Governor of Maine
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013-2014 FY Budget:||$8,653,498|
|Term limits:||2 consecutive terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Maine Constitution, Article IV, Part I|
|Assumed office:||January 5, 2011|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other Maine Executive Offices|
|Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Commissioner of Education • Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry Commissioner • Superintendent of Insurance • Labor Commissioner • Public Utilities Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of October 2014, Maine is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Under Article IV, Part I, Section I:
The supreme executive power of this State shall be vested in a Governor.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
A candidate for governor is required to be:
- at least 30 years of age
- a United States Citizen for at least 15 years
- a Maine resident for at least five years, resident of Maine at the time of election and during the term for which elected
During his/her tenure in office, a statewide elected official shall hold no other public office.
Maine elects governors in the midterm elections, that is, even years that are not Presidential election years. For Maine, 2014 and 2018 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 6, 2015 and January 1, 2019 are inaugural days.
Maine governors are restricted to two consecutive terms in office, after which they must wait one term before being eligible to run again.
|The person who has served 2 consecutive popular elective 4-year terms of office as Governor shall be ineligible to succeed himself or herself.|
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Article IV, Sections 14 and 15.
Maine is one of five states that lack a formal office of the lieutenant governor. Instead, the first person in the line of succession is the President of the Senate. If the vacancy occurs more than 90 days ahead of the next scheduled primary election for a biennial general election, then a special election for the governorship shall be part of the ballot. Whoever wins that election will take office on the second Wednesday in January after the election.
If fewer than 90 days are left until a scheduled primary, the Senate President simply fill the remainder of the term. After the Senate President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives and then the Secretary of State are next in line.
If mental health keeps the elected governor from discharging his office for more than six months, a super majority of both chambers of the legislature shall present a joint resolution to the Supreme Court, which will hold a hearing and issue a decision. When a physical or mental disability only causes a temporary inability to fulfill the requirements of the office, the same line of succession applies. The governor may declare herself temporarily unable to serve to the Chief Justice of the Maine Supreme Court.
Whenever any other officer is serving as the Acting Governor, he shall be paid only the salary of the governorship and shall vacate his other officer, leaving it to the legislature to appoint his successor.
The governor acts as commander-in-chief of "the army and navy of the State, and of the militia" (the Maine National Guard), "except when the same are called into the actual service of the United States."
The governor has the power to appoint officers, to appoint all judicial officers subject to confirmation except probate judges and justices of the peace if their manner of selection is otherwise provided for by the state constitution or by law, and to appoint and all other civil and military officers whose appointment is not by this constitution, or otherwise provided for by law.
The governor will have power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, unless impeached. The power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons also includes juvenile offenses.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Convening extraordinary sessions of the legislature, adjourning the legislature when necessary to so intervene, and moving the meeting place of the legislature under specific circumstances
- Requiring reports and information from any officer of the state or of the state's militia on any circumstances of their job
- Delivering information and recommending measures to the state's General Assembly from time to time
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of Maine has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: Maine state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in July of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
- State agencies submit their budget requests in September.
- Agency hearings are held from October through December.
- Public hearings are held from January through May.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January (this deadline is extended to February for a newly elected governor).
- The legislate typically adopts a budget in June. A simple majority is required to pass a budget. The biennium begins on July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget. Likewise, the state legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The Executive Department's budget for fiscal year 2013-2014 was $8,653,498.
The governor's salary is legally fixed and may not be raised or decreased effective during the current term.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained at $70,000, the lowest in the nation.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in Maine there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for six years, including the last three.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maine state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between 1992 and 2002, the state experienced divided government until electing a Democratic trifecta, which occurred between 2003 and 2011. For two years (2011 and 2012), the state had a Republican trifecta before reverting back to divided government. Maine hit the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking in 2006 and 2007 (42nd and 45th, respectively). Its highest ranking in the SQLI ranking occurred in 2012 (27th) under a Republican trifecta. The state rose seven points in the SQLI ranking between the years 2010 and 2011.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 38.38
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 28.00
- SQLI average with divided government: 33.73
There have been 72 Governors of Maine since 1820. Of the 72 officeholders, 35 were Republican, 21 were Democrat, 8 were Democratic-Republican, 2 were National Republican, 3 were Whig and 3 were Independent.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1820-Present|
|1||William King||1820 - 1821||Democratic-Republican|
|2||William Durkee Williamson||1821 - 1821||Democratic-Republican|
|3||Benjamin Ames||1821 - 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|4||Daniel Rose||1822 - 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|5||Albion Keith Parris||1822 - 1827||Democratic-Republican|
|6||Enoch Lincoln||1827 - 1829||Democratic-Republican|
|7||Nathan Cutler||1829 - 1830||Democratic-Republican|
|9||Jonathan Glidden Hunton||1830 - 1831||National-Republican|
|10||Samuel Emerson Smith||1831 - 1834||Democratic-Republican|
|11||Robert Pinckney Dunlap||1834 - 1838||Democratic|
|12||Edward Kent||1838 - 1839||Whig|
|13||John Fairfield||1839 - 1841||Democratic|
|14||Richard H. Vose||1841 - 1841||Democratic|
|15||Edward Kent||1841 - 1842||Whig|
|16||John Fairfield||1842 - 1843||Democratic|
|17||Edward Kavanagh||1843 - 1844||Democratic|
|18||David Dunn||1844 - 1844||Democratic|
|19||John Winchester Dana||1844 - 1844||Democratic|
|20||Hugh Johnson Anderson||1844 - 1847||Democratic|
|21||John Winchester Dana||1847-1850||Democratic|
|22||John Hubbard||1850 - 1853||Democratic|
|23||William George Crosby||1853 - 1855||Whig|
|24||Anson Peaslee Morrill||1855 - 1856||Republican|
|25||Samuel Wells||1856 - 1857||Democratic|
|26||Hannibal Hamlin||1857 - 1857||Republican|
|27||Joseph Hartwell Williams||1857 - 1858||Republican|
|28||Myrick Lot Morrill||1858 - 1861||Republican|
|29||Israel Washburn||1861 - 1863||Republican|
|30||Abner Coburn||1863 - 1864||Republican|
|31||Samuel Cony||1864 - 1867||Republican|
|32||Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain||1867 - 1871||Republican|
|33||Sidney Perham||1871 - 1874||Republican|
|34||Nelson Dingley||1874 - 1876||Republican|
|35||Seldon Connor||1876 - 1879||Republican|
|36||Alonzo Garcelon||1879 - 1880||Democratic|
|37||Daniel Franklin Davis||1880 - 1881||Republican|
|38||Harris Merrill Plaisted||1881 - 1883||Democratic|
|39||Frederick Robie||1883 - 1887||Republican|
|40||Joseph Robinson Bodwell||1887 - 1887||Republican|
|41||Sebastian Streeter Marble||1887 - 1889||Republican|
|42||Edwin Chick Burleigh||1889 - 1893||Republican|
|43||Henry B. Cleaves||1893 - 1897||Republican|
|44||Llewellyn Powers||1897 - 1901||Republican|
|45||John Fremont Hill||1901 - 1905||Republican|
|46||William Titcomb Cobb||1905 - 1909||Republican|
|47||Bert Manfred Fernald||1909 - 1911||Republican|
|48||Frederick William Plaisted||1911 - 1913||Democratic|
|49||William Thomas Haines||1913 - 1915||Republican|
|50||Oakley Chester Curtis||1915 - 1917||Democratic|
|51||Carl Elias Milliken||1917 - 1921||Republican|
|52||Frederick Hale Parkhurst||1921 - 1921||Republican|
|53||Percival Proctor Baxter||1921 - 1925||Republican|
|54||Ralph Owen Brewster||1925 - 1929||Republican|
|55||William Tudor Gardiner||1929 - 1933||Republican|
|56||Louis Jefferson Brann||1933 - 1937||Democratic|
|57||Lewis Orin Barrows||1937 - 1941||Republican|
|58||Sumner Sewall||1941 - 1945||Republican|
|59||Horace Augustus Hildreth||1945 - 1949||Republican|
|60||Frederick George Payne||1949 - 1953||Republican|
|61||Burton Melvin Cross||1953 - 1955||Republican|
|62||Edmund Sixtus Muskie||1955 - 1959||Democratic|
|63||Robert N. Haskell||1959 - 1959||Republican|
|64||Clinton Amos Clauson||1959 - 1959||Democratic|
|65||John Hathaway Reed||1959 - 1967||Republican|
|66||Kenneth Merwin Curtis||1967 - 1975||Democratic|
|67||James Bernard Longley||1975 - 1979||Independent|
|68||Joseph Edward Brennan||1979 - 1987||Democratic|
|69||John Rettie McKernan||1987 - 1995||Independent|
|70||Angus King||1995 - 2003||Independent|
|71||John E. Baldacci||2003 - 2011||Democratic|
|72||Paul LePage||2011 -||Republican|
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Office of the Governor
1 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0001
- Governor: Paul LePage (R)
- Attorney General: Janet T. Mills (D)
- Auditor of State: Pola Buckley
- Secretary of State: Matthew Dunlap (D)
- Commissioner of Agriculture: Walter Whitcomb
- Treasurer of State: Neria Douglass
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- State of Maine, "2013 HP 1079-LD1509," 254, accessed June 27, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- National Governors Association, "Maine: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
State of Maine
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Superintendent of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Commissioner of Conservation | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |