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Difference between revisions of "Governor of Hawaii"

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{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Hawaii''', also called '''Ke Kiaaina o Hawaii''', is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Hawaii.
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{{Hawaii SEO infobox}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Hawaii''', also called '''Ke Kiaaina o Hawaii''', is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch, and the highest state office in Hawaii. It is a directly elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state. The [[governor]] of Hawaii is elected by a plurality and is limited to two four-year terms.
  
It is a directly elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state.  The [[governor]] of Hawaii is elected by a plurality and is limited to two four-year terms.
+
==Current officeholder==
  
==Current officer==
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The 7th and current governor of Hawaii is [[Democrat]] [[Neil Abercrombie]], elected in November 2010 and sworn in on December 6, 2010. Before becoming governor, Abercrombie represented Hawaii's 1st congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1990 to 2010. He was a member of the [[Hawaii House of Representatives]] from 1975 to 1979 and the [[Hawaii Senate]] from 1979 to 1986. He has also served on the Honolulu City Council (1988-1990). Abercrombie holds a Ph.D. in American Studies and an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, as well as a bachelor's degree from Union College.<ref>[http://hawaii.gov/gov/about/governors-bio/neil-abercrombie.html ''Office of the Governor of Hawaii'', "Bio of Neil Abercrombie," accessed September 19, 2011.]</ref>
 
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The 7th and current governor of Hawaii is [[Democrat]] [[Neil Abercrombie]], elected in November 2010 and sworn in on December 6, 2010.
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His wife, Nancie Caraway, is the First Lady of Hawaii.
+
  
 
==Authority==
 
==Authority==
 +
The [[Hawaii Constitution|state constitution]] establishes the office of the governor in [[Article V, Hawaii Constitution|Article V, the Executive Department]].
  
The [[Hawaii Constitution|state Constitution]] addresses the office of the governor in [[Article V, Hawaii Constitution|Article V, the Executive Department]].
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'''[[Article V, Hawaii Constitution|Hawaii Constitution, Article V, Section 1]]'''
 
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Under Article V, Section I:
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{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
 
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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{{GovLgov}}
 
{{GovLgov}}
 
A governor is:
 
A governor is:
 
 
* required to be at least 30 years old,
 
* required to be at least 30 years old,
 
* required to have been a resident of Hawaii for five consecutive years previous to election,
 
* required to have been a resident of Hawaii for five consecutive years previous to election,
 
* barred from other professions or paid positions during the term.
 
* barred from other professions or paid positions during the term.
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 +
'''[[Article V, Hawaii Constitution|Hawaii Constitution, Article V, Section 1]]'''
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{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|color:#000"|
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|-
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|
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''No person shall be eligible for the office of governor unless the person shall be a qualified voter, have attained the age of thirty years and have been a resident of this State for five years immediately preceding the person's election.
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 +
The governor shall not hold any other office or employment of profit under the State or the United States during the governor's term of office. '
 +
|}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
:: ''See also: [[Governor#Gubernatorial election cycles by state|Gubernatorial election cycles by state]]''
 +
:: ''See also: [[Governor#Election of governors|Election of governors]]''
  
 
Hawaii elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Hawaii, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years.
 
Hawaii elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Hawaii, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years.
  
Hawaii's Governor is not only the youngest chief executive's office in the United States, by date, it is tied with [[Governor of Alaska|Alaska]] as the earliest inaugural date in the nation. Legally, the inauguration is always held at noon on the first Monday in December following an election. Thus, December 6, 2010 and December 1, 2014 are inaugural days.
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Hawaii's governor is not only the youngest chief executive's office in the United States, by date, it is tied with [[Governor of Alaska|Alaska]] as the earliest inaugural date in the nation. The inauguration is always held at noon on the first Monday in December following an election. Thus, December 6, 2010 and December 1, 2014 are inaugural days.
  
[[Hawaii]] is one of only three states, the others being [[Governor of New Jersey|New Jersey]] and [[Governor of Tennessee|Tennessee]], where the Governor is the only statewide elected office.
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[[Hawaii]] is one of only three states, the others being [[Governor of New Jersey|New Jersey]] and [[Governor of Tennessee|Tennessee]], where the governor is the only statewide elected office.
  
==Vacancies==
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===Term limits===
 +
:: ''See also: [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
  
 +
Governors of Hawaii are limited to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must remain out of office for one term before running again.
 +
 +
==Vacancies==
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
  
Details of vacancies are addressed under [[Article V, Hawaii Constitution#Section 4|Article V, Section 4]].
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Details of vacancies are addressed under [[Article V, Hawaii Constitution#Section 4|Article V, Section 4]] of the [[Hawaii Constitution]].
  
 
The [[Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii|Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii]] becomes acting governor upon the governor's absence from the state or disability from discharging duties, either temporarily or permanently.
 
The [[Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii|Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii]] becomes acting governor upon the governor's absence from the state or disability from discharging duties, either temporarily or permanently.
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==Duties==
 
==Duties==
 
{{hiseal}}
 
{{hiseal}}
Unlike all but two other states in the Union ([[Tennessee]] and [[New Jersey]]), Hawaii has only one elected statewide officer in the Governor of Hawaii. Also, the Governor of Hawaii has wide-reaching authority comparably stronger than the other governors in the Union;  administrative powers are more centralized than that of most other states with little authority devolved to the county, and unlike other states there are no local school districts.  
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Unlike all but two other states in the union ([[Tennessee]] and [[New Jersey]]), the only elected state office in [[Hawaii]] is the governor. In keeping with his unusual stature, the governor has a wide-reaching authority stronger than many other governors in the U.S. The administrative powers of the Hawaii executive are more centralized than that of most other states with little authority devolved to the county, and unlike other states there are no local school districts.  
  
It is because of this central authority that the Governor of Hawaii is locally considered one of the most powerful governors in the [[United States]]. The governorship of Hawaii has often been characterized by the ''Honolulu Advertiser'', ''Honolulu Star-Bulletin'' and various other local media as an "elected monarchy" referring to the most current governors as "King Ben" and "Queen Linda" in headlines during their tenures. Included within the governor's sphere of jurisdiction is the power to appoint all judges of the various courts within the Hawaii judicial system, subject to [[Hawaii State Senate|Senatorial]] approval.
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It is because of this central authority that the governor of Hawaii is locally considered one of the most powerful governors in the [[United States]]. The governorship of Hawaii has often been characterized by the ''Honolulu Advertiser'', ''Honolulu Star-Bulletin'' and various other local media as an "elected monarchy" referring to the most current governors as "King Ben" and "Queen Linda" in headlines during their tenures. Included within the governor's sphere of jurisdiction is the power to appoint all judges of the various courts within the Hawaii judicial system, subject to the approval of the [[Hawaii Senate]].
  
The governor is responsible for enforcing laws passed by the [[Hawaii State Legislature|Hawaii State Legislature]] and upholding rulings of the Hawaii State Judiciary. The role includes being commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Hawaii and having the power to use those forces to execute laws, suppress insurrection and violence and repel invasion. The Hawaiian Governor is the chief executive of the [[Hawaii|State of Hawaii]] and its various agencies and departments, as provided in the [[Hawaii Constitution|Hawaii State Constitution]] Article V, Sections 1 through 6.
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The governor is responsible for enforcing laws passed by the [[Hawaii State Legislature|Hawaii State Legislature]] and upholding rulings of the state judiciary. He is also commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Hawaii and has the power to use them to execute laws, suppress insurrection and violence and repel invasion. The governor is the chief executive of the [[Hawaii|State of Hawaii]] and its various agencies and departments, as provided for in the [[Hawaii Constitution]], Article V, Sections 1 through 6.
  
The State of Hawaii does not have fixed cabinet positions and departments. By law, the Governor of Hawaii has the power to create his or her cabinet and departments as needed as long as the executive department is composed of no more than twenty bodies and cabinet members. The Governor of Hawaii is also empowered to remove cabinet officers at will, with the exception of the Attorney General of Hawaii, who must be removed by an act of the [[Hawaii State Senate|Hawaii State Senate]].
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The state of Hawaii does not have fixed cabinet positions and departments. By law, the governor has the power to create his or her cabinet and departments as needed as long as the executive department is composed of no more than twenty bodies and cabinet members. He is also empowered to remove cabinet officers at will, with the exception of the ]]Attorney General of Hawaii]], who must be removed by an act of the [[Hawaii State Senate|Hawaii State Senate]].
  
 
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
 
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
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* Appointing an Administrative Director who serves at the Governor's pleasure.
 
* Appointing an Administrative Director who serves at the Governor's pleasure.
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 +
==Divisions==
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*Executive Administration
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*Communications
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*Policy
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*Constituent Services
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*Boards & Commissions
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*Washington Place
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*Operations
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*Office of Collective Bargaining<ref>[http://hawaii.gov/gov/about/staff-and-cabinet ''Office of the Governor of Hawaii'', "Staff and Cabinet," accessed September 19, 2011.]</ref>
  
 
==Compensation==
 
==Compensation==
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==See also==
 
==See also==
* [[Neil Abercrombie|Hawaii Governor Neil Abercrombie]]
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*[[Neil Abercrombie]]
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii]]
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*[[Governor]]
* [[Brian E. Schatz|Lieutenant Governor Brian E. Schatz]]
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* [[Hawaii Attorney General]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==

Revision as of 11:22, 19 September 2011

Hawaii

Hawaii State Executives
GovernorLieutenant Governor
Attorney GeneralDirector of Finance
AuditorSuperintendent of Education

Agriculture Commissioner
Director of Commerce and Consumer Affairs
Chairperson of Land and Natural Resources
Director of Labor and Industrial Relations
Public Utilities Commission
The Governor of the State of Hawaii, also called Ke Kiaaina o Hawaii, is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch, and the highest state office in Hawaii. It is a directly elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state. The governor of Hawaii is elected by a plurality and is limited to two four-year terms.

Current officeholder

The 7th and current governor of Hawaii is Democrat Neil Abercrombie, elected in November 2010 and sworn in on December 6, 2010. Before becoming governor, Abercrombie represented Hawaii's 1st congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1990 to 2010. He was a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1975 to 1979 and the Hawaii Senate from 1979 to 1986. He has also served on the Honolulu City Council (1988-1990). Abercrombie holds a Ph.D. in American Studies and an M.A. in Sociology from the University of Hawaii at Manoa, as well as a bachelor's degree from Union College.[1]

Authority

The state constitution establishes the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Hawaii Constitution, Article V, Section 1

The executive power of the State shall be vested in a governor.

Qualifications

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
20142013201220112010
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
20142013201220112010
Breaking news

A governor is:

  • required to be at least 30 years old,
  • required to have been a resident of Hawaii for five consecutive years previous to election,
  • barred from other professions or paid positions during the term.

Hawaii Constitution, Article V, Section 1

No person shall be eligible for the office of governor unless the person shall be a qualified voter, have attained the age of thirty years and have been a resident of this State for five years immediately preceding the person's election.

The governor shall not hold any other office or employment of profit under the State or the United States during the governor's term of office. '

Elections

See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of governors

Hawaii elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Hawaii, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years.

Hawaii's governor is not only the youngest chief executive's office in the United States, by date, it is tied with Alaska as the earliest inaugural date in the nation. The inauguration is always held at noon on the first Monday in December following an election. Thus, December 6, 2010 and December 1, 2014 are inaugural days.

Hawaii is one of only three states, the others being New Jersey and Tennessee, where the governor is the only statewide elected office.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Governors of Hawaii are limited to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must remain out of office for one term before running again.

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 4 of the Hawaii Constitution.

The Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii becomes acting governor upon the governor's absence from the state or disability from discharging duties, either temporarily or permanently.

Duties

Hawaii

Unlike all but two other states in the union (Tennessee and New Jersey), the only elected state office in Hawaii is the governor. In keeping with his unusual stature, the governor has a wide-reaching authority stronger than many other governors in the U.S. The administrative powers of the Hawaii executive are more centralized than that of most other states with little authority devolved to the county, and unlike other states there are no local school districts.

It is because of this central authority that the governor of Hawaii is locally considered one of the most powerful governors in the United States. The governorship of Hawaii has often been characterized by the Honolulu Advertiser, Honolulu Star-Bulletin and various other local media as an "elected monarchy" referring to the most current governors as "King Ben" and "Queen Linda" in headlines during their tenures. Included within the governor's sphere of jurisdiction is the power to appoint all judges of the various courts within the Hawaii judicial system, subject to the approval of the Hawaii Senate.

The governor is responsible for enforcing laws passed by the Hawaii State Legislature and upholding rulings of the state judiciary. He is also commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Hawaii and has the power to use them to execute laws, suppress insurrection and violence and repel invasion. The governor is the chief executive of the State of Hawaii and its various agencies and departments, as provided for in the Hawaii Constitution, Article V, Sections 1 through 6.

The state of Hawaii does not have fixed cabinet positions and departments. By law, the governor has the power to create his or her cabinet and departments as needed as long as the executive department is composed of no more than twenty bodies and cabinet members. He is also empowered to remove cabinet officers at will, with the exception of the ]]Attorney General of Hawaii]], who must be removed by an act of the Hawaii State Senate.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Issuing pardons, reprieves, commutations, and forgiving fines and forfeitures. With legislative approval, the governor may also grants pardons for impeachment and restore civil rights suspended subsequent to a conviction from another state.
  • Appointing an Administrative Director who serves at the Governor's pleasure.

Divisions

  • Executive Administration
  • Communications
  • Policy
  • Constituent Services
  • Boards & Commissions
  • Washington Place
  • Operations
  • Office of Collective Bargaining[2]

Compensation

At one point, the Hawaiian Constitution dealt directly with the compensation of both the Governor and the Lieutenant Governor. However, Article V, Section 3 was repealed by HB 1917 (2006) and the election held Nov 7, 2006.

As of 2010, the Governor of Hawaii is paid $117,312 a year, the 31st highest gubernatorial salary in America.

Contact information

Constituent Services
State Capitol, Room 415
Honolulu, Hawaii 96813
Phone: (808) 586-0221 or (808) 586-0222
Fax: (808) 586-0019

Governor's Office
Phone: 808 586-0034
Fax: 808 586-0006

See also

External links

References