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Difference between revisions of "Governor of California"

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| <i>No Governor may serve more than 2 terms.</i>
| <i>No Governor may serve more than 2 terms.</i>
===Partisan composition===
The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of California State Governors from 1992-2013.<br>
[[File:Governor of California Partisanship.PNG]]

Revision as of 14:31, 20 May 2013

California Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
Term limits:  2 terms
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  California Constitution, Article 5, Section 1
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Jerry Brown 1.jpg
Name:  Jerry Brown
Officeholder Party:  Democratic
Assumed office:  January 2011
Compensation:  $173,987
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 2, 2010
Other California Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorControllerSuperintendent of Public InstructionAgriculture SecretaryInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources SecretaryIndustrial Relations DirectorPublic Utilities Commission
The Governor of California is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch, and the highest state office in California. The governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two terms. The office of governor was first established in 1849, replacing the succession of military governors that had overseen the territory since its annexation the previous year.

As of May 2013, California is one of 12 Democratic state government trifectas.

Current officeholder

The 39th and current Governor of California is Jerry Brown, a Democrat, who was elected in November 2010. He took office on January 1, 2011. Brown's term will face re-election, if he chooses to run, in November 2014, and his term will end in January of the following the year.

Brown previously served as the 34th Governor of California, from 1975 to 1983. Because Brown was elected to both of his terms as the 34th governor before terms limits was passed in 1990, he was eligible to run again in 2010.

Before becoming governor, Brown served one term as state attorney general from 2006 to 2010. Before returning to statewide office, he was mayor of Oakland, CA from 1998 to 2006. Brown also made three unsuccessful runs for President of the United States in 1976, 1980 and 1991, and served as chair of the California Democratic Party from 1989 to 1991. He also founded the Oakland School for the Arts and the Oakland Military Institute and worked as an attorney for the firm of Tuttle and Taylor.[1]


The Constitution of California establishes the office of governor in Article V, the Executive.

California Constitution, Article 5, Section 1

The supreme executive power of this State is vested in the Governor.


Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
Breaking news

The governor may not hold any other public offices, engage in any lobbying, or accept any honorariums. Additionally, he or she must be a registered voter in California, a resident of the state for at least five years on election day, and an American citizen for at least five years.

California Constitution, Article 5, Section 2

[...] The Governor shall be an elector who has been a citizen of the United States and a resident of this State for 5 years immediately preceding the Governor's election. The Governor may not hold other public office.


California elects governors in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the new year following the election. Thus, January 3, 2011 and January 5, 2015 are inaugural days.

California Constitution, Article 5, Section 2

The Governor shall be elected every fourth year at the same time and places as members of the Assembly and hold office from the Monday after January 1 following the election until a successor qualifies.

As in several other states, governors of California may be subject to recall elections. To initiate a recall, citizens must submit petitions signed by California voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor. Additionally, petitioners must collect signatures from each of 5 counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for governor in the county. The last California gubernatorial recall saw Gray Davis removed from office in favor of Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

California governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.

California Constitution, Article V, Section 2

No Governor may serve more than 2 terms.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of California State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of California Partisanship.PNG


See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Article 5, Section 10 of the state constitution requires the Lieutenant Governor of California to assume the office of governor if the incumbent is unable to discharge the office. The legislature sets the rest of the order of precedence for filling vacancies in the office of governor. Disputes over the line of succession are under the sole jurisdiction of the California Supreme Court.



The governor has the power to veto bills from the California State Legislature. The Legislature can override a veto by a two-thirds majority vote in both the Assembly and the Senate. The governor can veto particular items from an appropriations bill while leaving others intact.

Law-enforcement powers include the ability to grant pardons and commute sentences, excepting cases of impeachment, as well as serving as the commander-in-chief of the state militia. In addition to calling the National Guard into active duty, the governor can call the California State Military Reserve to active duty to support the Guard.

The governor also has full membership and voting powers to the Regents of the University of California, the governing board of the University of California system, along with other elected officials, and a majority of members on the Regents of the University of California are appointed by the governor.

Each year, the governor must make a "State of the State" address to the legislature. He may also order reports and information from other state officers.

Unless otherwise provided by law, the governor fills vacancies in all state offices. Specifically, vacancies in the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Controller, Treasurer, Attorney General, and on the State Board of Equalization are filled by a gubernatorial nominee, with Senate confirmation.


  • Accounting
  • Appointments
  • Constituent Affairs
  • External Affairs
  • Judicial Appointments
  • Legal Affairs
  • Legislative Affairs
  • Operations
  • Personnel
  • Press Secretary
  • Protocol
  • Scheduling
  • Senior Advisors
  • Special Advisor
  • Special Counsel[2]


See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries

In 2010, the governor received compensation in the amount of $173,987.[3] The governor's salary, like that of all other state elected officials, is determined by the California Citizens Compensation Commission on an annual basis. The last time the governor's compensation was changed was 2009, when the office's salary and benefits were cut by 18 percent.

Contact information

Physical address:
State Capitol Building
Sacramento, CA 95814
Phone: 916-445-2841
Fax: 916-558-3160

See also

External links