Difference between revisions of "Governor of Illinois"

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{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Illinois'''is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Illinois. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limits.
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{{SEO office infobox
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|State =Illinois
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|Office=Governor
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|Office type = Partisan
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|Image =Seal of Illinois.png
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|Office website = http://www.illinois.gov/gov/
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|Budget =  6485800
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|Budget year = 2012
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|Term limits = None
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|Length of term =4 years
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|Authority =[[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 8|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8]]
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|Selected =Elected
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|Current officeholder =Pat Quinn
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|Partisan =Democratic
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|Officeholder image = Pat Quinn.jpg
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|Assumed office = January 29, 2009
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|Compensation = 177,412
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|Next election =[[Illinois gubernatorial election, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Last election= November 2, 2010
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|Other offices =[[Governor of Illinois|Governor]] • [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|Lieutenant Governor]] • [[Illinois Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] • [[Attorney General of Illinois|Attorney General]] • [[Illinois Treasurer|Treasurer]] • [[Illinois Auditor|Auditor]] • [[Illinois Comptroller|Comptroller]] • [[Illinois Superintendent of Education|Superintendent of Education]] • [[Illinois Director of Agriculture|Agriculture Director]] • [[Illinois Director of Insurance|Insurance Director]] • [[Illinois Director of Natural Resources|Natural Resources Director]] • [[Illinois Director of Labor|Labor Director]] • [[Illinois Commerce Commission|Illinois Commerce Commission]]}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Governor of the State of Illinois''' is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch and the highest state office in Illinois. The governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is not subject to any term limits.
  
==Current officer==
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{{State trifecta status|state=Illinois|control=Democratic}}
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==Current officeholder==
  
The 41st and current [[governor]] of Illinois is [[Pat Quinn]], a [[Democrat]]. Quinn became governor after the [[Illinois State Senate]] voted to remove [[Rod Blagojevich]] from office. Quinn won a full term in the November 2010 midterms, which he began serving in January 2011.
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The 41st and current [[governor]] is [[Pat Quinn]], a [[Democrat]]. Quinn, formerly the [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|lieutenant governor]], became governor on January 29, 2009 after the [[Illinois State Senate]] impeached former Governor [[Rod Blagojevich]]. Quinn won election to a full term on November 2, 2010, which he began serving on January 10, 2011. Quinn's current term will expire on January 12, 2015.
  
As Quinn is divorced, there is no official First Lady of Illinois.
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Quinn was first elected as [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois]] in 1992 and was re-elected in 1996. Before that, he served as [[Illinois Treasurer]] from 1991 through 1995. Prior to taking state office, he served as a commissioner on the Cook County Board of Tax Appeals and as a revenue director for the city of Chicago. Quinn holds a bachelor's degree from Georgetown University and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law.<ref>[http://www.votesmart.org/bio.php?can_id=33437 ''Project VoteSmart'', "Bio of Pat Quinn," accessed October 6, 2011.]</ref>
  
 
==Authority==
 
==Authority==
  
The [[Illinois Constitution|state Constitution]] addresses the office of the governor in [[Article V, Illinois Constitution|Article IV, the Executive Department]].
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The [[Illinois Constitution|state constitution]] establishes the office of the governor in [[Article V, Illinois Constitution|Article V, the Executive Department]].
  
Under Article V, Section 8:
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'''[[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 8|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8]]'''
  
 
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
 
{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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==Requirements==
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==Qualifications==
 
{{GovLgov}}
 
{{GovLgov}}
A governor is required to be:
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Per [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 3|Article V, Section 3]] of the [[Illinois Constitution]], a governor is required to be:
  
 
* at least twenty-five years old,
 
* at least twenty-five years old,
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* a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
 
* a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
  
==Election==
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'''[[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 3|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 3]]'''
  
Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.
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{| style="width:60%; background:#F08080; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
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|color:#000"|
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|-
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|
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''To be eligible to hold the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 25 years old, and a resident of this State for the three years preceding his election. ''
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|}
  
==Vacancies==
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==Elections==
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:: ''See also: [[Governor#Gubernatorial election cycles by state|Gubernatorial election cycles by state]]''
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:: ''See also: [[Governor#Election of governors|Election of governors]]''
  
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Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election ([[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 2|Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 2]]. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.
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===Term limits===
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:: ''See also: [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
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Illinois governors do not face any term limits.
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===Partisan composition===
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The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Illinois State Governors from 1992-2013.<br>
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[[File:Governor of Illinois Partisanship.PNG]]
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==Vacancies==
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[How gubernatorial vacancies are filled]]''
  
Details of vacancies are address under [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 6|Article V, Section 6]].
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Details of vacancies are addressed under [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 6|Article V, Section 6]].
  
In the event of a vacancy, respectively, the [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|Lieutenant Governor]], the elected [[Attorney General of Illinois|Attorney General]], and then the elected [[Secretary of State of Illinois|Secretary of State]] to succeed to the office as either the Governor or the Acting Governor.
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In the event of a vacancy, the line of succession is as follows: the [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois|lieutenant governor]], the elected [[Attorney General of Illinois|attorney general]], and then the elected [[Illinois Secretary of State|secretary of state]]. The wording of the state constitution suggests that an attorney general or secretary of state appointed to fill a vacancy is not eligible to succeed to the office of governor.
  
The Governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the Secretary of State and to the officer who would succeed him.  The Governor may resume his office the same way.  Removing the Governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
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The governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the secretary of state and to the officer who would succeed him.  The governor may resume his office at will.  Removing the governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
  
 
==Duties==
 
==Duties==
 
{{ilseal}}
 
{{ilseal}}
Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the Governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.  With the Senate's confirmation, the Governor appoints all offices not otherwise provided for in law; the Governor enjoys the power of making recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and of removing any serving gubernatorial appointee for any reason (§ 9, 10).
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Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.  With the Senate's confirmation, the governor appoints all officers not otherwise provided for in law; the governor also makes recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and may remove any gubernatorial appointee for any reason ([[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 9|Illinois Const., Article V, § 9-10]]).
  
§ 13 dictates the Governor give a 'State of the State' to the General Assembly at the outset of each regular session and at the end of her term.
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The governor is required to report to the [[Illinois Legislature]] on the "condition of the State" at the beginning of each legislative session. This usually takes the form of a formal "State of the State" address.
  
 
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
 
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
  
* Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
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* Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order ([[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 11|§ 11]]).
  
* Under § 12, the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".
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* Under [[Article V, Illinois Constitution#Section 12|§ 12]], the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".
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==Divisions==
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*Legislative
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*Legal
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*Communications
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*State Chief Information Officer
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*Senior Advisor to the Governor
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*Office of Management and Budget<ref>[http://www2.illinois.gov/gov/Pages/AboutOurOffice.aspx ''Office of the Governor of Illinois'', "About Our Office," accessed October 6, 2011.]</ref>
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==State budget==
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The budget for the Office of the Governor in Fiscal Year 2012 was $6,485,800<ref>[http://www.state.il.us/budget/FY2013/FY13OperatingBudget.pdf ‘’’Operating Budget Book’’’“Illinois State Budget Fiscal Year 2013,”  5.27, accessed June 20, 2013.]</ref>
  
 
==Compensation==
 
==Compensation==
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::''See also: [[Comparison of gubernatorial salaries]] and [[Compensation of state executive officers]]''
  
§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term.
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§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term.  
  
As of 2010, the Governor of Illinois is paid [http://sunshinereview.org/index.php/Illinois_state_government_salary $177, 500 a year], the 9th highest gubernatorial salary in America.
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===2013===
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In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $177,412.<ref>[http://knowledgecenter.csg.org/drupal/content/csg-releases-2013-governor-salaries ''Council of State Governments,'' "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013]</ref>
  
==Official residence==
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===2012===
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In 2012, the governor was paid an estimated [[Compensation of state executive officers|$177,412]]. This figure comes from the [[Council of State Governments]].
  
The governor of Illinois resides in the [http://www2.illinois.gov/gov/Pages/2011MansionChristmas.aspx Illinois Executive Mansion] at 410 East Jackson in [[Sunshinereview:Springfield, Illinois|Springfield, Illinois]]. Its first occupant was Governor Joel Aldrich Matteson. He took residence at the mansion in 1855. It is one of three oldest governor's residences in continuous use in the United States.
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===2010===
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In 2010, the governor received a salary of [[Compensation of state executive officers|$177,500]].
  
The governor is also given the use of an official residence on the state fair grounds, also located in Springfield. Governors have traditionally used this residence part of the year.
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===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
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{{who runs badge|align=left}}
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::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Illinois]]''
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[[File:Illinois gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Illinois governorship from 1992-2013]]
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From 1992-2013, Illinois had Democratic governors in office for the first 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last 11 years. During the final 11 years of the study, Illinois was under Democratic [[trifectas]].
  
However, some governors, such as Rod Blagojevich, have chosen to not to use the governor's homes as their primary residence, instead commuting either by car or plane to Springfield from their home cities. Many [[Sunshinereview:Chicago, Illinois|Chicago]]-based governors also have done much of their business out of the governor's office in Chicago's James R. Thompson Center, an office building owned by the state named for the governor who served through the 1980's.
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Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
  
==Corruption==
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Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
  
Six Illinois governors have been charged with crimes, either during their administrations or after.  
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The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Illinois|Office of the Governor of Illinois]], the [[Illinois State Senate]] and the [[Illinois House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
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[[File:Partisan composition of Illinois state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
The first, Lennington Small, was acquitted. Otto Kerner, Jr., Daniel Walker, and George Ryan all served time in prison. William G. Stratton was acquitted of tax evasion charges.
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==Historical officeholders==
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{{SEO historical officeholders missing}}
  
Former governor Rod Blagojevich was charged by U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald with several offenses, including mail fraud and wire fraud, and attempting to sell [[Barack Obama]]'s vacant U.S. Senate seat for personal financial and influential gain. He was impeached on January 9, 2009, by the [[Illinois House of Representatives]], and removed from office by the Illinois Senate on January 29, 2009. He was not sentenced to prison. Blagojevich was the first Illinois governor to be impeached.
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==Recent news==
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This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term '''Illinois + Governor'''
  
==Contact information==
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
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<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Illinois+Governor&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Governor of Illinois News Feed</rss>
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==Contact information==
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[[File:Illinois Governor Office.jpg|thumb|350px|The offices of the Governor of Illinois.]]
 
'''Springfield'''<br>
 
'''Springfield'''<br>
 
Office of the Governor<br>
 
Office of the Governor<br>
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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
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*[[Pat Quinn]]
* [[Pat Quinn|Illinois Governor Pat Quinn]]
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*[[Governor]]
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Illinois]]
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* [[Sheila Simon|Lieutenant Governor Sheila Simon]]
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* [[Illinois Attorney General]]
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* [[Illinois Secretary of State]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
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{{seosubmit}}
 
* [http://www.illinois.gov/mansiontour.cfm Illinois Executive Mansion]
 
* [http://www.illinois.gov/mansiontour.cfm Illinois Executive Mansion]
 
* [http://www.illinois.gov/gov/ Illinois Office of the Governor]
 
* [http://www.illinois.gov/gov/ Illinois Office of the Governor]

Revision as of 09:53, 1 July 2013

Illinois Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2012 FY Budget:  $6,485,800
Term limits:  None
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Pat Quinn.jpg
Name:  Pat Quinn
Officeholder Party:  Democratic
Assumed office:  January 29, 2009
Compensation:  $177,412
Elections
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Last election:  November 2, 2010
Other Illinois Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorComptrollerSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture DirectorInsurance DirectorNatural Resources DirectorLabor DirectorIllinois Commerce Commission
The Governor of the State of Illinois is an elected constitutional officer, the head of the executive branch and the highest state office in Illinois. The governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is not subject to any term limits.

As of August 2014, Illinois is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

Current officeholder

The 41st and current governor is Pat Quinn, a Democrat. Quinn, formerly the lieutenant governor, became governor on January 29, 2009 after the Illinois State Senate impeached former Governor Rod Blagojevich. Quinn won election to a full term on November 2, 2010, which he began serving on January 10, 2011. Quinn's current term will expire on January 12, 2015.

Quinn was first elected as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois in 1992 and was re-elected in 1996. Before that, he served as Illinois Treasurer from 1991 through 1995. Prior to taking state office, he served as a commissioner on the Cook County Board of Tax Appeals and as a revenue director for the city of Chicago. Quinn holds a bachelor's degree from Georgetown University and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law.[1]

Authority

The state constitution establishes the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8

The Governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.

Qualifications

Governors
GovernorsLogo.jpg
Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
20142013201220112010
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
20142013201220112010
Breaking news

Per Article V, Section 3 of the Illinois Constitution, a governor is required to be:

  • at least twenty-five years old,
  • a United States citizen,
  • a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.

Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 3

To be eligible to hold the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 25 years old, and a resident of this State for the three years preceding his election.

Elections

See also: Gubernatorial election cycles by state
See also: Election of governors

Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election (Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 2. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Illinois governors do not face any term limits.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Illinois State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Illinois Partisanship.PNG

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 6.

In the event of a vacancy, the line of succession is as follows: the lieutenant governor, the elected attorney general, and then the elected secretary of state. The wording of the state constitution suggests that an attorney general or secretary of state appointed to fill a vacancy is not eligible to succeed to the office of governor.

The governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the secretary of state and to the officer who would succeed him. The governor may resume his office at will. Removing the governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.

Duties

Illinois

Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. With the Senate's confirmation, the governor appoints all officers not otherwise provided for in law; the governor also makes recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and may remove any gubernatorial appointee for any reason (Illinois Const., Article V, § 9-10).

The governor is required to report to the Illinois Legislature on the "condition of the State" at the beginning of each legislative session. This usually takes the form of a formal "State of the State" address.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
  • Under § 12, the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".

Divisions

  • Legislative
  • Legal
  • Communications
  • State Chief Information Officer
  • Senior Advisor to the Governor
  • Office of Management and Budget[2]

State budget

The budget for the Office of the Governor in Fiscal Year 2012 was $6,485,800[3]

Compensation

See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term.

2013

In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $177,412.[4]

2012

In 2012, the governor was paid an estimated $177,412. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

2010

In 2010, the governor received a salary of $177,500.

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Illinois
Partisan breakdown of the Illinois governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, Illinois had Democratic governors in office for the first 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last 11 years. During the final 11 years of the study, Illinois was under Democratic trifectas.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Illinois, the Illinois State Senate and the Illinois House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Illinois state government(1992-2013).PNG

Historical officeholders

Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for chronological lists of historical officeholders. That information for the Governor of Illinois has not yet been added because the information was unavailable on the relevant state official websites, or we are currently in the process of formatting the list for this office. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term Illinois + Governor

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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Contact information

The offices of the Governor of Illinois.

Springfield
Office of the Governor
207 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Phone: 217-782-0244
TTY: 888-261-3336

Chicago
Office of the Governor
James R. Thompson Center
100 W. Randolph, 16-100
Chicago, IL 60601
Phone: 312-814-2121

See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References