It comes as a test before the Gang of Eight's immigration bill makes it to the House.[7]

Statement from CBO

On June 18, 2013 the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) released a statement that the Senate Gang of Eight’s immigration bill will significantly reduce the federal budget deficit in its first two decades if it becomes law.[8] In the first ten years, the immigration bill is said to reduce the federal deficit by $175 billion, according to the CBO, by cutting the deficit by $197 billion in the first decade, but implementing the bill would cost about $22 billion. In the second 10-year period, the deficit is said to decrease by an additional $700 billion, according to the CBO.[8]

Cornyn amendment tabled

The amendment proposed by John Cornyn (R) was rejected by the Senate in a roll call vote on June 20, 2013.[9][10] By a 54-43 vote, mostly along party lines, the Senate approved a decision to table the amendment.[10] The amendment would required a 90 percent border apprehension rate, increased surveillance, a biometric exit system and national E-Verify system as prerequisites for newly documented immigrants to gain green-card status.[10]

The Gang of Eight for the most part voted together — with the exception of Marco Rubio, who voted against killing the Cornyn provision.[10] The other three Gang Republicans, Sens. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, Jeff Flake of Arizona and John McCain of Arizona, voted to table the Cornyn amendment, as did Rand Paul.[10] Two Democrats, Mark Pryor of Arkansas and Joe Manchin of West Virginia, joined Republicans to vote against tabling the amendment.[10]

Bill passes Senate

On June 27, 2013 in a late afternoon vote, the Senate voted to approve the immigration reform bill, Senate Bill 744.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 68-to-32, with 14 Republicans voting in favor.[11] The Senate bill provides a 13-year path to citizenship for the 11 million unauthorized immigrants in the country, as well as tough border security provisions that must be in place before the immigrants can gain legal status.[11]

Notable support for the immigration reform bill

In addition to numerous Democratic senators, notable Republicans and Republican groups have announced their support for the bill.
They include[12]:

See also

External links

References