Difference between revisions of "Governor of Alabama"

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:: ''See also: [[Comparison of gubernatorial salaries]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of gubernatorial salaries]]''
  
The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the [[Alabama Legislature|Alabama legislature]]. In 2010, the Governor of Alabama [http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Alabama_state_government_salary was paid $112,895] a year, the 32nd highest gubernatorial salary in America.<ref>[http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Alabama_state_government_salary ''Sunshine Review'', "Salaries of Alabama state government officials"]</ref> [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]] of the [[Alabama Constitution|state constitution]] requires that changes in compensation take effect after the incumbent under whom the changes were passed has left office.
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The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the [[Alabama Legislature|Alabama legislature]]. In 2010, the Governor of Alabama [http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Alabama_state_government_salary was paid $112,895] a year, the 32nd highest gubernatorial salary in America.<ref>[http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Alabama_state_government_salary ''Sunshine Review'', "Salaries of Alabama state government officials"]</ref> [[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]] of the [[Alabama Constitution|state constitution]] requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.
  
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]]'''
 
'''[[Article V, Alabama Constitution#Section 118|Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118]]'''

Revision as of 15:49, 5 July 2011

Alabama

Alabama State Executives
GovernorLieutenant Governor
Secretary of StateAttorney General
TreasurerAuditor
Superintendent of Education

Agriculture Commissioner
Insurance Commissioner
Natural Resources Commissioner
Labor Commissioner
Public Service Commission
The Governor of the State of Alabama is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Alabama. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a simple majority and is limited to two terms. Alabama's original Constitution, from 1819, made the gubernatorial term of office two years. The 1901 Constitution extended the term to four years and, after Amendment 282 was passed in 1968, allowed a Governor to succeed himself once.

Current officeholder

The 53rd and current governor of Alabama is Robert J. Bentley, a Republican. Bentley took office in January 2011, after winning the seat in the November 2010 midterms.

Before becoming governor, Bentley served in the Alabama House of Representatives and as a founding partner and president of Alabama Dermatological Associates. He also served as a captain in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War from 1969 to 1971. Bentley earned a B.S. in Biology and Chemistry from the University of Alabama and an M.D. from the Medical College of Alabama. His wife, Dianne Bentley, is the First Lady of Alabama.

Authority

The state constitution establishes the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 113

The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled "The Governor of the State of Alabama.

Qualifications

Governors
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Current Governors
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Current Lt. Governors
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The governor may not hold any federal or state office in Alabama concurrently with his gubernatorial term. Additionally, the governor must be at least 30 years old, an American citizen for at least ten years on the date of the election, and a resident of Alabama for at least seven years.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 117

The governor and lieutenant governor shall each be at least thirty years of age when elected, and shall have been citizens of the United States ten years and resident citizens of this state at least seven years next before the date of their election.

Elections

See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of governors

Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its governors during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018). Section 116 sets the governor's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 17, 2011 and January 19, 2015 are inaugural days.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 114

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

In addition to a term limit that prevents a governor from succeeding himself for more than one additional term (i.e. two term maximum), Alabama has an unusual provision that forbids a sitting governor from seeking another state office or serving in the U.S. Senate within one year of leaving office. (§ 116).

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article V, Sections 127 and 128 of the state constitution.

In the event that the elected governor is unable to complete his term, the Lieutenant Governor of Alabama succeeds him. The lieutenant governor also becomes acting governor at any time when the elected governor is unable to discharge the office for 20 consecutive days. Because Alabama elects her governor and lieutenant governor on separate tickets, it is theoretically possible for the governorship of the state to change parties without an election occurring.

Any two other constitutional officers, excluding the individual who would succeed the governor, may also file a affidavit with the state Supreme Court declaring that the sitting governor is of unsound mind, in which case the determines whether the governor is mentally competent to exercise his office.

Duties

Alabama

The governor is responsible for upholding the Alabama Constitution and executing state law. The governor also is commander-in-chief of the state's military forces (the Alabama Army National Guard and Alabama Air National Guard, which are part of the National Guard of the United States, and the Alabama State Defense Force, which is the State Defense Forces). As commander-in-chief the governor may call out the state's military forces preserve the public peace when it is not in active service of the United States.

At least once every legislative session, the governor is required to deliver an address to the state legislature, referred to as the "State of the State Address," regarding the condition and operation of the state government and to suggest new legislation.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • seeing that all laws of the state are faithfully executed.
  • overseeing other state executive officers and agencies.
  • convening extraordinary sessions of the legislature.
  • presenting a budget for the state to the legislature.
  • remitting fines and forfeitures and granting reprieves, paroles, commutations of sentence and pardons
  • exercising a veto over bills

Compensation

See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries

The governor's pay is fixed and may be raised by the Alabama legislature. In 2010, the Governor of Alabama was paid $112,895 a year, the 32nd highest gubernatorial salary in America.[1] Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.

Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.

Contact Information

Physical address:
State Capitol
600 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, Alabama 36130

Phone: (334) 242-7100
Fax: (334) 353-0004

See also

External links

References