Governor of New Hampshire
|New Hampshire Governor|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$1,588,232|
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||New Hampshire Constitution, Article 41|
|Assumed office:||January 3, 2013|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 6, 2012|
|Other New Hampshire Executive Offices|
|Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Commissioner of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Director of Fish & Game • Public Utilities Commission|
- 1 Current officer
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Vacancies
- 5 Duties
- 6 Divisions
- 7 State budget
- 8 Compensation
- 9 Elections
- 10 History
- 11 Historical officeholders
- 12 Recent news
- 13 Contact information
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of July 2014, New Hampshire is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.
Under Article 41:
There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of the State of New Hampshire, and whose title shall be His Excellency. The executive power of the state is vested in the governor.
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
Candidates for governor must:
- be at east 30 years old
- have been a resident of New Hampshire for at least seven years on the day of the election
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Details of vacancy appointments are addressed under Executive Power, Section 49 and 49a.
The state of New Hampshire lacks an office of the Lieutenant Governor, making the President of the Senate the first officer in the line of succession. At any time she is mentally or physically unable to discharge the office, she shall notify the Secretary of State and the Senate President in writing. By notifying the same two officers again, she shall resume the office.
The Attorney General and a majority of the Executive Council may, when they believe the Governor is mentally or physically unfit to serve but it unable or unwilling to take an absence from the office, petition the Supreme Court for a declaratory judgment. The justices of the Court shall hear the petition and shall also be in charge of considering a petition to consider declaring the Governor able to resume his duties.
If, either by written declaration or court judgment, the Governor has been absent for six months, the General Court may, by concurrent resolution, declare the office vacant. Similarly, if a Governor-elect fails to take office for any reason other than death or resignation, the Court may declare the office vacant six months after the inauguration date.
Whatever the reason for the vacancy, if more than one year remains in the current term, a special election shall be held.
Whoever is filling the office shall have the title of "Acting Governor" and shall have the full powers of the office. She or he receives compensation equal to that of an elected governor and takes no additional oath of office. The Acting Governor does not resign the office she was elected to and is instead suspended from those duties while serving as governor.
Unlike in many other states in which Executive Councils are merely advisory, the Executive Council of New Hampshire has a strong check on the governor's power. The five-member Executive Council has a veto over many actions of the governor. Under Article 47, both the Governor and the Council "have a negative" on one another.
Together, the governor and Executive Council approve contracts with a value of $5,000 or more, approve pardons, and appoint the directors and commissioners, judges, the attorney general and officers in the National Guard.
The governor has the sole power to veto bills, subject to a two-thirds legislative override, and to command the state National Guard.
Other duties and privileges of the office include:
- Adjourning the legislature when the two chambers cannot agree to do so, prolonging and convening the legislature for extraordinary reasons, not to exceed 90 days, and moving the meeting place of the legislature
- Making all appointments for "judicial officers, the attorney general, and all officers of the navy, and general and field officers of the militia" with the approval of the General Court.
- Granting pardons, not extending to impeachment
- Granting a warrant, with the advice and consent of the Council, before the Treasury may issue any money
Note: Ballotpedia's state executive officials project researches state official websites for information that describes the divisions (if any exist) of a state executive office. That information for the Governor of New Hampshire has not yet been added. After extensive research we were unable to identify any relevant information on state official websites. If you have any additional information about this office for inclusion on this section and/or page, please email us.
Role in state budget
- See also: New Hampshire state budget
- Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in August.
- State agencies submit their requests by October 1.
- Agency hearings and public hearings are held in November.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the New Hampshire State Legislature by February 15.
- The legislature adopts a budget in May. A simple majority is required to pass a budget.
- The biennial budget cycle begins in July.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the Governor's office in Fiscal Year 2013 was $1,588,232.
The governor's salary is legally fixed and may not be raised or decreased effective during the current term. Under Article 58:
The governor and council shall be compensated for their services, from time to time, by such grants as the general courts shall think reasonable.
In 2013, the governor's salary remained in $113,834.
New Hampshire is one of only two states that elects governors biennially, that is, each even-numbered year. For New Hampshire, 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016 are all gubernatorial election years. Legally, the gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Wednesday following the first Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 12, 2011, January 2, 2013, and January 14, 2015 are inaugural days.
To win the governorship, a candidate must have a plurality of votes; if no candidate does, then the legislature shall convene and choose a winning candidate from the two highest vote receivers.
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
New Hampshire governors do not face any term limits.
To view the electoral history dating back to 2000 for the office of Governor of New Hampshire, Click [show] to expand the section.
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, in New Hampshire there were Democratic governors in office for 15 years, including the last nine, while there were Republican governors in office for seven years.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the New Hampshire state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New Hampshire experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas during the years of the study. Two Republican trifectas occurred in the first years of the study, from 1992-1996 and from 2003-2004. The state then shifted and had a Democratic trifecta from 2007-2010. New Hampshire ranked high in the SQLI, finishing in the top-10 every year of the study, and in 1st over half of the years of the study. The state finished 1st during both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as during years of divided government. Its lowest rankings occurred in the last two years of the study, when the government was divided.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 2.00
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 1.71
- SQLI average with divided government: 2.20
Governor of New Hampshire
The title of the "supreme executive magistrate" of New Hampshire changed from President to Governor by constitutional amendment in 1792. There have been 87 Governors of New Hampshire since 1792. Of the 87 officeholders, 49 were Republican, 21 were Democrat, 10 were Democratic Republican, 3 were Federalist, 1 was Know Nothing, 1 was Whig, 1 was National Republican and 1 is unknown.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1792-Present|
|1||Josiah Bartlett||1790 - 1794||Democratic-Republican|
|2||John Taylor Gilman||1794 - 1805||Federalist|
|3||John Langdon||1805 - 1809||Democratic-Republican|
|4||Jeremiah Smith||1809 - 1810||Federalist|
|6||William Plumer||1812 - 1813||Democratic-Republican|
|7||John Taylor Gilman||1813 - 1816||Federalist|
|8||William Plumer||1816 - 1819||Democratic-Republican|
|9||Samuel Bell||1819 - 1823||Democratic-Republican|
|10||Levi Woodbury||1823 - 1824||Democratic-Republican|
|11||David Lawrence Morril||1824 - 1827||Democratic-Republican|
|12||Benjamin Pierce||1827 - 1828||Democratic-Republican|
|13||John Bell||1828 - 1829||National Republican|
|14||Benjamin Pierce||1829 - 1830||Democratic-Republican|
|15||Matthew Harvey||1830 - 1831||Democratic|
|16||Joseph Morrill Harper||1831 - 1831||Democratic|
|17||Samuel Dinsmoor||1831 - 1834||Democratic|
|18||William Badger||1834 - 1836||Democratic|
|19||Isaac Hill||1836 - 1839||Democratic|
|20||John Page||1839 - 1842||Democratic|
|21||Henry Hubbard||1842 - 1844||Democratic|
|22||John Hardy Steele||1844 - 1846||Democratic|
|23||Anthony Colby||1846 - 1847||Whig|
|24||Jared Warner Williams||1847 - 1849||Democratic|
|25||Samuel Dinsmoor||1849 - 1852||Democratic|
|26||Noah Martin||1852 - 1854||Democratic|
|27||Nathaniel Bradley Baker||1854 - 1855||Democratic|
|28||Ralph Metcalf||1855 - 1857||Know-Nothing|
|29||William Haile||1857 - 1859||Republican|
|30||Icabod Goodwin||1859 - 1861||Republican|
|31||Nathaniel Springer Berry||1861 - 1863||Unknown|
|32||Joseph Albree Gilmore||1863 - 1865||Republican|
|33||Frederick Smyth||1865 - 1867||Republican|
|34||Walter Harriman||1867 - 1869||Republican|
|35||Onslow Stearns||1869 - 1871||Republican|
|36||James Adams Weston||1871 - 1872||Democratic|
|37||Ezekiel Albert Straw||1872 - 1874||Republican|
|38||James Adams Weston||1874 - 1875||Democratic|
|39||Person Colby Cheney||1875 - 1877||Republican|
|40||Benjamin Franklin Prescott||1877 - 1879||Republican|
|41||Nathaniel Head||1879 - 1881||Republican|
|42||Charles Henry Bell||1881 - 1883||Republican|
|43||Samuel Whitney Hale||1883 - 1885||Republican|
|44||Moody Currier||1885 - 1887||Republican|
|45||Charles Henry Sawyer||1887 - 1889||Republican|
|46||David Harvey Goodell||1889 - 1891||Republican|
|47||Hiram Americus Tuttle||1891 - 1893||Republican|
|48||John Butler Smith||1893 - 1895||Republican|
|49||Charles Albert Busiel||1895 - 1897||Republican|
|50||George Ramsdell||1897 - 1899||Republican|
|51||Frank West Rollins||1899 - 1901||Republican|
|52||Chester Bradley Jordan||1901 - 1903||Republican|
|53||Nahum Josiah Bachelder||1903 - 1905||Republican|
|54||John McLane||1905 - 1907||Republican|
|55||Charles Miller Floyd||1907 - 1909||Republican|
|56||Henry Brewer Quinby||1909 - 1911||Republican|
|57||Robert Perkins Bass||1911 - 1913||Republican|
|58||Samuel Demeritt Felker||1913 - 1915||Democratic|
|59||Rolland Harty Spaulding||1915 - 1917||Republican|
|60||Henry Wilder Keyes||1917 - 1919||Republican|
|61||John Henry Bartlett||1919 - 1921||Republican|
|62||Albert Oscar Brown||1921 - 1923||Republican|
|63||Fred Herbert Brown||1923 - 1925||Democratic|
|64||John Gilbert Winant||1925 - 1927||Republican|
|65||Huntley Nowell Spaulding||1927 - 1929||Republican|
|66||Charles William Tobey||1929 - 1931||Republican|
|67||John Gilbert Winant||1931-1935||Republican|
|68||Henry Styles Bridges||1935 - 1937||Republican|
|69||Francis Parnell Murphy||1937 - 1941||Republican|
|70||Robert Oscar Blood||1941 - 1945||Republican|
|71||Charles Milby Dale||1945 - 1949||Republican|
|72||Llewelyn Sherman Adams||1949 - 1953||Republican|
|73||Hugh Gregg||1953 - 1955||Republican|
|74||Lane Dwinell||1955 - 1959||Republican|
|75||Wesley Powell||1959 - 1963||Republican|
|76||John William King||1963 - 1969||Democratic|
|77||Walter Peterson||1969 - 1973||Republican|
|78||Meldrim Thomson||1973 - 1979||Republican|
|79||Hugh J. Gallen||1979 - 1982||Democratic|
|80||Vesta M. Roy||1982 - 1983||Republican|
|81||John H. Sununu||1983 - 1989||Republican|
|82||Judd Gregg||1989 - 1993||Republican|
|83||Stephen Merrill||1993 - 1997||Republican|
|84||Jeanne Shaheen||1997 - 2003||Democratic|
|85||Craig Benson||2003 - 2005||Republican|
|86||John H. Lynch||2005 - 2013||Democratic|
|87||Margaret Hassan||2013 -||Democratic|
President of New Hampshire
|List of Former Officeholders from 1784-1792|
|6||John Pickerning (acting)||1789||NA|
Matthew Thornton was the Revolutionary Executive of New Hampshire from 1775 to 1776.
There were 20 Provincial Executives of New Hampshire between 1680 and 1775.
|List of Former Officeholders from 1680-1775|
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Office of the Governor
25 Capitol Street
Concord, NH 03301
- Governor: Maggie Hassan (D)
- Attorney General: Joe Foster (D)
- Secretary of State: William M. Gardner (D)
- Secretary of Agriculture: Lorraine Merrill
- Treasurer of State: Catherine Provencher
- New Hampshire Governor, " About Governor Hassan," accessed August 9, 2013
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- New Hampshire General Court, "FY 2012-2013 Appropriations Act," accessed April 16, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- State Constitution, "Executive Power - Governor," accessed August 4, 2013
- New Hampshire Almanac, "New Hampshire Governors," accessed August 4, 2013
- National Governors Association, "New Hampshire: Past Governors Bios," accessed August 4, 2013
- The title changed from President to Governor while Bartlett was in office.
- Weare was elected president before the constitutional office was created, and then re-elected under the constitutional provision.
State of New Hampshire
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Executive Director of Fish and Game | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |