Governor of Indiana
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$2,207,967|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Indiana Constitution, Article 5, the Executive Department|
|Assumed office:||January 14, 2013|
|Next election:||November 8, 2016|
|Last election:||November 6, 2012|
|Other Indiana Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditors: Auditor • Examiner • Superintendent of Public Instruction • Agriculture Director • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Director • Labor Commissioner • Utility Regulatory Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 History
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of August 2014, Indiana is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.
Under Article 5, Section 1:
The executive power of the State shall be vested in a Governor.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Qualifications for the governorship are set forth in Article 5, Section 7.
To become governor of Indiana, a candidate must have been a United States citizen and lived within Indiana for the period of five consecutive years before the election. The candidate must also be at least 30 years old when sworn into office. Under Section 8, the governor may not hold any other state or federal office during his term, and must resign from any such position before being eligible to be sworn in as governor.
Before taking the office, the candidate must swear an oath of office administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indiana, promising to uphold the constitution and laws of Indiana.
- See also: Indiana gubernatorial election, 2012
Indiana elects governors in the Presidential elections, that is, in leap years. For Indiana 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the second Monday in the January following an election. Thus, January 8, 2013 and January 9, 2017 are inaugural days (§ 9).
If two candidates are tied, a joint session of the General Assembly shall cast ballots to determine the winner, pursuant to Article 5, Section 5.
On November 6, 2012, Mike Pence and Sue Ellspermann won election as Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Indiana. They defeated the Gregg/Simpson (D), Boneham/Klopfenstein (L) and Harris/Fish (I) ticket(s) in the general election.
|Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Indiana, 2012|
|Republican||Mike Pence & Sue Ellspermann||49.5%||1,275,424|
|Democratic||John Gregg & Vi Simpson||46.6%||1,200,016|
|Libertarian||Rupert Boneham & Brad Klopfenstein||4%||101,868|
|Independent||Donnie Harold Harris & George Fish||0%||21|
|Election Results Via: via Indiana Secretary of State|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
Indiana governors are restricted to 8 years in office during any 12 year period.
|The executive power of the State shall be vested in a Governor. He shall hold his office during four years, and shall not be eligible more than eight years in any period of twelve years.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancies are addressed under Article 5, Section 10.
If the governor becomes incapacitated then the lieutenant governor of Indiana becomes acting-governor until his recovery. If the governor resigns, dies, or is impeached, tried, and convicted, then the lieutenant governor becomes governor.
If the office of the lieutenant governor is vacant, then the Senate Pro-Tempore becomes governor. If the office of Senate Pro-Tempore is also vacant then the senate must elect a new Pro-Tempore to fill the governor's office.
The governor may temporarily step aside if he communicates that he is unable to discharge the office to both the President Pro Tem of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The same two individuals may file a petition with the Indiana Supreme Court asking for a hearing of fitness for office for the Governor. In that case, the hearing must be held within 48 hours and the Supreme Court's decision is final.
If the Governor and Lieutenant Governor both vacate their offices, the General Assembly must meet within 48 hours and elect an Acting Governor, who must belong to the same party as the elected Governor, by a simple majority in each chamber. Until then, the Acting Governor shall be, in order of succession:
- the President Pro Tem of the Senate
- the Speaker of the House of Representatives
- the State Treasurer
- the State Auditor
- the Secretary of State
- the State Superintendent of Public Instruction
The governor of Indiana has wide-ranging executive authority to manage the government of the state and is the chief executive of the executive branch of the state government. These powers are established in the Indiana Constitution. The governor works in concert with the Indiana General Assembly and the Supreme Court of Indiana to govern the state. As an independent branch, the governor has the ability to balance the other branches. Among these abilities is the power to veto legislation passed by the Indiana General Assembly. If vetoed, a bill is returned to the General Assembly for reconsideration where they may override the veto with a supermajority. The governor also has the ability to call a special session of the General Assembly, who can otherwise not assemble longer than is permitted by the constitution.
The governor can influence the courts by using the appointment power. The Judicial Nominating Commission creates a list of three candidates from which the governor chooses one who will serve on the state courts. This authority gives the governor considerable sway in setting the makeup of the judiciary.
Among his other powers, the governor can call out the state defense force or the Indiana National Guard in times of emergency or disaster. The governor is also charged with the enforcement of all the state's laws and the Indiana Code which is carried out through the Indiana State Police. The governor also has the ability to pardon or commute the sentence of any criminal offenders except in cases of treason or impeachment.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Periodically addressing the General Assembly concerning the State of the State and making recommendations for prudent courses of action (§ 13).
- Requiring written information from any administrative officer of the state concerning their job and the conditions of their institutions (§ 15).
- Granting pardons and reprieves, in consultation with a special legislative commission when called for by law. The privilege of granting pardons does not grant to impeachment or treason, though the Governor may suspend the execution of a treason sentence until the legislative sits again and reviews the case (§ 17).
- Filling vacancies in the Courts and in other state offices when the manner for doing so is not otherwise set forth in law, and, when the General Assembly is in recess, making any vacancy appointments that would normally be the prerogative of the legislature (§ 18).
- Reconvening the General Assembly at a place other than its normal chambers for extraordinary reasons (§ 19).
The website of the Governor of Indiana details the following two divisions of the office:
- Office of Disaster Recovery: "established by Governor Daniels to lead recovery efforts following a series of storms that struck portions of Indiana in late May and early June 2008."
- Office of Federal Grants and Procurement: Gov. Daniels states he created the Office of Federal Grants and Procurement (OFGP) by Executive Order on my first day in office in order to increase significantly the amount of federal dollars coming to our state."
The Governor's Office budget was $2,207,967 for the 2013-2014 fiscal year.
Article 5, Section 22 allots the Governor a compensation that may not be raised or decreased until the next term.
In 2013, the governor's salary was increased to $111,688.
Since 1816, Indiana has had 50 governors. Of the 50, 21 have been Democrats, 22 have been Republicans, 3 were Democratic-Republicans, 3 were Whigs, and 1 was Independent. Prior to becoming a state on December 11, 1816, three men - William Henry Harrison, John Gibson, and Thomas Posey - served as Governor of the Indiana Territory from 1800-1816.
|#||Name||Took office||Left office||Party|
|1||Jonathan Jennings||November 7, 1816||September 12, 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|2||Ratliff Boon||September 12, 1822||December 5, 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|3||William Hendricks||December 5, 1822||February 12, 1825||Democratic-Republican|
|4||James Brown Ray||February 12, 1825||December 7, 1831||Independent|
|5||Noah Noble||December 7, 1831||December 6, 1837||Whig|
|6||David Wallace||December 6, 1837||December 9, 1840||Whig|
|7||Samuel Bigger||December 9, 1840||December 6, 1843||Whig|
|8||James Whitcomb||December 6, 1843||December 26, 1848||Democratic|
|9||Paris Chipman Dunning||December 26, 1848||December 5, 1849||Democratic|
|10||Joseph Albert Wright||December 5, 1849||January 12, 1857||Democratic|
|11||Ashbel Parsons Willard||January 12, 1857||October 4, 1860||Democratic|
|12||Abram Adams Hammond||October 4, 1860||January 14, 1861||Democratic|
|13||Henry Smith Lane||January 14, 1861||January 16, 1861||Republican|
|14||Oliver Perry Morton||January 16, 1861||January 23, 1867||Republican|
|15||Conrad Baker||January 23, 1867||January 13, 1873||Republican|
|16||Thomas Andrews Hendricks||January 13, 1873||January 8, 1877||Democratic|
|17||James Douglas Williams||January 8, 1877||November 20, 1880||Democratic|
|18||Isaac Pusey Gray||November 20, 1880||January 10, 1881||Democratic|
|19||Albert Gallatin Porter||January 10, 1881||January 12, 1885||Republican|
|20||Isaac Pusey Gray||January 12, 1885||January 14, 1889||Democratic|
|21||Alvin Peterson Hovey||January 14, 1889||November 23, 1891||Republican|
|22||Ira Joy Chase||November 23, 1891||January 9, 1893||Republican|
|23||Claude Matthews||January 9, 1893||January 11, 1897||Democratic|
|24||James Atwell Mount||January 11, 1897||January 14, 1901||Republican|
|25||Winfield Taylor Durbin||January 14, 1901||January 9, 1905||Republican|
|26||James Frank Hanly||January 9, 1905||January 11, 1909||Republican|
|27||Thomas Riley Marshall||January 11, 1909||January 13, 1913||Democratic|
|28||Samuel Moffett Ralston||January 13, 1913||January 8, 1917||Democratic|
|29||James Putnam Goodrich||January 8, 1917||January 10, 1921||Republican|
|30||Warren Terry McCray||January 10, 1921||April 30, 1924||Republican|
|31||Emmett Forrest Branch||April 30, 1924||January 12, 1925||Republican|
|32||Edward L. Jackson||January 12, 1925||January 14, 1929||Republican|
|33||Harry Guyer Leslie||January 14, 1929||January 9, 1933||Republican|
|34||Paul Vories McNutt||January 9, 1933||January 11, 1937||Democratic|
|35||Maurice Clifford Townsend||January 11, 1937||January 13, 1941||Democratic|
|36||Henry Frederick Schricker||January 13, 1941||January 8, 1945||Democratic|
|37||Ralph F. Gates||January 8, 1945||January 10, 1949||Republican|
|38||Henry Frederick Schricker||January 10, 1949||January 12, 1953||Democratic|
|39||George N. Craig||January 12, 1953||January 14, 1957||Republican|
|40||Harold W. Handley||January 14, 1957||January 9, 1961||Republican|
|41||Matthew E. Welsh||January 9, 1961||January 11, 1965||Democratic|
|42||Roger D. Branigin||January 11, 1965||January 13, 1969||Democratic|
|43||Edgar D. Whitcomb||January 13, 1969||January 9, 1973||Republican|
|44||Otis R. Bowen||January 9, 1973||January 13, 1981||Republican|
|45||Robert D. Orr||January 13, 1981||January 9, 1989||Republican|
|46||Evan Bayh||January 9, 1989||January 13, 1997||Democratic|
|47||Frank O'Bannon||January 13, 1997||September 13, 2003||Democratic|
|48||Joseph E. Kernan||September 13, 2003||January 10, 2005||Democratic|
|49||Mitch Daniels||January 10, 2005||January 14, 2013||Republican|
|50||Mike Pence||January 14, 2013||Present||Republican|
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, Indiana had Democratic governors in office for the first 13 years while there were Republican governors in office for the last nine years. Indiana was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Indiana state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Indiana had a long period of divided government between 1992 and 2004 until the arrival of a Republican trifecta in 2005. Indiana reverted back to divided government between 2007 and 2010 before reverting yet again to a Republican trifecta in 2011. The state has never had a Democratic trifecta. Indiana’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1995 (12th) under divided government, while the state’s lowest SQLI ranking came in 2009 (34th), also under divided government. The state’s greatest leap in the ranking occurred between 1994 and 1995, where Indiana rose seven spots. Its greatest decline in the ranking occurred between 2003 and 2004, where the state dropped seven spots.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 29.25
- SQLI average with divided government: 20.82
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Office of the Governor
Indianapolis, Indiana 46204-2797
- Governor: Mike Pence (R)
- Lieutenant Governor: Sue Ellspermann (R)
- Attorney General: Greg Zoeller (R)
- Auditor of State: Erin Sheridan
- Secretary of State: Connie Lawson (R)
- Director of Agriculture: Gina Sheets (R)
- Treasurer of State: Richard Mourdock (R)
- Governor of Indiana, "Office of Disaster Recovery," accessed November 26, 2011
- Governor of Indiana, "Office of Federal Grants and Procurement," accessed November 26, 2011
- 2013 - 2015 As-Passed Budget, "C--Operating," I-6, accessed June 26, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- Indiana Governor, "Previous Governors," accessed November 20, 2011
State of Indiana
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Auditor of State | State Examiner | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Utility Regulatory Commission |