Difference between revisions of "Governor of Alabama"

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{{Alabama SEO infobox}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Alabama''' is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in [[Alabama]].  The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a simple majority and is limited to two terms.  Alabama's original Constitution, from 1819, made the gubernatorial term of office two years.  The [[Alabama Constitution|1901 Constitution]] extended the term to four years and, after Amendment 282 was passed in 1968, allowed a Governor to succeed himself once.
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{{SEO office infobox
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|State = Alabama
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|Office= Governor
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|Office type = Partisan
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|Image = Seal of Alabama.png
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|Office website = http://www.governor.alabama.gov/
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|Budget =  1522187
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|Budget year = 2013
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|Term limits = 2 terms
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|Length of term = 4 years
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|Authority =[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 113|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113]]
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|Selected = Elected
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|Current officeholder = Robert J. Bentley
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|Partisan =  Republican
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|Officeholder image = Bentley r.jpeg
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|Assumed office =  January 17, 2011
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|Compensation = 119,950
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|Next election =[[Alabama gubernatorial election, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Last election= [[Alabama gubernatorial election, 2010|November 2, 2010]]
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|Other offices = [[Governor of Alabama|Governor]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Alabama|Lieutenant Governor]] • [[Alabama Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] • [[Attorney General of Alabama|Attorney General]] • [[Alabama Treasurer|Treasurer]] • [[Alabama State Auditor|Auditor]] • [[Alabama Superintendent of Education|Superintendent of Education]] • [[Alabama Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries|Agriculture Commissioner]] • [[Alabama Commissioner of Insurance|Insurance Commissioner]] • [[Alabama Commissioner of Conservation and Natural Resources|Natural Resources Commissioner]] • [[Alabama Commissioner of Labor|Labor Commissioner]] • [[Alabama Public Service Commission|Public Service Commission]]
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}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Alabama''' is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in [[Alabama]].  The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a simple majority and is limited to two terms.  Alabama's original Constitution, from 1819, made the gubernatorial term of office two years.  The [[Alabama Constitution|1901 Constitution]] extended the term to four years and, after Amendment 282 was passed in 1968, allowed a Governor to succeed himself once.
  
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{{State trifecta status|state=Alabama|control=Republican}}
 
==Current officeholder==
 
==Current officeholder==
  
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'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 113|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113]]'''  
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 113|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113]]'''  
  
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|color:#000"|  
 
|color:#000"|  
 
|-
 
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'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116]]'''  
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116]]'''  
  
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'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 117|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 117]]'''  
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 117|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 117]]'''  
  
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|-
 
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==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 
:: ''See also: [[Governor#Gubernatorial election cycles by state|Gubernatorial election cycles by state]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Governor#Gubernatorial election cycles by state|Gubernatorial election cycles by state]]''
:: ''See also: [[Lieutenant Governor#Election of lieutenant governors|Election of governors]]''
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:: ''See also: [[Governor#Election of governors|Election of governors]]''
  
 
Per [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 114|Section 114]] of the [[Alabama Constitution|state constitution]], Alabama elects its governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018). [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|Section 116]] sets the governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election.  Thus, January 17, 2011 and January 19, 2015 are inaugural days.
 
Per [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 114|Section 114]] of the [[Alabama Constitution|state constitution]], Alabama elects its governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018). [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|Section 116]] sets the governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election.  Thus, January 17, 2011 and January 19, 2015 are inaugural days.
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'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 114|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 114]]'''
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 114|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 114]]'''
  
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|-
 
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'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116]]'''
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116]]'''
  
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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{| style="width:40%; background:#e5e4e2; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
 
|color:#000"|  
 
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|-
 
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===Term limits===
 
===Term limits===
 
:: ''See also: [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
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Alabama governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
  
In addition to a [[term limit]] that prevents a governor from succeeding himself for more than one additional term (i.e. two term maximum), Alabama has an unusual provision that forbids a sitting governor from seeking another state office or serving in the U.S. Senate within one year of leaving office. [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 116|(§ 116)]].
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[http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/acas/codeofalabama/constitution/1901/ca-246125.htm '''Alabama Constitution of 1901, Amendment 282''' (to Section 116)]
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{| style="width:40%; background:#e5e4e2; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|color:#000"|
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|-
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| <i>[The Governor] shall be eligible to succeed himself in office, but no person shall be eligible to succeed himself for more than one additional term.</i>
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|}
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===Partisan composition===
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The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Alabama State Governors from 1992-2013.<br>
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[[File:Governor of Alabama Partisanship.PNG]]
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 +
===Full History===
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{{SEO Collapsible history
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|Office = Governor of Alabama
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|earliest year = 2002
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|Content =
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<big>'''2010'''</big>
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{{SEO election history box
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|date = November 2, 2010
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|pronoun = He
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|new = Yes
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|year = 2010
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|Office = Governor of Alabama
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|party1=Republican
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|party2=Democratic
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|party3=Write-in
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|Inc1=N
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|losers = Ron Sparks (D)
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|winner1=Robert J. Bentley
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|candidate2=Ron Sparks
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|candidate3=Write-in
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|votes1=860472
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|votes2=625710
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|votes3=8091
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|ref= [http://www.sos.alabama.gov/downloads/election/2010/general/2010GeneralResults-AllStateAndFederalOfficesAndAmendments-CompleteWithWrite-inAppendix.pdf Alabama Secretary of State]
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}}
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<big>'''2006'''</big>
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{{SEO election history box
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|date = November 7, 2006
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|pronoun = He
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|new = No
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|year = 2006
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|Office= Governor of Alabama
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|party1= Republican
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|winner1 = Bob Riley
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|losers=Lucy Baxley (D)
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|Inc1 = Y
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|votes1 = 717287
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|party2= Democratic
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|candidate2 = Lucy Baxley
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|votes2 =518750
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|ref = [http://www.sos.alabama.gov/downloads/dl3.aspx?trgturl=election/2006/general/statecert-2006-general-election-11-29-2006-complete.pdf&trgtfile=statecert-2006-general-election-11-29-2006-complete.pdf Alabama Secretary of State]
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}}
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<big>'''2002'''</big>
  
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{{SEO election history box
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|date = November 5, 2002
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|pronoun = He
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|new = Yes
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|year = 2002
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|Office= Governor of Alabama
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|party1= Republican
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|winner1 = Bob Riley
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|Inc2 = Y
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|losers =Don Siegelman (D) and John Sophocleus ([[Libertarian|L]])
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|votes1 = 672225
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|party2= Democratic
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|candidate2 = Don Siegelman
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|votes2 = 669105
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|party3= Libertarian
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|candidate3 = John Sophocleus
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|votes3 = 23272
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|party4=Write-in
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|candidate4=N/A
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|votes4=2451
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|ref =[http://www.sos.alabama.gov/downloads/dl3.aspx?trgturl=election/2002/AL-2002-General-Certification.pdf&trgtfile=AL-2002-General-Certification.pdf Alabama Secretary of State]
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}}
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}}
 
==Vacancies==
 
==Vacancies==
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
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*Administration
 
*Administration
 
*Mansion
 
*Mansion
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==State budget==
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The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $1,522,187.<ref>[http://budget.alabama.gov/pdf/gf/GF2013.pdf ''Alabama Government Website'' "State of Alabama General Fund, 2013 FY Appropriations," Accessed March 29, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Compensation==
 
==Compensation==
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of gubernatorial salaries]]''
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:: ''See also: [[Comparison of gubernatorial salaries]] and [[Compensation of state executive officers]]''
 +
 
 +
===2013===
 +
In 2013, the governor's salary was $119,950. However, Gov. [[ Robert Bentley]] refused to accept his salary until the state's unemployment rate decreases.<ref>[http://knowledgecenter.csg.org/drupal/content/csg-releases-2013-governor-salaries ''Council of State Governments,'' "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013]</ref>
  
The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the [[Alabama Legislature|Alabama legislature]]. In 2010, the Governor of Alabama [http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Alabama_state_government_salary was paid $112,895] a year, the 32nd highest gubernatorial salary in America.<ref>[http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Alabama_state_government_salary ''Sunshine Review'', "Salaries of Alabama state government officials"]</ref> [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]] of the [[Alabama Constitution|state constitution]] requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.
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===2012===
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The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the [[Alabama Legislature|Alabama legislature]]. In 2012, the Governor of Alabama's salary was [[Compensation of state executive officers|$120,936]]. [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Article V, Section 118]] of the [[Alabama Constitution|state constitution]] requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.
  
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]]'''
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]]'''
  
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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{| style="width:40%; background:#e5e4e2; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
 
|color:#000"|  
 
|color:#000"|  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ''The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.''
 
| ''The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.''
 
|}
 
|}
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==Historical officeholders==
 +
There have been 63 Governors of Alabama since 1819. Of the 63 officeholders, 5 were Republican, 55  were Democrat, 1 was Democratic/Wig, and 1 was Pre-War Whig.<ref>[http://www.netstate.com/states/government/al_formergov.htm ''Netstate,'' "Former Alabama State Governors," accessed July 24, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.nga.org/cms/home/governors/past-governors-bios/page_alabama.html ''National Governors Association,'' "Alabama:Past Governos Bios," accessed July 24, 2013]</ref>
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{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed" width="500px" style="text-align:center;"
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|-
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! colspan="6" style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" |List of Former
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 +
Officeholders from 1819-Present
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|-
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!#
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! Name
 +
! Tenure
 +
! Party
 +
|-
 +
| 1|| William Wyatt Bibb|| 1819-1820 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
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| 2|| Thomas Bibb || 1820-1821 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
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| 3|| Israel Pickens || 1821-1825 || Democratic-Republican
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|-
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| 4|| John Murphy || 1825-1829 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 5|| Gabriel Moore || 1829-1831 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
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| 6|| Samuel B. Moore || 1831 || {{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 7|| John Gayle || 1831-1835 || {{blue dot}}/Whig
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|-
 +
| 8|| Clement Comer Clay || 1835-1837 ||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 9|| Hugh McVay || 1837 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 10||Arthur Pendleton Baby|| 1837-1841 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 11||Benjamin Fitzpatrick || 1841-1845 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 12||Joshua Lanier Martin || 1845-1847|| {{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 13||Reuben Champman|| 1847-1849 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 14||Henry Watkins Collier|| 1849-1853 || {{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 15||John Anthony Winston|| 1853-1857 || {{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 16||Andrew Barry Moore|| 1857-1861 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 17||John Gill Shorter|| 1861-1863 || {{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 18||Thomas Hill Watts|| 1863-1865||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 19||Lewis Eliphalet Parsons|| 1865|| {{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 20||Robert Miller Patton || 1865-1867 || Pre-War Whig
 +
|-
 +
| 21||Wager Swayne|| 1867-1868 ||N/A
 +
|-
 +
| 22||William Hugh Smith|| 1868-1870||{{red dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 23||Robert Burns Lindsay|| 1870-1872 ||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 24||David Peter Lewis|| 1872-1874 ||{{red dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 25||George Smith Houton||1874-1878||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 26||Rufus Wills Cobb||1878-1882||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 27||Edward Asbury O'Neal||1882-1886||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 28||Thomas Seay||1886-1890||{{blue dot}}
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|-
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| 29||Thomas Goode Jones||1890-1894||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 30||William Calvin Oates||1894-1896||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 31||Joseph Forney Johnston||1896-1900||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 32||William Dorsey Jelks||1900||{{blue dot}}
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|-
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| 33||William James Samford||1900-1901||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 34||William Dorsey Jelks||1901-1907||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 35||Russell McWhorter Cunningham||1904-1905||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 36||Braxton Bragg Comer||1907-1911||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 37||Emmet O'Neal||1911-1915||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 38||Charles Henderson||1915-1919||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 39||Thomas Erby Kilby||1919-1923||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 40||William Woodward Brandon|| 1923-1927||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 41||Charles Samuel Mcdowell, Jr.||1924||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 42||David Bibb Graves||1927-1931||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 43||Benjamin Meek Miller||1931-1935||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 44||David Bibb Graves||1935-1939||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 45||Frank Murray Dixon||1939-1943||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 46||Chauncey Sparks||1943-1947||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 47||James Elisha Folsom, Sr.||1947-1951||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 48||Seth Gordon Persons||1951-1955||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 49||James Elisha Folsom, Sr.||1955-1959||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 50||John Malcolm Patterson||1959-1963||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 51||George Corley Wallace||1963-1967||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 52||Lurleen Burns Wallace||1967-1968||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 53||Albert Preston Brewer||1968-1971||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 54||Geroge Corley Wallace||1971-1979||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 55||Jere Beasley||1972||{{blue dot}}
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|-
 +
| 56||Forrest Hood (Fob) James, Jr.||1979-1983||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 57||George Corley Wallace||1983-1987||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 58||Harold Guy Hunt|| 1987-1993||{{red dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 59||James Elisha Folsom, Jr.||1993-1995||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 60||Forrest Hood (Fob) James, Jr.||1995-1999||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 61||Don Siegelman||1999-2003||{{blue dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 62||Robert Renfroe "Bob" Riley||2003-2011||{{red dot}}
 +
|-
 +
| 63||Robert J. Bentley||2011-present||{{red dot}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
==Recent news==
 +
This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term '''Alabama+ governor'''
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
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<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Alabama+governor&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Alabama Governor News Feed</rss>
  
 
==Contact Information==
 
==Contact Information==
 +
{{alflag}}
 
'''Physical address:'''<br>
 
'''Physical address:'''<br>
 
State Capitol<br>
 
State Capitol<br>
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'''Phone''': (334) 242-7100<br>
 
'''Phone''': (334) 242-7100<br>
 
'''Fax''': (334) 353-0004
 
'''Fax''': (334) 353-0004
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 +
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Alabama]]''
 +
[[File:Alabama gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Alabama governorship from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, Alabama had Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11.  Alabama was under Republican [[trifectas]] for the last three years of the study period.
 +
 +
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
 +
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Alabama|Office of the Governor of Alabama]], the [[Alabama State Senate]] and the [[Alabama House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Alabama state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
+
{{Seosubmit}}
 
* [http://www.governor.alabama.gov/ Office of the Governor of Alabama]
 
* [http://www.governor.alabama.gov/ Office of the Governor of Alabama]
  
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[[Category:Alabama]]
 
[[Category:Alabama]]
 
 
[[Category:Offices of the American governors]]
 
[[Category:Offices of the American governors]]
 
[[Category:Alabama state executive offices]]
 
[[Category:Alabama state executive offices]]

Revision as of 13:57, 28 August 2013

Alabama Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $1,522,187
Term limits:  2 terms
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Bentley r.jpeg
Name:  Robert J. Bentley
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 17, 2011
Compensation:  $119,950
Elections
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 2, 2010
Other Alabama Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service Commission
The Governor of the State of Alabama is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Alabama. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a simple majority and is limited to two terms. Alabama's original Constitution, from 1819, made the gubernatorial term of office two years. The 1901 Constitution extended the term to four years and, after Amendment 282 was passed in 1968, allowed a Governor to succeed himself once.

As of April 2014, Alabama is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Current officeholder

The 53rd and current governor of Alabama is Robert J. Bentley, a Republican. Bentley took office in January 2011, after winning the seat in the November 2010 midterms.

Before becoming governor, Bentley served in the Alabama House of Representatives and as a founding partner and president of Alabama Dermatological Associates. He also served as a captain in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War from 1969 to 1971. Bentley earned a B.S. in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Alabama and an M.D. from the Medical College of Alabama. His wife, Dianne Bentley, is the First Lady of Alabama.[1]

Authority

The state constitution establishes the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113

The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled "The Governor of the State of Alabama.

Qualifications

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
20142013201220112010
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
20142013201220112010
Breaking news
The governor may not hold any federal or state office in Alabama concurrently with his gubernatorial term. Additionally, the governor must be at least 30 years old, an American citizen for at least ten years on the date of the election, and a resident of Alabama for at least seven years.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 117

The governor and lieutenant governor shall each be at least thirty years of age when elected, and shall have been citizens of the United States ten years and resident citizens of this state at least seven years next before the date of their election.

Elections

See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of governors

Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018). Section 116 sets the governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 17, 2011 and January 19, 2015 are inaugural days.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 114

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Alabama governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.

Alabama Constitution of 1901, Amendment 282 (to Section 116)

[The Governor] shall be eligible to succeed himself in office, but no person shall be eligible to succeed himself for more than one additional term.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Alabama State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Alabama Partisanship.PNG

Full History


Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Sections 127 and 128 of the state constitution.

In the event that the elected governor is unable to complete his term, the Lieutenant Governor of Alabama succeeds him. The lieutenant governor also becomes acting governor at any time when the elected governor is unable to discharge the office for 20 consecutive days. Because Alabama elects her governor and lieutenant governor on separate tickets, it is theoretically possible for the governorship of the state to change parties without an election occurring.

Any two other constitutional officers, excluding the individual who would succeed the governor, may also file a affidavit with the state Supreme Court declaring that the sitting governor is of unsound mind, in which case the determines whether the governor is mentally competent to exercise his office.

Duties

Alabama

The governor is responsible for upholding the Alabama Constitution and executing state law. The governor also is commander-in-chief of the state's military forces (the Alabama Army National Guard and Alabama Air National Guard, which are part of the National Guard of the United States, and the Alabama State Defense Force, which is the State Defense Forces). As commander-in-chief the governor may call out the state's military forces preserve the public peace when it is not in active service of the United States.

At least once every legislative session, the governor is required to deliver an address to the state legislature, referred to as the "State of the State Address," regarding the condition and operation of the state government and to suggest new legislation.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • seeing that all laws of the state are faithfully executed.
  • overseeing other state executive officers and agencies.
  • convening extraordinary sessions of the legislature.
  • presenting a budget for the state to the legislature.
  • remitting fines and forfeitures and granting reprieves, paroles, commutations of sentence and pardons
  • exercising a veto over bills

Divisions

The governor's office includes a number of individual divisions:[2]

  • Executive Office
  • Chief of Staff
  • Appointments
  • Communications
  • Legal
  • Legislative
  • Constituent Services
  • Policy
  • Administration
  • Mansion

State budget

The budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $1,522,187.[3]

Compensation

See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

2013

In 2013, the governor's salary was $119,950. However, Gov. Robert Bentley refused to accept his salary until the state's unemployment rate decreases.[4]

2012

The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the Alabama legislature. In 2012, the Governor of Alabama's salary was $120,936. Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.

Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.

Historical officeholders

There have been 63 Governors of Alabama since 1819. Of the 63 officeholders, 5 were Republican, 55 were Democrat, 1 was Democratic/Wig, and 1 was Pre-War Whig.[5][6]

Recent news

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Contact Information

Alabama

Physical address:
State Capitol
600 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36130

Phone: (334) 242-7100
Fax: (334) 353-0004

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Alabama
Partisan breakdown of the Alabama governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, Alabama had Democratic governors in office for 6 years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years, including the last 11. Alabama was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Alabama, the Alabama State Senate and the Alabama House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Alabama state government(1992-2013).PNG

See also

External links

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References