Governor of Illinois
|Office website:||Official Link|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 8|
|Assumed office:||January 29, 2009|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other Illinois Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Comptroller • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Director • Insurance Director • Natural Resources Director • Labor Director • Illinois Commerce Commission|
The 41st and current governor is Pat Quinn, a Democrat. Quinn, formerly the lieutenant governor, became governor on January 29, 2009 after the Illinois State Senate impeached former Governor Rod Blagojevich. Quinn won election to a full term on November 2, 2010, which he began serving on January 10, 2011. Quinn's current term will expire on January 12, 2015.
Quinn was first elected as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois in 1992 and was re-elected in 1996. Before that, he served as Illinois Treasurer from 1991 through 1995. Prior to taking state office, he served as a commissioner on the Cook County Board of Tax Appeals and as a revenue director for the city of Chicago. Quinn holds a bachelor's degree from Georgetown University and a J.D. from Northwestern University School of Law.
The Governor shall have the supreme executive power, and shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
- at least twenty-five years old,
- a United States citizen,
- a resident of Illinois for three years prior to election.
To be eligible to hold the office of Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller or Treasurer, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 25 years old, and a resident of this State for the three years preceding his election.
Illinois elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Illinois, 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election (Illinois Constitution, Article V, Section 2. Thus, January 10, 2011 and January 12, 2015 are inaugural days.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Illinois governors do not face any term limits.
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 6.
In the event of a vacancy, the line of succession is as follows: the lieutenant governor, the elected attorney general, and then the elected secretary of state. The wording of the state constitution suggests that an attorney general or secretary of state appointed to fill a vacancy is not eligible to succeed to the office of governor.
The governor may temporarily remove himself from office by stating a serious impediment to discharging his office to the secretary of state and to the officer who would succeed him. The governor may resume his office at will. Removing the governor against his will for reasons for mental or physical health is in the hands of the Illinois Supreme Court.
Charged with upholding and faithfully executing all laws, the governor of Illinois is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. With the Senate's confirmation, the governor appoints all officers not otherwise provided for in law; the governor also makes recess appointments when the Senate is not in session and may remove any gubernatorial appointee for any reason (Illinois Const., Article V, § 9-10).
The governor is required to report to the Illinois Legislature on the "condition of the State" at the beginning of each legislative session. This usually takes the form of a formal "State of the State" address.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Reorganizing state departments and, if needed to so, convening extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly by Executive Order (§ 11).
- Under § 12, the Governor may grant pardons, reprieves, and commutations "for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper".
- State Chief Information Officer
- Senior Advisor to the Governor
- Office of Management and Budget
- See also: Compensation of state executive officers
§ 21 mandates that the Governor's salary be set by law, that no sitting Governor may receive any other compensation, and that no pay increase or decrease take effect until the next term.
In 2010, the governor received a salary of $177,500.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
In May 2013 Ballotpedia conducted a study of the partisan control of state government from 1992-2013. During those 22 years, in Illinois there were Democratic governors in office for the first 11 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last 11 years. During the final 11 years of the study, Illinois was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
Office of the Governor
207 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Office of the Governor
James R. Thompson Center
100 W. Randolph, 16-100
Chicago, IL 60601
- Illinois Executive Mansion
- Illinois Office of the Governor
- Burial places of Illinois Governors
- Article V (Executive) of the Illinois Constitution of 1970
State of Illinois
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Comptroller | Auditor General | Superintendent of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor | Chairman of Commerce Commission |