Georgia Charter Schools, Amendment 1 (2012)
|Charter Schools Amendment|
|Referred by:||Georgia Legislature|
|Status:||On the ballot|
The measure developed following a May 2011 ruling by the Georgia Supreme Court. The court ruled that the state's involvement in the establishment of public charter schools - the Georgia Charter School Commission - was unconstitutional. Specifically, the court ruled that the commission was illegal because it approved and funded charter schools despite objection by local school boards. The ruling does not apply to charter schools that were not opposed by local boards. In total, the ruling is reported to have affected 16 schools.
The Georgia Charter School Commission was created in 2008 in reaction to local school boards rejecting charter petitions. According officials, petitions were rejected because "they didn't like the competition."
Text of measure
The official ballot text reads as follows:
Shall the Constitution of Georgia be amended to allow state or local approval of public charter schools upon the request of local communities?
( ) YES( ) NO
A bill enabling funding for state charter schools was signed into law on May 3, 2012, by Governor Nathan Deal. The bill, HB 797, will only have effect if the Georgia Charter Schools Amendment gains public approval in November.
- Kyle Wingfield, a columnist for the The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, wrote in support of the measure saying that the "key to improving the system, rather than merely pouring more money into it, is restoring the state’s ability to approve charter schools." He further argues that charter school allow for more innovation and accountability while increasing parents' options for education.
- Senator Mike Crane has spoken in support of the measure saying the school boards should not have full control of public education because the state provides about 50 - 80% of the school system's funding. Speaking at a town hall meeting he asked, "Should all the state dollars go to fund a system of education or should it go to the students?"
- Senator Buddy Carter wrote an opinion piece for the Savannah Morning News that posed counterpoints for a number of arguments against the amendment. Specifically, Sen. Carter argues that the creation of state charter schools will not divert funds from public schools. He also states that the schools are required to be run by local non-profit boards and thus, the amendment would increase local control of education rather than the state's. Sen. Carter also mentions that the amendment is needed due to a Georgia Supreme Court ruling made in 2011 that declared the Georgia Charter Schools Commission unconstitutional because it violated the "special schools" provision of the Georgia constitution.
- The main opposition to the measure is Vote Smart Georgia
- Gary Hobbs, superintendent for Walton County Public Schools, spoke out against the legislatively-proposed amendment saying, "It’s disappointing to me the legislative folks would try to go around a Supreme Court decision." He went further to criticize the state's push for taxpayer funded charter schools saying, "We don’t have funds to support the public schools we have now, much less start another system funded by taxpayer money."
- Georgia Schools Superintendent John Barge, a Republican, has announced his opposition to the measure, saying, "I cannot support the creation of a new and costly state bureaucracy that takes away local control of schools and unnecessarily duplicates the good work already being done by local districts, the Georgia Department of Education, and the state Board of Education. What's more, this constitutional amendment would direct taxpayer dollars into the pockets of out-of-state, for-profit charter school companies whose schools perform no better than traditional public schools and locally approved charter schools (and worse, in some cases)."
- Tom Crawford, in an August 21 op-ed piece for the Blackshear Times, highlighted counterpoints to several arguments made by supporters of the charter school amendment. Some of Crawford's key points included: there is enough existing choice for parents because there are already 315 charter schools compared to the just over 500 public schools, studies have shown that charter schools perform no better than public schools on average, charter schools divert money from already strapped public schools that are being forced to shorten their academic calendars.
- Some opponents argue that the amendment would harm public education in the state by directing even more state money from public schools to out-of-state for-profit systems. Russell J. Edwards, an Athens attorney and community activist, argues that such a practice is especially harmful because the housing crisis has caused the primary funding for public education, local property tax receipts, to decrease significantly.
Tactics and strategies
On Tuesday, September 25, 2012, a coalition of groups protested outside the Georgia Capitol in Atlanta. Senator Emanuel Jones was among the protesters and said, "We do not support this governor's takeover of usurping the power of these locally-elected school boards to make that decision."
- See also: Polls, 2012 ballot measures
- A March 29-30, 2012, poll by McLaughlin & Associates revealed that 58% would vote for the amendment, while 23% would vote against it, and 19% were undecided. A total of 600 likely voters were polled. The margin of error was +/-4%.
- A September 4, 2012, poll by Sand Mountain Communications revealed that 50% would vote for the amendment, while 25% would vote against it, and 25% were undecided. A total of 1,331 likely voters were polled. The margin of error was +/-3%.
|Date of Poll||Pollster||In favor||Opposed||Undecided||Number polled|
|March 29-30, 2012||McLaughlin & Associates||58%||23%||19%||600|
|September 4, 2012||Sand Mountain Communications||50%||25%||25%||1,331|
Path to the ballot
- See also: How the Georgia Constitution is amended
The first vote by the House in early February fell 10 votes shy of the two-thirds majority needed. However, another vote was held on Wednesday, February 22, in which the measure, HR 1162, passed the House with a vote of 123-48.
- The Atlanta Journal-Constitution,"The brewing of a bruising fight over charter schools," June 25, 2011
- Associated Press "General Assembly passes charter school amendment," March 19, 2012
- Associated Press,"Ga. charter schools will learn if they can remain open," June 27, 2011
- Associated Press,"Ga. board committee approves applications of charter schools affected by court ruling," June 27, 2011
- Georgia Secretary of State,"Amendment 1," retrieved September 27, 2012
- Associated Press "Gov. Deal Approves Funding System for State-Formed Charter Schools," May 3, 2012
- Atlanta Journal-Constitution "Pass charter schools amendment, get back to fixing education in Georgia," January 26, 2012
- Times-Herald "Crane speaks on charter schools, DOT, TSPLOST at town hall," May 6, 2012
- Savannah Morning News,"Charter schools a positive for Georgia," September 20, 2012
- Walton Tribune "Charter school amendment draws local fire," January 29, 2012
- Atlanta Journal-Constitution "Barge comes out against charter schools amendment," August 14, 2012
- Blackshear Times "CRAWFORD / Here are some facts about Georgia’s charter schools amendment," August 21, 2012
- Athens Banner-Herald,"Edwards: Amendment would hurt public schools," September 18, 2012
- FOX 5 "Charter amendment debated at Ga. Capitol," September 26, 2012
- Rome News Tribune "Poll: Charter-school amendment starts with some support, many undecided," June 19, 2012
- Rome News Tribune "Half of polled voters favor charter-school amendment," September 11, 2012
- Associated Press "Ga. lawmakers eye vote on creating charter schools," February 22, 2012
- Ledger-Enquirer "Georgia House passes charter school measure," February 23, 2012
- Associated Press "Ga. Senate committee passes charter amendment," February 24, 2012