Difference between revisions of "Governor of California"
|Line 133:||Line 133:|
Revision as of 15:35, 20 May 2013
|Office website:||Official Link|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||California Constitution, Article 5, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||January 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other California Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Controller • Superintendent of Public Instruction • Agriculture Secretary • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Secretary • Industrial Relations Director • Public Utilities Commission|
The 39th and current Governor of California is Jerry Brown, a Democrat, who was elected in November 2010. He took office on January 1, 2011. Brown's term will face re-election, if he chooses to run, in November 2014, and his term will end in January of the following the year.
Brown previously served as the 34th Governor of California, from 1975 to 1983. Because Brown was elected to both of his terms as the 34th governor before terms limits was passed in 1990, he was eligible to run again in 2010.
Before becoming governor, Brown served one term as state attorney general from 2006 to 2010. Before returning to statewide office, he was mayor of Oakland, CA from 1998 to 2006. Brown also made three unsuccessful runs for President of the United States in 1976, 1980 and 1991, and served as chair of the California Democratic Party from 1989 to 1991. He also founded the Oakland School for the Arts and the Oakland Military Institute and worked as an attorney for the firm of Tuttle and Taylor.
The supreme executive power of this State is vested in the Governor.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The governor may not hold any other public offices, engage in any lobbying, or accept any honorariums. Additionally, he or she must be a registered voter in California, a resident of the state for at least five years on election day, and an American citizen for at least five years.
[...] The Governor shall be an elector who has been a citizen of the United States and a resident of this State for 5 years immediately preceding the Governor's election. The Governor may not hold other public office.
California elects governors in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the new year following the election. Thus, January 3, 2011 and January 5, 2015 are inaugural days.
The Governor shall be elected every fourth year at the same time and places as members of the Assembly and hold office from the Monday after January 1 following the election until a successor qualifies.
As in several other states, governors of California may be subject to recall elections. To initiate a recall, citizens must submit petitions signed by California voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor. Additionally, petitioners must collect signatures from each of 5 counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for governor in the county. The last California gubernatorial recall saw Gray Davis removed from office in favor of Arnold Schwarzenegger.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
California governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.
|No Governor may serve more than 2 terms.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Article 5, Section 10 of the state constitution requires the Lieutenant Governor of California to assume the office of governor if the incumbent is unable to discharge the office. The legislature sets the rest of the order of precedence for filling vacancies in the office of governor. Disputes over the line of succession are under the sole jurisdiction of the California Supreme Court.
The governor has the power to veto bills from the California State Legislature. The Legislature can override a veto by a two-thirds majority vote in both the Assembly and the Senate. The governor can veto particular items from an appropriations bill while leaving others intact.
Law-enforcement powers include the ability to grant pardons and commute sentences, excepting cases of impeachment, as well as serving as the commander-in-chief of the state militia. In addition to calling the National Guard into active duty, the governor can call the California State Military Reserve to active duty to support the Guard.
The governor also has full membership and voting powers to the Regents of the University of California, the governing board of the University of California system, along with other elected officials, and a majority of members on the Regents of the University of California are appointed by the governor.
Each year, the governor must make a "State of the State" address to the legislature. He may also order reports and information from other state officers.
Unless otherwise provided by law, the governor fills vacancies in all state offices. Specifically, vacancies in the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Controller, Treasurer, Attorney General, and on the State Board of Equalization are filled by a gubernatorial nominee, with Senate confirmation.
- Constituent Affairs
- External Affairs
- Judicial Appointments
- Legal Affairs
- Legislative Affairs
- Press Secretary
- Senior Advisors
- Special Advisor
- Special Counsel
- See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries
In 2010, the governor received compensation in the amount of $173,987. The governor's salary, like that of all other state elected officials, is determined by the California Citizens Compensation Commission on an annual basis. The last time the governor's compensation was changed was 2009, when the office's salary and benefits were cut by 18 percent.
State Capitol Building
Sacramento, CA 95814
Partisan balance 1992-2013
In May 2013 Ballotpedia conducted a study of the partisan control of state government from 1992-2013. During those 22 years, in California there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years. During the final three years of the study, California was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- Official site of Governor's office
- Official California Secretary of State Election and Voter Information site