Georgia enjoys just two of the available seven forms of direct democracy. If the General Assembly places a constitutional amendment on the statewide ballot, voters can ratify or reject it. Secondly, Georgia is one of just 18 states nationally with the right of statewide recall.
Executive authority in the state rests with the governor, currently Sonny Perdue. Perdue is the first Republican governor since Reconstruction. Both the governor and lieutenant governor are elected on separate ballots to four-year terms of office.
Legislative authority resides in the General Assembly, composed of the Senate and House of Representatives. The Lieutenant Governor presides over the Senate, while the House of Representatives selects their own Speaker. The Georgia Constitution mandates a maximum of 56 senators, elected from single-member districts, and a minimum of 180 representatives, apportioned among representative districts (which sometimes results in more than one representative per district); there are currently 56 senators and 180 representatives. The term of office for senators and representatives is two years.