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Georgia's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

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Georgia's 4th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 6, 2012

Primary Date
July 31, 2012

November 6 Election Winner:
Henry C. Johnson, Jr. Democratic Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Henry C. Johnson, Jr. Democratic Party
Henry C. Johnson.jpg

Georgia U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11District 12District 13District 14

2012 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Georgia.png
The 4th Congressional District of Georgia held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012. Incumbent Henry C. Johnson, Jr. won the election.[1]
This is the 4th Congressional District prior to the 2010 redistricting.
Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
May 25, 2012
July 31, 2012
November 6, 2012

Primary: Georgia is one of 19 states to use an open primary system. When runoff elections are used, voters must vote in same party's runoff election as they voted for in the first round election.

Voter registration: Voters must have registered to vote by July 2, 2012, to vote in the primary election.[2] (Information about registering to vote)

See also: Georgia elections, 2012

Incumbent: Heading into the election the incumbent was Hank Johnson (D), who was first elected in 2006.

This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. Georgia's 4th Congressional District includes parts of Dekalb, Rockdale, and Gwinnett counties in the Atlanta Metropolitan Area, including North Atlanta, Decatur, and Lilburn.[3]

Candidates

General election candidates

Democratic Party Hank JohnsonGreen check mark transparent.png
Republican Party J. Chris Vaughn


July 31, 2012, primary results

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Republican Party Republican Primary

Election results

U.S. House, Georgia District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHenry C. Johnson Incumbent 73.6% 208,861
     Republican J. Chris Vaughn 26.4% 75,041
Total Votes 283,902
Source: Georgia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Georgia District 4 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngHenry "Hank" Johnson Incumbent 77% 52,982
Courtney L. Dillard 19.1% 13,130
Lincoln Nunnally 4% 2,728
Total Votes 68,840
U.S. House, Georgia District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngJ. Chris Vaughn 54.5% 17,261
Greg Pallen 45.5% 14,422
Total Votes 31,683

Race background

Blue vs. Red

Possible race ratings are:

     Solid Democratic
     Likely Democratic
     Lean Democratic

     Tossup

     Lean Republican
     Likely Republican
     Solid Republican

     Georgia's 4th District is a solidly Democratic district.

In June 2012, Sabato's Crystal Ball rated Georgia's 4th District as solidly Democratic.[6]

Department of Justice lawsuit

On June 29, 2012, the Department of Justice filed a suit in federal court against the state of Georgia, alleging that service members, their family members and overseas civilian voters wouldn’t have time to vote by absentee ballot in run-off elections, if they are required.[7] According to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA), states must transmit all validly requested ballots to UOCAVA voters at least 45 days before an election, unless a hardship exemption is obtained, for which Georgia failed to file.[7] However, this conflicted with the timeline for runoff elections, in which the primary runoff, by law, must be held 21 days after the regular or special primary election, and if a run-off is required after the Nov. 6 general election, it must be held 28 days later, on December 4, which also wouldn’t provide the required 45 days.[7]

As part of the lawsuit, the Department of Justice asked Georgia to "extend the ballot receipt deadline to Aug. 31 for these voters, to send ballots by express delivery as soon as possible before the Aug. 21 run-off election, and inform UOCAVA voters no later than July 7 of their right to request a state write-in absentee ballot or their official absentee ballot for any run-off election by downloading it from the Internet, by email, or by fax."[7]

Impact of redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Georgia

On August 22, 2011, Georgia Republican leadership released their proposed Congressional redistricting map. Due to population growth, Georgia gained a 14th Congressional district following the 2010 census. The new district, according to the plan, was located in the northwestern part of the state.[8] U.S. Rep. Tom Graves (R) was drawn into the new district, leaving his former 9th District seat open in 2012. The new 9th District leans Republican.[8] In addition, the plan displaced US Rep. John Barrow (D), but Barrow (who had been displaced before) planned to move in order to remain in the 12th District.[8] US Rep. Sanford Bishop's (D) district became a majority-minority district. Also, U.S. Rep. Phil Gingrey's (R) 11th District picked up part of Atlanta. Overall, the plan was expected to bolster the Republican majority in the state's Congressional delegation.[8]


The new 4th District is composed of the following percentages of voters of the old congressional districts.[9][10]

District partisanship

FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

See also: FairVote's Monopoly Politics 2012

In 2012, FairVote did a study on partisanship in the congressional districts, giving each a percentage ranking (D/R) based on the new 2012 maps and comparing that to the old 2010 maps. Georgia's 4th District became more Republican as a result of redistricting.[11]

  • 2012: 70D / 30R
  • 2010: 75D / 25R

Cook Political Report's PVI

See also: Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index

In 2012, Cook Political Report released its updated figures on the Partisan Voter Index, which measures each congressional district's partisanship relative to the rest of the country. Georgia's 4th Congressional District had a PVI of D+17, which was the 59th most Democratic district in the country. In 2008, this district was won by Barack Obama (D), 73-27 percent over John McCain (R). In 2004, John Kerry (D) won the district 64-36 percent over George W. Bush.[12]

District history

2010

On November 2, 2010, Henry C. Johnson, Jr. won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. He defeated Lisbeth "Liz" Carter (R) in the general election.[13]

U.S. House, Georgia District 4 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngHenry C. "Hank" Johnson, Jr. Incumbent 74.7% 131,760
     Republican Lisbeth "Liz" Carter 25.3% 44,707
Total Votes 176,467

See also

External links

References