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{{State trifecta status|state=Indiana|control=Republican}}
{{State trifecta status|state=Indiana|control=Republican}}
::''See also: [[Indiana General Assembly]], [[Indiana House of Representatives]], [[Indiana State Senate]]''
==Current officeholder==
==Current officeholder==
The 50th and current governor of Indiana is [[Republican]] [[Mike Pence]]. Pence won election on November 6, 2012 and was sworn-in on January 14, 2013.
The 50th and current governor of Indiana is [[Republican]] [[Mike Pence]]. Pence won election on November 6, 2012 and was sworn-in on January 14, 2013.

Revision as of 13:10, 24 April 2014

Indiana Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $2,207,967
Term limits:  None
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Indiana Constitution, Article 5, the Executive Department
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Mike Pence.jpg
Name:  Mike Pence
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 14, 2013
Compensation:  $111,688
Next election:  November 8, 2016
Last election:  November 6, 2012
Other Indiana Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurer • Auditors: AuditorExaminerSuperintendent of Public InstructionAgriculture DirectorInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources DirectorLabor CommissionerUtility Regulatory Commission
The Governor of the State of Indiana is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Indiana. The Governor is popularly elected every four years by a plurality and is limited to two consecutive terms with at least a four year span before the same individual may hold the office again.

As of April 2015, Indiana is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: Indiana General Assembly, Indiana House of Representatives, Indiana State Senate

Current officeholder

The 50th and current governor of Indiana is Republican Mike Pence. Pence won election on November 6, 2012 and was sworn-in on January 14, 2013.


The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article 5, the Executive Department.

Under Article 5, Section 1:

The executive power of the State shall be vested in a Governor.


Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
Breaking news

Qualifications for the governorship are set forth in Article 5, Section 7.

To become governor of Indiana, a candidate must have been a United States citizen and lived within Indiana for the period of five consecutive years before the election. The candidate must also be at least 30 years old when sworn into office. Under Section 8, the governor may not hold any other state or federal office during his term, and must resign from any such position before being eligible to be sworn in as governor.

Before taking the office, the candidate must swear an oath of office administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indiana, promising to uphold the constitution and laws of Indiana.


Indiana state government organizational chart
See also: Indiana gubernatorial election, 2012

Indiana elects governors in the Presidential elections, that is, in leap years. For Indiana 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 8, 2013 and January 9, 2017 are inaugural days (§ 9).

If two candidates are tied, a joint session of the General Assembly shall cast ballots to determine the winner, pursuant to Article 5, Section 5.


See also: Indiana gubernatorial and lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2012

On November 6, 2012, Mike Pence and Sue Ellspermann won election as Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Indiana. They defeated the Gregg/Simpson (D), Boneham/Klopfenstein (L) and Harris/Fish (I) ticket(s) in the general election.

Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Indiana, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMike Pence & Sue Ellspermann 49.5% 1,275,424
     Democratic John Gregg & Vi Simpson 46.6% 1,200,016
     Libertarian Rupert Boneham & Brad Klopfenstein 4% 101,868
     Independent Donnie Harold Harris & George Fish 0% 21
Total Votes 2,577,329
Election Results Via: via Indiana Secretary of State

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Indiana governors are restricted to 8 years in office during any 12 year period.

Indiana Constitution, Article 5, Section 1

The executive power of the State shall be vested in a Governor. He shall hold his office during four years, and shall not be eligible more than eight years in any period of twelve years.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Indiana State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Indiana Partisanship.PNG


See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article 5, Section 10.

If the governor becomes incapacitated then the lieutenant governor of Indiana becomes acting-governor until his recovery. If the governor resigns, dies, or is impeached, tried, and convicted, then the lieutenant governor becomes governor.

If the office of the lieutenant governor is vacant, then the Senate Pro-Tempore becomes governor. If the office of Senate Pro-Tempore is also vacant then the senate must elect a new Pro-Tempore to fill the governor's office.

The governor may temporarily step aside if he communicates that he is unable to discharge the office to both the President Pro Tem of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The same two individuals may file a petition with the Indiana Supreme Court asking for a hearing of fitness for office for the Governor. In that case, the hearing must be held within 48 hours and the Supreme Court's decision is final.

If the Governor and Lieutenant Governor both vacate their offices, the General Assembly must meet within 48 hours and elect an Acting Governor, who must belong to the same party as the elected Governor, by a simple majority in each chamber. Until then, the Acting Governor shall be, in order of succession:

  • the President Pro Tem of the Senate
  • the Speaker of the House of Representatives
  • the State Treasurer
  • the State Auditor
  • the Secretary of State
  • the State Superintendent of Public Instruction



The governor of Indiana has wide-ranging executive authority to manage the government of the state and is the chief executive of the executive branch of the state government. These powers are established in the Indiana Constitution. The governor works in concert with the Indiana General Assembly and the Supreme Court of Indiana to govern the state. As an independent branch, the governor has the ability to balance the other branches. Among these abilities is the power to veto legislation passed by the Indiana General Assembly. If vetoed, a bill is returned to the General Assembly for reconsideration where they may override the veto with a simple majority. The governor also has the ability to call a special session of the General Assembly, who can otherwise not assemble longer than is permitted by the constitution.

The governor can influence the courts by using the appointment power. The Judicial Nominating Commission creates a list of three candidates from which the governor chooses one who will serve on the state courts. This authority gives the governor considerable sway in setting the makeup of the judiciary.

Among his other powers, the governor can call out the state defense force or the Indiana National Guard in times of emergency or disaster. The governor is also charged with the enforcement of all the state's laws and the Indiana Code which is carried out through the Indiana State Police. The governor also has the ability to pardon or commute the sentence of any criminal offenders except in cases of treason or impeachment.

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Periodically addressing the General Assembly concerning the State of the State and making recommendations for prudent courses of action (§ 13).
  • Requiring written information from any administrative officer of the state concerning their job and the conditions of their institutions (§ 15).
  • Granting pardons and reprieves, in consultation with a special legislative commission when called for by law. The privilege of granting pardons does not grant to impeachment or treason, though the Governor may suspend the execution of a treason sentence until the legislative sits again and reviews the case (§ 17).
  • Filling vacancies in the Courts and in other state offices when the manner for doing so is not otherwise set forth in law, and, when the General Assembly is in recess, making any vacancy appointments that would normally be the prerogative of the legislature (§ 18).
  • Reconvening the General Assembly at a place other than its normal chambers for extraordinary reasons (§ 19).


The website of the Governor of Indiana details the following two divisions of the office:

  • Office of Disaster Recovery: "established by Governor Daniels to lead recovery efforts following a series of storms that struck portions of Indiana in late May and early June 2008."[1]
  • Office of Federal Grants and Procurement: Gov. Daniels states he created the Office of Federal Grants and Procurement (OFGP) by Executive Order on my first day in office in order to increase significantly the amount of federal dollars coming to our state."[2]

State budget

Role in state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[3][4]

  1. In May of the year preceding the beginning of the new biennium, budget instructions and guidelines are sent to state agencies.
  2. In August, agencies submit their budget requests to the governor
  3. Hearings are held with state agencies from September to November.
  4. Public hearings on the budget are held from September to March.
  5. The governor submits his or her budget to the state legislature in February.
  6. The legislature typically adopts a budget in April, effective for the fiscal biennium beginning in July. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.

There are no constitutional or statutory provisions mandating that the governor must submit or the legislature must pass a balanced budget. Budget deficits may be carried over to the next biennium.[4]

Indiana is one of only six states in which the governor cannot exercise line item veto authority.[4]

Governor's office budget

The Governor's Office budget was $2,207,967 for the 2013-2014 fiscal year.[5]


See also: Comparison of gubernatorial salaries and Compensation of state executive officers

Article 5, Section 22 allots the Governor a compensation that may not be raised or decreased until the next term.


In 2013, the governor's salary was increased to $111,688.[6]


As of 2012, the Governor of Indiana was paid an estimated $107,881. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

Historical officeholders

Since 1816, Indiana has had 50 governors. Of the 50, 21 have been Democrats, 22 have been Republicans, 3 were Democratic-Republicans, 3 were Whigs, and 1 was Independent. Prior to becoming a state on December 11, 1816, three men - William Henry Harrison, John Gibson, and Thomas Posey - served as Governor of the Indiana Territory from 1800-1816.[7]


Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Indiana
Partisan breakdown of the Indiana governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, Indiana had Democratic governors in office for the first 13 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last nine years. Indiana was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Indiana, the Indiana State Senate and the Indiana House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Indiana state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Indiana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Indiana had a long period of divided government between 1992 and 2004 until the arrival of a Republican trifecta in 2005. Indiana reverted back to divided government between 2007 and 2010 before reverting yet again to a Republican trifecta in 2011. The state has never had a Democratic trifecta. Indiana’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1995 (12th) under divided government, while the state’s lowest SQLI ranking came in 2009 (34th), also under divided government. The state’s greatest leap in the ranking occurred between 1994 and 1995, where Indiana rose seven spots. Its greatest decline in the ranking occurred between 2003 and 2004, where the state dropped seven spots.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 29.25
  • SQLI average with divided government: 20.82
Chart displaying the partisanship of Indiana government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term Indiana + Governor

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Governor of Indiana News Feed

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Contact information

Office of the Governor
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204-2797
Phone: 317-232-4567

See also

External links

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