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Difference between revisions of "Governor of Illinois"

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{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Illinois'''is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Illinois. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limits.
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{{Illinois SEO infobox{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Illinois'''is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch, and the highest state office in Illinois. The governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is not subject to any term limits.
  
==Current officer==
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==Current officeholder==
  
The 41st and current [[governor]] of Illinois is [[Pat Quinn]], a [[Democrat]]. Quinn became governor after the [[Illinois State Senate]] voted to remove [[Rod Blagojevich]] from office. Quinn won a full term in the November 2010 midterms, which he began serving in January 2011.
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The 41st and current [[governor]] is [[Pat Quinn]], a [[Democrat]]. Quinn, formerly the [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|lieutenant governor]], became governor on January 29, 2009 after the [[Illinois State Senate]] impeached former Governor [[Rod Blagojevich]]. Quinn won election to a full term on November 2, 2010, which he began serving on January 10, 2011. Quinn's current term will expire on January 12, 2015.
  
As Quinn is divorced, there is no official First Lady of Illinois.
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Quinn was first elected as [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois]] in 1992 and was re-elected in 1996. Before that, he served as [[Illinois Treasurer]] from 1991 through 1995. Prior to taking state office, he served as a commissioner on the Cook County Board of Tax Appeals and as a revenue director for the city of Chicago. Quinn holds a bachelor's degree from Georgetown University and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law.<ref>[http://www.votesmart.org/bio.php?can_id=33437 ''Project VoteSmart'', "Bio of Pat Quinn," accessed October 6, 2011.]</ref>
  
 
==Authority==
 
==Authority==
  
The [[Illinois Constitution|state Constitution]] addresses the office of the governor in [[Article V, Illinois Constitution|Article IV, the Executive Department]].
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The [[Illinois Constitution|state constitution]] establishes the office of the governor in [[Article V, Illinois Constitution|Article V, the Executive Department]].
  
Under Article V, Section 8:
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'''[[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 8|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8]]'''
  
 
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
 
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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==Qualifications==
 
==Qualifications==
 
{{GovLgov}}
 
{{GovLgov}}
A governor is required to be:
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Per [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 3|Article V, Section 3]] of the [[Illinois Constitution]], a governor is required to be:
  
 
* at least twenty-five years old,
 
* at least twenty-five years old,
 
* a United States citizen,
 
* a United States citizen,
 
* a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
 
* a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
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'''[[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 3|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 3]]'''
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{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|color:#000"|
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|-
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|
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''To be eligible to hold the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 25 years old, and a resident of this State for the three years preceding his election. ''
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|}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
  
Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.
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Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election ([[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 2|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 2]]. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.
  
 
==Vacancies==
 
==Vacancies==
 
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
  
Details of vacancies are address under [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 6|Article V, Section 6]].
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Details of vacancies are addressed under [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 6|Article V, Section 6]].
  
In the event of a vacancy, respectively, the [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|Lieutenant Governor]], the elected [[Attorney General of Illinois|Attorney General]], and then the elected [[Illinois Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] to succeed to the office as either the Governor or the Acting Governor.
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In the event of a vacancy, the line of succession is as follows: the [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|lieutenant governor]], the elected [[Attorney General of Illinois|attorney general]], and then the elected [[Illinois Secretary of State|secretary of state]]. The wording of the state constitution suggests that an attorney general or secretary of state appointed to fill a vacancy is not eligible to succeed to the office of governor.
  
The Governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the Secretary of State and to the officer who would succeed him.  The Governor may resume his office the same way.  Removing the Governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
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The governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the secretary of state and to the officer who would succeed him.  The governor may resume his office at will.  Removing the governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
  
 
==Duties==
 
==Duties==
 
{{ilseal}}
 
{{ilseal}}
Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the Governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.  With the Senate's confirmation, the Governor appoints all offices not otherwise provided for in law; the Governor enjoys the power of making recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and of removing any serving gubernatorial appointee for any reason (§ 9, 10).
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Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.  With the Senate's confirmation, the governor appoints all officers not otherwise provided for in law; the governor also makes recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and may remove any gubernatorial appointee for any reason ([[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 9|Illinois Const., Article V, § 9-10]]).
  
§ 13 dictates the Governor give a 'State of the State' to the General Assembly at the outset of each regular session and at the end of her term.
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The governor is required to report to the [[Illinois Legislature]] on the "condition of the State" at the beginning of each legislative session. This usually takes the form of a formal "State of the State" address.
  
 
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
 
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
  
* Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
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* Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order ([[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 11|§ 11]]).
  
* Under § 12, the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".
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* Under [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 12|§ 12]], the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".
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==Divisions==
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*Legislative
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*Legal
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*Communications
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*State Chief Information Officer
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*Senior Advisor to the Governor
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*Office of Management and Budget<ref>[http://www2.illinois.gov/gov/Pages/AboutOurOffice.aspx ''Office of the Governor of Illinois'', "About Our Office," accessed October 6, 2011.]</ref>
  
 
==Compensation==
 
==Compensation==
 
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§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term. In 2010, the governor received a salary of [[Compensation of state executive officers|$177,500]].
§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term.
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As of 2010, the Governor of Illinois is paid [http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Illinois_state_government_salary $177, 500 a year], the 9th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
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==Official residence==
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The governor of Illinois resides in the [http://www2.illinois.gov/gov/Pages/2011MansionChristmas.aspx Illinois Executive Mansion] at 410 East Jackson in [[Sunshinereview:Springfield, Illinois|Springfield, Illinois]]. Its first occupant was Governor Joel Aldrich Matteson. He took residence at the mansion in 1855. It is one of three oldest governor's residences in continuous use in the United States.
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The governor is also given the use of an official residence on the state fair grounds, also located in Springfield. Governors have traditionally used this residence part of the year.
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However, some governors, such as Rod Blagojevich, have chosen to not to use the governor's homes as their primary residence, instead commuting either by car or plane to Springfield from their home cities. Many [[Sunshinereview:Chicago, Illinois|Chicago]]-based governors also have done much of their business out of the governor's office in Chicago's James R. Thompson Center, an office building owned by the state named for the governor who served through the 1980's.
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==Corruption==
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Six Illinois governors have been charged with crimes, either during their administrations or after.
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The first, Lennington Small, was acquitted. Otto Kerner, Jr., Daniel Walker, and George Ryan all served time in prison. William G. Stratton was acquitted of tax evasion charges.
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Former governor Rod Blagojevich was charged by U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald with several offenses, including mail fraud and wire fraud, and attempting to sell [[Barack Obama]]'s vacant U.S. Senate seat for personal financial and influential gain. He was impeached on January 9, 2009, by the [[Illinois House of Representatives]], and removed from office by the Illinois Senate on January 29, 2009. He was not sentenced to prison. Blagojevich was the first Illinois governor to be impeached.
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==Contact information==
 
==Contact information==
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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
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*[[Pat Quinn]]
* [[Pat Quinn|Illinois Governor Pat Quinn]]
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*[[Governor]]
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois]]
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* [[Sheila Simon|Lieutenant Governor Sheila Simon]]
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* [[Illinois Attorney General]]
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* [[Illinois Secretary of State]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
  

Revision as of 11:05, 6 October 2011

{{Illinois SEO infobox
The Governor of the State of Illinoisis an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch, and the highest state office in Illinois. The governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is not subject to any term limits.

Current officeholder

The 41st and current governor is Pat Quinn, a Democrat. Quinn, formerly the lieutenant governor, became governor on January 29, 2009 after the Illinois State Senate impeached former Governor Rod Blagojevich. Quinn won election to a full term on November 2, 2010, which he began serving on January 10, 2011. Quinn's current term will expire on January 12, 2015.

Quinn was first elected as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois in 1992 and was re-elected in 1996. Before that, he served as Illinois Treasurer from 1991 through 1995. Prior to taking state office, he served as a commissioner on the Cook County Board of Tax Appeals and as a revenue director for the city of Chicago. Quinn holds a bachelor's degree from Georgetown University and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law.[1]

Authority

The state constitution establishes the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8

The Governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.

Qualifications

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
20142013201220112010
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
20142013201220112010
Breaking news

Per Article V, Section 3 of the Illinois Constitution, a governor is required to be:

  • at least twenty-five years old,
  • a United States citizen,
  • a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.

Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 3

To be eligible to hold the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 25 years old, and a resident of this State for the three years preceding his election.

Elections

Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election (Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 2. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 6.

In the event of a vacancy, the line of succession is as follows: the lieutenant governor, the elected attorney general, and then the elected secretary of state. The wording of the state constitution suggests that an attorney general or secretary of state appointed to fill a vacancy is not eligible to succeed to the office of governor.

The governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the secretary of state and to the officer who would succeed him. The governor may resume his office at will. Removing the governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.

Duties

Illinois

Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. With the Senate's confirmation, the governor appoints all officers not otherwise provided for in law; the governor also makes recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and may remove any gubernatorial appointee for any reason (Illinois Const., Article V, § 9-10).

The governor is required to report to the Illinois Legislature on the "condition of the State" at the beginning of each legislative session. This usually takes the form of a formal "State of the State" address.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
  • Under § 12, the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".

Divisions

  • Legislative
  • Legal
  • Communications
  • State Chief Information Officer
  • Senior Advisor to the Governor
  • Office of Management and Budget[2]

Compensation

§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term. In 2010, the governor received a salary of $177,500.

Contact information

Springfield
Office of the Governor
207 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Phone: 217-782-0244
TTY: 888-261-3336

Chicago
Office of the Governor
James R. Thompson Center
100 W. Randolph, 16-100
Chicago, IL 60601
Phone: 312-814-2121

See also

External links

References