Difference between revisions of "Governor of Illinois"
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Revision as of 01:45, 9 March 2011
|2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The Governor of the State of Illinoisis an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Illinois. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and has no term limits.
The 41st and current governor of Illinois is Pat Quinn, a Democrat. Quinn became governor after the Illinois State Senate voted to remove Rod Blagojevich from office. Quinn won a full term in the November 2010 midterms, which he began serving in January 2011.
As Quinn is divorced, there is no official First Lady of Illinois.
Under Article V, Section 8:
The Governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.
Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.
In the event of a vacancy, Article V, Section 6 lists, respectively, the Lieutenant Governor, the elected Attorney General, and then the elected Secretary of State to succeed to the office as either the Governor or the Acting Governor.
The Governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the Secretary of State and to the officer who would succeed him. The Governor may resume his office the same way. Removing the Governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the Governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. With the Senate's confirmation, the Governor appoints all offices not otherwise provided for in law; the Governor enjoys the power of making recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and of removing any serving gubernatorial appointee for any reason (§ 9, 10).
§ 13 dictates the Governor give a 'State of the State' to the General Assembly at the outset of each regular session and at the end of her term.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
- Under § 12, the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".
A governor is required to be:
- at least twenty-five years old,
- a United States citizen,
- a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
The governor of Illinois resides in the Illinois Executive Mansion at 410 East Jackson in Springfield, Illinois. Its first occupant was Governor Joel Aldrich Matteson. He took residence at the mansion in 1855. It is one of three oldest governor's residences in continuous use in the United States.
The governor is also given the use of an official residence on the state fair grounds, also located in Springfield. Governors have traditionally used this residence part of the year.
However, some governors, such as Rod Blagojevich, have chosen to not to use the governor's homes as their primary residence, instead commuting either by car or plane to Springfield from their home cities. Many Chicago-based governors also have done much of their business out of the governor's office in Chicago's James R. Thompson Center, an office building owned by the state named for the governor who served through the 1980's.
Six Illinois governors have been charged with crimes, either during their administrations or after.
The first, Lennington Small, was acquitted. Otto Kerner, Jr., Daniel Walker, and George Ryan all served time in prison. William G. Stratton was acquitted of tax evasion charges.
Former governor Rod Blagojevich was charged by U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald with several offenses, including mail fraud and wire fraud, and attempting to sell Barack Obama's vacant U.S. Senate seat for personal financial and influential gain. He was impeached on January 9, 2009, by the Illinois House of Representatives, and removed from office by the Illinois Senate on January 29, 2009. He was not sentenced to prison. Blagojevich was the first Illinois governor to be impeached.
Office of the Governor
207 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Office of the Governor
James R. Thompson Center
100 W. Randolph, 16-100
Chicago, IL 60601
- Illinois Governor Pat Quinn
- Lieutenant Governor of Illinois
- Lieutenant Governor Sheila Simon
- Illinois Attorney General
- Illinois Secretary of State
- Illinois Executive Mansion
- Illinois Office of the Governor
- Burial places of Illinois Governors
- Article V (Executive) of the Illinois Constitution of 1970
Portions of this article were adapted from Wikipedia.
State of Illinois
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Comptroller | Auditor General | Superintendent of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor | Chairman of Commerce Commission |