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Governor of Mississippi

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Mississippi Governor
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
Term limits:  2 terms
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Mississippi Constitution, Article V, Section I the Executive Department
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Philbryant.jpg
Name:  Phil Bryant
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  January 10, 2012
Compensation:  $122,160
Elections
Next election:  November 2015
Last election:  November 8, 2011
Other Mississippi Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerExecutive Director of Environmental Quality Executive Director of Employment SecurityPublic Service Commission
The Governor of the State of Mississippi is an elected Constitutional officer, the head of the Executive branch, and the highest state office in Mississippi.

As of May 2013, Mississippi is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Current officer

The 64th and current governor is Phil Bryant, a Republican elected in 2011.

Authority

The state Constitution addresses the office of the governor in Article V, the Executive Department.

Under Article V, Section I:

The chief executive power of this state shall be vested in a Governor...

Qualifications

Governors
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Current Governors
Gubernatorial Elections
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Current Lt. Governors
Lt. Governor Elections
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Breaking news

The term of office of the governor of Mississippi is four years. The fee for party candidates is $300 made payable to the appropriate state party executive committee. There is no fee for independent candidates but a total of 1,000 signatures must be submitted.

Additionally, a gubernatorial candidate must be:

  • at least 30 years old
  • a citizen of the United States 20 years
  • a resident of the state five years

Elections

Mississippi belongs to the handful of states that hold off-year elections, that is, elections in off-numbered years that are neither Presidential nor midterm years. In Mississippi's case, elections are held in the year after a midterm and before a Presidential; thus, 2007, 2011, 2015, and 2019 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the inauguration is always held the second Tuesday in January after an election. Thus, January 10, 2012 and January 12, 2016 are inaugural days.

In the event of a tie, the House of Representatives casts ballots between the two highest vote getters.

If no candidate secures majorities of both the popular and electoral votes, under Article V, Section 141, the House of Representatives shall consider the two highest vote getters and vote, vive voce, to choose the governor. Such a vote shall be recorded in the journal.

Term limits

See also: States with gubernatorial term limits

Mississippi governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.

Mississippi Constitution, Article 5, Section 116

Any person elected to the office of Governor shall be eligible to succeed himself in office. However, no person shall be elected to the office of Governor more than twice, and no person who has held the office of Governor or has acted as Governor for more than two (2) years of a term to which another person was elected shall be elected to the office of Governor more than once.

Partisan composition

The chart below shows the partisan breakdown of Mississippi State Governors from 1992-2013.
Governor of Mississippi Partisanship.PNG

Vacancies

See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled

Details of vacancies are addressed under Article V, Section 131.

In the event of a temporary vacancy in the governorship, due to illness, absence, or disability, the office shall first devolve to the Lieutenant Governor, followed by the President Pro Tem of the Senate and then the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Should all three of those officers be unable to discharge the office of the governor, the Mississippi Secretary of State shall convene a special session of the Senate wherein its members shall elect a new President Pro Tem who will be able to serve as Acting Governor.

Any individual acting as the governor receives her base compensation for her elected office plus the difference between that wage and the gubernatorial salary. Acting Governors of Mississippi have the full powers and emoluments of the office.

If there is a question of the governor's permanent disability or of whether a temporarily absent governor is fit to resume the office, then the Secretary of State shall request that the Mississippi Supreme Court investigate and decide the matter. Once delivered in writing to the Secretary of State, that opinion is "final and conclusive".

Duties

Mississippi

The governor serves as commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the state, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States, (§ 119), and sees that all laws are upheld and executed (§ 123).

The governor may convene the legislature whenever, in his judgment, the public interest requires it, according to the state constitution. However, during such meetings the governor has cannot consider or act upon subjects or matters other than those designated in the proclamation of the meeting, except impeachments and examination into the accounts of state officers. (§ 120)

The governor has the power to grant reprieves and pardons and to remit fines. His power does not extend to cases of treason or impeachment and must be exercised with the advice and consent of the Senate. (§ 124)

As a privilege of the office, the governor may keep and use the Great Seal of the State of Mississippi. (§ 126)

Other duties and privileges of the office include:

  • Requiring written information from any officer of an executive department of any aspect of his office (§ 121)
  • Periodically addressing the legislature on the state of the state and making recommendations (§ 122)
  • Suspending county level Treasurers and Tax Collectors who are suspected of defaulting for the length of the investigation (§ 125)
  • Making and sealing all commissions granted by the state of Mississippi (§ 127)

Compensation

See also: Compensation of state executive officers

The governor's pay is set by law, under § 118, and may not be increased or decreased effective during the current term.

In 2012, the Governor of Mississippi was paid an estimated $122,160. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Mississippi’’
Partisan breakdown of the Mississippi governorship from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, in Mississippi there were Democratic governors in office for four years while there were Republican governors in office for 18 years, including the last 10. Mississippi is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Mississippi was under Republican trifectas for the last two years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Mississippi, the Mississippi State Senate and the Mississippi House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Mississippi state government(1992-2013).PNG

Contact information

P.O. Box 139
Jackson, Mississippi 39205
Phone:601-359-3150
Toll Free:1-877-405-0733

See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References