Governor of California
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012-2013 FY Budget:||$12,660,000|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||California Constitution, Article 5, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||January 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other California Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Controller • Superintendent of Public Instruction • Agriculture Secretary • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Secretary • Industrial Relations Director • Public Utilities Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 Recent news
- 12 Contact information
- 13 History
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of March 2015, California is one of 7 Democratic state government trifectas.
The 39th and current Governor of California is Jerry Brown, a Democrat, who was elected in November 2010. He took office on January 1, 2011. Brown's term will face re-election in November 2014, and his term will end in January of the following the year.
Brown previously served as the 34th Governor of California, from 1975 to 1983. Because Brown was elected to both of his terms as the 34th governor before a term limits law was passed in 1990, he was eligible to run again in 2010.
Before becoming governor for the first time, Brown served one term as California Secretary of State, and then served one term as state attorney general from 2006 to 2010, before his re-entry into the governorship. Before returning to statewide office, he was mayor of Oakland, CA from 1998 to 2006. Brown also made three unsuccessful runs for President of the United States in 1976, 1980 and 1991, and served as chair of the California Democratic Party from 1989 to 1991. He also founded the Oakland School for the Arts and the Oakland Military Institute and worked as an attorney for the firm of Tuttle and Taylor.
The supreme executive power of this State is vested in the Governor.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The governor may not hold any other public offices, engage in any lobbying, or accept any honorariums. Additionally, he or she must be a registered voter in California, a resident of the state for at least five years on election day, and an American citizen for at least five years.
[...] The Governor shall be an elector who has been a citizen of the United States and a resident of this State for 5 years immediately preceding the Governor's election. The Governor may not hold other public office.
California elects governors in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the new year following the election. Thus, January 3, 2011 and January 5, 2015 are inaugural days.
The Governor shall be elected every fourth year at the same time and places as members of the Assembly and hold office from the Monday after January 1 following the election until a successor qualifies.
As in several other states, governors of California may be subject to recall elections. To initiate a recall, citizens must submit petitions signed by California voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor. Additionally, petitioners must collect signatures from each of 5 counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for governor in the county. The last California gubernatorial recall saw Gray Davis removed from office in favor of Arnold Schwarzenegger.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
California governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.
|No Governor may serve more than 2 terms.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Article 5, Section 10 of the state constitution requires the Lieutenant Governor of California to assume the office of governor if the incumbent is unable to discharge the office. The legislature sets the rest of the order of precedence for filling vacancies in the office of governor. Disputes over the line of succession are under the sole jurisdiction of the California Supreme Court.
The governor has the power to veto bills from the California State Legislature. The Legislature can override a veto by a two-thirds majority vote in both the Assembly and the Senate. The governor can veto particular items from an appropriations bill while leaving others intact.
Law-enforcement powers include the ability to grant pardons and commute sentences, excepting cases of impeachment, as well as serving as the commander-in-chief of the state militia. In addition to calling the National Guard into active duty, the governor can call the California State Military Reserve to active duty to support the Guard.
The governor also has full membership and voting powers to the Regents of the University of California, the governing board of the University of California system, along with other elected officials, and a majority of members on the Regents of the University of California are appointed by the governor.
Each year, the governor must make a "State of the State" address to the legislature. He may also order reports and information from other state officers.
Unless otherwise provided by law, the governor fills vacancies in all state offices. Specifically, vacancies in the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Controller, Treasurer, Attorney General, and on the State Board of Equalization are filled by a gubernatorial nominee, with Senate confirmation.
- Constituent Affairs
- External Affairs
- Judicial Appointments
- Legal Affairs
- Legislative Affairs
- Press Secretary
- Senior Advisors
- Special Advisor
- Special Counsel
Role in state budget
- See also: California state budget
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies beginning in April.
- Agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
- Agency hearings are held from September through November.
- Public hearings are held from March through June.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
- The legislature adopts a budget in June. A two-thirds majority is required to pass a budget. The fiscal year begins July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the California Governor's Office in the 2012-2013 Fiscal Year was $12,660,000.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $173,987.
In 2010, the governor received compensation in the amount of $173,987. The governor's salary, like that of all other state elected officials, is determined by the California Citizens Compensation Commission on an annual basis. The last time the governor's compensation was changed was 2009, when the office's salary and benefits were cut by 18 percent.
There have been 38 Governors of California since 1849. Of the 38 officeholders, 18 were Republican, 12 were Democrat, 2 were Independent Democrat, 1 was Union and 1 was American Know-Nothing. Additionally, four switched parties while in office.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1849-Present|
|1||Peter Hardeman Burnett||1849 - 1851||Independent Democrat|
|2||John McDougal||1851 - 1852||Independent Democrat|
|3||John Bigler||1852 - 1856||Democratic|
|4||John Neely Johnson||1856 - 1858||American Know-Nothing|
|5||John B. Weller||1858 - 1860||Democratic|
|6||Milton Slocum Latham||1860 - 1860||Democratic|
|7||John G. Downey||1860 - 1862||Democratic|
|8||Amasa Leland Stanford||1862 - 1863||Republican|
|9||Frederick Ferdinand Low||1863 - 1867||Union|
|10||Henry Huntly Haight||1867 - 1871||Republican, Democratic|
|11||Newton Booth||1871 - 1875||Republican|
|12||Romualdo Pacheco||1875 - 1875||Republican|
|13||William Irwin||1875 - 1880||Democratic|
|14||George Clement Perkins||1880 - 1883||Republican|
|15||George Stoneman||1883 - 1887||Democratic|
|16||Washington Bartlett||1887 - 1887||Democratic|
|17||Robert Whitney Waterman||1887 - 1891||Republican|
|18||Henry Harrison Markham||1891 - 1895||Republican|
|19||James Herbert Budd||1895 - 1899||Democratic|
|20||Henry Tifft Gage||1899 - 1903||Republican|
|21||George Cooper Pardee||1903 - 1907||Progressive, Republican|
|22||James Norris Gillett||1907 - 1911||Republican|
|23||Hiram Warren Johnson||1911 - 1917||Republican, Progressive|
|24||William Dennison Stephens||1917 - 1923||Republican|
|25||Friend William Richardson||1923 - 1927||Republican|
|26||Clement Calhoun Young||1927 - 1931||Republican|
|27||James Rolph||1931 - 1934||Republican|
|28||Frank Finley Merriam||1934 - 1939||Republican|
|29||Culbert L. Olson||1939 - 1943||Democratic|
|30||Earl Warren||1943 - 1953||Republican|
|31||Goodwin Jess Knight||1953 - 1959||Republican|
|32||Edmund Gerald Brown||1959 - 1967||Democratic|
|33||Ronald Wilson Reagan||1967 - 1975||Democratic, Republican|
|34||George Deukmejian||1983 - 1991||Republican|
|35||Pete Wilson||1991 - 1999||Republican|
|36||Gray Davis||1999 - 2003||Democratic|
|37||Arnold Schwarzenegger||2003 - 2011||Republican|
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State Capitol Building
Sacramento, CA 95814
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years. During the final three years of the study, California was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arkansas state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. California has never had a Republican trifecta, but did have Democratic trifectas between the years 1999 and 2003 and again after 2010 to the present. California fell steadily in the SQLI ranking until finally reaching the bottom-10 in 2010. The state reached its highest ranking (28th) in 1998 and 1999, first under divided government and then under a Democratic trifecta. The state’s lowest ranking (48th) occurred recently in 2012 under a Democratic trifecta. Except for the years 1995 and 1996, the California legislature has been consistently under Democratic control.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 37.00
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 35.21
- Official site of Governor's office
- Official California Secretary of State Election and Voter Information site
- Project VoteSmart, "Bio of Jerry Brown," accessed June 23, 2011
- California State Government, "Organizational Chart," accessed July 7, 2011
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- California Department of Finance, "Enacted Budget FY 2012-2013," accessed May 28, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "Book of the States 2010 -- Table 4.11," accessed June 23, 2011
- National Governors Association, "California: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of California
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|State executive offices||
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