Bordering the Atlantic Ocean, Florida, South Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and North Carolina, Georgia was named after King George II of Great Britain and was the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. Known as “the Peach State” and the “Empire State of the South,” the capital of Georgia is Atlanta. As with all other US states and the federal government, Georgia's government is based on the separation of legislative, executive and judicial power. Executive authority in the state rests with the governor. Unlike the federal government, but like many other U.S. States, most of the executive officials who comprise the governor's cabinet are elected by the citizens of Georgia rather than appointed by the governor. Currently, Georgia has two Republican members of the U.S. Senate, a total of fourteen members of the U.S. House of Representatives, 180 members of the Georgia House of Representatives and 56 members of the Georgia State Senate. As of September 2013, Georgia is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.
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