Governor of Alaska
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2014 FY Budget:||$30,212,600|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Constitution of Alaska, Article III, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||July 26, 2009|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other Alaska Executive Offices|
|Governor•Lieutenant Governor•Attorney General•Comptroller•Education Commissioner•Revenue Commissioner•Agriculture Director•Insurance Director•Natural Resources Commissioner•Labor Commissioner•Regulatory Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 State budget
- 8 Compensation
- 9 Historical officeholders
- 10 Recent news
- 11 Contact information
- 12 History
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
- 15 References
The current, and 10th, governor of Alaska is Sean Parnell, a member of the Republican Party. Parnell was elected lieutenant governor in 2006 along with Sarah Palin and became the governor upon Palin's resignation on July 26, 2009; he completed her term and ran for the office himself in 2010. He won a full term, which he began serving on December 6, 2010.
Before his election as lieutenant governor, Parnell operated his own private law practice in Anchorage, AL. He earned his J.D. from the Puget Sound School of Law and a B.B.A. from Pacific Lutheran University. He and his wife, Sandy, have two daughters.
The executive power of the State is vested in the governor.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Under Article III, Section 6 of the Constitution, the governor may not hold any federal office or any state office in Alaska while serving as governor. Per Section 2 of the same article, the governor must be at least 30 years old, a qualified voter in Alaska, and have been both an American citizen and a resident of Alaska for a minimum of seven years on election day.
The governor shall be at least thirty years of age and a qualified voter of the State. He shall have been a resident of Alaska at least seven years immediately preceding his filing for office, and he shall have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years.
The governor shall not hold any other office or position of profit under the United States, the State, or its political subdivisions.
Alaska elects governors in federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018). General elections are held on the first Tuesday and the first Monday in November. Winners take office at noon on the first Monday in December following the election, per Article III, Section 4 of the state constitution. Thus, December 6, 2010 and December 1, 2014 are inaugural days.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Alaska governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|No person who has been elected governor for two full successive terms shall be again eligible to hold that office until one full term has intervened.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article III, Sections 9 to 14.
In the event that the elected governor is unable to complete her term, the Lieutenant Governor of Alaska assumes the office. The lieutenant governor also becomes acting governor at any time when the elected incumbent is temporarily unable to discharge the office. If the elected governor is continually unable to discharge the office for six months, the office is deemed vacant and the lieutenant governor succeeds to the office.
In the event that a governor-elect dies, resigns, is disqualified, or otherwise does not take office, the individual elected as lieutenant governor shall become the governor.
Any that the lieutenant governor takes over as the governor, she or he serves as the governor for the entire remaining term.
The Governor of Alaska is the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Alaska Legislature, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of impeachment.
Many offices, such as that of the Attorney General, which are elected offices in most states, are gubernatorial appointments in Alaska. The governor has wide latitude is searching for a nominee but must seek legislative confirmation of those nominees. The governor also appoints the officers of most state boards and commissions and has the power to make recess appointments when the legislature is not in session.
The number of departments in Alaska's state government is Constitutionally capped at 20; however, the governor may decrease and increase the numbers of departments within that limit. Some reorganization of the government may be done at the governor's discretion. For changes requiring the force of law, the governor issues an Executive Order; the legislature then has 60 session days to reject the change, done by a majority vote of a joint session. Otherwise, the Executive Order stands and takes effect on a day chosen by the governor.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- upholding the faithful execution of all Alaska laws and forcing compliance when needed, either through the courts or by legislative action
- convening special sessions of the House, the Senate, or both in a Joint Session
- addressing the legislature at the beginning of each session and at other times he deems necessary, with a description of the current state of Alaska's affairs and with her or his recommendations
- appointing all general and flag officers of Alaska's armed forces
- proclaiming martial law for up to 20 days. (A longer declaration requires a majority vote of the joint legislature.)
The enacted budget for the Governor's Office in Fiscal Year 2014 is $30,212,600.
- See also: Compensation of state executive officers
The governor's pay is set by law and may be changed by the legislature. If the legislature lowers the gubernatorial salary, the pay cut does not take effect until the next gubernatorial term, unless the pay cut applies to all salaried state officers.
In 2013, the governor's salary was $145,000.
|#||Name||Took office||Left office||Party|
|3||Frank H. Murkowski||2002||2006||Republican|
|6||William Jennings Sheffield||1982||1986||Democratic|
|7||Jay S. Hammond||1974||1982||Republican|
|8||Keith H. Miller||1969||1970||Republian|
|9||Walter J. Hickel||1965-1969||1990-1994||Alaska Independence Party|
|10||William Allen Egan||1959-1966||1970-1974||Democratic|
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Alaska State Capitol Building
P.O. Box 110001
Juneau, AK 99811-0001
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years, including the last 11. Alaska was under a Republican trifecta for the last year of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Office of Governor Sean Parnell, "About the Governor," accessed July 8, 2011.
- Alaska Revised Statutes, "Title 15, Chapter 15, Section 020," accessed July 8, 2011.
- Alaska Office of Management and Budget, "FY 2014 Operating Budget," May 21, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governor's Association "Former Governor's Bios" Accessed September 18, 2012
State of Alaska
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Comptroller | Commissioner of the Department of Revenue | Commissioner of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Natural Resources | Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development | Regulatory Commission |