Governor of Connecticut
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012-2013 FY Budget:||$2,769,502|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Connecticut Constitution, Article IV, Section 5|
|Assumed office:||January 5, 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other Connecticut Executive Offices|
|Governor•Lieutenant Governor•Secretary of State•Attorney General•Treasurer•Comptroller•Commissioner of Education•Agriculture Commissioner•Insurance Commissioner•Energy & Environmental Protection Commissioner•Labor Commissioner•Public Utilities Regulatory Authority|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
The constitution provides for the election of a lieutenant governor, for the same term as the governor. The two offices are elected on the same ticket; this provision was added in 1962. In the event of a vacancy in the office of governor, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. Before the adoption of the 1965 constitution, the lieutenant governor only served as acting governor.
As of September 2014, Connecticut is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.
The 88th and current governor of Connecticut is Democrat Dan Malloy. He was first elected in November 2010 and took office on January 5, 2011. He will come up for re-election in 2014 and his current term will end on January 7, 2015.
Malloy, before becoming governor, was mayor of Stamford, CT from 1995 to 2009 and, prior to that, a member of the town's Boards of Finance and Education. Before entering politics, he was a prosecutor in Brooklyn, NY, where he served for four years as an assistant district attorney. Malloy is a former trustee of the U.S. Conference of Mayors, a former president of the Connecticut Council of Municipalities, and a former member of the Stamford Cultural Development Organization. He and his wife, Cathy, have three sons.
The supreme executive power of the state shall be vested in the governor.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
All gubernatorial candidates must be at least 30 years old and a registered voter and resident of Connecticut on the day of the election (§ 5).
The supreme executive power of the state shall be vested in the governor. No person who is not an elector of the state, and who has not arrived at the age of thirty years, shall be eligible.
Connecticut elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Connecticut, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Wednesday following the first Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 5, 2011 and January 7, 2015 are inaugural days.
A general election for governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of the state, treasurer and comptroller shall be held on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November, 1966, and quadrennially thereafter.
Such officers shall hold their respective offices from the Wednesday following the first Monday of the January next succeeding their election until the Wednesday following the first Monday of the fifth January succeeding their election and until their successors are duly qualified.'
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Connecticut governors do not face any term limits.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
The vacancy procedure for the office of governor Article IV, Sections 18, 19, and 21.
Under any circumstances where the elected governor is unable or unwilling to discharge the office, the elected lieutenant governor shall, as soon as he takes the oath of office, become the governor and hold the office until the next regularly scheduled election.
The Governor of Connecticut is responsible for upholding the constitution and faithfully executing all laws (Article 5, § 12), is the head of Connecticut's military forces at all times other than when those forces have been called into national service (§ 8). Under § 11, he must periodically address the joint session of the legislature, with details of the current state of Connecticut's affairs and his suggestions for policy.
§ 13 gives the governor the prerogative to grant reprieves after conviction. However, Connecticut stands out for other states in that governor does not have the ability to grant pardons. Additionally, his right to grant reprieves does not extend to cases of impeachment.
Under § 15 and § 16, the governor has a veto on all bills, including appropriations, subject to a supermajority override by the legislature.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- adjourning the legislature when the body cannot agree on a time to adjourn itself, until a date he deems proper (§ 10)
- requiring written reports from any and all officers of the Executive branch on any aspect of that officer's job (§ 9)
- authorizing and signing all commissions given by the state of Connecticut (§ 14)
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Role in state budget
- See also: Connecticut state budget
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in July.
- State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
- Agency hearings are held in January.
- Public hearings are held from February through June.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in February.
- The legislature adopts a budget in May or June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
In Connecticut, the governor may exercise line item veto or item veto of appropriations authority.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget. Likewise, the legislature must adopt a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's Office in the 2012-2013 Fiscal Year was $2,769,502.
The governor's salary is set by law. If it is raised or decreased, that change must be passed into law and does not take effect until the first election held after the law's passage.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $150,000.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, there were Democratic governors in office for three years while there were Republican governors in office for 16 years. During the final three years, Connecticut was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Connecticut state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between the years 1992 and 2005, Connecticut ranked in the top-10 in the SQLI ranking, in the top-5 for twelve of those thirteen years, and ranked 1st in 1992 and 1993. Beginning 2005, Connecticut dropped out of the top-10 and began a trend downward until hitting its lowest spot during the period of the study (33rd in 2012). Connecticut had divided government for eighteen years before having a Democratic trifecta in 2011. The state’s greatest decline in the SQLI ranking occurred between 2011 and 2012, when Connecticut dropped fourteen spots in the rankings. Connecticut has never had a Republican trifecta between 1992 and 2012.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 26.00
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 6.63
There have been 103 Governors of Connecticut since 1639. Of the 103 officeholders, 31 had unknown political affiliations, 31 were Republican, 22 were Democratic, 7 were Federalist, 6 were Whig, 2 were Jeffersonian Republican, 1 was A Connecticut Party, 1 was National Republican, 1 was American Republican and 1 was American.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1639-Present|
|19||John Winthrop Jr.||1657||Unknown|
|21||John Winthrop Jr.||1659-1676||Unknown|
|35||Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.||1797-1809||Federalist|
|38||John Cotton Smith||1812-1817||Federalist|
|39||Oliver Wolcott, Jr.||1817-1827||Jeffersonian Republican|
|40||Gideon Tomlinson||1827-1831||Jeffersonian Republican|
|41||John S. Peters||1831-1833||National Republican|
|42||Henry W. Edwards||1833-1834||Democratic|
|43||Samuel A. Foot||1834-1835||Whig|
|44||Henry W. Edwards||1835-1838||Democratic|
|45||William W. Ellsworth||1838-1842||Whig|
|46||Chauncey F. Cleveland||1842-1844||Democratic|
|47||Roger S. Baldwin||1844-1846||Whig|
|51||Thomas H. Seymour||1850-1853||Democratic|
|52||Charles H. Pond||1853-1854||Democratic|
|54||William T. Minor||1855-1857||American|
|55||Alexander H. Holley||1857-1858||American Republican|
|56||William A. Buckingham||1858-1866||Republican|
|57||Joseph R. Hawley||1866-1867||Republican|
|58||James E. English||1867-1869||Democratic|
|60||James E. English||1870-1871||Democratic|
|62||Charles R. Ingersoll||1873-1877||Democratic|
|63||Richard D. Hubbard||1877-1879||Democratic|
|64||Charles B. Andrews||1879-1881||Republican|
|65||Hobart B. Bigelow||1881-1883||Republican|
|66||Thomas M. Waller||1883-1885||Democratic|
|67||Henry B. Harrison||1885-1887||Republican|
|68||Phineas C. Lounsbury||1887-1889||Republican|
|69||Morgan G. Bulkeley||1889-1893||Republican|
|70||Luzon B. Morris||1893-1895||Democratic|
|71||O. Vincent Coffin||1895-1897||Republican|
|72||Lorrin A. Cooke||1897-1899||Republican|
|73||George E. Lounsbury||1899-1901||Republican|
|74||George P. McLean||1901-1903||Republican|
|77||Rollin S. Woodruff||1907-1909||Republican|
|78||George L. Lilley||1909||Republican|
|79||Frank B. Weeks||1909-1911||Republican|
|80||Simeon E. Baldwin||1911-1915||Democratic|
|81||Marcus H. Holcomb||1915-1921||Republican|
|82||Everett J. Lake||1921-1923||Republican|
|83||Charles A. Templeton||1923-1925||Republican|
|85||John H. Trumbull||1925-1931||Republican|
|86||Wilbur L. Cross||1931-1939||Democratic|
|87||Raymond E. Baldwin||1939-1941||Republican|
|88||Robert A. Hurley||1941-1942||Democratic|
|89||Raymond E. Baldwin||1943-1946||Republican|
|91||James L. McConaughy||1947-1948||Republican|
|92||James C. Shannon||1948-1949||Republican|
|97||Thomas J. Meskill||1971-1975||Republican|
|98||Ella T. Grasso||1975-1980||Democratic|
|99||William A. O'Neill||1980-1991||Democratic|
|100||Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.||1991-1995||A Connecticut Party|
|101||John G. Rowland||1995-2004||Republican|
|102||M. Jodi Rell||2004-2011||Republican|
|103||Dannel P. Malloy||2011-||Democratic|
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Office of the Governor
210 Capitol Avenue
Hartford, CT 06106
- Governor: Dan Malloy (D)
- Lieutenant Governor: Nancy Wyman (D)
- Attorney General: George C. Jepsen (D)
- Secretary of State: Denise Merrill (D)
- Commissioner of Agriculture: Steven Reviczky
- Treasurer of State: Denise L. Nappier (D)
- Office of the Governor of Connecticut, "Bio of Dannel Malloy," accessed July 22, 2011
- National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- Connecticut Office of Policy and Management Budget Documents, "20132-2013 Biennium Governor's Budget," accessed May 28, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- Connecticut State Library, "Roster of Connecticut Governors," accessed August 2, 2013
State of Connecticut
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of the State | Comptroller | Treasurer | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Commissioner of Environmental Protection | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Utility Control |